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February 22, 1990 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-02-22

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Page 4-iThe Michigan Daily - Thursday, February 22, 1990

CItbe Airbigan iailt
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS
AT THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

ARTS
NEWS
OPINION

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PHOTO
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WEEKEND

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Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board. All other cartoons,
signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.

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The Middle East

All people have a right to
"We do not believe that it is likely
that a stable peace can be made in
the Middle East if one nationalism is
fulfilled and the other is not."
- Jewish Peace Lobby
President Jerome Segal
Two weeks ago, Jerome Segal
spoke to a large and diverse audience at
Hillel. He outlined the Jewish Peace
Lobby's view that the Israeli-Pales-
tinian conflict emerges from two na-
tionalisms, both of which have legiti-
mate claims to the area partitioned by
the United Nations in 1947. Segal
promoted a two state solution, which
would fulfill both nationalist move-
ments by providing for a Jewish state
alongside a Palestinian one. This is
currently the fairest and most workable
solution to the festering conflict.
- In order to bring about peace in the
Middle East, both Israelis and Pales-
tinians must be willing to sit down at
the negotiating table to discuss an end
to the conflict. So far, only the Pales-
tinians, represented by the Palestine
Liberation Organization, have agreed to
direct negotiations. Israel has refused
r to meet with the PLO, calling the group
a terrorist organization. But it is not up
to the Israelis to choose negotiators for
the Palestinians - it is up to the Pales-
tinian people, who have repeatedly
voiced overwhelming support for the
PLO.
In the past, moves toward peace in
the Middle East have been blocked by
the unwillingness of all parties to rec-
ognize legitimate claims of others.
Such closed-mindedness is even evi-
dent on campus, where groups like Ta-
gar, a pro-Israel organization, support
Israel's stance of refusing to negotiate

self-determination
with the PLO. It has been more than a
year since Tagar painted "Come to the
peace table" on the side of their bus on
the Diag. The PLO has now agreed to
negotiations, and has additionally met
Israeli conditions of renouncing terror-
ism and recognizing Israel's right to
exist. Despite the fact that the slogan
implies a Palestinian unwillingness to
negotiate, it is the Israelis who should
be urged to "come to the peace table."
But groups like Tagar insist that Is-
rael shouldn't negotiate with the PLO,
ignoring the fact that without peace
talks, the conflict will move no closer
to a resolution. Last week, Tagar
posted a display in the fishbowl with a
picture of PLO leader Yassir Arafat,
along with the phrase: "Would you
trust this man?" The display is meant to
show that Arafat cannot to be trusted.
If is the case, then who is Tagar calling
to the peace table? It is not for Israel to
decide who should represent the Pales-
tinian people or whether the chosen
representatives should be "trusted."
Does George Bush trust Mikhail Gor-
bachev? Probably not, but Bush
doesn't demand an election to show
that Gorbachev is truly the leader of the
Soviets.
The PLO and the Palestinian people
have made concessions and agreed to
peace talks, and the next move now
belongs to Israel. The Palestinians can-
not be expected to make more conces-
sions until Israel agrees to at least dis-
cuss the prospect of peace. It is time
for the two sides to meet at the bargain-
ing table and begin negotiations that
would culminate in the assurance of
self-determination for everyone in the
Middle East.

11'r. _

PLO must show a commitment

to peace

By Wendy Hurwitz
While I cannot claim to represent a
Palestinian point of view, having spent
six months in Israel and learning about the
Arab-Israeli conflict through research and
speaking with Israelis, I feel that Israel's
reservations and reluctance to negotiate
with the PLO are based on legitimate rea-
sons.
Aside from Yasir Arafat's past record of
terrorist acts against Israel and his com-
mitment to annihilate Israel, his state-
ments that renounced terrorism and recog-
nized Israel contradict what he and other
PLO leaders assure the Arab world. Re-
sponding to a question on Viennese televi-
sion only four days after his Dec. 15,
1988 renunciation of terrorism, Arafat
replied, "I did not mean to renounce... Ac-
tually, I only repeated what our Palestine
National Council had accepted... I am still
now committed to what I said in Cairo in
1985." The Cairo Declaration of Novem-
ber, 1985 called for terror operations
against Israel, describing them as legiti-
mate "armed struggle." Such a statement
does not provide much reassurance for Is-
rael.
Despite this supposed renunciation,
several acts of terror have been attempted
by the PLO, including border infiltrations
and explosives within Israel's pre-1967
borders. The Israeli Defense Forces have
Hurwitz is an LSA junior.

prevented numerous attacks by representa-
tives of PLO squads armed with grenades,
assault rifles, and other explosives that
were intended to harm civilians. Nine ex-
plosive devices were placed by PLO terror-
ists throughout the Tel Aviv area between
March and June, 1989. In addition, Israeli
authorities discovered secret documents
dated Aug. 18, 1989 that outlined attacks
against Palestinians suspected of cooperat-
ing with Israel and also directly against Is-
raelis.
These acts were to be carried out by Fa-
tah, Arafat's wing of the PLO, and credited
to "The Revolutionary Eagles," a ficti-
tious group. This group has publicly
taken credit for several attacks against
Palestinians accused of collaborating with
Israel. The document states that this
method was chosen "in order not to cause
the organization responsibility in this pe-
riod because there is negotiation with the
United States on a political level."
Such evidence only legitimizes Israel's
skepticism concerning the PLO's com-
mitment to peace. In attempting to gain
diplomatic leverage, Arafat has succeeded
in appeasing much of the world's leaders
and gaining recognition as a credible
leader. Salah Khalaf (alias Abu Iyad). sec-
ond to Arafat in PLO hierarchy, confirmed
the reliability of Arafat's statements in the
Kuwaiti daily "Al-Qabas" (Dec. 16, 1988):
"We must arm this brave Uprising with

diplomatic words which will win over the
world, and for this reason, Arafat made his
(UN) speech, which told the world that the
Palestinian people wants peace..." These
words clearly do not allay Israel's doubts
over Arafat's sincerity.
In addition to allegedly renouncing ter-
rorism, Arafat claimed to recognize Israel's
right to exist in Geneva on Dec. 15, 1988.
Commenting on this recognition, Abu
Iyad stated "There was no PLO recognition*
of Israel, neither in the PNC decisions in
Algiers nor in Arafat's address to the UN
in Geneva." Several other prominent PLO
officials echo that Arafat did not recognize
Israel and the PLO does not accept the re-
moval of Article 19 (which declares the
establishment of the state of Israel null
and void) from the Charter. Arafat does not
have the authority to renounce the Charter;
any changes in PLO Covenant must be
approved by 2/3 of the Palestine Nationa
Council.
Until the PLO and Arafat live up to the
promises to recognize Israel and renounce
terrorism against Israel, it is understand.
able why Israel is hesitant to negotiate
with them. If such proposals are legiti-
mate, then they must be accompanied b)
an actual end of terrorism and a change ir
the PLO Charter which denies Israel';
right to exist. Only then can progress be*
made toward a resolution of the conflict
and ultimately, toward a lasting peace.

Tenure information shouldn't be confidential
A recent Supreme Court decision re- tial tenure reviews made by colleagues.
garding the confidentiality of university Academic freedom in the classroon
tenure files provides welcome assurance guarantees the free exchange of ideas and
that the integrity and fairness of faculty opinions. Hiring practices are a different
hiring will be preserved. matter, but the principles remain the
-Despite the oppostion of several uni- same. If confidential recommendations are
versities - including Yale - the high true and substantiated, no shame lies in
court ruled unanimously that universities their release.
may be forced to turn over evaluations of - The Daily Collegian
candidates in cases of alleged discrimina- Penn State University
tion. It is every scholar's right to know January 1,
that he or she has been considered fairly,
even as it is the responsibility of the eval- Lobby the legislature.
uator to make a just assessme News The Student Association wants to tak
Yale University the University student voice to the Legis-
January 24 lature and lobby for changes on two bill

Students should register to vote by March 2

it
in
9

By Jeffrey Hinte
For Aristotle, living the good life
included being a good citizen. In the Greek
polis, being a good citizen included more
than simply casting a ballot, it entailed
active and informed participation in the
political process of the community. The
ideal of ancient Athens should be applied
in present-day Ann Arbor.
As responsible adults, students (who
make up one-third of Ann Arbor's
population) ought to be aware of local
political issues. However, if their is a
desire to influence the political process,
one must move beyond simply becoming
informed of the issues. The local election
this April 2 includes issues that are vitally
important to students. But to exercise
one's right as a citizen, one must register
by Friday, March 2.
Students are quick and creative when it
comes to making excuses about why they
Hinte, a Rackham graduate student, is a
member of Student Initiative.

.e
Is

should not register to vote in Ann Arbor,
here is a small sampling:
"I am only going to be here for a few
years." First of all, some of you may be
here longer than you think.Second of all,
even the fraction of students who graduate
in four years are profoundly effected by lo-
cal political decisions, and thus should
make their political preferences known.
"I vote back home." Face it, your
parents coped with the electoral process
back in your hometown before you
became eligible to vote. They are
intelligent people, they can get all the
millages passed while you vote here.
Also, without living in your home
community year round, the personalities
and propositions that appear on the ballot
are often difficult to sort out, frustrating
attempts to rationally decide among
contending choices.
"I'll worry about politics when I
graduate." College is a transition time.
Besides providing an atmosphere where
new ideas and experiences can be

confronted and explored, it is also a period
when one becomes acquainted with the
responsibilities and practices of being a
citizen. How adult one becomes while at
school is a matzer of choice, not necessity.
"I am not familiar with Ann Arbor
politics." It doesn't take a whole lot of
effort to become familiar, particularly if
one is motivated by the fact that they are
going to participate in up-coming
elections. Once your are registered your
appetite will be piqued and the campaigns
will be more than happy to satiate your
every (informational) need.
In short, there really is no excuse for
evading the responsibilities of a citizen in
a democracy such as ours. Local issues de-
serve our collective attention - home-
lessness, reproductive rights, environmen-
tal concerns, the $5 Pot Law. Being a
good citizen begins with taking an interesi
in the issues, evolves into dynamic dis-
cussions with housemates, classmates, and
teachers, and culminates in taking action
on election day and beyond.

Open tenure records
The U.S. Supreme Court has a firm
grasp of the true meaning of academic free-
dom regarding tenure decisions. The Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania does not.
University of Pennsylvania administra-
tors had asserted that employees suing to
find out why their tenure was rejected
should not be allowed to access confiden-

that would suspend or expel students and
student organizations convicted on drug
charges.
The voice of college students across
the state needs to be heard and this project
is one of the best things the SA can do for
its constituents.
- The Red & Black
University of Georgia
January 19

otters

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Administration poses
a threat to the Daily
To the Daily:
In a letter to the Daily on Feb. 8, Pres-
ident James Duderstadt, Regent Philip
Power, and Amnon Rosenthal (chair of the
Board for Student Publications), denied
that they discussed temporarily shutting
down the Daily.
The secret discussion is the least prov-
able of the charges we made against the
University administration in our final
statement as editors of the Opinion Page
(2/2/90). The source of this information is
someone close to Prof. Rosenthal, who
has requested anonymity. But given the
fact that it took them four months after

its reporters to practice participant journal-
ism, which he implied was inherently un-
professional. Prompted by the Daily's crit-
ical news stories and editorials on the re-
gents' secret search for the next University
president, and the well-publicized arrest of
a Daily editor at Duderstadt's inauguration,
Power's comments stemmed from his own
interest as a University administrator in
stifling the Daily's criticism.
Following Power's lead in expressing
displeasure with the Daily in public,
Rosenthal made hostile remarks about the
Daily's pro-Palestinian editorial stance in
the Detroit News last April. Rosenthal
was on the Board of Directors of Hillel at
the time.
And in a letter to the Daily last March,
Duderstadt warned that with the Daily's ed-

power to shut down the Daily if they so
choose, it begins to take on a more omi-
nous tone.
It is interesting and perhaps revealing
that Duderstadt, Power, and Rosenthal
chose to deny only the allegations of their
secret discussion, and not any of the other,
more serious charges that have appeared in
print.
For example, Rosenthal and Duderstadt
have deliberately stacked the Board, which
controls the funding of the Daily, with
hostile faculty; they have appointed jour-
nalists and denied student representation in
violation of regental by-laws. These
events are thoroughly documented, wit-
nessed, and verifiable to all.

Roach wrong about
getting rid of shanties
To the Daily:
I want to express my outrage at Regent
Thomas Roach's comments about the
shanties (2/19/90). The shanties were not
built to be "novelty" items. They are solid
statements of students' concerns for world
issues. Their purpose is free expression,
not aesthetic value.
In addition, I would like to extend my
full agreement and support Pam Nadasen.
One of the aspects of this University upon
which the students pride themselves is its
declared commitment to cultural diversity
and debate. The shanties are symbols of
this commitment, and should not be hid-

shanties should have a proper place. This
should be a cultural center of the Univer-
sity, and a place where many diverse opin-
ions may be expressed. However, in case
Duderstadt has forgotten, we already have a
place for "such things to happen."
It is called the Diag.
Howard Scully
LSA sophomore
'U' groups ban whites
To the Daily:
Obviously our country, and this uni-
versity in particular, is plagued by racism.
One of the most important means toward
trying to correct this is drawing attention

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