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April 16, 1990 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-04-16

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Ninety-nine years of editorial freedom

Vol. C, No. 131

Ann Arbor, Michigan - Monday, April 16, 1990

CopyrghtQi1990
The MichiganDaily

From slurs to threats, harassment takes many forms at

'U'

__ ME_ _u_ a/_- --

by Noelle Vance
Daily Administration Reporter

UJan. 5,1989 - A Black woman
returns from break to find "Blacks
are great; I think everyone should
own one," written on her residence
hall door.
*Aug. 29, 1989 - A man ap-
proaches a woman on the Diag and
offers her $40 to do an undescribed
sexual favor.
UJan. 10, 1990 - A threatening
letter arrives at the Office of
University President James Duder-
stadt, blaming the University for the
author's family problems and de-
pression. Written by a former
University employee, the letter is
one in a series of letters sent to
Duderstadt since June, 1989.
Harassment. It can occur at any
time, in any place and to anyone,
and at the University of Michigan,
harassment is the eighth most preva-
lent problem on campus, according

to Department of Public Safety and
Security statistics.
Defined loosely as any action
which creates an intimidating, hos-
tile or offensive environment, ha-
rassment takes no typical form, say
University counselors and adminis-
trators who work with harassment
victims.
"(Harassment) is really deter-
mined by the victim, said Darlene
Ray-Johnson, discriminatory policy
advisor for the Office of Student
Services. "One victim may react to-
tally different than another (and call
it harassment where the other would
not)," she said.
Harassment reports filed with the
University last year indicate harass-
ment ranged from the insulting: such
as the numerous cases of harassing
graffitti found in the resident halls,
to the scary and bizzare: as in the
case of the man who approached a
woman while she was bicycling,
flashed a cheese slicer at her, and said

"I'm going to slice you up."
A common thread among many
of the cases reported to Public Safety
was that the victims were women. In
67 percent of the 392 harassment in-
cidents last year, women were the
victims.
One of the most frequently re-
ported forms of harassment of
women last year involved an uniden-
tified man accosting a woman on
University property.
In one case last December a man
approached two female East Quad
residents as they were entering their
resident hall bathroom. The man
asked them not to flush the toilet
because he wanted to "do it" (he did
not explain the term). He asked the
women to humiliate him and said
that previously, women had granted
his wishes by urinating on his face.
The incident was similar to two
cases reported to Public Safety in
November. In one instance, an East
Quad woman said a man told her that

he needed to be humiliated by a
woman and begged her to hit, kick
or spit on him. Four days later in
East Quad, another woman reported
that a man asked her to hit him or
allow him to kiss her feet.
Ann Arbor police located a sus-
pect and charged him with trespass-
ing in all three instances.
The most common form of racial
harassment reported to Public Safety
consisted of racist remarks made by
students or racist graffitti in the resi-
dent halls slamming Blacks, Jews,
whites and Asian-Americans.

Typical of the graffitti are the fol-
lowing remarks found on the walls
of West Quad: "Black Women
Rule;" "White Women Can't fuck,
but they give good head;" and
"Niggers suck dick."
In almost all of the Public Safety
harassment incidents, the harassment
was related to the victim's race, sex,
or sexual orientation.
The University has been grap-
pling with the harassment problem
for years. Last year, an anti-discrim-
inatory harassment policy for stu-
dent-to-student behavior was struck
down by the Federal District Court
in Detroit for being too broad.
A policy for faculty and staff ha-
rassment has been in committee for
more than two years.
But dealing with harassment is
complicated, said Mary Ann Swain,
chair of the committee working on
the faculty and staff policy.
"To develop a set of procedures

(one has to) take into account many
differences... between union, non-
union, and faculty (groups)," she
said.
Free speech always becomes an-
issue when dealing with verbal ha-
rassment, policy advisor Johnson
said. "Every time someone files a
complaint there is the inherent prob-
lem of free speech violations," she
said.
The accused harasser may not in-
tend his or her speech to be offensive
and charging that person with ha-
rassment when there is no intent
treads on free speech rights, she ex-
plained.
Often in cases of harassment out-
side the classroom, the harasser is
never identified, or the harasser is
not a member of the University
community and therefore does not
fall under its jurisdiction.
"The University has no power
See HARASSMENT, page 2

Easter
messages
celebrate
freedom
Pope calls for free,
peaceful Lithuania
VATICAN CITY (AP) - In an
Easter Sunday salute to human's
yearning for freedom, Pope John
Paul II said he hoped Lithuanians
would achieve their goal of indepen-
dence through "respectful and com-
prehensive" dialogue with Moscow.
In other Easter celebrations, Ro-
manians and East Germans gave
thanks for the freedoms won by their
pro-democracy revolutions, and reli-
gious leaders called for peace and
tolerance in Lebanon and Israel.
The pontiff spoke as Lithuanians
waited to see whether Soviet Presi-
dent Mikhail Gorbachev would carry
out his threat to impose economic
sanctions on the republic unless it
rescinded independence-oriented ac-
tions by yesterday.
"In the name of Jesus dead and
risen for all men, we ask for peace
for our children in the dear Lithuania
nation, while we hope that their7
aspirations find confirmation in a re-s

Man's

skull

is fractured
in street fight
Assailant will be charged with
murder if victim dies, police say

by Mike Sobel
Daily Crime Reporter
Robert Moore, a 23-year-old Can-
ton Township man, was sent to the
University Hospital in critical condi-
tion early Friday morning after being
kicked in the head outside of the lo-
cal bar Dooley's, Ann Arbor Police
said.
University Hospital reported yes-
terday that Moore had undergone
surgery for severe cranial bleeding
but was still listed in critical condi-
tion.
Police said Carlos Mayberry, a
21-year-old Ann Arbor resident, is
responsible for the attack. Mayberry
was arraigned on Friday, charged
with assault with intent to do great
bodily harm, and sent to Washtenaw
County Jail. Ann Arbor Staff
Sergeant Harry Jinkerson said May-
berry will be charged with murder if
Moore dies.
Jinkerson said the incident origi-
nated at Dooley's Bar located at 310
Maynard St.
Moore and two friends were asked
to leave Dooley's at 1:50 a.m. Di-

rectly outside the bar, they met
Mayberry, who was with four men
in their early 20s. Jinkerson said po-
lice do not know if any of May-
berry's group had spoken with
Moore and his friends inside the bar.
The two groups got into a minor
altercation, Jinkerson said, during
the course of which police say
Moore might have thrown a punch
at one of the group of five. After the
small fight, Moore and his compan-
ions headed towards their car in an
adjacent parking structure.
Jinkerson said Mayberry's group
then approached Moore's group in
the structure. Mayberry began to
apologize for the incident outside the
bar, but then his four companions
seized and held Moore's two friends,
Jinkerson said.
Witnesses said Mayberry chal-
lenged Moore and attacked him with
a series of "snap kicks." Moore de-
flected the first kick to the thigh, but
then received a blow to the stomach.
See FIGHT, page 2

Pope John Paul 11 gives his Easter Urbi et Orbi (to the city and the world) blessing from the central balcony of St.
Peter's at the end of Easter Mass during which the Pontiff prayed for "dear Lithuania," yesterday.

livering his noon Easter message
from the central balcony overlooking
St. Peter's Square.
Cheers went up from a crowd of
100,000 faithful and tourists in the
square, where the pope earlier cele-

triarch of Jerusalem used his Easter
message to call for equality between
Jews and Christian Arabs over a
Jewish settlement in the city's Chris-
tian quarter.
In a sermon before hundreds of
pilgrims and tourists at the Church
of the Holy Sepulchre, the traditional
site of Christ's crucifixion and

burial, Patriarch Michel Sabbah said:
"Individuals and peoples are
equal in all rights. A people must not
oppress another people nor must a
people be dominated by another
people."
In England, the archbishop of
Canterbury spoke about the barriers
See EASTER, Page 2

spectful and comprehensive dia- brated Easter Mass in front of St.
logue," the pope said. Peter's Basilica.
He spoke in Lithuanian after de- In Israel, the Roman Catholic pa-

,J

Lithuania ignores

Soviet ultimatum
MOSCOW (AP) - Lithuanian nia buys only from Moscow.
leaders said last night they would not Lithuania, a republic of 3.8 mil-
meet a Kremlin deadline for rescind- lion people, declared its indepen-
ing laws promoting independence dence from the Soviet Union on
despite a threat to cut off crucial March 11 and has been engaged in a
supplies to the Baltic republic. war of wills with the Kremlin since.
Lithuanian deputy Prime Minister Earlier yesterday, worshipers
Romualdas Ozolas went on Lithua- jammed into Vilnius' cathedral for
nian television as the 48-hour dead- an Easter Mass. The republic's Ro-
line by Soviet President Mikhail man Catholic leader, Cardinal Vin-
Gorbachev expired to say that the centas Skadkevicius, told the wor-
Baltic republic's president and prime shipers to keep a "cool head" but
* minister would convene a meeting stand tough, a resident said.
today on Moscow's ultimatum. Lithuanian officials acknowl-
Ozolas also said that the neigh- edged that an economic blockade of
boring republic of Estonia would material such as oil and gas could
appoint an ambassador to Lithuania cause mass layoffs in the republic
today, and his nation would recipro- but said they hoped sympathetic So-
cate, said Aidas Palubainskas, of the viet republics would not cut off cru-
Lithuanian parliament's information cial supplies.
office.
Gorbachev sent a letter Friday to Gorbachev said the sanctions
the republic's leaders, demanding would include cutting off items that
that they rescind independence-ori- are traded for freely convertible for-
ented actions that he termed "anti- eign currencies. Such supplies could

Diag rally held to
honor Good Friday

by Julie Foster
Daily Staff Writer
Jamming to the beat of "Triple C
and Dougie D," approximately 350
people praised God on the Diag Fri-
day as part of a rally sponsored by a
coalition of campus Christian
groups called Christians United.
The rally was held to honor Good
Friday and Easter.
Rappers Craig Wollack and Doug
Hinterman used their own sound ef-
fects to draw the crowd into their
performance.
"Dougie D is the human beat
box," Wollack said, referring to the
rap noises Hinterman created with
his voice.
He called rap "a cool way to
show that Christians can have fun."
The rally opened with prayer
from 11 a.m. to 12 p.m. and contin-
ued from 12 p.m. to 1:30 with
songs and individual performances.
Activities included i~ii nrnneivr-

wooden cross on the Diag Thursday
at midnight - the time the Bible
says the disciples fell asleep while
keeping watch during the time Jesus
went to the Garden of Gethsemane to
pray before his crucifixion.
The organization then held a vigil
by the cross to honor "the night of
Christ's passion," said LSA senior
Jay Rayus.
"(We tried) to put ourselves in
the shoes of the people at the cruci-
fixion and the resurrection," said
music education student Raphael
Rittenhouse.
University senior Jim Kushner,
an organizer of the rally and a mem-
bet of Christians in Action, termed
the rally successful.
"The whole purpose of this is to
take time out to give honor and
praise to Jesus Christ," Kushner

- x. -

I

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