for the forests
by Julie Foster and
Erica Kohnke ing that the smoke's effect far su
Daily Staff Writers passes industrial waste.
"The bears don't write letters, the
owls don't vote," said Lou Gold, an
environmentalist who emphasized
the need to take action against the
destruction of natural forests.
Gold, an advocate of the Earth
First! movement, spoke and gave a
slide presentation to a crowd, filling
the Natural Science Auditorium last
He spoke mainly of the Siskiyou
Mountains in Oregon where 90 per-
cent of the original forest has been
cut in recent years, endangering the
fragile old-growth ecosystem.
Gold began his presentation by
showing slides of the landscape of
the Siskiyou Mountains and de-
scribed the ecosystem which sup-
ports the forest. "The easiest way to
describe an old growth forest is the
perfect balance between life and
death," he said.
He explained nature's natural
methods of restoration and recycling
0f it's own materials. Fallen trees
and natural forest fires serve to re-
build and renew forests he said,
adding that "(natural forest) fires are
functional. They clean the place up."
But Gold said intentional
slashburning" used by foresters to
prepare a recently logged area for
planting new trees is devastating the
forest by removing all life from the
"Slashburning is the largest sin-
gle component of smoke pollution
in the Northwest," he added, explain-
Cutting down trees and then re-
planting them on a continual basis,
"(mines) the nutrients out of the
soil," Gold said.
The roads used to bring logs from
the clear-cut sites cause severe soil
erosion, which damages the nutrient
content and capabilities of the soil,
"The U.S. Forest Agency is
criminal, contemptible, and abso-
lutely incorrigible," he said. "I'm
not against logging, but I want to
see it done in a careful and respectful
'The U.S. Forest
Agency is criminal,
Gold also spoke about some of
the wildlife in the forest. The spotted
owl, he said, is becoming an endan-
gered species because of forestry. He
said the owl is important because
it's "not just a fuzzy little bird, it's
what's called an indicator species."
Presence of the owl indicates the
existence of a small mammal called
a vole. The vole is necessary because
bout the destruction of forests in
31 Science Auditorium.
down trees quickly and efficiently,
"Today, no place is too high, too
deep, or too steep to log," he said.
Gold also spoke about job loss
resulting from advanced technology,
such as the Chinook helicopter, and
the automatic tree hunter. "This
technology is not only wiping out
trees faster than ever, but wiping out
jobs faster than ever."
Gold concluded by giving the au-
dience a picture of the forests as a
symbol of, "struggle, strength, and
wisdom," and urged them to view it
as, "the unit of all living things."
Ecology advocate Lou Gold speaks at
Oregon yesterday night at the Natura
it eats truffles containing certain bac-
teria fundamental to the forests' sur-
vival, he said.
The vole spreads the bacteria con-
tained in the truffles through it's fe-
ces, which is what, "you might
easily call the 'pooper's principle' of
forest ecology," Gold said.
But industry might destroy the
natural processes the forest uses for
survival, he said, adding that last
year alone 16 billion boardfeet of
lumber were cut.
Logging is becoming more dev-
astating to the forests because tech-
nology is making it easier to take;
The Michigan Daily - Friday, April 20, 1990 - Page 3
VILNIUS, U.S.S.R. (AP) -
The Kremlin tightened its economic
squeeze yesterday on. Lithuania by
shutting off more than 80 percent of
the Baltic republic's gas supply fol-
lowing a complete cutoff of oil the
The independence-minded republic
promptly ordered that the first to
lose their energy supplies will be
Soviet military bases and factories
run by Moscow, according to the
parliament's press office.
Soviet President Mikhail Gor-
bachev started his most drastic at-
tempt to force Lithuania to retreat
from its March 11 declaration of in-
dependence late Wednesday when a
pipeline to Lithuania's only oil re-
finery was shut off.
The flow'of natural gas was shut
off in three pipelines - two from
Latvia and one from Minsk in
Byelorussia - cutting supplies to
Lithuania by more than 80 percent,
officials of Lithuania's parliament,
the Supreme Council, said.
Lithuanian Energy Minister
Leonas Asmantas ordered immediate
gasoline rationing 30 liters per
month for private cars, according to
Daina Kalendra of the parliamentary
press office. A liter is slightly more
than one quart.
"Where we can give up the use of
gas, gasoline, any heating or light-
ing, let us do this, and then we will
be able to survive longer and,
maybe, we will not be intimidated
by these sanctions," government
spokesperson Ceslovas Jursenas said
on Lithuanian radio.
Lithuania, forcibly incorporated
into the Soviet Union in 1940, is
entirely dependent on Moscow for its
oil and gas, which it receives at be-
Soviet Foreign Ministry
spokesperson Vadim Perfiliev told
reporters yesterday that Moscow
"might have some other restrictions"
to impose on Lithuania, but he re-
fused to elaborate.
In Key Largo, Fla., President
Bush and visiting French President
Francois Mitterrand said they were
both "deeply disturbed" by the Krem-
lin's recent steps regarding Lithua-
nia. Bush told reporters he was
"considering appropriate measures to
be taken in light of Soviet actions."
Lithuanian Prime Minister Kaz-
imiera Prunskiene was in Norway to
see about contracting for expensive,
Western oil and seeking foreign aid
to pay for it.
Officials told a news conference
yesterday night other supplies were
being cut as well, but refused to tell
reporters what they were, Ms.
Lithuania normally produces its,
own electricity at a nuclear powet
plant at Ignalina, but it is shut fot
repairs. Ms. Kalendra said the repub-
lic has experienced no electricity'
shortage, and other plants are operat-
ing, including a hydroelectric plant
Lithuania has virtually no foreigt
currency. Asmantas said the republic
needs about 500,000 tons of oil a
month - about $55 million worth
at world prices.
Mrs. Prunskiene acknowledged;i
the Soviet navy could easily block-
ade Lithuania's harbors, but said that
would be "unthinkable."
Lithuanian President Vytautas
Landsbergis said Thursday that
Lithuania will survive on its re-
serves while waiting for Western
"We have no other way. We are
waiting from the East for direct ne-
gotiations and from the West for
more... support." he said in a TV in-
terview with Cable News Network,
broadcast from Vilnius.
Landsbergis again urged major
Western democracies to come to
Lithuania's aid, adding Lithuania al-
ready received expressions and
promises of support from
Czechoslovakia, Iceland, France,
Italy, some Scandinavian countries
and its fellow Baltic states, Estonia
Dainis Ivans, president of the
Latvian People's Front, said he
views the fuel crunch on Lithuania
as political pressure on Latvia as
well. Both Latvia and Estonia are
following in Lithuania's footsteps in
pushing for independence.
Gorbachev met in the Kremlin
yesterday with leaders of Latvia and
Estonia and offered both republics
"special status" in the Soviet Union
if they drop their attempts to follow
Lithuania into independence, said
Raymond Lochmelis 4f the Latviai
Popular Front and other officials
'U' staff protests parking rate hikes
by Noelle Vance
Daily Administration Reporter
Angered by a $137 parking per-
mit increase to be accrued over the
next five years, University employ-
ees gathered outside the Fleming
Administration building yesterday to
"The University needs fair park-
ing," said LSA .development em-
ployee Edith Chance. "It needs an
equitable program for all its employ-
* sMore than 3,400 employees
signed a petition to protest the park-
itg increases passed last month by
the University's Board of Regents.
The rates will increase by 12.6
percent over the next five years, re-
sulting in a total cost of $362 per
"There's never a good solution to
parking problems," said Farris But Womack said the University
Womack, the University's chief fi- is not going to build more parking
nancial officer, when the parking spaces because other areas need the
rates were proposed last month. "No money.
one is ever happy," he said. Ron Moldovan, an employee
Womack said the University in- who spoke to the regents on behalf
creased the rates to maintain the of a group of employees opposing
'There's never a good solution to parking
problems.... No one is ever happy'
'U' Chief Financial Officer
ployees would pay one percent of
their salary for parking fees.
"A token amount for a profes-
sional or administrator" is a burden
on a lower level employee,
Kim Smith, a hospital employee
and one of the protesters, said she is
opposed to the increase in parking
rates because she is not even assured
parking if she pays her fee.
Smith said she has to arrive at
work 25 minutes early to obtain a
"If there was a way to guarantee a
parking spot, I'd pay it," Smith said.
"But I'm not guaranteed. Two hun-
dred and fifty for a space... it's un-
parking structures. A committee
which studied the University's park-
ing system recommended the in-
creases and the creation of additional
'Women to 'Take
Back the Night'
the rate hikes, said the University
could establish more equitable park-
ing rates. One suggestion the group
offered is to establish a sliding scal
based on pay. Under the policy, em-
by Diane Cook
Daily Women's Issuse Reporter
Hundreds of women will gather
i front of the Federal Building at
the intersection of Liberty and Divi-
sion Streets on Saturday to "Take
lack the Night."
Thellth annual event will open
with a rally on the steps of the
building at 6 p.m., followed by a
march through Ann Arbor.
-"For years, if you were sexually
assaulted, it was your fault," said
Sue Smith, member of Ann Arbor
Coalition Against Rape, which or-
ganized the event. "We're question-
ing the status quo and male-domi-
ated society we live in."
Smith said the march is impor-
tant for women "to be able to walk,
at least for one night, to have the
night to ourselves, and to have the
power to walk by ourselves."
"It's horrible that you're afraid for
your life to walk out at night-into a
field alone," she said.
Smith said the route of the march
includes area where women have
been assaulted and unsafe, dark areas
around Ann Arbor. She said they
will also march through through res-
idential areas to raise awareness.
Singer-songwriter Ferron will
perform at the rally; a woman who
is a survivor of sexual assault will
speak; poet and actress Elise Bryant
will read poetry; Chairperson of the
Michigan Women's Commission
will speak; SAPAC will announce
results of its sexism-in-advertising
(A campus ministry of the
Christian Reformed Church)
1236 Washtenaw Ct.
10 a.m., Service of the Holy Communion
6:00 p.m., Evening Prayers
9 p.m.-IO:30 p.m.
Undergraduate Group Meeting
For more information, callr
Pastor, Rev. Don Postema
(Episcopal Church Chaplaincy)
218 N. Division (at Catherine)
Holy Eucharist-5 p.m.
in St. Andrews
Preacher. The Rev. Dr. Virginia Peacock
Celebrant: The Rev. Susan McGarry
Morning Prayer, 7:30 a.m., M-F
Evening Prayer, 5:15 p.m., M-F
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH and
AMERICAN BAPTIST CAMPUS CENTER
Huron Street (between State & Division)
Bible Study Groups-11:20
Student Fellowship Supper
and Bible Study-5:30
For information, call 663-9376
Robert B. Wallace & Mark Wilson, pastors
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MINISTRY
LORD OF LIGHT LUTHERAN CHURCH, ELCA
801 South Forest at Hill Street
Sunday Worship at 10 a.m.
Wednesday: Bible Study at 6:30 p.m.
Worship at 7:30p.m.
ST. MARY S STUDENT PARISH
331 Thompson Street
Weekend liturgies: Sat. 5 p.m.,
'new Lance missiles
Term Papers ;
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WASHINGTON (AP) - With
East-West tensions in decline, the
Bush administration is postponing
indefinitely the development of new
short-range nuclear missiles that
were to be based in West Germany,
U.S. officials said yesterday.
The 88 new launchers, 36 of
*which were to be controlled by the
United States and the others by West
moving out of the Soviet orbit and
preparing for union with West Ger-
many. It is no longer perceived as a
threat to the North Atlantic Treaty
The current arsenal of Lances will
remain in West Germany. About
700 carry nuclear warheads and have
a range of about 75 miles. The 900
or so non-nuclear missiles in the
540 E. Liberty
Open Early \ Open Late