BY MARION DAVIS
Teachers are more than robots
who program students with
That's what Architecture and
Urban Redevelopment Prof.
James Chaffers would tell you.
And he might also throw in
something about personal
expression and mutual respect.
"(Teaching) is an extremely
personal and social activity,"
Chaffers said. He prefers the
seminar class format, in which
students can share their beliefs
and teachers can get to know stu-
Chaffers said teaching is a
creative profession because
teachers have thepotential to
shape and re-shape the lives of
students. Teachers can redefine
students' lives by encouraging
them to use their communicative
talents, he said.
"We inspire others to exercise
their creativity and to think about
their own talents," Chaffers said.
He said he encourages stu-
dents, or "young professionals,"
to use their talents not only be-
cause they possess them, but also
because they have a social
obligation to use them. Chaffers
said students can make a real dif-
The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, February 22, 1989 - Page 5
Court cracks down
on adult bookstores
WASHINGTON (AP) - The
Supreme Court, boosting a growing
nationwide drive against pornogra-
phy, ruled yesterday that states may
use anti-racketeering laws to crack
down on adult bookstores.
The justices said prosecutors may
not use such tough crime-fighting
statutes to shut down the stores be-
fore trials are held to determine
whether any of the material sold is
The justices, by a 6-3 vote, said
Indiana's Racketeer Influenced and
Corrupt Organization (RICO) may
be applied to adult bookstores.
Indiana's RICO law provides civil
penalties that permit authorities to
seize property owned by anyone
convicted of a RICO offense.
The law is patterned after a federal
statute aimed primarily at organized
crime. Most states have similar anti-
racketeering laws, and in 19 states
besides Indiana the law can be used
to battle pornography.
A presidential commission on
pornography, appointed during
Ronald Reagan's administration,
urged all states to take similar steps
to limit the spread of sexually ex-
In the case, the justices rejected
arguments that Indiana's law is too
"Given that the RICO statute to-
tally encompasses the obscenity law,
if the latter is not unconstitutionally
vague, the former cannot be vague
either," Justice Byron White wrote
for the court.
In a dissenting opinion, Justice
John Stevens said Indiana's anti-
racketeering law violates freedom of
expression. Stevens said the law al-
lows authorities to seize the contents
of a bookstore and padlock its doors
after a trial in which two books,
films or magazines sold there have
been judged obscene.
The law arms "prosecutors not
with scalpels to excise obscene por-
tions of an adult bookstore's inven-
tory but with sickles to mow down
the entire undesired use," Stevens
"A bookstore receiving revenue
from sales of obscene books is not -
the same as a hardware store or pizza.i
parlor funded by loan-sharking pro-,
ceeds," Stevens said.
In the latter case, seizure of prop--,
erty does not violate the Constitu-
tion, he said.
Urban Redevelopment Prof. James Chaffers sees teaching as a personal and social activity.
ference in the world around them.
In his urban redevelopment
class, for example, Chaffers'
primary objective is to make
students realize that their actions
as young professionals will di-
rectly affect the city of the future.
"That," he tells them, "is not
an abstract class project, but your
Chaffers said teaching goes
beyond the chapters and summary
pages in a textbook and reaches
into mutual respect. Although
students primarily are in the
classroom setting to learn, he re-
spects their ideas and concepts as
much as he hopes they respect
If you ask James Chaffers
what teaching is, he'll tell you
that teaching is an honorable
He'll tell you it is a valuable
component of our culture which
plays a major role in our lives.
"Everybody has had a teacher
somewhere that has made a posi-
tive difference in their life," he
He'll tell you that teaching
requires a lot of discipline.
He'll tell you that it's hard
And finally, James Chaffers
will tell you, "I'm a teacher...
It's worth the effort."
Students critique Cry
BY DARCI MCCONNELL
In recognition of Black History
Month, student leaders commented
on the film Cry Freedom and dis-
cussed its representation of the
apartheid government in South
Africa last night at Stockwell Hall.
LSA junior Lisa Parker, a repre-
sentative from the Ella Baker-Nelson
Mandela Center, said the movie shed
light on the problems in South
Africa, but didn't "give the whole
picture. Cry Freedom is a main-
stream movie... It's important to
look at movies critically because
they have a tendency to distort
Parker criticized several aspects of
the film, including its emphasis on
journalist Douglass Woods' escape
from South Africa and not the efforts
of anti-apartheid leader Stephen
Biko. She said the movie concen-
trated solely on events in Soweto
but failed to depict other areas of
struggle in South Africa.
Set in Soweto, the film depicts
the struggle of Biko, who, in the
late 1970s, encouraged South
African youths to learn their history
This effort, Biko believed, would
discourage South Africans from
feeling that they are inferior, an idea
created by the apartheid system. The
other major story-line in the movie
is the friendship of Biko with Dou-
glass Woods and Woods' attempt to
publish the story describing Biko's
The special screening of the film
was sponsored by Stockwell Hall's
OAXTEPEC, Mexico (AP) - El
Salvador's leftist rebels offered yes-
terday to lay down their weapons if
the armed forces are sharply cut, the
police force reorganized and next
month's presidential elections post-
poned by at least four months.
The Farabundo Marti National
Liberation Front presented its revised
proposal on the second day of talks
with delegates from 13 political par-
ties seeking ways to end El Sal-
vador's nine-year civil war.
The Front's offer attempted to ad-
dress a major stumbling block in the
talks - the constitutional require-
ment that President Jose Napoleon
Duarte leave office by June 1 - by
proposing an interim president.
The proposal appeared to be
aimed at neutralizing El Salvador's
rightist-dominated military, which
has warned publicly it might seize
power in a coup if Duarte does not*
step down as scheduled.
The revised proposal came as
guerrillas in El Salvador attacked the
country's principal army base and an
engineering detachment, leaving
eight dead and 17 injured.
Reports from San Salvador said
the rightist Republican Nationalist
Alliance, Arena, was standing firm
against postponing the March 19
vote, which it is favored to win, but
deputy chair Jose Lopez said the
party would not tip its hand.
The Arena and guerrilla represen-
tatives met for talks yesterday
morning but both groups refused to
.Fed continues efforts
to fight inflation
The Personal Column
MICHIGAN DAILY CLASSIFIE} ADS
WASHINGTON - (AP) Federal
Reserve Chair Alan Greenspan said
yesterday that the central bank will
keep up its inflation-fighting efforts
by pushing interest rates higher to
combat what he termed a troubling
acceleration in price pressures.
Greenspan, in his semi-annual
report to Congress on monetary
policy, said the Fed expects "to sup-
port continued economic expansion
while putting in place conditions for
a gradual easing in the rate of infla-
tion over time."
Since last March, the Fed has
been nudging up interest rates in an
attempt to slow economic growth
and avoid a flare-up of inflation.
Those efforts intensified last week
after a report on prices at the whole-
sale level showed a one percent in-
crease during the month of January,
equivalent to a compounded annual
inflation rate of 12.7 percent.
Congressional leaders met with
President Bush yesterday to discuss
budget and deficit-reduction plans,
but legislators still were hoping the
administration would provide more
details on where it believes spending
can be reduced.
Greenspan said he remained opti-
mistic that an agreement could be
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