Page 2-The Michigan Daily-Monday, March 26, 1990
by Diane Cook
Daily Women's Issues Reporter
Research has shown that women
make 50 percent fewer comments
during class discussions than men,
said Jane Hirsch, a former counselor
at the University, during a panel dis-
cussion about women and mental
health Saturday at East Quad.
Hirsh was one of five panelists
who spoke with about. 40 people as
part of the 23rd Annual Women's
Weekend, a series of workshops and
lectures on women's health issues.
Hirsh said professors are more
likely to make unsolicited contact
with men and are more likely to call
on them during discussions.
Women tend to blame them-
selves, Hirsch said, when asked why
they don't speak up in class more,
say they are worried about being
seen as aggressive and domineering.
.However, women who take
classes such as those offered by the
Women's Studies program are em-
powered and generally then go on to
perform better in the sciences than
women who do not take women's
studies classes, Hirsh said.
Nutritionist Shelley Chiesa, an-
other of the panelists, added that eat-
ing: disorders are also intertwined
with social issues such as sexism.
Eating disorders are not as simple
as "someone wanting to be thin or
just eating food and throwing it up,"
Chiesa said. The "norms" society
has set up are particularly difficult,
Chiesa said, and added that not all
women can be thin.
Panelist and publisher of "The
New Our Bodies, Our Selves,"
Nancy Hawley, said an eating disor-
der may be a person's way of
"protesting" something wrong in his
or her life.
Audience members also raised the
issue of "educating" people about
-"Panelist Kata Issari of the Sexual
Agsault Prevention and Awareness
Ceiter said it is important to keep
educating others. She quoted author
Audrey Lord, "Silence and invisibil-
ity 'go hand and hand with power-
Wheels, balls, sticks and tables
Fred Shawver of Detroit participates in the Wheelchair Billiards Tournament at the Michigan Union last week.
Panelists say women of color
receive inferior health care
by Joanna Broder
Health Issues Reporter
Women of color receive some of
the worst medical care in the coun-
try, said speakers at a panel discus-
sion Saturday on women of color
and the American health care system.
Panelist Sylvia Mustonen, an as-
sistant clinical professor of medicine
at Michigan State University's Col-
lege of Osteopathic Medicine, said
"women of color are at the bottom
end of health care today."
"We're talking about women,
especially women of color not being
empowered," said Pam Motoike, the
senior counselor at University
Counseling Services who specializes
in minority mental health.
America Bracho, who directs Vida
Latina, a program at La Casa Family
Services in Detroit, said minority
women comprise the majority of
people who lack insurance coverage.
Bracho discussed the lack of a
public health system in this country
and said often insurance companies
dictate the kind of health care many
Insurance companies are designed
to look at the bottom line and make
a profit, Mustonen said, adding the
companies don't care what type of
health care you receive, or whether
you receive it from the doctor of
The panelists said women must
educate themselves about their bod-
ies and be specific in their health
care demands if they want to receive
good medical care.
They said every woman has the
right to choose her medical care.
Mustonen advised audience members
to find a communicative physician.
Agreeing, Bracho dared the audience
to "challenge your physician." She
added "to know about health should
be a must."
Other issues that emerged during
the discussion were the concentration
of health care delivery in certain ar-
eas of the country and the access of
women to fewer resources than men.
In addition, author and panelist
Deborah McGregor said "racial no-
tions were built deeply in the prac-
tice of medicine." The emergence of
modern gynecology was partly based
on the politics of slavery because
some slave women were used in gy-
necological experiments, she added.
The discussion, titled "Women of
color: a herstory of concerns" was
one of the programs held during East
Quad's 23rd annual Women's Week-
The weekend's programs were
funded by East Quad's representative
assembly, the Residence Hall Asso-
ciation, and the Residential College.
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Fire in Bronx club kills 87
NEW YORK - A flash fire raced through an illegal social club early
yesterday morning and turned a packed second-story dance floor into a
deathtrap of smoke and flame for scores of predawn revelers. Eighty-seven
people perished in the nation's deadliest fire in 13 years.
Mayor David Dinkins said the cause of the fire at the Happy Land club
was suspicious, and authorities said the building lacked proper exits and
The 61 men and 26 women, mostly Honduran and Dominican immi-
grants, were trapped in the 3:40 a.m. fire in a two-story building in an
impoverished neighborhood near the Bronx Zoo.
"It was a firetrap," said Anthony De Vita, the Fire Department's city-
wide command chief. "People literally were stacked on top of each other."
Most of the dead were found on the second floor.
At least two women and one man survived the fire, Police Commis-
sioner Lee Brown said.
Nine killed in Azerbaijan
MOSCOW - Armenians shot residents and set fire to homes in three
villages in western Soviet Azerbaijan, burning a family of five to death
and killing two others, officials reported yesterday.
At least two bombings also were reported in the southern Transcau-.
casian region, where Soviet Armenia is disputing control of the Nagorno-
Karabakh region of Azerbaijan. Two Armenians died while trying to fire a
shell at Azerbaijanis, reports said.
The official Tass news agency and national TV called the reports from
the Soviet Caucasus "bitter and tragic" and said the attacks threatened
"some softening of the situation recently achieved in the region."
Azerinform, Azerbaijan's official news agency, said a family of five
was burned to death in its home. A police official was killed and another
wounded, and three people were taken hostages in the attack.
Units of Interior Ministry troops and some 150 police officers were
sent to the area, Azerinform said.
Idaho governor awaits bill
aimed at banning abortions
BOISE, Idaho - Gov. Cecil Andrus, who once pushed for jailing
women and doctors who participated in abortions, now must decide the
fate of another bill that would ban almost all abortions through civil
rather than criminal sanctions.
Andrus refuses to discuss his intentions for the bill that would ban
more than 90 percent of the 1,500 abortions performed in Idaho each year.
However, Andrus said "I have always opposed legalized abortion. My
views haven't changed," before thebill passed the Idaho Legislature on
The bill would ban abortions as a means of birth control, allowing
them only in cases of non-statutory rape reported within seven days,
incest if the victim is younger than 18, severe fetal deformity or threat to
the mother's life or health. Women who violate the provision would not
face sanctions, but the physicians involved could face fines up to $10,000
for a first offense.
Soviet general condemns
Lithuania's ruling party
MOSCOW - A senior Soviet military commander yesterday escalated
the Kremlin's war of words with Lithuania, accusing the republic's inde-
pendence leaders of plotting to arrest Communists and send them to
Gen. Valentin Varennikov, commander of Soviet ground forces, said
workers he met with at a Vilnius electronics factory were "convinced that
Sajudis is trying to create in the republic a real dictatorship."
Varennikov charged Sajudis, headed by Lithuanian President Vytautas
Landsbergis, is conducting an "open psychological war against dissi-
dents," in an interview printed yesterday by the newspaper Sovietskaya
Rossiya, the official newspaper of Lithuania's giant neighbor, the Rus-
Lithuania was quiet yesterday, belying a drumbeat of reports in Mos-
cow-based media characterizing it as a territory heading toward anarchy or
Hungarians cast votes freely
BUDAPEST, Hungary - Millions of Hungarians cast ballots yester-
day in the first free national elections in 43 years, and many expressed
hope for the future and fear of the Communist past.
Premier Miklos Nemeth, a reform-minded Communist and a key engi-
neer of the nation's conversion to democracy, declared moments before he
voted that he was relinquishing control "head high and with a clear con-
Despite occasional showers, voter turnout appeared brisk at Budapest
polling stations, with election officials reporting a turnout of nearly 50
percent in some wards by noon, four hours after the voting began and
eight hours before polls closed.
Few irregularities were reported by 8 p.m. when the voting officially
ended. Several international observers had monitored the election.
A poll of 5,000 people published by the state MTI news agency less
than one hour before polls closed indicated the Hungarian Democratic Fo-
rum would finish strongest, but without a majority of parliamentary
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CONTINUED FROM PAGE 1
"I'll be quite happy to relay your
petitions to President Duderstadt,"
said Harrison. "I want to convey the
sense that child care is a matter of
concern to the administration. I want
to make it clear that we are not turn-
ing a deaf ear to this."
While the marchers' children
cried, kicked and scurried about the
room, Alliance members tried to ed-
ucate Harrison about their situation.
"We've tried talk before, and now we
want action," said LSA sophomore
Judith Hunt. "I've had to take my
child to class with me, and I'm sick
"We don't want to get buried in
red tape," said LSA junior Janet Os-
tendarp Riefenberg. "We may gradu-
ate, but there'll be others. We're not
going to go away."
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by Bill Watterson
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by Bill Wat ter son
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