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September 12, 1990 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-09-12

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A century of editorialfreedom
Vol. Cl, No. 5 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, September 12, 1990TMhni

Soviets
.pass new
economic
reforms
MOSCOW (AP) - Russia's par-
liament voted overwhelmingly yes-
0terday for a radical economic reform
program, and Soviet President
Mikhail Gorbachev said he favored it
over a moderate plan proposed by his
prime minister.
Gorbachev's surprise statement
undercut the authority of Prime Min-
ister Nikolai Ryzhkov and added
momentum to calls for Ryzhkov's
resignation.
It also increased the chances that
* the radical plan, drafted largely by
economist Stanislav Shatalin, will
go into effect throughout the Soviet
Union.
Shatalin's plan calls for transfer-
ring most economic authority from
the national government to the coun-
try's 15 constituent republics. The
republics could then move rapidly to
free prices, privatize government in-
dustries, legalize private ownership
ofland and take other steps toward a
market-based economy.
The national Supreme Soviet leg-
islature and the parliament of Rus-
sia, the largest of the 15 republics,
met separately yesterday to consider
thie competing proposals.
Ryzhkov addressed the national
legislature in a cavernous marble
hall at the Kremlin, the centuries-old
ivalled fortress that is the seat of
communist power.
He charged that the Shatalin plan
would lower living standards by 30
percent, force one out of every four
collective farms into bankruptcy, and
cause rapid inflation by decontrolling
prices on about 75 percent of basic
consumer products.
Ryzhkov called for retaining cen-
tral control over the economy and
* making a much slower transition to
a market-based system.

BusL
to n0
gulf

speaks
ion on

It

crisis

Do you think Mike will tune in? ----
Ann Arbor resident David Horste announces the Lesbian and Gay Radio Collective's Show on WCBN while
Preacher Mike, known for his fire and brimstone condemnations of passers-by, delivers a sermon.
Assembly allows PSC to
keep $1,000 used for trip

WASHINGTON (AP) - In an
address to Congress and the nation
last night, President Bush vowed last
night that "Saddam Hussein will
fail" in his conquest of Kuwait. He
said the Iraqi dictator could not per-
severe in the face of "a new partner-
ship of nations."
Bush also acknowledged the U.S.
military could be deployed in the
Saudi Arabian desert indefinitely.
"I cannot predict just how long it
will take to convince Iraq to with-
draw from Kuwait," bush said in a
nationally broadcast address before a
joint session of Congress.
He said U.N.-approved sanctions
would take time to squeeze Iraq and
that the United States would con-
tinue reviewing options with allies.
"But let it be clear: we will not
let this aggression stand," Bush said.
Fresh from his summit with So-
viet President Mikhail S. Gor-
bachev, Bush said "a new partnership
of nations" stands aligned against
aggression and that the super-
powers are working together on this
crisis.
"Clearly no longer can a dictator
count on East-West confrontation to
stymie concerted U.N. action against
aggression," the president said.
"The crisis in the Persian Gulf,
as grave as it is, also offers a rate
opportunity to move toward a his-
toric period of cooperation," Bush
said.
Bush said "a new world order,"
may emerge fromthe crisis in which
the world is "freer from the threat of
terror, stronger in the pursuit of jus-
tice and more secure in the quest for
peace - an era in which the nations
of the world, East and West, North

and South can prosper and live in
harmony."
Bush offered no new initiatives to
resolve the gulf crisis, and repeated
many of his past declarations against
Saddam.
But the point of the speech was
to bring Americans up to date on the
crisis, and call for them to stand
united as the stalemate lingers on.
"If ever there was a time to put
the country before self and patrio-
tism before party, that time is now,"
Bush said.
Nations
. .
divided
on Iraqi
dil1emma~
by the Associated Press
Governments around the world
grappled Tuesday with issues of aid,
trade and the rescue of their citizens
from the Persian Gulf nearly six
weeks after Iraq plunged the region
into crisis by invading Kuwait.
Japan sought to defuse criticism
that it is not doing its share in the
faceoff against Baghdad, announcing
that it may send $2 billion in aid to
nations most severely affected by the
U.N. embargo on Iraq.
The first of the developing na-
tions to respond to Saddam Hus-
See IRAQ, Page 2

by Christine Kloostra
Daily MSA Reporter

A resolution demanding the
Palestine Solidarity Committee
(PSC) return $1,000 used to send
two PSC members to the Israeli-oc-
cupied territories was voted out of
order last night by the Michigan
Student Assembly.
A 19-19 tie was broken by MSA
President Jennifer Van Valey to de-
clare a resolution sponsored by En-
gineering Representatives Aaron
Williams and Bill Cosnowski out of
order.
The resolution condemned MSA
for taking action during the summer
because "the majority of the Michi-

gan Student Assembly was not
around for this decision," and would
require the PSC to return the $1,000
allocated by a 6-1 vote by MSA in
June. 41
The money was used to send the
envoys to the West Bank and Gaza
Strip to meet with members of the
Palestinian and Israeli communities.
According to the MSA code,
summer actions that are not re-
versible cannot be reconsidered. Be-
cause the money has already been
spent, Van Valey said the action is
irreversible and the resolution in-
valid.
Williams said he would continue

his efforts to force the PSC to refund
the money.
The issue of funding "fact finding
missions" has been an assembly is-
sue for over a year. In past election
campaigns, Conservative Coalition
candidates - such as Williams -
have run on platforms that specifi-
cally opposed such funding.
"We will sue MSA and PSC in
CSJ (Central Student Judiciary)," he
said. Students can appeal any MSA
decisions to CSJ, the assembly's ju-
dicial branch.
Other representatives agreed that
the decision was correct.
See MSA, page 2

Music major focus in arrests for obscenity

Issue of race enters debate

Stores and group angered

r

by Annette Petrusso
Kristin Palm
Daily Arts Editors

and

---- F - .. -- --I-- , -

Third in a five part series
Because many of the musicians

cultural misunderstanding. Some
also say law-enforcement officials
exploit these misunderstandings as a
reason for arrest and a way to gain
notoriety.
"The controversy over 2 Live
Crew and all the spin-outs from that
also are indicative of a growing hos-
tility in some quarters toward the
kind of music that is on the cultural
edge," said Barry Lynn, legislative
director and counsel of the national
office of the American Civil Liber-
ties Union.
But Alan Wildmon, public rela-
tions director of the American Fam-
ily Association, disagreed. Wildmon
claims race is not involved because
See RAP, page 5.

Recent music industry incidents
involving obscenity charges:
June 10: Rap group 2 Live Crew members Luther
Campbell and Chris Wan Wong are arrested in Broward
County, Fla. on the charge of obscene performance.
June 28: Dave Risher, owner of Hogwild Records and
Tapes, an independent record store in San Antonio, Texas,
is arrested for selling As Nasty As They Wanna Be.
August 2: Rap group Kid 'N Play arrested in Augusta,
Ga., for an allegedly obscene performance.
August 10: Three rrembers of the rock band Too
Much Joy are arrested by the Broward County, Fla. sheriff
and charged with obscenity for performing several 2 Live
Crew songs. The 'group's drummer was not arrested
because he did not sing.
b August 21: Record store owners Rick Berry and Lee
Rosenblume are issued a citation by local police for
distributing obscene material in Royal Oak, Mich. The
charges revolved around the display of a poster depicting
the cover of heavy metal band Jane's Addiction's recent
release. The charges were later dropped.

by Annette Petrusso and
Kristin Palm
Daily Arts Editors
Arrests, like those listed at left,
are occurring at record stores that dis-
tribute allegedly obscene music and
in clubs that hold allegedy obscene
performances. Dave Risher, owner of
Hogwild Records and Tapes in San
Antonio, Texas was arrested in ac-
cordance with the Texas state ob-
scenity statute because he refused to
yield to San Antonio law enforce-
ment officials' demand that music by
2 Live Crew not be distributed in the
city. Risher said he continues to sell
the album because he does not be-
lieve it is a city official's place to
dictate what appears on his shelves.
"I make my living selling music

and it's incomprehensible that a po-
lice officer can come in and say,
'Hey, you can't sell that,' " he said
in a recent interview.
Rick Berry, co-owner of Off the
Record in Royal Oak, Mich., was
issued a citation for displaying
posters of the album cover of heavy
metal group Jane's Addiction's
Ritual de lo Habitual. The charge of
"displaying obscenity" was later
dropped because the poster does not
meet all the requirements set by
Michigan state law to deem material
obscene.
Because many of the incidents are
happening at the local level, reac-
tionary groups are forming'to com-
See LOCAL ARRESTS, page 5.

listed to the left are Black, save Too
Much Joy, a white rock group,
many say certain kinds of music are
being targeted as obscene because of

Panel opposes anti-

obscenit
WASHINGTON (AP) - A bi-
artisan study commission on Mon-
day urged Congress not to impose
hew anti-obscenity restrictions on
the National Endowment for the
Arts, declaring that Americans must
* 'put up with much we do not like"
to preserve freedom of artistic ex-
pression.
The 12-member panel also urged
NEA chairman John Frohnmayer to
scrap a controversial requirement that
grant recipients sign a pledge that
they will not use federal money to
produce works that might be deemed
obscene.
Frohnmayer has repeatedly re-
sisted demands that he eliminate the
1R0l - ns....L.f..LL-----------..r~ ,

measures
The panel concluded that "the en-
dowment is not, in setting policy
and making grants, adequately meet-
ing its public responsibilities at the
present time" as steward of taxpayer
funds.
It proposed that the NEA chair be
given sole, explicit authority to
make final grant decisions and that
the growing power of "peer review
panels" that select grant applications
for approval be diminished to an ad-
visory role.
The 94-page report of the com-
mission, established by Congress
last fall, drew mixed reviews from
lamkestryinG hto ne ntiaitea

Ismail, Irish create
special' worries
Even squads make
special teams critical

by Eric Lemont
Daily Football Writer
Michigan football coach Gary
Moeller said he would shoot Notre
Dame's Raghib "Rocket" Ismail if
there was a bullet fast enough to
catch him.
Pretty funny. But, as Saturday's
matchup between the nation's No. 1
and No. 4-ranked teams draws near,
Moeller and the rest of the
Wolverine coaching staff knows that
Michigan's futility against the

with Reggie Ho's four field goals,
proved to be the difference in the
Irish's 19-17 victory.
Ponder: Last season in Ann
Arbor, the Wolverines lost 24-19
after two long kickoff returns by that
really-fast guy on the other team.
With Michigan's experienced
offensive line countering Notre
Dame's behemoth defensive front,
and with the Wolverine's top-ranked
secondary battling an overload of
T«.. .1ws.a L -- l11....a:. . L

i>

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