Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, March 16, 1989
Report shows decrease in Black life expectancy
WASHINGTON (AP) - White
Americans, benefitting from dra-
matic declines across the population
in heart disease and strokes, are liv-
ing longer than ever. But Black
Americans, increasingly the victims
of homicide and AIDS, are seeing
their life expectancy fall further.
That is the picture painted by the
latest tally of the nation's health,
released yesterday. And there's more:
Blacks are twice as likely to die
in, infancy as whites. Pregnant Black
women receive early prenatal care far
less than whites. Blacks are dispro-
portionately afflicted with influenza
Health Secretary Louis Sullivan
said the report showed "that there is
a disparity between the health of our
Continued from Page 1
hazardous ash disposal may be the
"wave of the future," Alley said.
Just because laws are changed,
ash wastes will not be any less haz-
ardous, said Neil Seldman, director
of the Institute for Local Self Re-
Continued from Page 1
dith Rivera, one of the nine mem-
bers of Pregones.
Pregones performs plays by
Puerto Rican playwrights in both
English and Spanish.
white and Black populations."
Dr. Manning Feinleib, director of
the National Center for Health
Statistics, told reporters that the ba-
sic causes for Blacks' declining
health expectancy relate to
"nutrition, poverty (and) access to
(health) care" that affect "a wide
variety of conditions from infant
mortality to mortality at later ages."
One other likely cause Feinleib
mentioned: drug-related murders.
Buttressing, that assessment, the
death rate among Black men, fre-
quently higher than for white men in
1986, the last year for which com-
prehensive statistics were available.
In all, the report, "Health, United
States," painted this statistical pic-
ture for 1986:
- A child born that year could ex-
pect to live 74.8 years in 1986, up
from 74.7 years in 1985.
- A white child had a life ex-
pectancy of 75.4 years in 1986, up
- But a Black child born that year
could expect to die at just 69.4
years, down from 69.5 in 1985 and
69.7 in 1984.
Life expectancies were not calcu-
lated for other population groups.
Much of the improvement in
overall life expectancy was laid to
dramatic declines in heart disease and
stroke, which have come about
largely because more and more
Americans are giving up smoking or
not starting at all. Smoking is a risk
- factor for both diseases.
Now, said Sullivan, the nation
needs to focus more attention "on
such critical areas as prevention of
AIDS, unintentional injuries, homi-
cide and suicide."
The report, a compilation of pre-
viously released material, also said:
- Although homicide. ranks 12th
among all causes for death, it takes
nearly as many lives as accidental
injuries for Black males who die be-
fore age 65.
" The suicide rate for white men
in 1986 was nearly double that of
Black men. On average, 21 of each
100,000 deaths among white men
were suicides, compared with 12 for
Black men, five for white women
and two for Black women.
liance in Washington.
Seldman said communities must
combine recycling, composting, and
other options for the most effective
and responsible waste reduction.
Seldman warned that mass incinera-
tion is an economic and
The bill now being considered,
HB 4311, will in effect subsidize
unsafe waste reduction methods, he
While representatives of
NSWMA said less than 50 percent
of garbage is recyclable, Seldman
said there are communities already
recycling 60 to 70 percent of their
"Recycling and incineration are
not compatible," said Dr. Paul Con-
nett, an expert on toxic substances
and resource management, who
spoke at the Plenary Session.-
Lack of political will is the main
obstacle blocking the development
successful recycling programs, said
The group debuted its "Voces de
Acero" (Voices of Steel) last Friday
at Trueblood Theater. They spent the
rest of the week putting on shows
for area high schools and the Peace
Neighborhood Center in Ann Arbor.
"Those were terrific experiences
for which we are indebted," said Al-
van Colon, another Pregones mem-
Pregones Theater was invited to
the University by William (Buz)
Alexander, a professor of theater and
social change. When Alexander first
heard of the group in 1986, he knew
that they could tell people stories
that would affect them.
"They stand for social change
done by the people who are con-
cerned," said Alexander.. He stressed
that the group has touched things in
the people who have seen them.
"We've learned that social justice is
something people deserve."
Latino Cultural Night was orga-
nized by Christina Jose-Kampfner, a
visiting professor working for the
Women's' Studies Program. Other
sponsors included the Office of Mi-
nority Affairs, the English Depart-
ment, and the Institute of Humani-
In yesterday's paper, the Daily incorrectly reported that the wooden shanty
in the Diag which was burned Tuesday morning;, was constructed by the
University of Michigan Palestine Solidarity Committee(PSC).
The shanty was constructed by the Muslim Student Association.
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Local business proprietor James Doe as being James Fred Hill," said
F. Hill is being held without bond FBI Special Agent, Greg Stejskal.
on federal charges that he'dealt nearly The indictment occurred in
100,000 pounds of marijuana. November 1987.
Hill, a Lima Township resident, Lovin' Spoonful employees de-
is proprietor of Lovin' Spoonful ice clined to comment on Hill's arrest.
cream store at 330 S. Main St. Hill, currently detained in Michi-
Hill allegedly operated under the gan, is waiting to be transported to.
code name "Joker," which led to his Indiana. He will appear in front of a
arrest by the Federal Bureau of magistrate in Indianapolis to decide
Investigation on Monday. whether he will be detained with or
"There was an indictment in Indi- without bond before the trial.
anapolis, Indiana, naming John Doe,
a.k.a. 'Joker.' We identified John -By Diane Cooke
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St. Patrick's Day and the18th
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Soviets expel U.S. attache
Moscow - The Soviet Union shot back yesterday in an espionage war
with Washington, ordering a U.S. military attache expelled and saying the
atmosphere of "spy mania" bodes ill for relations with the Bush adminis-
Foreign Ministry speaker Gennady Gerasimov said Army Lt. Col.
Daniel Van Gundy, an assistant military attache at the U.S. Embassy was
a spy and that he must leave the country ijn 48 hours
Gerasimov said Moscow was responding to Washington's expulsion
last week of a Soviet military attache it accused of trying to buy com-
Van Gundy's ouster was the first Soviet expulsion of a U.S. diplomat
in almost 2-1/2 years, a period in which superpower relations have
Senate Committee to vote on
Cheney as defense secretary
WASHINGTON - The Senate Armed Services Committee chair said
yesterday that Rep. Dick Cheney is a person of "honor and integrity"
whose nomination as defense secretary will likely win unanimous ap-
proval from the panel when it votes today.
"I don't know of any opposition now," said Sam Nunn, D-Ga. of
President Bush's replacement for John Tower.
Nunn said the committee will make its' decision today and file its' re-
port to the full Senate by midday.
Nunn, who spearheaded the campaign to kill Tower's nomination, said
he would vote for Cheney, calling the six-term Wyoming Republican
"well-qualified, a person of honor and integrity."
. Coming after a rancorous, six-week struggle over the nomination of
Tower, the former Texas senator who was dogged by allegations of drink-
ing and womanizing, the committee moved with lightning speed on Ch-
USSR faces food shortages
MOSCOW - President Mikhail Gorbachev called on the Communist
Party yesterday to take urgent steps to ease chronic food shortages - the
Soviet Union's "biggest wound" - but he indicated the problem would
exist for years.
The party's policy-making Central Committee began a two-day meet-
ing largely devoted to agricultural reform, including a search for ways to
increase the food supply and improve traditionally dreary rural life.
Gorbachev said conditions in some regions of the countryside were at a
"critical level" with mass migration of their population to cities.
Productivity on Soviet farms is so low, he said, the Soviet Union still
must go abroad to buy many staple foods to meet domestic demand.
Gorbachev, once the party's overseer for agriculture, called for "an
agrarian policy that will be able to restore the peasant as the master on
the land, and dependably solve the food problem."
Captives still held in Beruit
BERUIT - American journalist Terry Anderson longest-held of the 15
Western hostages in Lebanon, begins his fifth year of captivity today
with no sign that he will be freed soon.
In the last message his captors allowed him to send - a brief video-
tape Oct.31 four days after his 41st birthday - Anderson said, "I find it
difficult to keep my hopes and my courage high."
An accompanying statement accused the Reagan administration of
avoiding steps that would free the hostages and said the journalist's re-
lease could be achieved only by "the implementation of our just de-
Anderson's captors belong to Islamic Jihad, a pro-Iranian Shiite
Moslem group whose name means Islamic Holy War.
Shiites also hold most of the other Western hostages: eight Ameri-
cans, three Britons, an Italian, a Belgian and an Irishman.
St. Patrick may have a rival
for St. Urho day is today
Calumet, Mich - The Irish will be sad to hear, St. Patric has a ri-
val. The Finns hold St. Urho dear - he preceded Pat's arrival. Saint
""St. Urho. It's a little known fact that he drove the grasshoppers out
of pre-glacial Finland. It just happens he did it the day before St. Patrick
supposedly drove the snakes out of Ireland," said Tom Tikkanen, a Fin-
lander in Calumet.
St. Urho's day is today, but don't muddle legend with fact. The Irish
don't hold a corner on Blarney.
The fact is. Urho is fiction from Minnesota.
The legend of the legend is that Sulo Havumak in Bemidji, Minn. in
1956 created a St. Urho who drove out the frogs to save Finland's vine-
yards, said Dr. Marsha Penti, an archivist at Suomi College in Hancock.
"Ever since then, the men and women have gone out and hopped
around like frogs or grasshoppers," Penti said.
Governors of all 50 states have signed St. Urho's Day proclamations
and the saint's curly-toed boots have shown up in celebrations from Mas-
sachusetts to Arizona.
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday through Friday during the fall and winter
terms by students at the University of Michigan. Subscription rates: for fall and winter (2 semesters)
$25.00 in-town and $35 out-of-town, for fall only $15.00 in-town and $20.00 out-of-town.
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ADDRESS: The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.
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P O#$HNG 1AL(0
Editor in Chief
Opinion Page Editors . .
Associae Opinion. Editors
victoia Bauer, Miguel Cruz,
Donna ladipaolo, Steve Knopper,
Elizabeth Esch, Amy Harmon
Philip Cohen, Elizabet Paige
Robin Loznak, David Lubliner
Associate Sports Editors
Adam Benson, Steve Blonder,
Richard Eisen, Julie Holman,
Andrea Gacki, Jim Poniewozik
Date: March 20, 1989
Time: 6:00PM - 8:00PM
Place: CONTACT SWE FOR FURTHER DETA[LS
News Staff: Laura Cohn, Diane Cook, Laura Counts, Marion Davis, Noah Finkel, Lisa Fromm, Alex Gordon, Stacey Gray, Tara
Gruzen, Scott Lahde, Kristine Lalonde, Michael Lusig, Josh Mitnick, Lisa Polak, Gil Renberg, Noelle Shadwick, vera Songwe,
Opinion Staff: David Austin, Bill Gladstone. Susan Harvey, Rollie Hudson, Marc Klein, Daniel Kohn, David Levin, Karen Miller,
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Sports Staff: Steve Cohen, Andy Gottesman, David Hyman, Mark Katz, Jodi Leichtman, Eric Lemont, Taylor Lincoln, Jay Moses,
Miachael Salinsky, John Samnick, Adam Schetter, Jeff Sheran, Doug volan, Peter Zellen.
Arts Staff: Greg Baise, Mary Beth Barber, Ian Campbell, Beth Colquitt, Sheala Durant, Brent Edwards, Greg Fed and,
Michael Paul Fischer, Mike Fischer, Robert Flaggert, Forrest Green, Liam Flaherty, Margie Heinlen, Brian Jarvinen, Alyssa-Katz, Leah -
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Silber, Chuck Skarsaune, Usha Tummala, Pam Warshay, Nabeel Zuberi.
Photo Staff: Alexandra Brez, Jessica Greene, Julie Holman, Jose Juarez, Ellen Levy, Liz Stekete, John Weise.