The Michigan Daily - Thursday, September 21, 1989 -- Page 5
by Noelle Vance
Daily Government Reporter
PRETORIA, South Africa (AP)
- F.W. de Klerk was sworn in as
president yesterday and promised a
new constitution that would bring
Blacks into South Africa's govern-
ment by the end of his five-year
He appealed to South Africans of
all races to help build a nation "free
of domination and oppression."
"We accept that time is of the
essence and we are committed to vis-
ible, evolutionary progress," de
Klerk said in his inaugural speech.
But he did not specify any
apartheid laws he would repeal. Nor
did he say how he would implement
his goal of providing limited politi-
cal rights to the 28-million Black
majority while maintaining the po-
litical domination of the country's 5
Clark Durant, Republican
candidate for the U.S. Senate,
sounded more like a university
professor than a politician running
for office, as he spoke to members
of the College Republicans last
Quoting Thomas Jefferson,
Adam Smith and Aristotle, he ex-
plained his philosophy: freedom
motivates people to be successful.
"Real wealth is created when
people have the ability to invest
in the fruits of their own labor,"
he said. "Save, invest, own and
earn; that's what makes things
The law, however, often pre-
vents people from investing in
their own future by creating barn-
ers to an open market, he said.
Such barriers include laws like
the capital gains tax, which, said
Durant, prevents turnover in the
existing market, and limits the
creation of new jobs or opportuni-
Because he supports an open
market, Durant said that he would
do nothing to reduce the trade im-
balance if elected.
The trade deficit, he said, is
measured by "an old mercantilist
notion," which only counts dol-
His conciliatory words, affable
style and new policy of allowing
peaceful protests against the gov-
ernment have generated optimism
among foreign observers and many
South Africans. But de Klerk rejects
the basic demand of most Black lead-
ers: majority rule.
The Rev. Allan Boesak, a leading
anti-apartheid activist and president
of the World Alliance of Reformed
Churches, said he will give de Klerk
six months to prove that Black's
skeptism is unfounded.
"We hope that he will ... demon-
strate that he is serious about his vi-.
sion for a new South Africa, because
that is the vision we want,"
Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the
1984 Nobel Peace Prize winner, said
in Windhoek, Namibia.
Many South Africans consider
Nelson Mandela their top leader and
his freedom has been demanded as a
condition for negotiations. Mandela
was sentenced to life imprisonment
De Klerk dIid not mention Nelson
Mandela by name, but said political
prisoners would be freed if public
order was not threatened and their re-
lease would enhance peace prospects.
De Klerk became acting president
Aug. 15, a day after the Cabinet
forced Botha to resign after 11 years
De Klerk's National Party re-
tained power after national elections
on Sept. 6 but suffered huge losses
in Parliament to leftist and rightist
Republican U.S. Senate candidate Clark Durant said last night that
freedom and a free market are essential to success. He addressed
members of the University's College Republicans.
"What do you want, the dollars
or the goods?" he asked. "We've
got the goods."
Durant addressed the need for
congressional candidates to raise
money as a barrier and suggested
three ideas for election reform.
First, there should be no limits
on the amount of money a candi-
date can receive from a source;
though, full-disclosure should be
required, he said. Second, the
number of terms a Congressional
member can serve should be lim-
ited, and third, the influence of
Political Action Committees
should be eliminated.
Concerning his opponent,.
Democratic incumbent Carl Levin,
"Carl Levin is vulnerable. His
ideas are out of step and out-of-
date with the people of
Michigan... He's a good man, and
his ideas are honest, but his ideas
are different from mine."
Continued from Page 1
Cole, who said she has kept in
close contact with the University's
Associate Vice-President for
Government Relations Virginia
Nordby, said the Stanford policy
may be dependent on the exact writ-
ten ruling in the ACLU/University
case. The judge has only released an
oral opinion that did not detail the
unconstitutional aspects of the
former University policy.
"Lots of people who looked at
the Michigan model were troubled
by the implications (of the ruling),"
But at a private university such
'as Stanford, the school does not have
to be as sensitive to the First
Amendment as does a public school.
"Legally, (the First Amendment)
is not as important to a private uni-
versity," said Duke University Vice
President for Student Affairs Bill
Griffith, "but philosophically, it is."
Griffith said Duke, which has no
anti-discrimination policy, is
"discussing the question and how it
relates to the First Amendment" and
is "watching U of M."
Yale University recently consid-
ered enacting anti-discrimination
rules after a series of racist and sexist
incidents, said Andrew Wexton, re-
porter for the Yale Daily News. But
Yale has declared that free speech,;
even offensive speech, is the
Anti-discrimination rules have
been in existence since August of
last year at Emory University in
Atlanta, said Vice President for
Equal Opportunity Programs Robert
"We're constantly looking (the
rules) to make sure academic freedom
is not abridged," Ethridge said.
"We're watching what happens in
Michigan... but the case hasn't had
much c., an effect on our policy."
Emory is a private school.
Tufts University in Boston has
taken the most novel approach to
Following a sexist incident, the
University implemented a policy ti-
tled "Freedom of Speech versus
Freedom from Harassment."
The policy divides the campus
into 3 zones where there are varying
degrees of free speech. For example,
complete free speech is allowed in
public lectures and within media, but
restrictions on speech apply in resi-
dence halls and classrooms.
Martii Menke, one of the leaders
of the Tufts lic" Speech Movement,
called the policy, "horribly vague"
and said, "if taken to court, it would
fall in a minute."
Menke did not specify any legal
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Continued from Page 1
landing on the island to take them
"They said, 'Please, get food!
Please get water! Please help us!
They're looting. We've seen
National Guard looting. There's no
laws and order here,"' said Gary
Williams, a reporter for the San Juan
daily El Nuevo Dia.
The U.S. Coast Guard had six
ships in the area and sent armed
crewpeople from the cutter Bear
ashore to help restore order.
"Initial reports from the Bear
indicate that the situation ashore is
serious. Looting and civil distur
bances are continuing," Coast Guard
officials said in Miami.
The crew was evacuating "all
people from the island who fear for
their safety," the Coast Guard said in
a statement. A cargo plane was ready
to supplement the evacuation if
Continued from Page 1
regarding Sheik Obeid with the
Israelis no more. We demand the
freedom of Sheik Obeid and other-
wise we will refresh the memories of
the bombings in Paris of '85 and
'86. Long live the Islamic Republic
The DC-10, which went into ser-
vice in May 1973, took off from
N'Djamena on the five-hour flight to
Paris. The plane made a last contact
with the N'Djamena airport control
tower about 40 to 50 minutes after it
took off, UTA said. The crew did not
indicate any trouble.
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