Page 2- The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 16, 1990
King's death commem
amid growing racial t
Church bells across the country
tolled the loss of Dr. Martin Luther
King, Jr. yesterday, as echoes of the
racial conflicts the slain civil rights
leader struggled to overcome still
haunt the nation.
"With each thing we are called to
an accountability, an accountability
of the soul and of the heart's con-
science that asks, 'What have you
done to let freedom ring?"' asked
Pennsylvania Gov. Robert Casey
during a ceremony at the Liberty
A moment of silence was called
to reflect on King's lessons of non-
violence in his pursuit of racial
equality. Organizers said bells
chimed at 12:30 p.m. EST in all 50
states and in 144 countries. The New
York Stock Exchange paused for a
moment at noon.
"Today, the sound of liberty is
being heard all around the world,"
said James Farmer, founder of the
Congress for Racial Equality, who
pounded the Liberty Bell three times
with his fist. "Those who have been
denied liberty love it most. Dr. King
loved liberty and he fought and died
The silences followed church ser-
vices, parades, and other celebrations
held during the weekend before the
federal holiday, which for the first
time falls on King's actual birthday.
He would have been 61.
"Now is the time to organize a
global non-violent movement based
on Dr. King's teachings, to put an
end to the scourges of poverty,
hunger, racism and bigotry, war and
militarism," said his widow, Coretta
Scott King, at an annual ecumenical
service at Ebenezer Baptist Church,
where her husband delivered some of
his most striking orations.
A "March of Celebration" also
was held, despite bitter objections
from one of King's top lieutenants
in the civil rights movement who
charged the parade trivialized the day
and wasted money that could serve
"This has been prostituted more
than any other holiday except Jesus
Christ's birthday," the Rev. Hosea
Williams said at a news conference
in front of an Atlanta housing pro-
During his lifetime, King led
non-violent marches and protests in
the South in the 1950s and 1960s in
a quest to end discrimination against
Blacks and other minorities.
His first blow against racism
came when he led a year long boy-
cott of segregated buses in Mont-
gomery, Ala. From there he estab-
lished the Southern Christian Lead-
ership Conference to set the pace of
working peacefully for equal rights
for Blacks. In 1964, he received the
Nobel Peace Prize.
He was shot and killed on April
4, 1968, in Memphis, Tenn.
In the Southeast, there have been
a series of bombings and threats, ap-
parently racially motivated. In
Boston, race relations were strained
after an apparent hoax in which a
white man, Charles Stuart, claimed a
Black mugger fatally shot his preg-
nant wife and wounded him.
"The Stuart case has shown how
fragile race relations are in this coun-
try," said Rep. Byron Rushing. "And
it's become a kind of metaphor for
The day, however, came at a
moment of gains for Blacks, the first
day on the job for the nation's first
elected Black governor in Virginia
and the start of a new administration
for New York City's first Black
In New York City, Mayor David
Dinkins spoke to 400 people Sunday
at Judson Memorial Church.
Continued from page 1
'What was offered
was excellent, it was
just a matter of
people deciding to
- organizer of events
positive things about the atmosphere
"Generally, it seems more
enriching than last year. What is
happening, as the evolutionary
process takes place, people who
otherwise would not have become
connected are sharing conversation,"
said Sadiqah Keys, an employee of
the University Human Resource
"Consciousness is higher, more
people are aware," said Byron Nolen,
an LSA junior. "A lot more people
are aware, but they're still sitting on
their hands," he said.
Continued from page 1
told the audience about the
widespread use of pesticides that con-
tinue to plague farm workers and
their children, citing the extraordinar-
ily high birth defects and cancer rates
in some California towns that have
been blamed on the chemicals.
"Pesticides have created a legacy
of pain, misery and death for farm
workers, and harmed health for con-
sumers," he said. Chaivez led an ini-
tial five-year strike-boycott of Cali-
fornia table grapes that led to the
establishment of the UFW, the first
successful farm workers' union in
"The stench of injustice in Cali-
fornia should offend every Ameri-
can," he said, urging the audience to
take the "Grape Boycott Pledge" to
protest the treatment of workers and
use of pesticides. "The simple re-
fusal to buy table grapes is a power-
ful statement which growers will
understand," he said.
The leaders who rule the nation
today never learned King's lesson,
Chivez said. He blamed California
Gov. George Deukmejan, former
President Ronald Reagan, and Presi-
dent George Bush for conceding to
the growers and perpetuating the
abuses caused by pesticides.
Chavez, who began working as a
migrant farm worker at age 10, ac-
cused the farm operators of being
"blinded by a greed and racism" and
running a system of "economic slav-
To overcome the exploitation, we
need the same "people power" King
brought about in Selma and Birm-
ingham during the civil rights:
movement, he said.
"Dr. King realized that the only
real wealth comes from helping
others," Chavez said. "If we fail to
learn that each and every person can
make a difference, than we will have
betrayed the legacy of Martin Luther
Continued from page 2
be defeated," could still be heard
from the crowds.
The weather was better than on
previous occasions, making the
march more enjoyable for the 2000
people who turned out.
Students marched in the proces-
sion for various reasons.
"I support the idea of a racist free
university and this is an opportunity
for all with this ideal to come out
and show support," said LSA senior
Jim Bennett. "I think a strong show-
ing by the entire student body will
show that people have an interest in
a racist free university and this
would send a signal out to the rest of
the country," he added.
Other students attended the march
to learn more about King and honor
him for his achievements.
"This is something I think ev-
erybody should do. Martin Luther
King did so much for everyone," said
LSA junior Lawrence Wu. "I am at-
tending so I can learn more about
First-year law student Rebecca
Thomas attended for similar reasons.
"It is important to show our visible
support for everything that Dr. King
started and we have the responsibil-
ity of continuing it," she said.
The turnout for this year's march
was not as large as last year's, a dis-
appointment to some students.
"Turnout could always be better.
I wish more people would come
out," said LSA junior Al Kaul. "It is
sad that not many people are taking
advantage of the educational experi-
ence this offers."
But others were content with stu-
"I think the turnout was good.
Last year many people came out be-
cause of the novelty and commercial-
ization of the day; this year that was
not the case," said LSA senior Fran-
cis Matthews, president of the Black
Student Union. "I think there is a lot
more commitment by the people
who turned out this year toward the
Whatever the case, the march was
a stimulating experience for those
"I thought it was nice and peace-
ful and a real show of solidarity.
You get the sense from the march
that if you can get this kind of
union, you should keep marching,"
But the march did end. The
marchers stopped at the end ofthe
route to listen to speeches by Black
activists in front of the graduate li-
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Ethnic battle rages in USSR
MOSCOW - Hundreds of Azerbaijanis and Armenians fought with
submachine guns, helicopters and armored vehicles as brutal ethnic strife
that claimed at least 37 lives raged in the Soviet Caucasus, official reports
Facing the most violent flare-up in the.bloodiest ethnic conflict since
he became Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev and the Soviet Presidium de-
clared a state of emergency yesterday night in the disputed Nagorono-
Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, as well as other nearby areas of Azerbaijan
and the neighboring republic of Armenia.
Horrified Tass reporters wrote people were burned alive overnight as at-
tacks against Armenians continued in Baku, Azerbaijan's capital.
"Again the blood of innocent people was spilled," they said.
Prime Minister Nikolai Ryzhkov told Norwegian radio that units of
the regular Red Army would be sent in if necessary to prevent the conflict
Bulgarian party loses power
SOFIA, Bulgaria - Parliament voted unanimously yesterday to abol-
ish the Communist Party's monopoly on power, opening the way to free
elections, and reaffirming the abolition of harsh restrictions on the ethnic
National Assembly deputies agreed to remove constitutional clauses
that for 40 years enshrined the party as "the guiding force in society and
the state." This action was in keeping with what other Soviet bloc coun-
tries have done.
Foreign Minister Boyko Dimitrov told reporters it was "a first step,
but a very important, symbolic step.. .You shouldn't move forward to-
ward democracy by banning other parties."
Alexander Dimitrov, a deputy, said in the debate: "We should not for-
get that there is no socialist and no bourgeois democracy. There is either
democracy or there isn't."
Weiner used office owned
by Mayor Coleman Young
DETROIT - The man who provided an office for a consulting firm
created by Mayor Coleman Young says the only person who used it was
Kenneth Weiner, now a central figure in a Detroit Police Department cor-
Young has angrily refused comment on his ownership of the private
consulting company with ties to a major city developer.
Michigan Department of Commerce records indicate Young is the pres-
ident, secretary and registered agent of Detroit Technology and Invest-
ments Inc. No other names appear on the records, The Detroit News said
in a copyright story Sunday.
"I can't tell you anything about any rumors, innuendos and leaks that
you might come across," Young told the Detroit Free Press. "I can only
tell you that you have ventured into my private business and I have no
Bloomies declares bankruptcy
CINCINNATI - Debt-swamped Campeau Corp. of Canada sought
refuge in bankruptcy court for its U.S. department stores yesterday, keep-
ing open famous chains such as Bloomingdale's, Lazarus and Rich's
while struggling to reorganize.
The filing for Chapter 11 protection in U.S. Bankruptcy Court in
Cincinnati was the biggest ever by a retailing business; affecting 258 de-
partment stores that employ 100,000 people and supply millions of con-
Officials of Campeau's Federated Department Stores Inc. and Allied
Stores Corp. quickly sought to reassure customers, employees and mer-
chandise suppliers that business would go on as usual. They said all regu-
lar customer services, such as credit card sales and merchandise returns,
would continue, as would payments to suppliers and employees.
Everybody likes to talk about the weather and today will be no
exception. With high temperatures expected to reach into the mid 50s and
no rain in sight the weather will be the talk of the town. With this in mind,
as part of our continuing commitment to serve the reader the Daily is
publishing a list of synonyms for the word "hot" so no one will be at a
loss for words today.
HOT = heated, lukewarm, tepid, warm,
humid, muggy, steamy, sticky, stifling, sunny,
tropical, baking, blistering, boiling, broiling,
burning, fiery, scalding, scorching, sizzling,
sultry, sweltering, and torrid.
-by Alex Gordon
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday through Friday during the fall and winter
terms by students at the University of Michigan. Subscription rates: for fall and winter (2 semesters)
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ADDRESS: The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.
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Continued from page 1
partment. American history does not
include Black history," he said.
Referring to the recent rash of let-
ter bombings of the offices of
Southern National Associations for
the Advancement of Colored People
(NAACP), Scott stressed racism did
not die out after the civil rights
movement but rather increased.
"(We must) make sure we com-
plete our liberation. We must
recommit ourselves to the battle," he
said, noting that Black Americans
must pick up where King left off if
they are to help their communities.
"We (Black Americans) want de-
cent housing for our people. It's not
about materialism. It's about hu-
manism. The time is short for us...
Your community is calling out for
you. You can be part of the problem
or you can be part of the solution.
The choice is yours."-
Vice Provost for Minority Affairs
Charles Moody echoed Scott's mes-
sage, reminding Black students to
remember to reach back into the
community and help someone else.
LSA senior Kevin Ramon- said he
enjoyed the speakers but it seemed as
though some of the speakers ad-
dressed Black issues first and unity
secondly. Ramon said he also would
like to have seen more mention of
Native Americans in the speeches.
Danny Peterson, a second year
engineering graduate student, said he
will mostly remember seeing Black
and whites together at the unity
march. "You hardly ever see this,"
he said adding it is something that
should happen more often and not
just on specific occasions such as
Vice president of the local
NAACP chapter and LSA junior
Keith McGee and Marina Barnett, a
member of the Commemoration of a
Dream Committee, which sponsored
the event, also spoke at the march.
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