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February 02, 1990 - Image 5

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1990-02-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Michigan
Student
Television:
*take one!
by Ruth Lttmann
Daily Staff Writer
The television cameras started to
roll yesterday as Michigan Student
Television (MSTV), a new student-
run cable show, taped its first seg-
ment of "Michigan Student Forum"
in Schorling Auditorium.
The first show tackles the abor-
tion issue and will premiere on Feb.
11. It will air on cable channel nine
as part of Community Access Tele-
vision.
At yesterday's taping, two pro-
choice panelists debated two pro-life
panelists, and subsequent audience
paticipation ensued.
"The purpose of MSTV is to
provide an forum for student expres-
sion," said LSA senior Joe Hart, the
show's founder, who also served as
moderator to last night's taping.
"While the issue of abortion may
divide us," Hart said, "a fair and ob-
jective forum can serve to bring stu-
dents and faculty together to under-
stand opposing views."
Though Hart requested that last
* night's audience refrain from behav-
ing unruly and using curse words,
debate on such issues as fetal viabil-
ity, government aid for abortions,
and abortions for rape and incest vic-
tims, pitted audience members and
panelists against each other in lively
discourse.
LSA senior Marc Samuels, who
works as creative producer for
MSTV said, "It's interesting that
when you're talking to men and
women who believe the same thing,
they can still come at it from differ-
ent perspectives, as this segment of
'Michigan Student Forum' shows.,,
Residential College junior Hill
Hoegemeyer, who attended the tap-
ing, said, "I enjoyed it, and I thought
the moderating was fair."
The taping lasted 45 minutes.
LSA senior Ray Aldrich, the
"productions end of MSTV," said,
"we'll be editing the show, but we'll
leave everything in, even the techni-
cal difficulties - for objectivity's
sake."
At night's end, an exhausted Hart
said, "I've been researching the abor-
tion issue for the past week. I want
to make sure the show will be effec-
tive. I'll know if it will when I re-
view the tape tomorrow."
The next forum segment will deal
with the Arab-Israeli conflict.

The Michigan Daily - Friday, February 2, 1990 - Page 5
Journalist speaks on freedom
of press in Chinese society
by Mark Katz

Daily Minority Issues Reporter

After "a certain number of
deaths," China will achieve
"fundamental change" in the next
two decades, said Liu Binyan, a
former journalist for The People's
Daily in China.
Liu, who was kicked off the pa-
per and expelled from the Commu-
nist party in 1987 after seven years
as an investigative reporter, spoke to
a packed crowd in Rackham Am-
phitheater last night.
"I say now that China is going to
explode," he said. "The question is
not whether it will happen or when
it will happen, but what we will do
after the explosion."
Liu's speech, titled, "The Roles
of the Chinese Mass Media Before,
During and Since the June 4th
Movement," focused on the history
of government influence on and con-
trol of the mass media, especially
newspapers.
During the years before the 1979
economic reforms, Chinese leader
Mao Tse Tung experimented with
freedom of the press, but quickly or-
ganized to limit that freedom with an

"anti-rightist" campaign.
According to Liu, 30 percent of
press members were persecuted as
rightist, and numbers reached as high
as 50 percent at some newspapers.
After the 1979 reforms, there
were no changes in governmental
policies towards the press, but the
increased efforts of journalists gradu-
ally established more unofficial free-
dom for the media.
Increased popular dissatisfaction
with the party influenced reporters to
become more critical in their stories,
yet the government continued to
censor journalists. "Whatever it is
that the people really want to read,
that's what the (Communist) party
is going to be opposed to," Liu said.
"Practically every piece I would
write would end up offending some-
one."
Liu cited six factors as causes
leading up to the protests and hunger
strike of April to June, 1989: a Chi-
nese population of 1.1 billion for
which the Chinese government could
not accommodate, a bloating of the

I

bureaucracy, an educational crisis,
economic problems, a higher crime
rate, and increased prostitution.
A turning point in government
censorship of Liu's former newspa-
per, The People's Daily, came in
April, when the paper printed an edi-
torial attacking the protesting stu-
dents. "As far as we know, everyone
on the staff opposed the editorial,"
he said.
During the hunger strike in May,
one of the students' main demands
was the retraction of this editorial,
which, after two staff meetings,
"very nearly happened."
However, with the government's
current policy restricting the press,
no one will write for the paper. "We
have eight pages that we can't fill..
for the first time in history," said
Liu.
Liu said that although he has
lived in China for 64 years during
five different periods of political
rule, he has never seen a situation
like today, "where China is so close
to exploding."

Liu Binyan discusses the history of governmental control of the media
last night at a symposium on America and China mass media in
Rackham Amphitheater.

European leaders back Bush on troop cutbacks

LONDON (AP) - Western Eu-
ropean leaders yesterday supported
the U.S. proposal for significant new
troop withdrawals from Europe but,
amid hints of anxiety, stressed they
want a continued American pres-
ence.
Britain said it hoped this was the
last reduction planned by Washing-
ton.
The soviet Union welcomed as a
sign that "things are changing for the
better" the proposals by President
Bush to cut troop levels in central
Europe to 195,000 for each super-.
power-below the 275,000 being ne-
gotiated at talks in Vienna.
But Soviet Foreign Ministry
spokesperson Gennady Gerasimov
complained the plan did not go far
enough, adding, "We must continue
to have as our goal no foreign troops
on foreign soil."
Some analysts said the Bush plan
signaled the beginning of the final
withdrawal of American troops from
Western Europe - dreaded by
many of the U.S. allies in NATO -
as well as the departure of all the
Soviets.
"I personally would be surprised
if the Soviets have anything like
195,000 soldiers left in East Ger-
many within the next 2 to 3 years,"
said Francois Heisbourg, director of
the London-based Institute of

Strategic Studies.
In London, Prime Minister Mar-
garet Thatcher said Britain attached
"great importance to President
Bush's assurance that the new figure
will be a floor and that no more re-
ductions are envisaged."
Thatcher aides said that Bush
telephoned her Saturday to discuss
the proposal, and "we indicated our
support."
Bush sent two senior aides to put
this plan to the leaders of the four
major Western European power.,
Britain, France, West Germany and
Italy.
The United States has 305,000
troops in central Europe, and the So-
viet Union has 565,000. Another

30,000 U.S. troops in Britain and
southern Europe are excluded from
the Bush proposal.
West Germany, where most of
the U.S. troops are deployed, hailed
the proposal. Defense Minister Ger-
hard Stoltenbrg called it "a balanced
combination of disarmament policy
and unequivocal recognition of the
West's defense readiness and al-
liance solidarity."
West German enthusiasm for
troop pullouts by both sides reflected
eagerness for unifications with East
Germany, where 380,000 of the So-
viet troops on foreign soil are sta-
tioned.
Two other East bloc nations,
Czechoslovakia and Hungary, have

demanded that the Soviet forces
leave their soil.
Other European NATO allies are
concerned about being dominated by
a powerful, single German state. The
fears are heightened on a continent
that was overrun by Nazi Germany
in World War II.
They are also worried about the
United States detaching itself from
Europe as the Soviet military threat
diminishes with the collapse of a
string of Communist governments in
1989.
Belgium and the Netherlands,
however, have said they are study-
ing the possibility of withdrawing
their forces from West Germany be-
cause of the diminished Soviet
threat.

Read
Alex
About
Town
in every
.4

TROOPS
Continued from Page 1
considering relaxing U.S. defenses,
even though Moscow is reducing its
military spending and is unlikely to
initiate an attack on NATO territory.
"The Soviet Union remains the
only nation on Earth capable of de-
stroying the United States," Cheney
said, adding that even if all Soviet
troops leave Eastern Europe,
Moscow would retain its geographic

advantage in the event of European
crisis.
Senator John Warner of Virginia,
the ranking Republican on the
committee, sought and received an
assurance from Cheney that the ad-
ministration would not consider go-
ing beyond Bush's latest troop-cut
proposal in the foreseeable future.
"This is the worst possible time
to contemplate changes in strategy,"
Warner said.

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