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September 10, 1991 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1991-09-10

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Page 4-The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, September 10, 1991

. A Ix 11 M 5i C _.

0

420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
Edited and Managed
by Students at the
University of Michigan

ANDREW K. GOTTESMAN
Editor in Chief
STEPHEN HENDERSON
Opinion Editor

_ v-I

Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.

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Cou rsepacks
Students stuck with billfrom copy shop's profiteering

As students spend hours in.bookstore lines and
travel to far-away copyshops only to find that
their coursepacks are not ready, they should thank
the Kinko's.company and the U.S. District Court
for some of their troubles. Because of this copy
shop chain's greed and irresponsibility, college
students are getting stuck with yet another hefty
bill.
Last March, the Southern New York U.S. Dis-
trict Court ruled that the Kinko's Graphics Corpo-
ration violated the Copyright Act by distributing
materials without publishers' authorization. In the
wake of the court's decision, copyshops have raced
to get authorization to reprint materials from pub-
lishing houses around the world - while boosting
coursepack prices.
But students should not be quick to defend
either Kinko's or their competitors. By disregard-
ing copyright laws and refusing to share their.
enormous coursepack profits with those that wrote
the materials, they created this court battle. These
irresponsible and unethical business practices could
not be allowed to continue.
Professors faced with unacceptable delays in
receiving their coursepacks have resorted to some
unorthodox methods of preparing their class mate-
rials.
One professor of medieval history is now only
using materials published before 1916 - and
thereby exempt from all copyright laws - for her
class. This is rarely a viable option for classes that
deal with anything that happened this century.

Meanwhile, orders for materials at the UGLi
Reserve Desk have increased greatly, as many
professors begin relying on this important univer-
sity service. Still, many professors have neglected
to make this extra effort, handing out double-digit
reading lists to their students instead.
Kinko's representatives have stated that they
will not appeal the case, so this situation will not
change in the foreseeable future. Until it/ does,
professors should be encouraged to pursue creative
- but legal - ways of distributing class materials
in a convenient and inexpensive format, so that
students are not forced to buy dozens of textbooks
they will barely read and probably cannot afford.
A long-term solution to this dilemma would be
for the University to sell coursepacks to students at
the cost of labor and materials. This would cir-
cumvent the problems raised by copyright laws,
because the University would be running such an
operation for "educational" purposes, rather than
making a profit. Not only would such a system be
legal, it would also be ethical: offering students
easier access to course materials as well as
coursepacks that would be even cheaper than they
were under the old system.
Whether the University wants to step in to
supply cut-rate coursepacks, or professors go it
alone, steps must be taken to ensure that the cost of
coursepacks does not continue to escalate. A
Michigan education has become expensive enough
already, without the added expenses of overpriced
course materials.

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Walking toui
Spend an hour remembering the
S trolling through downtown Ann Arbor, it is
hard to imagine a time when the city was not a
boutique rather than a city serving diverse con-
stituencies of all income levels. On Wednesday
night, the Homeless Action Committee (HAC)
will conduct a walking tour whichwill not only
briefly bring that former downtown back to life,
but also describe the greed and stupidity that killed
it.
In 1982, then-Ann Arbor Mayor Lou.Belcher
won approval for the creation of a Downtown
Development Authority (DDA) with exclusive
control over all taxes collected in a 66-acre section
of the downtown.
Worse, Belcher's DDA was mandated to use its
money to build five parking structures rather than
pursuing attempts by former Mayor Al Wheeler to
establish a DDA that would oversee the construc-
tion of low-income housing.
In the years following the creation of the DDA,
huge business and parking structures at Tally Hall,
301 E. Liberty, and One North Main were con-

r
old Ann Arbor
structed, replacing older establishments such as
bakeries and boardinghouses in the process. To-
day, Tally Hall's mall has closed and developers of
the sprawling complex at One North Main have
filed for bankruptcy. Parking and office structures
at the three sites now have vacancy rates higher
than 50 percent.
In the interim, the city's homeless population
grew to 1,500. Many of them were forced onto the
streets by development projects initiated during
the Belcher era. Yet Ann Arbor has not spent a dime
on building new low-income housing since the
1970s.
The HAC walking tour - which gets under.
way Wednesday at 6:30 p.m. in front of the Ann
Arbor Public Library at.Fifth and William - is a
chance to learn about these and similarly shady
deals which have literally remade Ann Arbor in the
short span of a decade. It is also a chance for
University students to learn something about the
history and politics of the town which we all call
home for four or more years.

Michigan fans:.
Make some noise!
To the Daily:
As we descend upon another
new year at Michigan full of
football, basketball, and other
sports (which are just as success-
ful but less publicized), I have
something to say. Our students
and student sections seem so. .
lame. I've been to sporting events
at other Big Ten universities and
at Notre Dame. I'm sorry, but
Michigan fans fail to hold a candle
to most other student bodies in
enthusiasm, noise level, and
intimidation.
Football games at Michigan
lack something. Members of the
student body sit on their respec
tive duffs for every single game.,
Let me retract part of that. I do.
recall students standing for one
whole half during the Notre Dame
football game two seasons ago. I
also recall the rain that made all
the seats wet. By quick compari-
son, students at Notre Dame,
Florida State, and USC do not sit
down or stop making noise for 60
minutes of play during home
football games.
I will be the first to say that I
do not know much about
cheerleading, but if the cheerlead-
ers could do something to really
stir the Michigan faithful, the hole
that Yost dug would roar. Get the
crowd in the game. A crowd of
107,000 screaming people can be
as intimidating as a Michigan
linebacker, if not more. The crowd
is a major key to the game. Teams
will be afraid to play here because

of something other than the
football team. Penn State head
football coach Joe Paterno once
said that no stadium is intimi-
dating. He obviously has not
heard 107,000+ screaming
Wolverines. But then again, I
wonder how much I have.
One other thing about
football games: The marshmal-
lows are alright, but they are
getting out of control. When
people get hurt by marshmal-
low balls, its enough.
Basketball games are like
chess matches. Okay, maybe
tennis. Crowds at basketball
games are listless..One game
stands out as a true noise-fest
- Michigan vs. Duke. But the
students can't be blamed
entirely for this one. The
athletic director, or whoever.
takes care of ticket priority and
seating, needs to realize that
students are high on the priority
list. Give the student body
tickets all together from the.
floor to the roof. Therefore,
obnoxious, loud, standing,
waving students won't obstruct.
the view of some sedate alum.
In both major sports,
Michigan has the top recruiting
class according to most
authorities. The basketball
recruits could prove to be one
of the best ever. Let's show
them, and all the .other athletes,
what Michigan pride is about.
Stand behind them, and make
some noise, damn it!
Reed Bingaman
LSA junior

The Daily encour-
ages responses from
its readers. Letters
should be 150 words
or less and include
the author's name,
year in school and
phone number. They
can be mailed to:
The Michigan Daily,
420 Maynard, Ann
Arbor 48109. Or
they can be sent via
MTS to: The Michi-
gan Daily Letters to
the Editor. The Daily
does not -alter the
content of letters, but
reserves the right to
edit for style and
space consider-
ations. If you have
questions or com-
ments, you should
call Stephen
Henderson at 764-
0552.

Clarence Thomas
Judiciary Committee should oppose Supreme Court nominee

I'M

........ .... . .:::

71

Judge Clarence'Thomas'judicial record is itself
enough to frighten any citizen concerned about
a competent, fair Supreme Court. His frequently
bizarre political views compound the problems
with his nomination to that body. But the Senate
Judiciary Committee is poised to roll over rather
than roll up its sleeves at his confirmationhearings.
President Bush's claim thatThomas is a qualified
judge with a keen legal mind has about as much
credibility as his insistence that issues of race had
nothing to do with his nomination.
With an almost non-existent paper trail and
only eighteen months of experience on the Court of
Appeals, Thomas hardly represents the most quali-
fled person in the country for such an important,
demanding job.
It is hard to imagine a nominee who is more
mediocre than Justice David Souter. He did not
even receive the American Bar Association's top
rating - which should be a minimal litmus test
passed by any Court nominee.
Equally disturbing is Thomas' embrace of so-
called natural law - encompassing such enlight-
ened views as abortion is always murder - as
more important than the U.S. Constitution.
Moreover, his conservative views on judicial
issues ranging from abortion to affirmative action
threaten to aid an increasingly aggressive Court

attack on more liberal precedents.
Powerful liberal senators on the Senate Judi-
ciary Committee who boldly opposed Judge Rob-
ert Bork's confirmation now, seem to be worried
about offending a president\ with a 70 percent
approval rating. The Committee already was conned
once-by "Stealth candidate"Souter, who refused
to answer questions-on a host of social issues. Now
they risk allowing another mystery man to con his
way onto the bench, probably for decades.
The potential consequences for all Americans
cannot be-overestimated, which is why Thomas
deserves a ferocious grilling rather than a free ride.
The Senate must summon up the courage to squash
his confirmation - loudly. It is time to stand up to
Bush and make it clear that the American people
deserve more than America's second best.
Just as important, it is incumbent upon the
Senate to remind a President who has never had a
veto overridden that there are three branches of
government - not one.
President Bush- muchlike his predecessor-
seems to assume that the federal judiciary is his
own fiefdom, and that Congressional hearings are
just a rubber stamp. This is their chance to prove
otherwise. The Senate Judiciary Committee already
blew it with Souter. Consenting to the President's
nomination this time could prove dangerous.

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It's time for a U.S. Ial

_

With the 1992 electoral spec-
tacle just around the bend, it is not
only increasingly apparent that the
Democrats can't come up with a
real candidate, but that they don't-

have an ac-
company-
ing agenda
either.
With the
sometimes
exception
of Sen. Tom
Harkin (D-
Iowa),.who
at least.
sounds like
a populist
on occa-
sion, the
Democrats'

dential waters with Republican
rhetoric about austerity, Democratic
governors like. Mario Cuomo of
New York and Jim Florio of New
Jersey are laying off workers and
slashing social spending programs
for the poor.
Meanwhile, the rich get richer.
Though workers' wages are lower
than they were in 1973, the average
salary for chief executives of the
country's 200 biggest firms doubled
over the last decade-to $800,000.
As the unemployment rate in the-
1970s and 1980s climbed higher
than it was during the worst reces-
sions of the 1950s and 1960s,
Democrats. and Republicans set
aside billions for savings and loans'
executives, but hardly a penny for
the millions of workers who lost
their jobs. .
Many of those workers - as
well as the ones lucky enough to

)or party
Workers Union,has formed aproto-
party, Labor Party Advocates. The
United Mineworkers have started
running independent candidates.
Fed up with Florio's budget cuts,
New Jersey's state employees are.
fielding a sixteen-person labor slate
in this Fall's elections. "Our posi-
tion is the bosses have two parties,
%ve, want one," Mazzochi states
simply.
Far-fetched? Out of touch? Tell.0
that to the Republican Party -
which also began as a third party
right down the road in Jackson,
Michigan and, six years later, rode
Abraham Lincoln's coat-tails into
the White House. Tell that to the
Americans still benefiting from
programs passed in the hundreds of
municipalities controlled by the
Socialist Party in the early 20th
century.
Most ofall, tell that to America's

Mike
Fischer

Nuts and Bolts
F RUMP YOU )H

WELL, H URRN(L MUS is,
IfA NEVOUJS GUY" BEaNG

WAT[5MN ,HE'S A BIG
.BC1,AND WiNG IN

by Judd Winick
S[,Z'M GONNAME
You MY WOMAN.

vision looks a lot like

George Bush's "vision thing." As
St. Louis Labor Council President
Bob Kelley wryly notes, "Demo-

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