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March 28, 1989 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1989-03-28

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 28, 1989 - Page 5

Soviet editor challenges armed forces

MOSCOW - (PNS) Through
an arch at Pushkin Square, the
visitor finds an unmarked door lead-1
ing to the editorial offices of "20th
Century and Peace," published byI
the Soviet Peace Committee.I
The little bulletin - with a cir-
culation of 90,000 - is character-
ized by some Soviet scholars as
"ground zero" in this country's
growing debate on national security.
Long ignored by the Western press
corps, it recently acquired instant
worldwide fame as the first Soviet
publication to break a longtime ban
on printing works by exiled Soviet
author Aleksander Solzhenitzyn.
Editor Anatolij Belyayev, in his
late 50s, says a key task of the
magazine is to "examine the need for
stronger control over the Soviet
military."
The Armed Forces of the Soviet
Union are not used to criticism of
any kind. Revered as the "savior of
the motherland" during World War'
I, the military's memorials are
revered as icons. Veterans and active
duty officers form a respected priest-
hood.
ViaE[2 U [ N
00 ©Ioo[j

The Soviet Peace Committee -
to which millions of Soviets con-
tribute financially - has long par-
ticipated in this state religion.
Deeply imbedded in its psyche is the
notion that Soviet weapons are a
necessary guarantor of peace. For
years 20th Century and Peace duti-
fully published trite reports praising
the Soviet Union's peace initiatives
abroad.
But several years ago it was ex-
empted from state censorship. Ever
since, it has used its new freedom to
publish provocative articles taking

magazine began challenging the
military, its started receiving threats.
When nothing came of them, he
grew even bolder. During a recent
round table discussion between offi-
cers and intellectuals, the question
arose of what role the army would
play in a civil war. Hours later,

Belyayev received a call from the
General Staff urging him not to
publish the dialogue. He not only
published it, but reported the call.
In a later issue, he published a long
letter from an army major attacking
the ruling elite of the Armed Forces
as a "warrior caste."

Read Jim Poniewozik Every
.**.......**~* *** **. .*AMR**

Asocioted Press
Election returns are piled onto a table at a Moscow polling station after
elections of the Soviet Union Peoples Deputies to a new parliament ended
Sunday.

on some of the country's most fun-a::::::::.*:.*.*.*. ** ....;.:;;::
damental taboos. Graduating? Moving out of the Dorm
In recent issues, for example, one
writer ridiculed the notion that ev- IS Your House To_o Cluttered?
erybody in the Soviet Union is "for: Room -
peace, noting that such uniformity a grs
of vies is not only wrong but dan-
gerous; a letter to the editor criticiz- UThEhRIE UI[ o v
ing Soviet civil defense efforts ap-s
peared under the headline "The Enter the M ARKET
Games Adults Play"; another article::.
blamed the Armed Forces for spread-'BUY and SELL EXCESSFURNITUR E!!!!
ing a hatred of pacificism throughout The SWA PS HOP Section Of The Classifieds-
the society.
Belyayev says that as soon as the T itsTelevisions "
D +JC9 Stereos
X.~
Vacuums Tables Desks
.. ""' 0."" "".S"" ~t " "" " '"".P"d":.~ w": ", "i"L"w"
f1: ... CU......:!i !..T:h . S .w 1 i e S i""". ". """. w"".'UM/

Soviets
Continued from Page 1
Igor Orlov, chairman of
Moscow's election commission, said
the burly, one-time Gorbachev pro-
tege amassed 89.4 percent of the
vote against Yevgeny Brakov, a fac-
tory director, in a race for a seat to
represent all of Moscow.
Brakov, who also campaigned for
improvements in the food supply
but whose factory makes the ZIL
limousines that symbolize privilege,
received just 6.9 percent of the vote,
Orlov said. Voters also had the op-
tion of voting against them by
crossing their names off the ballot.
Yeltsin's win marked a stunning
political comeback following his
dramatic fall from grace in 1987,
when he was ousted as Moscow
party chief and later fired as a non-
voting member of the ruling Polit-
buro. He was accused of political
Laws
Continued from Page 1
then put aboard the tanker. The con-
troversy over drilling in the Arctic
National Wildlife Refuge involves a
coastal plain just east of the North
Slope oil fields.
Environmental groups suggested
the accident raise questions whether
0 there can be oil development and
still guarantee environmental
protection as Bush has suggested in
his support of drilling in the refuge.
6 Barber-stylists
For Men & Women
-Collegiate Styles
a specialty-
Dascola Stylists
opposite Jacobson's, 668-9329

mistakes and personal ambition after
he criticized his fellow leaders and
complained that perestroika, Gor-
bachev's reform program, had not
fulfilled the people's needs.
"It's hard to say what my spirit is
more full of, joy or concern about
what I realistically can do to help
Muscovites." Yeltsin told hundreds
of workers at the State Construction
Committee, where he still holds
ministerial rank despite his ouster
from the party's top ranks.

- --------------------------
I

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