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September 19, 1991 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1991-09-19

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0

Page 4-The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 19, 1991
G be £trJn1aI

420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
Edited and Managed
by Students at the
University of Michigan

ANDREW K. GOTTESMAN
Editor in Chief
STEPHEN HENDERSON
Opinion Editor

Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.
............................................................:
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A bolish the " r CIA{} . .~rFJF1i" F" YF i"," {'.F
It's. time for an overhaul of"Amr ican nteigence agenc .r FY J.FrJ'~h {Fr.rr iesFrYr"':F~ "FY,:,

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ad President Truman known what manner of
reature he was about to uncage, he may have
thought twice before signing the National Security
Act of 1947. During the war, the services provided
by a plethora of make-shift intelligence organiza-
tions proved invaluable. Hence, it seemed only
natural that the United States create a permanent
intelligence network.
And so the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
was born.
But given its systematic violation of the
democratic principles it was pledged to defend -
and now that the threat of communist infiltration is
no longer real-it is long past time for the CIA and
its twin bureaucracies, the National Security
Council and National Security Agency, to disband.
Such apparently radical positions often invite
accusations of political naivete. It is commonly
argued, for example, that the CIA is a necessary
tool to protect American democracy and American
interests.
But demanding the abolition of the current
American intelligence network is anything but
naive. The basis of the argument is the under-
standing that the CIA has failed to -promote de-
mocracy and freedom time and again, and - by
contrast - has often derailed democratic aspira-
tions.
Under:Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy,
the CIA was literally given a free hand to expedite
less than savory American foreign policy goals.
The CIA seized this opportunity to become an
independent government within our elected gov-
ernment, working to promote its own agenda rather
than that of our elected officials.'
The examples of CIA interference in nominally
sovereign states are endless: the CIA supported the
Shahof Iran inhis 1953 coup and solidified popular
support forIran's fundamentalist mullahs in ensu-
Reca
Laws should be more realistic,
N ow thatthe effort to recall Michigan Gov. John
Engler has clearly failed, it is time to set aside
partisan politics and examine the outdated laws
governing such campaigns.
Michigan's current law - with its almost im-
possible requirements - fails to strike the proper
balance between responsible government and the
peoples' rights.
Recalling a Michigan governor requires sig-
natures from 25 percent of the people voting in a
gubernatorial election. There is nothing unrea-
sonable with this number; if not even one quarter
of the voters are upset enough to sign a recall
petition, then no already elected official should be
forced to suffer the humiliation inherent in a spe-
cial election.
But forcing citizens to collect these signatures

ing decades. The CIA-sponsored coup against
President Salvador Allende of Chile put the tyrant
Augusto Pinochet in power. Militant Sikhs in India
received CIA weaponry through Pakistan.
But even staunch supporters of a policy tram-
pling the rights of sovereign states cannot ignore
how the CIA has been involved in drug-running in
Panama and other Central American nations -
thereby directly harming American citizens.
Despite all this havoc, one would expect the
CIA to have accomplished something positive
during its 44-year history. Unfortunately, no such
victories exists. The CIA's cold-war activities have
failed to establish a single democracy - only
ruthless dictatorships.
More upsetting still is the realization that CIA
operations have not been confined exclusively to
foreignnations. The Iran-Contra scandal subverted
basic constitutional principles of checks and bal-
ances, establishing a secret government beyond
the authority of Congress. There also exists a
suspicious amount of evidence connecting the CIA
to the assassination of President Kennedy and the
Watergate scandal.
Although it isn't apparent today, the CIA's
original purpose was only to collect and analyze
intelligence data - not organize coups or revolu-
tions. The Agency has failed even to do this much.
Year after year, the CIA reported to Presidents
Carter and Reagan that the Soviet Union was
growing economically more powerful and dan-
gerously stable. Our agents had little idea that the
Soviet Union was on the verge of collapse and
would soon cease to be a significant threat.
Of course, the United States needs an agency to
collect intelligence. But it must be a wholly new
agency, with an itemized budget that must be
presented to Congress every year-no secrets and
no covert operations.
democratic
in a mere 90 days is unreasonable - and, in a
sprawling state like Michigan, perhaps impossible.
This time limit should be doubled, to 180 days.
The right of recall provides the public with a
potentially valuable check on their elected repre-
sentatives. But to fulfill its function, there must be
at least a small chance that it can actually be
exercised.
Naturally this chance must remain small. An
emotional appeal to anti-authoritarian rhetoric about
"throwing the bums out" cannot jeopardize an
elected official's ability to take controversial and
unpopular positions.
But the people must also have the right to
remove officials who have clearly and repeatedly
violated their elected mandate. Tinkering with the
current law can address both concerns.

0

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GEO, Daily claim s incorrect

To the Daily:
In last Tuesday's article on
the GEO-University contract
negotiations by GEO President
Tom Oko, it said, "In the past
10 years, TA salaries have
increased roughly one percent."
Then on Thursday, the
Daily's editorial on the subject,
that claim was repeated as
"TAs have had only a one
percent pay increase since
1983."
These statements are flat out
wrong. In fact, the previous
two-year contract resulted in a
more than 14 percent pay
increase for TAs, not even
counting other pay increases
over the past decade.
Perhaps what was meant
was that TA salaries have
increased by less than one
percent relative to inflation over
the time period. This would
also be misleading. It com-
pletely ignores the introduction
of tuition waivers in the mid-
1980s as part of overall TA
compensation. GEO took a zero
percent pay raise for one year in
order to get tuition waivers.;
While not strictly part of a
TA's salary, tuition waivers can
range from about 50 percent to
almost 300 percent of a TA's
salary for a term, depending on

In fact, the previous
two-year contract re-
sulted in a- more than
14 percent pay increase
for TAs, not even count-
ing other pay increases
over the past decade.
Perhaps what was
meant was that TA
salaries have increased
by less than one per-
cent relative to inflation
over this time period.
their fraction, residency, and
candidate status. This should
certainly be included when
determining total compensa-
tion - particularly since the
cost of tuition waivers is
charged to departments and
has a direct effect on the
number of TAs hired.
This is the latest in a series
of incorrect mathematical
statements by GEO leadership.
Last term, a GEO propaganda
flyer claimed that TA salaries
were such that TAs could do
better flipping burgers at
McDonald's. To my knowl-
edge, no McDonald's pays the
more than $13 per hour that

was the TA wage rate (which
does not include the cost of
tuition or health benefits for
those TAs who receive them).
Another example of mislead-
ing with statistics are the
frequent claims that more than
75 percent of those voting
supported the work stoppages
last winter term. While this is
true, out of more than 1,600
TAs, only about 330 voted for
the one day stoppage and about
305 voted for the three-day
stoppage. Thus, only about 20
percent of all TAs supported the
work stoppage enough to vote
to hold it.
The opinion of a number of
TAs who I spoke with Winter
term was that they supported
neither GEO nor the
administration's positions
during negotiations.
While this may have
changed with the new bargain-
ing positions taken at the end of
Winter term, continued incor-
rect claims such as the supposed
one percent pay increase do
nothing to promote GEO
support among those who
bother to check them for
accuracy.
Tom Galloway
Engineering
graduate student

9;

Israelp
U.S. aid is inappropriate, unavailable

th Israel facing a large influx of emigres from
both the Soviet Union and Ethiopia, the Shamir
government has asked the United States for $10
billion in loans to build new housing.
President Bush has asked Congress to delay
four months before making any decision on this
unusual request. Pointing to the stalled Middle
East peace process, Secretary of State James Baker
rightly insists that rubber-stamping this loan will
jeopardize any chance for real talks.
While the conference itself willpmbably achieve
little beyond convincing the world that the situa-
tion in the Middle East is far from simple, there are
two even better reasons for not backing these loans
- the U.S. deficit and continuing Israeli intransi-
gence regarding its settlement policy.
The U.S. budget crisis - coupled with a shaky
recession - is hurting millions of Americans.
Combined with new aid demands coming from
famine-plagued Ethiopia, Eastern Europe, and the
Soviet Union, the U.S. Treasury is broke - and
can ill afford such a large drain on its coffers.
And make no mistake-drainthose coffers this
request will. Though packaged as a loan guarantee,
Israel is essentially asking for $10 billion dollars
gratis. Even the most conservative economists
concede Israel's inability to repay this giant loan.

This would stick Washington with the bill.
Israel already receives $4 billion annually from
the United States - more than any country in the
world. It is the only U.S. aid recipient that is not
required to itemize how it spends Washington's
money. These policies have combined to breed
massive inefficiency in the Israeli state; new money,
will simply exacerbate these trends.
The second problem with Israel's request is
epitomized by the tone with which Israeli Prime
Minister Yitzhak Shamir continues to flaunt all the
new settlements he plans to build in the Occupied
Territories. Israel cannot be permitted to continue
settling new immigrants there - in violation of
international law and official U.S. policy - and
still expect to receive wads of money from the
United States.
Certainly, provision must be made for the op-
pressed Jewish refugees from the Soviet Union
and Ethiopia who want to leave. But Washington
could better serve them by allowing them to come
here.
This is where the overwhelming majority of
them want to come, but strict U.S. quotas force
most of them to emigrate to Israel, where Shamir
can manipulate their just plight for his own cynical
ends.

The leaders
and the best?
To the Daily:
With the exception of Central
Michigan University, Michigan
schools haven't started off the
year very well.
There's supposedly a caliber
of excellence at the University.
This has to be true because when
we screw up, we screw up well,
because our screw-ups are always
newsworthy.
If I may stretch this absurdity
a bit further, I believe that
University students are guilty of
"Fans of the other team-ism"
because all of the Notre Dame
fans had to stand on one side of
the street last Friday night (if the
Daily's facts were accurate).
I don't know what to think
about the University anymore, but
when I graduate, the only thing
I'll miss is the $10 green feeat
the University golf course.
Ryan Fard
LSA senior
Daily should
offer solutions
To the Daily:
I found it slightly amusing to
read two of the Daily's editorials
on Friday, Sept. 13, criticizing the
University for increasing tuition
to improve building maintenance
and for not sending the marching
band and the full cheerleading
squad to Boston College for a
football game.
While I agree in general with
both editorials, a casual reader
might infer that the Daily believes
spending money on football
games is more important than
building maintenance.
Regarding the maintenance
fee, the Daily shows that Univer-
sity administrators make twice as
much as the median salary for
administrators and makes vague
noises about cutting administra-

going to pay for it? You can put
250 marching band members into
buses for a "short" ride to
Michigan State withouta great.
deal of expense, but I don't think
a 14-hour bus ride to the Univer-
sity of Minnesota would be cheap.
(or even practical).
Is the Daily willing to increase
the price of football tickets by $1
to let the band travel to each away
game? If not, what other athletic
programs would the Daily cut to
make up the money?
It's easy to point fingers and
say "This is wrong." It's much
better to say "This is wrong, and
this is how to fix it." The Daily
should try to do more of the latter
in future editorials.
Jim Huggins
Rackham graduate student
Daily attacks
Thomas unfairly
To the Daily:
The Sept. 10 Daily editorial
attacking Supreme Court nominee
Clarence Thomas was confused
and uninformed.
We are warned that his
judicial record should strike fear
into our hearts, and that his
political views are "bizarre."
Later we are told he has "an
almost non-existent paper trail,"
which calls into question how the
Daily could have made such a
decisive evaluation of his record
and beliefs.
The editorial accused Thomas
of "embracing" natural law,
claiming that he considers it more
important than the Constitution.
There is nothing in any of his
speeches or writings that even
remotely lends truth to this claim.
As for the fact that he consid-
ers the Constitution an embodi-
ment of the principles of natural
law, he is not the first to do so.
Thurgood Marshall invoked
natural law when he argued
Brown v. Board of Education
before the Supreme Court. Are

Sen. Alan Simpson seems to
be correct when he suggests that
the bogey of natural law has been
played upon by liberals because it
allows them to make wild
speculations about what Thomas
would do once appointed.
Anthony J. Woodlief
Rackham graduate student
DHHS charges
erroneous, unfair
To the Daily:
First, the $8.5 million number
mentioned in the original leaked
report on the Department of
Health and Human Services'
(DHHS) audit of the University's
billings for overhead research
costs is fake.
Most of that amount has
already been worked out in
negotiations between the Univer-
sity and DHHS. The amount
currently under discussion is
around $300,000, of which the
University can find only around
$50,000 of audit mistakes on its
part.
Second, out of $1.6 billion in
total University expenditures for
1988-89 and $177 million in
Federal R & D support (represent-
ing a myriad of individual
transactions) to have only $50,000
in contention after a full field
audit is a terrific accomplishment.
I would doubt there is a
university or a corporation in the
country that can claim more
competent or responsible steward-
ship of the public's money than
the University of Michigan.
Third, as a former reporter and
administrative assistant for a
member of Congress, the circum-
stances surrounding this furor
raise some suspicion in my mind.
Who leaked the draft audit report
-which was for discussion only
and embargoed from release by
DHHS itself -- in the first place?
Why was it leaked with so many
inaccuracies and with such a
nronounced anti-University spin?

S

Nuts and Bolts
ToWAT

FKJ AN F~l A D tSMIMJN+ii6i)

A 7°

by Judd Winick
'H WlMATTS VJOM STARD.)

0

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