Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, April 7, 1989
Expert: Universities exploit, lie to athletes
BY ROLLIE HUDSON
Deep within a Law School lecture room, vis-
iting Berkeley sports sociologist Harry Edwards
pointed a long, ringed finger towards the athletic
He then proceeded to tell his 150-member au-
dience how he - like most Black athletes on
this campus - had a point in his athletic career
when he realized the full extent to which he was
being cheated in his formal schooling.
Prefacing his talk, the former national discus
champion and San Jos6 State Basketball star
warned that many people in the Athletic Depart-
ment would rather not hear what he had to say.
Edwards said Blacks only receive five percent
of all athletic scholarships given in the NCAA.
Additionally, he related how only 65.to 75 per-
cent of Black athletes competing in the NCAA
will graduate from college.
"As I told the athletes last night, 'don't be too
overwhelmed over the National Championship,"'
Edwards said. He then went on to say that ath-
letes are recruited for a specific purpose - to
"pay the coaches mortgage" by scoring points
and, more importantly, profits for the university.
He referred to athletes as "20th century gladia-
tors," but then proceeded to say the problem is a
difficult one for coaches as well. Edwards said if
coaches wish to keep their jobs, they cannot af-
ford to do only as well next year as they did this
year - they must do better.
As the demand for better athletes increases,
more aggressive recruiting incentives are exer-
cised, Edwards said. "All of the other schools are
out there cheating, getting kids cars and so on
and so forth," which perpetuates an atmosphere
of institutionalized, unethical behavior. He said it
has actually become "irrational not to cheat."
Edwards admitted that athletic departments in
the NCAA, including the University's, are faced
with an almost "intractable set of circumstances."
He said what happens in sports is not so much a
reflection of sports itself or of the individuals in-
volved, as it is a reflection of what we have be-
come as a people, as a nation, and quite possibly
as a species.
Continued from Page 1
meeting, students presented a peti-
tion with about 450 student signa-
tures supporting a more diverse fac-
"This is just one more event in a
series that we've done, and that we
intend to do to force the Law School
to address the issues of racism, sex-
ism, heterosexism, and homopho-
bia," said third-year law student
Holly Fechner, a representative to
the Student Senate Faculty meeting
and member of WLSA.
"We fundamentally agree with the
basic goals of the boycott," said
Bollinger. "The only question is
have we done all we can to bring
more minorities and women faculty.
I believe we have made significant
strides over the past several years."
In thv past two years, five of the
nine regular appointment offers have
been to minorities or women. Two
of those appointments were accepted
by minorities who are working on
regular part-time basis, Bollinger
Continued from Page 1
this week to express interest in their
vacant coaching position if the
Michigan job falls through. Yes-
terday, however, the Cardinals hired
assistant Dick Hunsaker to replace
Rick Majerus, who resigned to take
a similar job at Utah. Fisher's name
has also come up in connection with
the vacant coaching positions at
Western Michigan University and
Fisher was in Washington last
night to dine with President Bush,
and was unavailable for comment.
Schembechler was also unavailable
But at previous press conferences,
Fisher has said he would like the
Michigan coaching job on a
An announcement regarding a
new coach is expected Monday night
at the annual Basketball Bust, or
during the week of April 17, after
the end of spring football practice.
"What we are seeing admin-
istratively is the same type of focus
on fundamentals that are the basis
for Schembechler's coaching," Uni-
versity Director of Communications
Keith Molin said last night. "There
is no standard because this is the
first coach being hired since Schem-
bechler became athletic director.
"We are seeing for the first time
up close that Schembechler won't be
hurried or harassed into doing
Michigan has been without a
permanent basketball coach since
March 15, when Frieder resigned to
take the head coaching job at Ari-
An additional 3,000 tickets for
Monday's Basketball Bust have put
on sale. .Tickets are $5 each, and are
available at the Athletic Department
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Bill may limit number of TV ads
WASHINGTON - Backers of a bill to curb the amount of commercials
shown on TV shows for children said yesterday that broadcasters have
stepped up the pitches on such programs since ad limits were lifted five
Kids are being exposed to as much as 42 percent more advertising per
hour than adults, as advertiser target "a particularly vulnerable audience."
Rep. Edward Markey, D-Mass. told a House hearing.
An independent station in Boston is inserting as many as 14 minutes
of commercials into each hour of kids' shlws compared with an average
eight minutes for adult network programs. Markey told the House Energy
and Commerce telecommunications and financed subcommittee that he
Prior to 1984, when the Federal Communications Commission lifted
commercial limits on kids' TV shows the amount of ads on network
children's progrmas was at or below the nine and a half minute-per-hour
rules that the FCC had established in 1974, said Markey.
Military may help in oil spill cleanup
WASHINGTON - President Bush may order the military to help in
the long-term cleanup of the massive oil spill in Alaska, it was disclosed
yesterday, as the administration underscored its opposition to a federal
takeover of the operation.
"There's a lot of military already in Alaska," White House Press
Secretary Marlin Fitzwater said, adding that the troops were the most
likely to be tapped. Fitzwater said Alaska's congressional delegation had
asked officials to consider using the military - "and we are." He said the
armed forces could help in washing oil from animals and birds plus
cleaning up rocks and shorelines and then continue in the long-term
Asked when the military might begin the work, Fitzwater said,
"Beginning about now." He said a final decision was still pending.
Botha announces intention to retire
JOHANNESSBURG - President P.W. Botha, South Africa's leader
since 1978, announced on yesterday his intention to retire after the
elections to be held by September.
Botha said he would dissolve Parliament in May and then set a date
for the election. The voting is expected to take place between July 24 and
His party had made it clear it wanted a new president.
Botha, whose grip on power began to loosen after a stroke in
January, told Parliament an early general election will be held on an
unspecified date within the next five months.
Botha, 73, did not state explicitly he would retire, but he said the
outgoing president would hand over the official seal to a new president
following the elections.
The new president is expected to be Education Minister F.W. de
Klerk, who succeeded Botha as leader of the National Party on Feb. 2.
Many Nationalists view de Klerk as more flexible than Botha.
North takes stand in his defense
WASHINGTON - Oliver North firmly defended his Iran-Contra role
yesterday from the witness stand at his criminal trial, declaring he was
merely a Marine following White House orders.
"I was not stepping in, I was brought in," he said.
Northwas stopped before he could respond to his lawyer's suggestion
that then-president Reagan had designated him for the role. Asked directly
who told him to secretly help the Nicaraguan rebels, North named former
National Security Adviser Robert McFarlane's then-deputy, John
Poindexter, and late CIA Director William Casey.
North's testimony came shortly after his lawyers read the jury a
lengthy statement - agreed to by the prosecutors - that said George
Bush had played a role as intermediary in Reagan's secret effort to aid the
Nicaraguan rebels after Congress banned official U.S. help.
The jury also was told that Bush personally told the president of Hon-
duras, in 1985, that aid was being funnelled to his country.
MSU seeking to spiff up Sparty
Sparty is looking spiffy again, but organizers of the effort to refurbish
Michigan State University's nine-foot, seven-inch ceramic landmark
statue said donations to finance the rehabilitation are less than had been
Terry Fossum, assistant director of MSU's athletic fund, said the Save
our Sparty Committee has raised $45,000 so far, and expects to hit
But that's well short of the $75,000 goal.
Originally, we thought we'd have it very quickly, and we didn't... We
just were disappointed we didn't get more money," said Fossum.
Most of the funds came form MSU alumni and students, but one Uni-
versity of Michigan fan sent a small gift. Fossum said the Ann Arbor
resident wanted to make amends for damage done by U-M students who
annually dump maize and blue paint on the Spartan warrior prior to the
Michigan-Michigan State football game.
"No one donor has really come along with a major gift. It's been a
nickel and dime campaign," said Committee member Vince Vandenburg,
adding the committee doesn't plan to give up.
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Looking for the University bus in front of the C.C. Little building may
prove futile now that the stop has moved to the chemistry building due
to construction on N. University.
Continued from Page 1
However, students at the press
conference expressed disappointment
at the University's lack of response
to the incidents. "We are profoundly
distressed bythe rash of racist inci-
dents that have occurred recently on
this campus and the complete lack of
adequate University response to these
incidents," said Sharon Holland,
Rackham graduate student and mem-
ber of the Women of Color Con-
Holland said University response
to the incidents has been "silently
shameful and demoralizing."
"We are waiting to see what the
University will do for us, as people
of color," said LSA senior Jennifer
Liu, a member of the University of
Michigan Asian Student Coalition.
In a statement released late
yesterday afternoon, Provost and
Vice President for Academic Affairs
Charles Vest denounced the flyers.
"Such abuses embarrass the thou-
sands of people who have fought
against racism at the U-M, and we
will not allow them to deter us from
our goal of eradicating bigotry from
this campus," he said.
Vest met last night with Music
School Dean Paul Boylan, chair of
the University's Task Force on
Safety and Security, to discuss how
faculty and students could combat
the problem together.
Boylan said there will be a joint
meeting with the Senate Advisory
Committee on University Affairs
and 200 invited students from vari-
ous student organizations next
"It's only a first step," Boylan
said, but "it brings our students and
faculty together in saying we have a
very serious problem we have to face
together." The location and time of
the meeting has not yet been deter-
Boylan said the Task Force will
also meet to determine how students
and faculty can meet regularly.
UM News in
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FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH
Huron St. (between State & Division)
across from Campus Inn
Sunday, 9:55 a.m.: Worship Service
11:15 a.m. Church School classes, all ages
Wednesday, 5:30 p.m.: free supper,
fellowship, and Bible Study.
(south of CCRB just off Washtenaw)
Revand Don Postema
Sunday at 10 a.m.: Sermon:
Easter as God's April Fools Day
at 6 p.m.: Holy Breath
(Episcopal Church Chaplaincy)
218 N. Division (at Catherine)
Holy Eucharist-5 p.m.
Celebrant and Preacher:
The Rev. Dr. Virginia Peacock
At 7 p.m.- Responding to Hitler:
A Film about Dietrich Bonhoeffer
LUTHERAN CAMPUS MINISTRY
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