The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 6, 1989 - Page 5
'U' hosts conference discussing
by Daniel Poux
Daily Staff Writer
It has been more than six months since7
the massacre of Chinese students in Tianan-
men Square, enough time for academics to
study the causes behind the uprising and the
consequences for the students and the Chi-
In an effort to explain the events of last
June, Chinese experts from around the coun-
try gathered at Hale Auditorium last Thurs-
day and Friday for "The Beijing Spring and
Its Repercussions," a conference chaired by
Kenneth Lieberthal, director of the Univer-
1 sity's Center for Chinese Studies.
Tufts University Law and Diplomacy
Prof. David Zweig, who earned his Ph.D.
from the University of Michigan, spoke as
part of the conference's afternoon panel.
Zweig examined the student uprising from a
systemic perspective, and questioned whether
the events of last June could be called a
'One question we have to ask ourselves,"
Zweig said, "is, 'To what extent could the
student movement overthrow the existing
structure?"' While the students had the rest
of the world on their side, Zweig said, they
never really had a chance.
The professor went on to analyze the con-
flict from what he called the "Negotiations
and Missed Opportunities" perspective. He
questioned the early moves by both the stu-
dent leaders and the involved officials, to see
if another course of action could have averted
the senseless slaughter.
With both sides dug in firmly behind
their demands, there was little opportunity
for compromise, Zweig said, and with the
lack of concrete communication lines, the
conflict would have inevitably ended in vio-
"While the student leaders were looking
to other reform movements in East Germany
and Hungary, the Chinese government was
looking to Poland (with the Solidarity
Party's government takeover), and was not
going to back down," he said.
The conference began Thursday night
with a keynote speech from Roderick Mac-
Farquar, director of East Asian Studies at
Harvard University. Friday's agenda con-
sisted of two academic panels focusing on
the domestic ramifications of the incident in
The morning panel featured University of
California-San Diego Prof. Susan Shirk and
University of Oregon History Prof. Joseph
Escherick on the long-term effects of the
Escherick attempted to trace back domes-
tic trends, to explain the student uprising and
the resulting government crackdown.
The afternoon panel focused on the dy-
namics of the Beijing crisis and featured Su
Shaozhi, a Marquette University visiting
professor and former director of the Chinese
Academy of Social Sciences Institute of
Marxism, Leninism, and Mao Zedong
Su explained that the Chinese govern-
ment structure is heavily influenced by rem-
nants of Stalinism and China's despotic
roots. "Everyone has their own individual
organizational rank," Su said. "As a result,
government officials are responsible only to
their superiors, and not to their people."
It is this lack of representation that led to
the rise of the student democracy movement,
Continued from Page 1
Ann Arbor Police Lt. Craig Rod-
erick refused to comment on any of
the officers' comments, adding that
"you are not going to talk to those
officers about that."
LSA junior and SAM member
Howard Krugel, whose car was also
defaced with swastikas, said he
thought the vandalism was commit-
ted between 2:00 and 4:00 a.m. on
"I parked my car at 2:00 and then
came out at 4:00 and saw them
painted on my windows," Krugel
said. "They were still a little wet but
-weren't coming off."
Krugel added that he thought the
police, with whom he also filed a
report on Friday, handled the incident
LSA senior Chris Mongeluzo,
also a member of the fraternity, said
a similar incident took place in the
fall of 1987, when a swastika was
painted on the side of his fraternity
State trust offers
solution for future
higher ed. costs
One of two cars painted with swastikas outside the Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity house Friday morning.
Tutors supply help for late-night papers
by Daniel Poux
Daily Staff writer
Every year, more and more fami-
lies are finding it impossible to send
their kids to colleges and universities
around the country.
As a result, the Michigan Educa-
tion Trust, established last year, is
one of several new programs that
have been created to help make a col-
lege education affordable.
The trust was created in 1987 by
Michigan Gov. James Blanchard in
an effort to reduce the rising costs of
state colleges. The program allows
Michigan families to make pay-
ments into a fund guaranteeing that
tuition and fees will be paid when
their children are ready to go to col-
Last year, 40,409 families were
enrolled in the trust. "This year's
application period should be very ex-
citing," State Treasurer Robert
Bowman said. "Last year's enroll-
ment numbers exceeded our greatest
expectations. MET is the best in-
vestment parents and grandparents
can make in their child's educational
Eighty-eight of the trust students
have enrolled in 18 different Michi-
gan schools, including the Univer-
sity of Michigan. "This is the real
payoff for MET," Bowman said.
"Our MET fall class of 1989 has 88
students in school, and their parents
don't have to worry about college tu-
ition costs increasing every year be-
cause tuition is guaranteed and will
be paid by MET."
Michigan was the first state to
adopt a trust-style program. How-
ever, nine other states have estab-
lished similar programs and at least
40 other states have similar trust
funds in the works.
While the largest group of trust
families had annual incomes between
$40,000 and $60,000, one-third of
the families earned less than $40,000
per year and almost 20 percent had
incomes under $20,000.
"The numbers show that middle
income Michigan residents were the
largest group to take advantage of
MET, which was exactly what we
expected," Bowman said. He empha-
sized that he was "encouraged by the
large number of lower income fami-
lies who feel that their children's
college education is a priority and
thus signed up for MET."
John Matlock, the University's
director of minority affairs, expressed
enthusiasm at the level of low-in-
come participation, and hoped the
trust program would help boost fu-
ture minority enrollment.
"More and more, access to educa-
tion is becoming a cost factor, and
low income families are being denied
access to higher education," he said.
Matlock stressed, however, that
the MET program was "far from a
cure-all to the problems of education
accessibility," and said further action
from the University and the state and
federal governments will be critical.
by Cherie Curry
It's late at night in the Computing Center.
You're racing against the clock, agonizing in
front of a Macintosh to produce a competent pa-
per due the next day. In your rush, proper gram-
mar and organization go out the window.
Just get the paper done, you think.
But thanks to the English Composition Board
Peer Writing tutors, it doesn't have to be this
The tutors work to assist undergraduates with
their writing difficulties. They help students with
such tasks as interpreting an assignment, struc-
turing their paper in an organized fashion, and us-
ing proper grammar.
Don't think, however, that these peer tutors
will wait conveniently by the computer to dish
out all the answers. Their work entails teaching
students how to edit and improve their writing -
not doing it for them. The tutors teach students
to be critical of their own writing.
Every Sunday through Thursday night, the
tutors offer free services at two University com-
puting sites - 611 Church and Angell Hall.
They also set up individual appointments.
Though the tutors receive no pay for their
services, LSA senior Brett Stephenson said the
work is rewarding enough. "I enjoy being able to
help students organize their thoughts on paper,"
he said. "There's a sense of accomplishment
when you can help someone produce a really
The program began three years ago by
English Lecturer Phyllis Lassner, who currently
heads the program. It now includes 12 tutors and
supplements the writing help offered at the ECB
CLASSIFIED ADSI Call 764-0557
We invite Chemical Engineering s~niors and those
in Chemistry or related majors to apply to the M.S.
and Ph.D programs in Chemical Engineering.
Assistantship and Fellowship stipends up to
$18,000 are available now and for Fall 1990 for
study in biotechnology, composite materials,
polymer science, and other "high-tech" areas of
Chemical Engineering research. For information
and application materials contact:
Dr. B.W. Wilkinson, Coordinator of Graduate Recruiting
Department of Chemical Engineering
Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824-1226
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MSU Is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity Employer
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invites students of all majors
to a presentation on
Opportunities in Investment Banking
Monday, November 6, 1989
7:00 - 9:00 PM.
Representatives of Morgan Stanley will be present
* The Investment Banking Industry
* The Financial Analyst Program
Contact the Career Planning & Placement Office or the
have to be cramped up like a sardine anymore.
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