Expert: U.S. scholars
wary of going to China
by Laura Cohn
Daily Staff Writer
A University political science Oksenberg feels so strongly
professor and former U.S. govern- about this that in February 1979, he
ment policy staffperson said the was involved in the initiation of
Beijing massacre last summer has scholarly exchange between the U.S.
caused many U.S. and Chinese and China. As a result, Oksenberg
scholars to believe there should be said there now are more than 20,000
limited academic exchange between Chinese students studying in the}
the two countries. United States.
Michel Oksenberg, a former He also said that any responsible
member of the National Security student should be able to understand
Council staff under President Jimmy Chinese society in order to tolerate a
Carter, said many U.S. academic part of the diversity present in our
scholars have moral problems about own society. This diversity was in
traveling to China. He told a 150- part created by an influx of Asians,
member audience at Hutchins Hall
last night that many fear the Chinese
government will use them as fuel for 'J u n e 2-4 was a n
propaganda, he said. enormous tragedy for
"June 2-4 was an enormous the people of China.
tragedy for the people of China.
Now there are both Chinese and Now there a re both
Americans who believe that our aca- Chinese and Americans,
demic ties should be limited," who believe that our:
Oksenberg said. academic ties should be
His was the first of a series of limited'
five talks on China during the next -Michel Oksenberg
Oksenberg said the University is
'one of the only schools in the coun- which Oksenberg calls a positive
try that has made a commitment to "Asianization" of the U.S. during
study China in depth. the latest decade.
"It is important to study China Part of this includes the impor-
for the intrinsic interest," Oksenberg tance of the Asian wisdom to our
said. "China encompasses one-fourth society, said Oksenberg. As an ex-
of the world's population, and study- ample, Oksenberg explained the
ing such a country is like quick- Confucian theory that humans ac-
sand... it keeps luring one in." quire their identity from their sur-
The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 22, 1989 - Page 3
Talks may spur
WASHINGTON (AP) -
President Bush met with Soviet
Foreign Minister Eduard
Shevardnadze yesterday, opening
three days of high-level talks likely
to set a general time frame for a
superpower summit and spur
chemical and nuclear weapon
After nearly two hours of
discussion, Shevardnadze said the
two sides had not set a date for a
summit between Bush and Soviet
President Mikhail Gorbachev but
"we have concluded that a summit is
necessary. There is no doubt about
The meetings began with a White
House session attended by Bush,
Shevardnadze and Secretary of State
James Baker III. The discussions
will continue between Baker and
Shevardnadze today and tomorrow at
a wilderness lodge near Jackson
Baker said there was a "full
discussion of a summit" and that
"we hope to have a general time
frame for a summit which we could
announce while we're in Wyoming."
The White House session marked
Bush's first direct contact with a
high-ranking Soviet official since
taking office last January and came
amid complaints by congressional
Democrats, as well as from
Moscow, about the pace of
Schevardnadze, who arrived in the
United States Wednesday night, said
the letter from Gorbachev contained
"some very important proposals on
arms control and on reducing the
military standoff between out two
Trying to capitalize on
Gorbachev's campaign fors
"glasnost," or openness, the
administration planned to propose.
liftifig virtually all restrictions on
travel diplomats, trade,
representatives, and journalists in the
two countries, sources reported.
About 90 percent of the Soviet
Union is off limits to Americans.
reflecting the suspicions that marked
the rule of Josef Stalin. Over the'
years, the United States responded by
imposing similar travel restrictions'
on a large part of the United States.
Officials said the FBI ha$
approved the eased travel proposal
despite concerns about keeping an
eye on Soviet citizens' movements
in the United States.
To address security concerns, the
plan would still require that the
Soviets register their travel plans
with the State Department's office of
Michael Oksenberg, University professor of political science and former
member of National Security Council Staff, discusses "China and
Western Scholarship" last night in Hutchins Hall.
roundings and "where they fit in the
overall scheme of things."
If the current academic and eco-
nomic exchange continues,
Oksenberg said, China will likely
develop advanced technology. If that'
happens, he said, the Chinese could
become the world's next major con-
tributor of carbon dioxide to the at-
Rehnquist committee to reform death penalty
WASHINGTON (AP) - A
committee appointed by Chief
Justice William H. Rehnquist called
yesterday for streamlining death
penalty appeals to assure swifter ex-
ecutions, but only after condemned
murderers get more legal help.
The proposal promptly was de-
nounced by civil liberties lawyers
who accused Rehnquist of stacking
"They want to be able to kill
more people faster," said Mary
Broderick of the National Legal Aid
and Defender Association.
Retired Supreme Court Justice
and committee chairman, Lewis F.
Powell, said the current system en-
courages endless legal maneuvering,
years of delay and frenzied, last-
minute moves to stave off execu-
"The hard fact is that the (capital
punishment) laws of 37 states are
not being enforced by the courts,"
Powell said. "I respect those who ar-
gue for outright abolition of death
punishment. But it seems irrational
to retain the penalty and frustrate its
Ironically, Powell said he would
vote to abolish capital punishment if
he were a state legislature, contend-
ing that "it has not deterred murder."
The United States has the highest
murder rate of any nation and is the
only democracy that has the death
penalty, he noted.
The average delay between con-
viction and execution is more than
eight years and the longest has been
14 and one-half years, a delay Powell
calls "hardly necessary for fairness or
for thorough review."
The committee report was sub-
mitted to the U.S. Judicial
Conference, the policy-making arm
of the federal courts. The conference
postponed any action on the report
and any recommendations to
Congress until its 28 judges recon-
vene in March.
The committee recommended that
states enact laws to limit death row
inmates to two, rather than succes-
sive rounds of appeals in state and
federal courts. One round would chal-
lenge, a verdict directly; a second
would be based on alleged violations
of the condemned individual's right
States that choose to adopt the
new system, which also requires
congressional approval,would be re-
quired to assure legal help to death
row inmates at taxpayer expense
throughout the appeals process.
Another feature of the proposal is
a six-month deadline for filing a fed-
eral appeal after an inmate exhausts
the state court appeal. No such dead-
line exists now.
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