Ninety-nine years of editorial freedom
Vol. C, NO. 2 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, September 8, 1989 ,*e M*ngt18
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) - The
National Party government promised reform yesterday
after suffering heavy losses in an election accompanied
by protests and political violence in which 25 people
were reported killed. Activists blamed most of the
killings on the police.
In Wednesday's white parliamentary election, the
Nationalists got less than 50 percent of the vote for
the first time since 1953. They lost nearly a quarter of
their seats to an anti-apartheid party and to a far-right
group that favors strict racial segregation.
Police used shotguns, tear gas and whips on anti-
election protesters in black and mixed-race townships
outside Cape Town.
South African Press Association, an independent
news agency, said the Cape Flats resembled "a war
zone... as residents danced around dozens of burning
barricades blocking streets in the area and police fired
repeatedly at groups of youths."
A spokesperson for the Law and Order Ministry
blamed seven of the deaths on black factional fighting
and said others were being investigated.
Violence resumed yesterday when police with
shotguns opened fire on dancing and chanting teenagers
in the mixed-race Lavender Hill township, said a
journalist at the scene.
The Rev. Allan Boesak, a prominent activist, said
the presidency of F.W. de Klerk "now sits in a pool of
"I don't know how people can become vaguely ex-
cited about these elections when... the man with a new
vision has allowed this kind of massacre to take
place," Boesak said.
The outlawed African National Congress, the main
black group fighting white rule, said from Zimbabwe:
"The elections... were a farce and irrelevant to the
ANC and the oppressed majority of South Africa,"
De Klerk described the election result as "a clear
mandate" for his party's gradual reforms, which envi-
sion bringing blacks into the national government on
a limited basis within five years. "Seventy percent of
the whites voted for parties favoring renewal and re-
form... and granting political rights," he said, linking
the National Party with the liberal-minded Democrats.
Emphasis must be "on intensive dialogue, and hope-
fully from that real negotiations."
He is now acting president. An electoral college is
expected to give him a full five-year term next week.
In Washington, the State Department issued a
statement that congratulated De Klerk on his party's
victory, then said: "Apartheid must end. The elections
themselves once more underscore the systematic denial
of political rights to the majority population in South
Africa. ...Promises of reform must be followed by
concrete, specific action."
Elections for the mixed-race and Indian chambers
also were held Wednesday, but anti-apartheid activists
urged a boycott and fewer than 10 percent of voters
turned out in some districts.
Perched out of the top of an armored vehicle, a squad of riot police armed with teargas launchers and shot
guns patrols the Cape Town township of Lavender Hill. At least 25 protesters have been killed.
By Josh Mitnick
Daily Staff Writer
A special University task force is
investigating areas where University
spending can made more efficient -
a search which could ease ever-rising
The group will examine what
drives university costs upward and
attempt to identify areas where effi-
ciency can be improved, said task
force head Gilbert Whitaker,
Business School Dean.
The committee was commis-
sioned by University President
James Duderstadt last January and its
members were appointed in April by
* Charles Vest, University Provost
and Vice-President for Academic
Task force members will conduct
the study by interviewing faculty,
administrators and students. But
Whitaker said the commission has
"We still have a long way to go
before we will have anything spe-
cific to say," he said. The task force
will meet twice a month in the fall
and a final report is not expected un-
til the beginning of next year.
Task force members expressed
hope that the study would lead to a
slowing of rising tuition rates, but
declined to predict the results of their
Whitaker defined two broad areas
of investigation: external costs,
which include expenditures for in-.
struction; and management, the cost
of administering the University.
He believes that external costs are
the main contributor to the increas-
ing expenditures at the University.
This is because the price tags on
much of what the University must
spend its money on - such as fac-
ulty salaries, computers and library
resources - increase faster than the
rate inflation, Whitaker said.
He added that the task force would
try to curtail costs by examining
ways to improve management meth-
Last October, the Daily found the
number of administrators had grown
22 percent since 1980, while the
number of student and faculty had
grown by less than five percent.
Task force member Robert
Holbrook said, "The task force is
very serious in addressing areas in
See PROBE, page 8
Wolverine quarterback Michael
Taylor will be ready for next Satur-
day's game against No. 1 Notre
Taylor had been kept out of
recent practices because of a
pulled muscle in his right throwing
arm. He worked out with the team
on Wednesday and appeared
healthy for the game.
"I'm doing pretty good," the
fifth-year quarterback told the
Associated Press. "I'm throwing
pretty freely, and it doesn't hurt.
But my arm is a little tired because
I haven't used it."
But Schembechler may have
more to worry about than just his
quarterback when the Irish arrive.
See Sports, Page 14
Aoun blasts U.S.
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - Gen.
Michel Aoun said yesterday that
U.S. foreign policy is "biased and
shortsighted," then asked for
American help in what the Christian
leader calls the war of liberation
against Syrian troops in Lebanon.
Aoun said the U.S. withdrawal of
its last diplomats Wednesday was
based on "rumors, false suppositions
and unconvincing reasons."
Syrians and Christians exchanged
artillery fire for five hours before
dawn yesterday and police reported
two dead and seven wounded.
Gen. Aoun said he would
welcome the return of Ambassador
John McCarthy and other American
diplomats to Lebanon only if
Washington recognized his Christian
'Cabinet as the legitimate govern-
Damning sinners and saving souls Preacher Mike is back again with
more breath then ever. Students, however, appear more entertained
with greeting their comrades and exchanging summer stories.
Ann Arbor will host
by Diane Cook
Daily Staff Writer
A recent resurgence of unrest and
protests surrounding racial issues on
college campuses across the country
will be the focus of the University's_
lecture series at the National
Association for the Advancement of
Colored People's 53rd Annual
Conference, "80 Years Later - The
Struggle Continues". The conference
officially begins tomorrow at the
Ramada Inn in Ann Arbor.
Over 200 educators, community
leaders and delegates are expected to
attend the workshops, seminars and
meetings during the conference,
hosted by the University of
Michigan's NAACP chapter.
"Campus Racialism: Unrest or
At Rest?", the title of the University
sponsored luncheon and lecture senes
University, who will speak at the
"Unfortunately, people believe
that once a protest takes place that
everything is over - that it is at rest.
53rd Annual Michigan
Ramada Inn-Ann Arbor
Open to the public
Friday, September 8
10:05 a.m. -
First Plenary Session
Carl Breeding, State NAACP
11:53 a.m.- 3:00 p.m. -
Racialism - Unrest or at rest?
Saturday, September 8
7:30-8:45 a.m. -
7th Annual State of Civil Rights.
"I believe that the university
must take a pro-active approach in
response to the needs'of the stu-
dents," said Ghant, who will also
discuss the "opposing sentiment and
opposition to the movement of mi-
Vice Provost for Minority Affairs
at University of Michigan Charles
Moody will give opening remarks at
"My notion on all of this is that
we have to be ever vigilant and we
have to continue to work to make
the environment on campus con-
ducive to the growth and develop-
ment of all students," said Moody.
"I don't think we can rest in the
sense that it's a lifetime commit-
ment. You have to continue to work
and monitor and make sure that the