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April 13, 1990 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1990-04-13

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zjpeciai report AimvAn tne AtflCuepa
Ninety-nine years of editorial freedom
Vol. C, No. 130 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, April 13, 1990 The Mhigan Day

G.D.R.

Bush

rejects

moves
*towards
reform
EAST BERLIN (AP) - East
Germany's Parliament chose Lothar
de Maiziere as prime minister yester-
day and embraced his sweeping
Sagenda for quickly uniting the
foundering nation with West Ger-
many.
The nation's first freely elected
legislature also apologized to Jews
for Nazi atrocities and promised to
make reparations to Israel and seek
diplomatic ties.
By putting de Maiziere's broad
coalition government in power, the
Parliament set up a transitional gov-
ernment whose prime goal will be to
negotiate the terms of creating a sin-
gle Germany.
Before Parliament met, members
of the coalition agreed a united Ger-
many should remain part of NATO
and that East Germany should merge
its currency with West Germany's
by July 1.
The coalition also backed a rapid
process for unification.
However, it demanded East Ger-
mans retain some social benefits, in-
cluding housing and job guarantees,
as the nation sheds four decades of
socialism for the competitive free
market.
The new government replaces the
Communist caretaker government
that had been running the country
since East Germans overthrew the
hard-line regime of Erich Honecker
in October.
In a remarkable string of concilia-
tory gestures, Parliament recognized
the legitimacy of Poland's postwar
borders, which include former Ger-
man lands. It apologized for East
Germany's role in the Soviet-led in-
vasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968,
which crushed the Prague Spring re-
forms.

neutral
Germany
Says united Germany in NATO
and Warsaw pact unacceptable

Closing down shop .DAVID LUBUN-Haily
Reuben Peterson takes down the signs at CRISP at the end of the fourth day of registration in the basement of
Angell Hall.
'U' study finds Americans
have more lme to waste

WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Bush administration says a Soviet
bid to make a united Germany a
member of both NATO and the War-
saw Pact is an unacceptable formula
for neutrality that could lead to fu-
ture instability in Europe.
President Bush firmly believes
that German membership in the
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
alone is "the best guarantee for long
term peace and continued stability,"
White House press secretary Martin
Fitzwater said Wednesday.
"That Germany should be a
member of NATO and the Warsaw
Pact is another formula for neutral-
ity," Fitzwater said.
"It is a status that we, the Ger-
mans themselves and their neighbors
believe is undesirable," he said.
Fitzwater added: "We strongly
support full membership of a united
Germany in NATO. We are opposed
to neutrality."
The negative White House reac-
tion, which was echoed at the State
Department, followed a Soviet pro-
posal for dual German membership
in both military alliances for a five-
to-seven year transition period, cul-
minating in the formation of a
wholly new but yet undefined Euro-
pean security system.
During his visit to Washington
last week, Soviet Foreign Minister
Eduard Shevardnadze dropped the
previous Soviet insistence that a
united Germany had to be entirely
neutral.
Asked if there was room for
compromise in the U.S. position,
State Department spokesperson
Margaret Tutwiler said there was

not.
She also said she did not know
whether the Soviet proposal repre-
sents "an opening shot, an opening
(negotiating) position."
Ms. Tutwiler and Fitzwater de-
clined to discuss a possible transi-
tional period in Germany's status,
saying only that a unified Germany
must stay in NATO.
Fitzwater raised the possibility of
a NATO summit meeting later this
year to discuss Germany and the al-
liance's own changing role.
"President Bush and many of the
Western leaders have spoken about a
larger political role for NATO and
one that is more involved in provid-
ing political, economic, and social
stability in Europe in these times of
change," the spokesperson said.
Concerning whether Soviet
troops should be allowed to stay in
East Germany, and whether NATO
troops should be allowed in the East,
Fitzwater said, "These are all issues
that will have to be worked out with
the alliance."
He said NATO will determine its
troop deployment position, not the
World War II victors - France, Bri-
tain, the Soviet Union, and United
States - that are working with East
and West Germany on the reunifica-
tion plan.
In other European peace devel-
opments, the U.S. Air Force on
Wednesday pulled out the first of 64
cruise nuclear rockets to be removed
from West Germany by May 1991
under a U.S.-Soviet treaty.

by Claudine Coulon
All over the world, people's
homes are getting get dirtier and dirt-
ier.
With people spending more time
on leisure activities than they did 20
years ago, there is little time left for
vacuuming and dusting, according to
a new study on leisure time per-
formed by University economics
professors Frank Stafford and
Thomas Juster.
Stafford and Thomas Juster
compiled statistics from the United
States, Japan, USSR, Finland, Hun-
gary, and Sweden, which show that
people devote more time to leisure
than they did in the past.

Americans have the 'ighest
amount of available leisure time
compared to the other countries sur-
veyed.
Males in the USSR and women
in Hungary are the most ardent
workaholics, spending about 25%
less time on leisure than people in
the other countries surveyed.
Contrary to popular belief, Amer-
icans do not spend all of their time
watching television soap operas or
sleeping away their afternoons. We
actually spend most of our leisure
time - nearly twice as much time
as citizens in any other country -
socially interacting and participating
in sports, according to the study.

If one does like sleeping, Finland
is the place to go. Finnish men and
women spend most of their free time
asleep. And more couch potatoes re-
side in Japan, whose citizens spend
more time watching television than
any other country surveyed.
Japan is also a haven for men
who hate housework. Japanese men
spend an average of only 3.5 hours
doing housework, as compared with
13.8 hours of housework reported by
American males.
Stafford and Juster compiled their
statistics to gain a broader under-
standing of economic trends, without
solely looking at the market. "The
See LEISURE, Page 2

'U' students return from trip to turbulent Ukraine

by Megan McKenna
Twelve University students re-
turned last month from a two-week
exchange program with Lviv State
University in the Republic of the
Ukraine. Selected by the Center for
Russian and East European Studies
(CREES), the students included ar-
chitecture and computer science ma-
jors.
The students were initially
guided by people from Lviv State
University who were not very inter-
ested in the political activism taking
place in the city at the time. The-

Michigan students branched out on
their own to investigate the national-
ist movement pushing for secession
from the Union.
The Michigan students said they
found Lviv to be beautiful and sur-
prisingly, a very European-looking
city. Lviv is not only a cultural, re-
ligious, and political center for
Ukrainians, but also a multi-ethnic
city in which Armenian, Jewish and
Polish communities have played a
major role.
"Lviv provides a unique opportu-
nity to study the history and interac-

lion of several ethnic and religious
groups," said Marysia Ostafin, stu-
dent services assistant for CREES.
The Ukraine, like Lithuania, is
attempting to break away from the
rest of the Soviet Union. The stu-
dents took part in demonstrations
held by the student dissident organi-
zation, "Bratftvo," which is in oppo-
sition to the present regime.
Observing their commitment to
independence, LSA senior Sangita
Rao said, "As Americans we almost
inherently support nationalistic
movements. That's what came out

on the trip."
LSA junior David Whipple said
the people of Lviv are very "curious
and intelligent. There's not much
apathy. Everyone is doing some-
thing."
Students found the people com-
mitted to change, a result of a deep
intellectual and moral integrity, said
Kari Johnstone, an LSA senior who
went on the trip.
The exchange was arranged under
the auspices of the Citizen Exchange
Council's University Pairing Pro-
gram in order to promote university

student exchange. The students were
accompanied by History Professor
and CREES Director Roman Szpor-

A goal of the exchange is to
"build a long term working and
teaching relationship" Ostafin said.

'Lviv provides a unique opportunity to study
the history and interaction of several ethnic
and religious groups'
- Marysia Ostafin
CREES student services assistant

luk, Associate History and Residen-
tial College Professor Dr. Jane Bur-
bank, and Ostafin.

The Ukrainian students will be
coming to the University in Octo-
ber.

*Jerusalem protest
erupts in violence

f Speaker discusses
capitalism in 1990s
by Erica Kohnke

JERUSALEM (AP) -- Police
fired tear gas yesterday to end a
Christian protest over a Jewish set-
tlement and fought Palestinian
* stone-throwers as foreign tourists
visiting the city for Easter tried to
avoid the violence.
The street battles with young
Arabs occurred in Jerusalem's Old
City near the Church of the Holy
Sepulcher as thousands of tourists
were visiting this Biblical setting for
Easter celebrations.
The protest by Christian clerics
focused on nearby settlement of 150
Jews in the Arab Christian quarter.
The Jerusalem magistrate's court, re-

off a dispute between Jerusalem
Mayor Teddy Kollek and the Israeli
government.
"There is no question that the
timing of their move lacks wisdom
and sensitivity," said a statement by
Kollek, himself a Jew.
Yesterday's violence began when
police fired tear gas and pushed about
200 demonstrating clerics and sup-
porters away from the Jewish set-
tlement.
Witnesses said police charged
after a priest who had torn down a
poster picturing an Israeli Star of
David that had been past over a cross
on the door.

Socialist countries in Eastern
Europe are injecting doses of the free
market into their sick economies,
but Worker's League National
Secretary David North said
capitalism will instead lead to the
collapse of the world economy.
North, a Trotskyist who spoke
last night in the Union, said the
nationalist views of capitalists are
the crippling factor in any
prospective world economic
unification, citing the relations of
Japan and the United States. These
two. countries, he said, have the
stron gest economic ties while

Tokyo Stock Exchange. North said
the exchange receives no aid from
capitalists in other countries,
although Japanese investors bailed
out the crashing New York Stock
Exchange in 1987, rescuing the
world from depression.
North also discussed the
implications of a Marxist system
without Stalinism. North blamed the
media for portraying all socialist
systems as Stalinist, "using it as a
scarecrow to convince workers of the
wrongs of a communist system."
While North said Stalinism
creates "no worker's naradke." he

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