Page 2-The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, September 10, 1991
BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (AP)
- The Yugoslav federation suf-
fered another blow yesterday when
early returns in a Macedonian
plebiscite said the republic's voters
overwhelmingly supported declar-
Even before the first returns
were released from Sunday's refer-
endum, tens of thousands of
Macedonians partied in the streets
to celebrate leaving the union.
Macedonian leaders stressed they
would try to work out new ties
with Yugoslavia as part of a loose
confederation of sovereign states,
rather than the complete indepen-
dence sought by Croatia and
Intense fighting continued inc
Croatia between Croat militiamen
and Serb rebels. Yugoslav troops
clashed with soldiers from neigh-
boring Albania along their moun-
tainous international border and
five people were reported killed.
In Belgrade, federal Premier
Ante Markovic announced a Cabinet
reshuffle. With the six feudingj
Yugoslav republics paying little
heed to the federal government, the
move was not likely to affect the
Preliminary returns from
Sunday's referendum in Macedonia diers and one civilian, Belgrad
showed 74 percent of the votes Radio said. No Yugoslav casualtie
counted backed secession, the Tanjug were reported.
news agency reported from Skopje, The report said the fighting be
the republic's capital. gan when a group of Albanians tie
Macedonia, the southernmost re- to cross into Yugoslavia ne
gion of Yugoslavia and the poorest, Dragas, a village 180 miles southc
is expected to follow Croatia and Belgrade.
Slovenia in abandoning the federa-
tion. Its leaders hope to avoid com- The incident was likely t
pletely severing ties because they worsen tensions between Albani
fear neighboring Greece and and Serbia, the biggest Yugoslav r
Bulgaria, which have sizable public and leader of the fight t
Macedonian minorities, might raise prevent Croatia's secession. Albani
claims to Macedonian territory. contends the Serbs are mistreatin
The firefight on the Albanian the ethnic Albanians in the Serbian
border killed four Albanian sol- ruled province of Kosovo.
Continued from page 1
there is no way the proposed direct-
loan program can work.
"First of all, the program isn't
cheaper; the cost savings Butts is
talking about are phoney-baloney.
Second, institutions may not be able
to administer this program. You
need a lot more support than the
University has right now. Third, the
Department of Education has said it
can't oversee the program, so there
is no way it could work," Johnston
Fritz Elmendorf, the Vice-Pres-
ident of Communications for the
Consumer Bankers Association,
agreed with Johnston.
"Our members have a big in-
vestment in the current program and
feel it works pretty well. If you
scrap the current program, you take
the risk of implementing an untried
system," Elmendorf said.
University Director of the Of-
fice of Financial Aid Harvey Gro-
trian also supports the direct stu-
dent-loan program. But he shared
Johnston's concern over the new
"The criticism about needing
more support staff is a legitimate
one and one which we are not sure
of," he said.
Butts dismissed Elmendorf and
Johnston's objections as biased.
"Of course they will be con-
cerned when it affects their private
interests," he said. "But their objec-
tions carry no weight. The federal.
government already bears the risk of
aid so that wouldn't change. Also,
the new program wouldn't start un-
til July 1, 1994 so the Department
'Our members have a
big investment in the
current program and
feel it works...'
- Fritz Elmendorf
of Education would have time to
implement the changes effectively."
Nancy Murphy, vice president*
for public relations for the Student
Loan Marketing Association, the
nation's largest source of funds for
education loans, said the govern-
ment should not be running the stu-
dent loan progam.
"The private sector has been do-
ing an effective job with student
loans. Why should it change now
and what right does the government
have to control it?"
Johnston agreed with Murphy,
and also said the proposed direct
student-loan system violates the
idea of capitalism.
"The idea that we are going to
take a private program and run it
through the government is amus-
ing," Johnston said. "They tried it
in the Soviet Union and it didn't
work. It won't work here either." .
Russians prepare for winter food shortages
MOSCOW (AP) - Outside a
subway station, meager vegetable
stands offer a pathetic selection: a
wisp of garden radish, a few mush-
rdoms, a corn cob.
An old woman clutches three
precious carrots. At $2.75 a pound,
she cannot afford more.
"You can see for yourself the
way we live now. What can we ex-
p ct in the winter?" asked the
woman, Vera Nikolskaya.
As the first chill winds of au-
tumn hint at winter, thoughts turn
to cold and hunger in this city of 9
million. There is talk of shortages
of sugar, potatoes and coal.
"Our main concern is to provide
the people with at least minimal
foodstuffs and mass consumption
products to help them live through
the winter," said Russian Prime
Minister Ivan Silayev.
Silayev has been charged by
President Mikhail Gorbachev with
running the economy in the absence
of a Cabinet. He has to put in prac-
tice the concept of a "single eco-
nomic zone," an accord to bind to-
gether Soviet republics seeking in-
dependence or sovereignty.
Russia's situation is the most
acute, but the Kremlin can no longer
force the other republics to share
food and agreements among the re-
publics are no longer obeyed.
"Enterprises that do try to ful-
fill their obligations cannot breach
the customs checkpoints that have
been placed on all roads leading to
Russia," said Rossiiskaya Gazeta,
the newspaper of the Russian
In Moscow, each person is enti-
tled to about 4 1/2 pounds of sugar
and two bottles of vodka a month,
bought with special coupons. Some
foods are sold in limited amounts.
In the Pacific port of
Vladivostok, the limit is two
pounds of meat and about a pound of
butter per person a month. When six
vessels arrived carrying Western
foods for other Russian regions,
workers backed by city officials
took nearly 800 tons of pork for the
city, according to the radical
Moscow daily newspaper Kuranty.
The Michigan Daily
News " Sports * Photo " Opinion * Arts
The Daily needs writers. Come to a mass meeting on
Thurs., Sept. 12 at 7:30, Student Publications Bldg. 420 Maynard
With Native Speaker Ema Stefanova
Continued from page 1
Democratic caucus," Sheldon said.
But Peterson said the committee
was not under any pressure from
HAC. The only sense of urgency, she
said, came from then-Republican
Mayor Gerald Jernigan.
"We did it because the former
mayor was putting on a lot of pres-
sure to resolve the project so the
Kline's structure could go ahead. It
had nothing to do with the
Homeless Action Committee.
(Jernigan was) where the sense of
expediency came," she said.
The council originally planned
to build a parking structure at the
house's former site, but Democrats
killed the project in favor of a sur-
face parking lot after taking an 8-3
majority in April's elections.
The Traverse Group test reported
an oil level of 12,000 parts per mil-
lion 1.5 feet below the basement,
and 7,500 ppm at 3 feet.
Although the oil is not toxic,
the state Department of Natural
Resources wants to see the soil con-
tain only 100 ppm, said Betty
Michalski, an environmental qual-
ity analyst at the DNR.
"What (the test) found were to-
tal petroleum hydrocarbons, which
is something that we don't actually
regulate, except based on aesthetic
odors and visible stain," she said.
To conduct the cleanup, the city
will have to move the house, which
currently rests above the open
basement on slats, said city risk
manager Dan Cullen.
The Traverse Group estimated a
cleanup cost of $30,000 or less, but'
the cost could soar to $300,000 if
the oil has reached groundwater.
Jean Summerfield, director of
the Shelter Association of Ann
Arbor, said the association will try
to sell the house to anybody who
will pay to move it.
She said moving it off, then bac
on after the city has cleaned the site,
would be "ridiculously expensive."
Fall Term 1991
M, T, W, TH
Continued from page 1
Justice, which opposes the nomina-
ministration did not "question judi-
cial nominees on specific issues that
may come before the courts, and we
expect the Senate will do no differ-
"Litigants are entitled to have
their cases heard by judges who
haven't already made up their
said the Bush ad-
For more information, CALL 764-5355.
mind," Fitzwater said. "The
Constitution requires an indepen-
"Since he has opened the
Pandora's box, I think it's only fair
we explore the issue fully," Sen.
Howard Metzenbaum, D-Ohio said,
referring to Thomas' praise in a
1987 speech for an anti-abortion ar-
Continued from page 1
However, former Theta Chi pres-
ident and EMU senior Michael
Robertson said "things were under
control" before the police arrived.
"We had a closed fraternity
party for fraternity members and a
few of their guests. Around 11:30
p.m., the backyard was filling up and
people started congregating on the
sidewalk. Apparently residents
across the street called the police
because of the noise. There was no
violence. I believe the police insti-
gated the riot scene," Robertson
"My friend and I were leaving
the party when a cop asked us where
we were going. My friend said,
'Home' and the cop said, 'No, you're
not' and hit him with a club and ar-
Several agencies are investigating
the party and subsequent arrests.
"As far as we can tell, Lambda
Chi did nothing wrong," said
Michael Manouell, director of fi-
Sen. Joseph R. Biden Jr., D-Del,,
the panel's chair, wrote in The
Washington Post on Sunday that he
wants to question Thomas about his
support of "natural law theory" too
decide major constitutional ques-
tions. That is the theory that people
enjoy basic rights that transcend
nance and insurance for the Lambda
Chi Alpha headquarters, which is
investigating the incident. "The
function was in compliance with
risk management. It was not adver-*
tised to the entire campus and no al-
cohol was served. If our investiga
tion shows that the chapter was in
violation, they will be disciplined;
no question about it," he added.
Director of Chapter Operations
for Theta Chi International Doug
Allen also said no action will be
taken until they have probed further
into the incident.
Dean of Student Services Bette0
White is looking into Friday night's
party as well. By the end of the
week, White plans to issue a report
which could recommend sanctions
against the fraternities.
Possible actions could involve
suspending the fraternities from be-
ing recognized as an official univer-
sity group, said Susan Biarley, acting
director of public information. If
this were to happen, the two houses@
would be unable to participate in in-
tramural sports, voting on frater-
nity issues, and campus rush.
SIhe Mtdjtgau BaiIy
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