The Michigan Daily - Friday, October 26, 1990 - Page ,
Bullard discusses higher.
Lyme disease vaccine
iy Henry Goldblatt
Daily Politics Reporter
The state budget, education and
the student vote were on Democratic
State Representative Perry Bullard's
mind last night as he talked to a
small group of students in South
"I'm worried about the level of
political awareness (among stu-
dents). You don't know on what irra-
Etional basis people will decide to
vote for Engler," said Bullard, who
-is running for a tenth term in the
In the informal question and an-
swer session, Bullard spoke mostly
about the state legislature's role in
Bullard expressed concern over
the recently proposed Republican
sponsored bill that would provide for
a 20 percent cut in property taxes,
amounting to a $1.5 billion revenue
loss for the state government.
The money to supplement this
loss would come out of the state's
general fund, which funds higher ed-
ucation, Bullard said. The financial
effects of this cut on higher educa-
tion would hurt the quality of educa-
tion, he said.
"This would amount to a 20 per-
cent cut for the U of M... which
would be a loss $50 million," he
said. The results would be the layoff
.of junior faculty, termination of
programs, the decimation of the
quality of education, and the sky-
rocketing of tuition, he added.
"Higher education is very ex-
posed. There is no money earmarked
for it... A general fund cut could re-
ally hit the University very hard,"
"We need to look at additional
taxes now," he explained. "This
year's budget is probably $500 mil-
lion short of additional revenue even
without doing the job that we should
do in mental health and higher educa-
tion... we've got a major crisis in
public education," Bullard said.
"We are looking at substantial
cuts or tax increases, but no one
wants to talk about it before the
elections," Bullard said.
WASHINGTON (AP) - Yale
University efforts with lab mice
could lead to a vaccine against Lyme
disease in humans, and perhaps,
against syphilis as well, researchers
In a study to be published today
in the journal Science, a Yale team
reported that a Lyme disease vaccine
for mice was made with a gene-engi-
neering technique that could be ap-
plied to other diseases that are caused
by a type of bacteria called
Lyme disease was first identified
in 1975 and is named for the Con-
necticut town where a Yale study
was conducted. The disease is spread
by a small deer tick that passes
along the spirochete when it sucks
blood from a victim. The disease can
cause heart problems, arthitis-like
joint pain, skin rash and even brain
disorders. Identified early, Lyme dis-
ease can be successfully treated with
"It's very likely that we'll be able
to get a good vaccine for human]
from this technique," said Richard
Flavell, leader of the Yale team. "If
it works on this disease, then it may
be used to develop vaccines against
other diseases with spirochetes, such
A Harvard researcher, however,
said the success of a Lyme disease
vaccine, even for mice, cannot be
proven until the immunity is tested
against disease in the way it is natu-
rally spread - through a tick bite.
David Persing, of the Harvard
School of Public Health, said that
the saliva of Lyme disease-infected
ticks also contains substances that
depress some immune functions. m
Bullard expressed his ideals for
higher education. "We should work
for what they have done in Northern
Europe, namely no tuition in insti-
tutions in higher education," he said.
4udicial hopefuls speakin forum
by David Rheingoldt
Daily Staff Reporter runnin against an experienced in- Thomassen responded to the issue he said, has doubled since 197
Judge Pieter Thomassen has held
the bench on Ann Arbor's 15th Dis-
trict Court for almost 22 years, un-
challenged by any competitors for
Kurt Berggren, a local trial attor-
ey, is campaigning against Thom-
assen in Washtenaw County's only
contested judicial race this year-
and Thomassen's first challenge
since he was elected in 1969.
Both candidates answered ques-
tions of local concern last night in
an open forum held at the Washte-
naw County Bar Association's meet-
ing at Weber's Inn.
Despite Berggren's 28 years of
law-related experience, including
many civil litigation suits, he said
cumbent is almost impossible.
"Everybody's saying, 'Kurt, you
can't beat an incumbent judge. It's
impossible, unless he's guilty of in-
cest, or he let a criminal out who
killed ten people'... You cannot rat
against somebody on the basis that
he didn't do his job the way he
should have," he said in last night's
Berggren, who served as a prose-
cuting attorney from 1979 to 1984
under Judge Thomassen, said he was
dismayed about what he saw in the
15th District Court. "My opponent,
during a five year period when I was
in his court every week, never came
to court on time... the average delay
was a half an hour," Berggren said,
prior to the open forum.
of punctuality last night during the
discussion. "I guess I can't look all
of you in the eye and say I'm a
paragon of punctuality," he said. He
did say, however, that tardy lawyers
place a burden on the judge.
"I'm in a bind when lawyers
come and say, 'I couldn't make it,
sorry I'm late' and the other lawyers
are looking for costs, sanctions,"
Both also discussed their views
on landlord/tenant problems, impor-
tant judicial characteristics, political
impartiality, and issues concerning
race and gender.
Thomassen said one of his ongo-
ing goals is to provide easier access
to justice for the general public.
Since the number of case openings,
felt the judge must "give them equal
choice and let them understand what
is going on in the system," he said.
The status of the race is some-
what uncertain. Although no public
surveys have been conducted, a re-
cent judicial poll answered by a quar-
ter of the 842 practicing attorneys in
Washtenaw County favored
Faced with the prospect of los-
ing, Berggren said, "I think the bene-
fit of my winning, or even if I don't
win, the benefit of my running a
very close race and losing a close
race... is that in the future we will
begin to judge judges. "
The judicial election will be held
Nov. 6 as part of the general elec-
Week focuses on ads, eating disorders
E ' Y.
by Michelle Clayton
Daily Staff Reporter
In the commercial, actor Cher
stands tall and sleek, daring televi-
Wion viewers to look like her and
reminding them that excuses are no
good. She insinuates that all one has
to do is work out to look like her.
Ads like this and many maga-
tines encourage an image of an
"ideal" female, states a peer educa-
tion manual distributed by Univer-
sity Health Services. The manual,
however, goes on to explain that
mrrany people do not consider that
models often have cosmetic surgery.
For instance Johanna Schneller,
senior editor of Domino magazine in
Toronto, reports in an article that
Cher has had liposuction, tummy
and buttocks tucks, and a rib re-
moval to achieve her physique.
" Eating Disorders Awareness
Week, which began this week and
will conclude on Sunday, addresses
*the issue of a "ideal" female and
other problems associated with eat-
cent of body weight, refusal to main-
tain body weight over a minimal
normal weight for age and height,
and no known physical illness that
would account for the weight loss.
Jodi Lustig, member of the pub-
licity committee for Eating Disor-
ders Awareness Week, said of possi-
ble causes "A lot of the time focus
is on dieting, on being vain and con-
cerned with the way you look, also a
psychological concern that family
problems may be a factor in it."
Contrary to popular belief, a per-
son does not have to look emaciated
to suffer from an eating disorder.
DSM-III lists in the Epidemiology
of bulimia that disorders can occur at
any weight level but seldom in the
very obese. Like bulimia, compul-
sive eating is another disorder in
which a person binges and experi-
The final event of Eating Disor-
ders Awareness Week will be a full
day workshop called "Transforming
"Diet and body image dissatisfac-
tion are two major risk factors (for
eating disorders)," said Lori Weisel-
berg, Health Services Health Educa-
tor. People who feel good about
their bodies have fewer eating disor-
ders, she said.
According to the Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Mental Disor-
ders III (DSM-III), the following cri-
teria for diagnosis of anorexia ner-
vosa include: intense fear of becom-
ing obese, disturbance of body im-
age, weight loss of at least 25 per-
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