Scanned image of the page. Keyboard directions: use + to zoom in, - to zoom out, arrow keys to pan inside the viewer.

Page Options

Download this Issue


Something wrong?

Something wrong with this page? Report problem.

Rights / Permissions

This collection, digitized in collaboration with the Michigan Daily and the Board for Student Publications, contains materials that are protected by copyright law. Access to these materials is provided for non-profit educational and research purposes. If you use an item from this collection, it is your responsibility to consider the work's copyright status and obtain any required permission.

March 08, 1989 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1989-03-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Page 2- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, March 8, 1989
Speaker studies Middle East women

Women of Middle Eastern and Islamic origin-
are a diverse group who are under-researched and
have often been wrongly classified as a mono-
lithic group, said assistant Sociology Professor
Muge Gocek. Gocek led a discussion yesterday
onwomen in the 18th-Century Ottoman empire.
Gocek studied inheritance registers, detailed
documents filed at the time of a person's death
'that described everything the person owned, their
debts, their loans, and the final disposition of
their estates. She cited research which tried to
"recreate the daily lives of these women from the
information in the records.
Gocek's study sampled 124 of these records,
29 of which were of women. She said although
- women lacked the administrative skills to partic-
ipate in politics, they nevertheless participated in
court proceedings and money lending, owned
land, and produced and owned silk. Her research

revealed that many men owed women money, and
religion had little relationship to debt.
Gocek said Islam is a religion associated with
unchanging social relations and is seen as tradi-
tional. She said the assumption that all members
of Islam are the same hampers research.
"If you assume women of Middle East or Is-
lam are different you are marginalizing them,"
Gocek said. "You study them as a chunk... you
assume people of the Middle East are one mono-
lithic group. People see Islamic women as one
category. No one sees Christian women as one
Gocek said she sees the need for a change in
the study and approach to studying Middle East-
ern and Islamic women.
"We need to have a more humanistic ap-
proach, approach them as human beings," she
Gocek said she thinks the social sciences'

emphasis on Islam is leading to an incomplete
view of the Middle East. While Islam is an im-
portant factor in the study of Middle Eastern and
Islamic women, Gocck said it is necessary to
maintain a balance so that examination of one
variable, such as religion, would not preclude
study of other aspects.
Women who have not participated in public
institutions have historically had little informa-
tion recorded about them, Gocek said. Available
information on Middle Eastern history draws
largely upon accounts by western travellers,
which often leads to problems.
Gocek said western travellers often visit the
Middle East with a cultural bias, causing them to
judge and compare the area to their country.
Also, she said Western travellers tend to view
the Middle East in relation to its biblical image.
She said this can interfere with their interpreta-
tion of the Middle East and its people.

Native American artist discusses history

Good Times do come cheap
Wednesday. Make the week bearable. A Pitcher of Beer is only $2.95
Thursday. Another Pitcher special to celebrate Friday, all
Pitchers are $1.00 off.
114 S.4 eriva Cuc 668-841

"We don't want Indians/Just their
ucts/buildings/living people."
These painted die-cut words are
just one of the many forms of art
shown last night in a slideshow pre-
sentation by renowned artist Edgar
Heap of Birds.
Heap of Birds - a name as
common as "Smith" for Native
Amerians - discussed last night
the insurgent messages present in
Native American art and how it dif-
fers from the dominant white culture
in America. The presentation, titled
"Apartheid Oklahoma," was made at
Rackham Amphitheater to more than
100 people.
"Political art is becoming a man-
nerism," said Heap of Birds. "[Art] is
becoming a little tainted by people
being so far removed from certain
affirmations. If you don't have that

experience, then maybe you
shouldn't speak out against it."
Heap of Birds not only presented
slides and posters of his own paint-
ings, photographs and prints, but
included drawings by Native Ameri-
can prisoners during the 1800s, and
works from other contemporary
Also depicted were portraits by
today's Native American photogra-
phers. One of these artists focused
on the condition of the "Street
Chiefs" of Oklahoma. Street Chiefs,
said Heap of Birds, are Native
Americans who are victims of
homelessness and poverty because of
state oppression.
In reference to his own work,
Heap of Birds said that he purposely
did not sketch a framework before
beginning to paint. He said that he
"starts the painting like astorm -
see art Page 3

Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
New committee to investigate Tower
WASHINGTON - Senator Sam Nunn, the Democratic chair of the
Senate Armed Services Committee, said yesterday he has directed staff
from another committee to investigate new allegations of excessive
drinking against John Tower, an unusual move that quickly raised
protests from Republicans.
The partisan disagreement erupted as President Bush once again de-
fended embattled defense nominee, saying there would be "25,000 people
in the Pentagon" making sure Tower stands by his no-drinking pledge.
Senate Democratic Leader George Mitchell, meanwhile, conceded there
may be further Democratic defections but insisted the GOP will not have
enough votes to win Tower's confirmation.
"Why are we still investigating Senator Tower?" Republican leader
Bob Dole of Kansas asked on the Senate floor. "Isn't the FBI report ade-
quate? When does the investigation stop?"
Iran breaks relations with Britain
NICOSIA, Cyprus - Iran broke relations with Britain yesterday be-
cause it refused to suppress "The Satanic Verses," whose author is under a
death sentence by Ayatollah Khomeini for blaspheming Islam.
Khomeini's fundamentalist Shiite Moslem regime said it was deter-
mined to defended Islam against foreign insults. The regime has put a
price of $5.2 million on novelist Salman Rushdie's head.
Britain said that Khomeini's order that his followers kill Rushdie, a
British citizen, violated the principles of international relations and that
the diplomatic rupture was "entirely of Iran's making."
In London, the Foreign Office said yesterday that British officials had
not received formal notification from Iran, but had heard of the action
through news reports and a Tehran radio broadcast.
Iran decided February 27 to sever diplomatic ties unless Britain met its
Baker meets with Shevardnadze
SHANNON, Ireland - Secretary of State James Baker met with the
Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze yesterday and agreed to visit
Moscow in May, where the will discuss prospects of a Bush-Gorbachev
'His two-hour meeting with Shevardnadze in Vienna took place the day
after they outlined their governments' positions at a 35-nation conference
at reducing conventional military forces in Europe.
Baker resisted a Soviet overture to reopen negotiations in April or May
on reducing long-range or strategic nuclear missiles. He said the Bush
administration wants to complete parallel reviews of its arms control
policy and nuclear force structure before resuming talks.
Reopening the talks on long-range bombers, nuclear submarines and
missiles will be discussed during the visit to Moscow in the first half of
May, he said.
Industrialized nations commit to
ban chemicals harmful to ozone
LONDON - Industrialized nations committed themselves to banning
chemicals that are destroying the ozone layer. at an international
conference on the ozone layer that ended yesterday. They reacted coolly to
Third World demands for money to find substitutes, however.
China, India and other populous developing nations embarking on
mass production of consumer goods containing chlorofluorocarbons rea-
son that since the west invented and produces most of the ozone-destroy-
ing chemicals, the west should pay to replace them.
Despite the split, the 123 countries agreed that pressure is on scientists
and industry to find safe alternatives before more damage is done to the
atmospheric shield.
William Reilly, head of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
said the conference sparked as much public discussion as any international
environmental issue since the 1985 Chernobyl nuclear accident.
Spring Break in Daytona will
mean sun... and arm wrestling
DAYTONA BEACH - Spring Breakers will get a chance to test their
strength in the 1989 National Collegiate Arm Wrestling Championship on
March 19 at the Carnival Hotel in Daytona Beach.
The event, sponsored by the World of Arm Sports Magazine, Budweiser

and the Carnival Hotel, will be held on the hotel's pool deck. Weigh-ins for
contestants will precede the competition.
The cost per entrant is $10.
Awards will be given in five men's right hand divisions, three women's
right hand divisions, and three men's left hand divisions. Awards will range
from first to fourth places. Team awards will also be given.
The competition is free and open to the public.
& Mi Xan B
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday through Friday during the fall and winter
terms by students at the University of Michigan. Subscription rates: for fall and winter (2 semesters)
$25.00 in-town and $35 out-of-town, for fall only $15.00 in-town and $20.00 out-of-town.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and the Student News Service.
ADDRESS: The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.
PHONE NUMBERS: News (313) 764-0552, Opinion 747-2814, Arts 763-0379, Sports 747-3336, Cir-
culation 764-0558, Classified advertising 764-0557, Display advertising 764-0554, Billing 764-0550






New York City Seattle
$99 roundtrip $99 roundtrip

$99 round/rip

$99 roundirip

Denver Chicago
$99 roundtrip $99 roundirip

lbrt Lauderdale San Francisco
$99 roundtrip $99 roundirip

$99 roundtrip

$99 roundtrip airfares on Northwest Airlines.
A special offer for students,
only for American Express Cardmembers.

If you want to go places, it's time for the American
Express' Card.
Because now you can take advantage of new travel
privileges on Northwest Airlines onlyforfull-time
students who carry the American Express Card
Travel privileges that offer:
Two $99 roundtrip tickets-fly to any of
WEST the more than 180 cities served by North-
N F% west in the contiguous 48 United States.


And, of course, you'll enjoy all the exceptional
benefits and personal service you would expect from
American Express.
The only requirements for privileged travel: you
must be a Cardmember, you must be a full-time stu-
dent, and you must charge your Northwest Airlines
tickets with the Card.*
Getting the Card is easier than ever because now
you can apply by phone. Just call 1-800-942-AMEX.
We'll take your application and begin to process it
right away. What's more, with our Automatic
Approval offers,
you can qualify now =
while you're still in
Apply now. Fly later
-for less. :.

Editor in Chief
News Editors
Opinion Page Editors
Associate Opinion Editors
Photo Editors
Weekend Editor
Associate Weekend Eitr
List Editor

Adam Schrager
Victoria Bauer, Miguel Cruz,
Donna ladipadlo, Stove Knopper,
Lisa Pollak, David Schwartz
Elizabeth Esch, Amy Harmon
Philip Cohen, Elizabeth Paige
Robin Loznak, David Lubiner
Ayssa Lustigman
Andrew Mills
Angela Michaels

Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editors
Arts Editors
Graphics Coordinator

Mike Gil
Adam BensonSieve Blonder,
Rich Esen, Jule Hdkan,
Tory Knapp
Andrea Gadi, Jim Poriewozk
Marie Wesaw
Mark Shaiman
Cherie Curry
Mark Swartz
Kevin Woodson

rO us

Only one ticket may be used per six-

month period.
SpecialQuarterlyNorthumstDestination Discounts
throughout1989-up to 25% off the lowest available fare.
5,000 bonus miles in Northwest's WORLDPERKS'
free travel program-where only 20,000 miles gets
you a free roundtrip ticket to anywhere Northwest flies
in the contiguous 48 United States or Canada.

News Staff: Laura Cot, Diane Cook, Laura Counts, Marion Davis, Noah Finkel, Lisa Fromm, Alex Gordon, Stacey Gray, Tara
Gruzen, Mark Kolar, Scott Lahde, Kristine LaLonde, Michael Lustig, Jennifer Miler, Josh Nitick, Fran Obeid, Gi Renberg, Jonathan
Scott Ana Serkevi^ch, Noele Shadwick, Nicole Shaw, Monica Smith, Vera Songwe, Patrick Stager, Jessica S kric, Jody Weinberg.
Opinion Staff: David Austin, Bill Gladstone, Susan Harvey, Marc Kein, Daniel Kahn, David Levin, Karen Miller, Rebecca Nevidi,
Marcia Ochoa, Hiary Shadroi, Gus Teschke.
Sports Staff: Steve Cohen, Andy Gottesman, David Hyman, Mark Katz, Jodi Leditman, Eric Lemont Taylor Lincoln, Jay Moses,
Miachaei Sainsky, John Samnick, Adam Schefter, Jeff Sheran, Doug Volan, Peter Zellen.
Arts Staff: Greg Baise, Mary Beth Barber, Ian Campbell, Beth Colquit, Sheala Durant, Brent Edwards, Greg Fedand,
Michael Paul Fischer, Mike Fischer, Robert Flaggert, Forrest Green, Liam Flaherty, Margie Heinlen, Brian Jarvinen, Alyssa Katz, Leah
Lagios, D. Mara Loensten, Lsa Magnio, Kim Mc Ginnis, Kristin Palm, Jay Pinka, JAl Pisoni, ike Rubin, Lauren Shapiro, Tony
Siber, Chuck Skarsane, Jsha Tummaa, Pam Warshay, NabeJl Zuberi.
Photo Staff: Alexandra Brez, Jessica Greene, Julie Hollmian, Jose Juarez, Ellen Levy, Lndsay Morris, Liz Steketee, John Wese.

- ., ,_..

TR~\/lAVELA 1i T -I r i' n n A'r1 //_ n 1lA a -'W TWI

Back to Top

© 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan