Page 2 --The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 27, 1989
by Bill Fink
plans Earth Da
Plan in the works to mark
Former Stanford student Dennis
Hayes is planning a 20th-anniversary
National Earth Day celebration to
take place April 22, 1990, in Ann
Arbor and throughout the country.
Nationwide organizers hope to
put pressure on legislators, as they
did 20 years ago, to pass bills such
as the Clean Air Act to address the
problems of chlorofluorocarbon pro-
duction and the misuse of natural re-
On Arbor Day, 1970, millions of
people across America observed
Eath Day by taking part in rallies,
community projects and legislation
designed to help solve ecological
problems. Originating as an envi-
ronimental teach-in organized by
Hayes, it grew to include protests in
over 2,000 colleges around the coun-
In Ann Arbor, students in sup-
port of environmental action closed
off Fifth Avenue to protest the pol-
lution of auto-emissions and planted
trees across the city.
At the University, student and
faculty organizers are also planning
to continue this annual event under
the name of "Earth Day 1990." The
,vent is designed to give the average
:itizen a chance to learn about to-
lay's environmental problems and to
take tangible action towards solu-
Because the event has faded from
view in recent years, local organizers
hope to use education as a key tool
for bringing attention to their cause.
"Education is the first step toward
action," said LSA senior Amy
Sabin. "There are a lot of people
who want to do something to help
the environment but don't know how
to do it."
The Earth Day group, Sabin
added, will try to show the "little
things that anyone can do" to help
Earth Day 1990 is not designed
as a single day of awareness, but a
year long drive to show - in a
series of films, lectures, and displays
- what the environmental prob-
lems are, and how a single person
can work for solutions.
The group is planning to elicit
student help in the reduction of
Styrofoam use in the University
community. Nearly a third of indus-
trial use of the ozone-damaging chlo-
rofluorocarbons is for the production
of plastic foam products such as
cups and containers.
Other projects include recycling
drives and the ever-popular tree
Whether it involves student boy-
cotts, petitions or protests, or just
influencing people's habits, the
Earth Day 1990 group hopes to
bring about action from students
concerning the environmental issues
For those interested in joining
the "Earth Day 1990" group, there
will be a meeting in 1040 Dana
(Natural Resources) Building, today
at 7:00 pm.
Continued from Page 1
Cohn also cited the Aug. 22 sus-
pension of section 1(c) of the policy
as further evidence of the policy's
vagueness and the University's con-
fusion over the interpretation and
administration of the policy.
The section stated that people
were subject to discipline for behav-
ior that "creates an intimidating,
hostile, or demeaning environment
for educational pursuits, employ-
ment or participation in University
sponsored extra-curricular activities."
The section had direct relevance
to the court case, which was filed by
a University graduate student who
argued the policy restricted academic
freedom. The student said he was he-
sitant to discuss certain bio-psycho-
logical subjects, such as differences
between races and sexes, because of
Cohn said the release and subse-
quent withdrawal of the guide and the
suspension of the section "suggests
that the University had no idea what
the limits of the Policy were and it
was essentially making up the rules
as it went along."
Former University policy analyst
John Schwartz, who wrote much of
the policy, disagreed with Cohn's
assessment of the University's ac-
"I think what we did is constitu-
tionally permissible," said Schwartz.
"I am fairly confident that no one's
free speech rights were infringed
upon under (the original) policy."
Schwartz said the free speech is-
sue was paramount in the formula-
tion of the policy. He said the First
Amendment was "the entire debate in
the three or four months of the for-
"The First Amendment, for its
seeming simplicity, isn't quite that
easy," Schwartz said. "There are no
easy black and white distinctions."
Schwartz said there was no case
law on the books to refer to when
the University formulated the policy.
"There's no case law in point,"
he said. "You kind of have to feel
your way through it and we were the
first university to do that."
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However, Schwartz did acknowl-
edge that the policy "can be some-
what difficult to read" and that the
guide "contained examples that were
Continued from Page 1
"People majoring in psychology
here at the U-M better invest in a
good pair of running shoes, because
they will discover that their classes
are dispersed all over central cam-
pus," said LSA senior Maria Greene.
"The psych department is everywhere
and it is nowhere."
A new School of Social Work is
also in the works. It will be built on
the field adjoining the School of
Education. Approximately 80,000
square feet, the $11.5 million facil-
ity will be erected through
University funds and various grants.
North Campus, though thought
to have relatively new and excellent
facilities, has considerable renova-
tion and construction planned for the
future, including a $32 million tech-
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Filipino terrorists ambush
and kill two Americans
MANILA, Philippines - Gunmen believed to be Communist rebels
ambushed and killed two American civilians working at a U.S. air base
yesterday, shortly before Vice President Dan Quayle arrived to discuss the
future of U.S. military installations here.
A Pentagon statement in Washington said the victims were civilian
employees of Ford Aerospace Corp., a contractor at Camp O'Donnell.
The camp is a U.S.-run facility 12 miles from the Clark Air Base.
The Americans, whose names were not immediately released, slowed
their car as they approached a dump truck and jeep blocking a highway,
police said. Six men sprang from the jeep and riddled the Americans' car
The attack followed a series of bombings this month and came amid
growing opposition to U.S. military installations in the Philippines.
Senate votes to close bases
WASHINGTON - The Senate yesterday overwhelmingly endorsed
shutting down 86 military bases and scaling down five more, approving
the cost-saving plan as part of a $288.2 billion military spending bill.
A federal commission, in making its recommendation last December,
estimated that closing the bases would create a savings of $5.6 billion
over 20 years. Then Defense Secretary Frank C. Carlucci accepted the
panel's plan and the House last spring upheld the proposal.
The bill faced opposition from a handful of members petitioning on
behalf of their home-state bases. However, the 86-14 vote spelled doom
for the bases.
Prior to the Senate action, Defense Secretary Dick Chaney said further
cuts in the defense budget by the Democratic-controlled Congress may
force him to close more bases.
Lung cancer more detectable
NEW YORK - Researchers have identified abnormalities in an anti-
cancer gene linked to lung cancer, raising the possibility of early diagno-
sis and better treatment for the 150,000 people who get lung cancer each
During the last several years, researchers have found indirect evidence
that defects in at least six genes can contribute to the formation of lung
A new study has pinpointed precise chemical changes that should be
useful for identifying people at high risk of getting lung cancer, or for
predicting how deadly a particular case of lung cancer will be, said the au-
thor of the study's findings, Dr. John Minna of the National Cancer
Institute-Navy Medical Oncology Branch in Bethesda, Md.
"One thing you could do would be to take people's tumors, see how
many (genetic) lesions they have, and determine how virulent they are,"
Minna said yesterday.
Dropouts may lose licenses
LANSING - Students who walk out of high school would end up
walking, period, under a package of bills that cleared a House committee
The bills would allow the state to suspend a dropout's driver's license,
if the local school district adopted the policy and notified the secretary of
state's office. Dropouts returning to school would have to pay only $1 to
get their license back.
Some members of the House Education Committee that approved the
three-bill package said it would discriminate against the poor.
Rep. Robert DeMars (D-Lincoln Park) said he liked the idea because it
would be one more way to encourage students to stay in school. The ap-
proach is similar to that used in other states, including West Virginia,
where it cut the dropout rate by a third, he said.
Kissing ordeal ends as lovers
have nothing left to prove
RENO - After 42 days of smooching, three couples have been de-
clared winners in the first annual Great American Kiss-Off. The six con-
testants agreed to divvy up the $10,000 top prize.
"I'm just glad it's over," Fernando Gonzales said yesterday, one day
after all parties embraced the pact.
He and his wife, Karen, were declared the first-place finishers after they
and two other couples outlasted 11 other pairs who entered the contest
sponsored by a furniture company.
"We thought it was going to be a two-week thing, but it turned into a
marathon," said Gonzales. "I'm recovered now. But it still feels'like I'm
kissing. ... It's like when you've been wearing a hat for four or five
weeks and then take it off. The hat still feels like it's on."
Couples had to kiss from 9 a.m. to 9 p.m., in the furniture store's
parking lot, with five-minute breaks each hour.
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