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September 18, 1990 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-09-18

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loY~~ht 9
Vol. CI, No.9 Ann Arbor, Michigan -Tuesday, September 18, 1990 The Mihigan ogly

Cheney fires
Air Force
Chief of Staff
WASHINGTON (AP) - Defense Secretary Dick
Cheney fired Gen. Mike Dugan as Air Force chief or
taff yesterday after Dugan's public comments about
contingency plans to unleash massive air raids on Iraq
and target Saddam Hussein personally.
Dugan, in the top Air Force job only three months,
violated Pentagon rules by publicly discussing likely
military targets inside Iraq and disclosing classified
information about the size of U.S. forces in the gulf
area, Cheney said.
"~There are certain things we never talk about,
"Cheney said in explaining his decision to fire Dugan.
X ,le cited "operational matters" such as the selection of
*specific targets for potential air strikes and targeting of
foreign leaders.
"Gen. Dugan's statements as reported in the press
and as confirmed by him to me - failed all of those
tests," Cheney said.
Dugan was away from the Pentagon yesterday and
not available for comment, his office said.
The Air Force chief took the job in July and
quickly gained a reputation for openness with the news
media and the Congress. One gesture that illustrated
*this departure from past Air Force practice was
Dugan's decision to give defense reporters laminated
cards listing his office phone number and the numbers
of his chief aides.
Dugan, 53, retains his four-star rank, but he is
expected to retire.
"Protocol demands that he retire," a Pentagon
source said. "There's no job in the Air Force he could
really hold now."
A senior Defense Department official said Cheney
fired the general not simply because Dugan spoke
openly to the news media but because he said things
for which he had no authority.
"It's saying things that aren't true; it's saying
things that weren't his decision to make. He's not in
the operational chain of command, and the idea
whether Saddam Hussein is personally targeted -
those are decisions that are up to the President sto
make," said the official, who spoke on the condition of
anonymity.
Before becoming Air Force chief of staff, Dugan
was commander in chief of U.S. Air Forces in Europe.
sHe was a combat pilot in the Vietnam War, flying 300
missions.
Dugan's controversial comments, reported Sunday
by the Los Angeles Times and The Washington Post,
were made during the Air Force chief's trip to and from
Saudi Arabia, where he visited Air Force units
deployed as part of Operation Desert Shield.
Dugan told the newspapers that if the United States
and Iraq went to war, the Pentagon planned to unleash
an air campaign designed to "decapitate" the Iraqi
*leadership by targeting President Saddam Hussein, his
family and even his mistress.
The general said that until two weeks ago, U.S.
target planners had assembled a conventional list of
Iraqi targets which included Iraqi air defenses, airfields
and warplanes, missile sites and other military
installations. He said other targets would include Iraqi
power systems, roads, railroads and perhaps domestick
petroleum production facilities, but not the oil filelds.
That's a nice list of targets, and I might be able to
accept those, but that's not enough," Dugan said,
adding that he developed a "better list" of high-value
targets in Iraq that stressed the importance of attacking
Saddam and his inner circle.
"If and when we choose violence, he ought to be
the focus of our efforts," Dugan said.

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Policy to

restrict

I

event attendance,

by Daniel Poux
Daily Administration Reporter

As part of a new safety policy, entrance
to some student social events will be re-
stricted to those individuals showing pic-
ture college identification, announced In-
terim Vice President for Student Services
Mary Ann Swain last Friday.
The new directive is the culmination of
Swain's efforts to respond to an incident
that took place outside the Michigan Union
Sept. 8 during which seven people were se-
riously injured.
A fight involving a large number of
non-students erupted during a dance party in
the Union ballroom. As the brawl spilled
out on the front steps, four people were
stabbed, and one man rushed to the hospital
with a gunshot wound.
Swain met with members of the admin-
istration and concerned student groups to
draw up a policy for functions in Univer-
sity buildings.
"I talked to a number of different ad-
ministrators, deans, and bui dirg managers,
as well as students on the Michigan Union
Board and at the mass meeting last Wednes-
day," Swain said. "I took all of their com-
ments into account and redrafted the new
policy."
The five-Dart policy. effective tomor-

row, will restrict admittance to "student
sponsored social events," and will not affect
student group meetings or speaking en-
gagements, Swain explained.
The policy does not define a "social"
event, but calls for a pre-meeting between
the specific building manager, representa-
tives of the student group, and University
security officials to determine whether an
event is "social" and should require atten-
dance restrictions, Swain said.
The meeting must be held at least three
days before the scheduled event.
The new attendance policy also says
"minimum requirements for security for
various buildings and types of events will
be set by University security personnel,"
and states that the costs for the increased
security will be shared by the University
and the student groups.
Swain said she hopes the policy will
clear up misunderstandings over student
group events and standardize the procedure
for room allocation.
"Before, the different building managers
had their own differing policies," Swain
said. "We tried to put it all under one pol-
icy for at least the common buildings on
campus.I
See POLICY, page 2

NORML taking a hit from ne

by Daniel Poux
Daily Administration Reporter
At least one campus group is already
feeling the effects of the new attendance
policies for University building events.
The Ann Arbor chapter of the Na-
tional Organization for the Reform of
Marijuana Laws (NORML) has been told
that their "Hemp Tour '90" fundraiser
scheduled for Friday night in the Michi-
gan Ballroom will be restricted to stu-
dents showing a college identification.
Rich Birkett, Ann Arbor resident and
local NORML spokesperson, said he is
extremely upset, because his organization

reserved the Ballroom weeks in advance,
before the September 8 incident and be-
fore the institution of the new attendance
guidelines.
"We made our reservation for the
ballroom with the old guidelines in
mind," he said. "We knew the success of
our event would depend heavily upon
non-student and non-faculty attendance."
Birkett explained that Julie Geyer, as-
sistant facilities manager for the Michi-
gan Union, told him that the fundraiser
was to be considered a "social event,"
because it features live music and politi-
cal speakers, and would be restricted as

such under the new policy guidelines.
Geyer refused to comment on the sit-
uation, and Frank Cianciola, director of
the University Union and Student Pro-
grams, could not be reached for com-
ment.
The local NORML chapter has
clashed frequently in the past with the
University administration. Last April,
NORML's permit to protest on the Diag
for their annual "Hash Bash" was re-
voked by the University, and Birkett's
group was granted the permit only after a
court battle.
Birkett added that he suggested a

w poliy
compromise to Union officials on the
new policy for their Friday evening
event, which could include an age limit
upon all non-students wishing to attend.
However, he has received no response to
the proposal, he said.
If no compromise is reached, Birkett
has stated he and NORML will again
take the University to court, to sue for
damages.
Mary Ann Swain, Interim Vice-
President for Student Services, said the
Administration is considering the
fundraiser a social event because they are
featuring musical entertainment.

City council resolution proposes
privatizing garbage collection, disposal

by Donna Woodwell
Daily Staff Reporter
The Ann Arbor City Council consid-
ered a resolution last night to privatize
the city's garbage disposal, which would
jeopardize its contracts with local unions.
According to the council resolution
"significant cost savings... may be pos-
sible through the use of private contrac-
tors to collect, recycle, and dispose of its
solid waste."
Under the proposed resolution, the
contract will be up for bid beginning
Nov. 15, 1990.
No decision had been made as of press
time.
James Wilson, chief steward of the

Teamsters Local 214 said their would be
"turmoil" if the resolution should pass
and legal action would be taken.
Wilson said privatizing garbage col-
lection would cause about 40 union
workers to lose their jobs. This would be
in direct violation of the union's contract
with the city.
However the resolution states that all
workers whose jobs would be lost would
be transferred to other city departments or
absorbed by the private contractor.
The city's solid waste department
needs the extra revenue to make up for a
$1.7 million deficit. Increasing costs for
transport and dumping at the Browning-
Ferris Industries (BFI) landfill in Salem

Township account for most of the deficit.
The city's own landfill is full and cur-
rently undergoing cleanup and expansion
apporved by last April's $28 million
bond. However, these funds are earmarked
by cleaning up the city landfill, construc-
tion of a recyclying plant and monthly
curbside recycling pickups and do not
cover increases in solid waste disposal
costs.
Wilson said privatization has good
and bad points, but there is no outstand-
ing benefit for privatization.
"In fact service with privatization may
not be of the quality of the city-run sys-

tem because the city lacks the control
over practices," Wilson said.
The union representatives were not
aware of the resolution proposed until
late yesterday afternoon.
"Why was there such a rush?" asked
Jeri Burbank; vice-president of AF-
SCME local 361.
AFSCME is currently undergoing
contract negotiation with the city. The
resolution to approve a collective bar-
gaining agreement with the union was
tabled at last night's meeting.
Both Wilson and Burbank said that if
the city were to break union contracts,
that legal action would be taken.

Gorbachev delays
ecomomic reforms

MOSCOW (AP) - A compro-
mise plan to create a market econ-
omy in the Soviet Union began to
break down yesterday as President
Mikhail Gorbachev hesitated on a
key issue: the decollectivization of
farming.
Gorbachev told the Supreme So-
viet parliament that a national refer-
*endum should be held to decide
whether to allow private ownership
of land.
"It is too big a decision, com-
rades, to be made in offices, audito-
riums or meeting halls - even the
one in which we're working today,"
he said as the parliament opened de-
bate on competing plans for eco-
nomic reform.
Soviet peasants were forced into
collective farms and all land became

turned tumultuous as delegates and
economists rose to attack parts of all
three economic reform proposals
presented in the past week. The
compromise supported by Gorbachev
was criticized by supporters of both
the other plans, and the chances of a
broad consensus appeared dim.
The most radical proposal -
known as the Shatalin plan for its
principal author, economist
Stanislav Shatalin - would give
land back to farmers, sell factories to
private owners, and move the Soviet
Union toward a free market in a pe-
riod of 500 days.
It would shift most economic au-
thority from the central government
to the increasingly separatist re-
publics and deprive the national gov-
ernment of the right to levy taxes.

Vigil honors
Bell's grief
by Amanda Neuman
In a candlelight vigil last night on the Diag more
than 500 people shared the grief of Indiana couple, Bill
and Karen Bell, whose daughter, Becky died from an
illegal abortion two years ago.
The vigil, organized by Planned Parenthood of
Michigan and other pro-choice groups, commemorated
the anniversary of Becky Bell's death. It also protested
the parental consent and notification initiative that
passed the state legislature last Wednesday requiring
pregnant women under the age of 18 to have parental
consent before obtaining an abortion.
Said Robyn Menin, executive director for Planned
Parenthood of Mid-Michigan, "We're here tonight to
witness the events that led to the death of Becky Bell
and to let our legislators know how outraged we are
about the new laws passed in the state of Michigan."
The Bells have just completed an eight day tour of
Michigan colleges and high schools to urge students to

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