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January 18, 1990 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-01-18

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Doc: '60s
caused '90s
by Rob Kraft
Calling the Sexual Revolution of
the 1960s the chief cause of today's
problems with abortion, AIDS, and
teenage pregnancy, Dr. Charles Le-
land said yesterday at the Michigan
Union that it will take a return to
"responsible, monogamous relation-
ships" to alleviate national sexual
and social dilemmas.
0 Leland, an obstetrician and gyne-
cologist at St. Joseph's hospital in
Ann Arbor, called abortion the po-
tential "Vietnam of the 1990s," sug-
gesting it could "divide our nation
into a civil war." He also referred to
AIDS as a "major social issue for us
Leland addressed the first 1990
meeting of "Students for Life," a
*pro-life organization seeking to
"inform and educate" the public on
the problems of abortion, millions
of which are performed every year in
the U.S. He said 40 abortions per
week are performed in Ann Arbor.
Increased sexual activity among
teens combined with the unreliabili-
ties of contraceptive devises have ex-
acerbated the problem of unwanted
pregnancies, Leland said. Even if
*condoms were used correctly by ev-
eryone, he asserted, pregnancies
would still occur 10 percent of the
Leland gave an historical interpre-
tation of the reasons for the existing
problems. He said the 1960s Free-
Love movement what Leland
identified as the mistaken "Golden
Dream" - gave people the notion
that the more the sex, the better.
But, he said, "things that sounded
so good in the '60s had turned to
disaster by the '80s." He cited the
"multiplier effect" and its pathologi-
cal consequences: "When one who's
slept with three persons then sleeps
with another who's also slept with
three persons," Leland said,
"bacteriologically, the effect is sleep-
ing with six partners."
Unprecedented numbers of cases
1 herpes and other sexually-trans-
mitted diseases as well as the deadly
onslaught of AIDS have been the re-
sults of increased sexual activity, Le-
land said. "No one has survived
AIDS - no one," he said, adding
that AIDS is "clearly not just a ho-
mosexual issue anymore."
Leland said the best way to avoid
sexually transmitted diseases and
unwanted pregnancies is to "protect
and honor sexual relations" and not
engage in sex before marriage.


The Michigan Daiy -Tursay B8, 1990 - Page]3
'U' Slavic Dept.
adapts to shifts
in East Europe

by Cherie Curry
In an attempt to keep up with the
changes taking place in Eastern Eu-
rope, the Slavic department will of-
fer several new courses next year.
"It's an exciting time for the
Slavic department and for Americans
who want to learn more about East-
ern Europe," said Professor Ben-
jamin Stolz, chair of the department
The added classes in the Slavic
department will include four, 400-
level English Language Surveys, in
such areas as culture and politics.
"The courses will include all cul-
tures, not just Russian. The empha-
sis is diversity," stated Michael
Makin, Assistant Professor and spe-
cialist in Russian Literature.
"One of the essential goals of the
department is to attract a larger
number of undergraduates, particu-
larly to the Russian and East-Euro-

pean courses taught in English,"
Stolz said. "That is why plans have
been made to offer new courses that
will serve a broader constituency.
We hope to even attract students
from Engineering."
In addition to the new courses,
the Slavic department will bring
contemporary Russian writers and
poets to campus.
The Slavic department contends
its goal to promote the idea of inter-
change. To this end, it hopes to send
University students to study in East-
ern European countries and to bring
students from Russia and Eastern
Europe here to study.
Despite these plans, the Slavic
Department has made no immediate
plans to change the class structure or
the required texts in the current
classes being taught.

Walesa requests

Wearable art
Miz Jo-D of Creative Tattoos painstakingly applies a tattoo to Robert Palmer's shoulder. Palmer
designed the tattoo.
Colombian cocaine cartel declares
government victorious in drug war

BOGOTA, Colombia (AP) -
The Medellin cocaine cartel said yes-
terday the government has won the
war on drugs, and it said it would
halt its terror campaign and stop
dealing drugs in exchange for a par-
The cartel released two kidnap
victims to back up its offer, which
was similar to previous proposals
that have been rejected by the gov-
ernment. The difference in this pro-
posal was the cartel's statement that
it accepted defeat.
The drug cartel's communique
followed Barco's statement last
Tuesday night that his government
was not "inflexible" in regards to a
negotiated settlement with drug
lords. Previously, Barco ruled out
Barco, President Bush and the

leaders of the cocaine-producing
countries of Peru and Bolivia have
joined forces to fight drug traffickers.
They are expected to sign an accord
to that effect at a drug summit in
Cartagena, Columbia, next month.
Interior Minister Carlos Lemos
Simmonds verified the authenticity
of the communique. When asked if
the government would negotiate, he
said simply that officials were
pleased the traffickers had conceded
The communique, like others
from the traffickers, was signed by
The Extraditables, the name of the
Medellin cartel's armed wing.
"We accept the triumph of the
state," said the communique. "Thus
we will lay down our arms and aban-
don our objective for the benefit of
the highest interests of the father-

"We submit to the existing legal
establishment in the hope of obtain-
ing from the government and from
society respect for our rights and our
return to our families and communi-
ties," the communique said.
That has been the traffickers' way
in the past of saying they want par-
dons and to not be extradited to the
United States.
"We have decided to suspend the
shipment of drugs and surrender the
weapons, explosives, laboratories,
hostages, and the clandestine landing
strips and other effects related to our
activities at such a time as we are
granted constitutional and legal guar-
antees," it continued, reiterating pre-
vious offers from the cartel

foriegn as
GDANSK, Poland (AP) - A
desperate plan to jolt Poland into a
free market economy is faltering and
will fail without a quick dose of for-
eign capital, Solidarity leader Lech
Walesa said.
At the same time, he added,
Poland must create a climate in
which outside resources could be put
to use.
Walesa, one of several Polish
leaders interviewed this week on the
plan's first results, warned:
"We are like a car with four
wheels running in different direc-
tions, moving fast but slipping
backward. Nothing can be done from
inside the car."
Asked if foreign assistance al-
ready committed might alleviate the
crisis, Walesa answered with a re-
sounding "No."
He added, "It is too slow and too
little. This is why I see this as
blacker and blacker. We cannot re-
form our old system within our own
means. This is impossible without
outside help."
Finance Minister Leszek Bal-
cerowicz argued that his shock-ther-
apy plan has shown encouraging
signs since its launch on New Year's
day, but he echoed Walesa's warn-
ings on foreign assistance.
Although he appreciated Western
ideas to help Eastern Europe, he
said, the crisis was immediate. "We

are interested in speed," he added
with a wan smile.
A wide range of foreign visitors
arrived in Warsaw, but concrete re-
sults were few, he said.
"People in the West encourage us
to be determined," he said. "Some of
them warn us of dangers we already
know about. Most of them adopt an
attitude of wait-and-see."
Poland will not only have to in-
sist on three years grace from paying
on its $40 billion Western debt, Bal-
cerowicz said, but also needs specific
new credits to make its plan work.
So far, more than $3 billion in
grants and credits have flowed into
Poland in addition to $1 billion for a
currency stabilization fund.
The program, drafted with help
from Harvard economist Jeffrey
Sacks, combines drastic devaluation
with freed prices and curbed wages to
allow the market to determine a real-
istic shape for the economy.
"Now," Walesa said, "Solidarity
should leave government to political
parties and democratic institutions,"
suggesting that it should step away
from having to administer remedies
it is seeking.
"Obviously, this does not mean
we are going to destroy the govern-
ment," he said. "But the unions will
be more demanding, more in con-
trol... No longer will the govern-
ment and legislators be able to ride
our backs."

Speaker: Gorbachev's promises better left unsaid

by Josephine Ballenger
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev
should have kept his promises for
the Soviet Union's economic and
political reforms in the dark, for they
9are not "real or forever," said Sue
Hulett, a visiting associate professor
of Political Science from Knox Col-
lege in Illinois.
Hulett spoke on "Gorbachev and
Glasnost: Promises, Promises" yes-
terday in one of the Brown Bag
Lunch series of lectures in Lane
Hall, sponsored by the University's
Center for Russian and Eastern Eu-
rppean Studies.
Hulett outlined the Soviet
Union's recent political eras, noting
that Gorbachev has rejected the poli-
cies of Stalin, Kruschev, and Brezh-
With Gorbachev, "There's a lot
of excitement in the West about the
appearance of change," she said. But
Hulett questioned the proposed
changes: "Are they real, are they for-
ever, or are they reversible?"

Gorbachev's policy of glasnost,
or openness, shows that he has rec-
ognized the importance of peace, said
Hulett. But this has not been easy to
accomplish because "Gorbachev has
realized the goals of world peace and
socialism may come into conflict,"
she added.
Hulett said Gorbachev gives pri-
ority to peace over power. "This call
for new thinking has caused contro-
versy," she said. "Maybe he's set-
tling for being the number twc
world power instead of number one.
although he won't say it."
Hulett believes that NATO and
the unity of the West caused Gor-
bachev's peaceful way of thinking,
but she is skeptical about his pro-
gram's success due to countermea-
sures such as Soviet support for
Hulett also expressed doubt about
the future of Gorbachev's domestic
policies. "He is trying to make an
unworkable system work. Fifty
years of command economics cannot

change with a few changes at the
top. They still have a work force
that has not been trained in personal
initiative," she said.
Groups of all types have criti-
cized Gorbachev's policy, including
workers, intellectuals, the military,
and bureaucracies, said Hulett.

"Some gain, some lose by pere-
stroika [Gorbachev's policy of eco-
nomic reform], so it's incomplete
and not going to work."
Hulett ended on a somewhat posi-
tive note, saying, "One thing about
being conservative is that we hope
we're wrong."

Judge orders hearing
in Poindexter case


eral judge yesterday ordered a hearing
in connection with John Poindex-
ter's effort to subpoena former Presi-
dent Reagan as a witness at Poindex-
ter's upcoming trial.
U.S. District Court judge Harold
Greene said next Tuesday's court
session will focus on whether a pres-
ident or former president may be
subpoenaed to be a witness at a trial
under any circumstances.
Greene asked that lawyers for
Reagan, Poindexter, the Justice De-
partment and the Iran-Contra prose-
cutor's office address possible alter-
natives to bringing Reagan to court
to testify during Poindexter's trial.
Poindexter is seeking court ap-

What's happening in Ann Arbor today

Michigan Video Yearbook -
mass meeting at 7 p.m. in the
Union Pond Rm.
Rainforest Action Movement
- mass meeting at 7 p.m. in
Dana 1520
"Pre-Ceramic Archaeology in
the South American Andes"
- Laura Johnson speaks at noon
in Natural Science Museum 2009
"Desegregation: Its History
and Future" - Assoc. Prof.
Charles Vernon sneaks from 1-3

the U of Wisconsin speaks at 7
p.m. in Angell Aud. C
"Writing Sex" - Rereading
Tanizaki's Kagi; Asst. Prof. of
Japanese Lit. speaks at the noon
brown bag in the Lane Hall
Commons Rm.
Midwest Music Conference -
For further information contact
Bonnie Mills-Martin at 763-3017
"Rain Man" - Double Take
(reevaluating gender roles and
nonular culture) nresents the film

iFood Buys
SItEO ~ b af« IN4 . .rtii )r ats 'fl~p
T iat tfor Weeken4
.t~t work fun R& a chance t

proval to subpoena Reagan's testi-
mony, asserting that the president
authorized some of the activities in
the Iran-Contra affair for which the
ex-national security adviser now is
accused of crimes.
The judge said the lawyers should
address what kind of showing
Poindexter must make regarding the
"materiality or necessity" of Rea-
gan's testimony before the former
national security adviser is allowed
to subpoena his ex-boss.
Reagan's lawyers have cited
"substantial constitutional ques-
tions" about subpoenaing the former
president's testimony and they are
asking that a decision be put off un-
til prosecutors complete their case.

I ,

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