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January 30, 1989 - Image 34

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1989-01-30

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Student Body FEBRUARY 1989





College Journalist
of the Year Award
Awarded by a panel of respected journalism professionals to
an outstanding student journalist for excellence in reporting
and writing in a subject of vital importance to the campus
community and for commitment to the highest standards
of journalism.
1. Send 4 copies of clips published in your college newspaper between
April 1, 1988 and April 30, 1989. They may be any of the following: (1)
Single in-depth story or special report; (2) Multi-part series; (3) Any
number of articles reporting on a single subject.
2. Send four copies of three supporting letters from university community
leaders giving the background of the issue and the skills and qualities of
the applicant.
3. Send both of the above with completed application, available from
newspaper editor or publications adviser, to U. at the address below.
4. Journalists must be full-time registered students at time copy
appeared in student paper. A student newspaper is a newspaper written
by students, whose editor-in-chief is a student. The newspaper must be
distributed primarily on the university campus. Family members and/or
employees of U. The National College Newspaper, American Express
Company and its subsidiaries and affiliates, Associated Collegiate
Press, and College Media Advisers are not eligible for the College
Journalist of the Year Award.
APPLICATION DEADLINE: Applications post-marked no later than May 31, 1989, should be
Submissions will not be returned. The three finalists will be notified by October 1, 1989. Awards will
be presented at the ACP/CMA fall convention in New Orleans, November 19.
An AmeiCan Express compy

A safe Premier? . . . Premier, the long-
awaited smokeless cigarette, has hit the market, but
whether the innovation is as beneficial as the manu-
facturer claims remains to be seen. Danny Ingram,
Austin American Cancer Society director of com-
munications, said the smokeless cigarette was pri-
marily designed to reduce health risks and to use in
areas where smoking is prohibited. Premier does not
differ from regular cigarettes in size, shape or color.
However, the inner components distinguish the pro-
duct from others. The end of the cigarette contains a
small piece of charcoal. Volatile substances, includ-
ing nicotine and glycerol, are contained in a flavor
capsule adjacent to the charcoal. The capsule is
surrounded by tobacco leaves and a tobacco-paper
filter. When lit, the substances contained within are
vaporized. Ingram said that Reynolds will aggres-
sively market Premier with the idea that certain
chemical compounds are significantly reduced. The
American Cancer Society, the American Heart and
Lung Associations and the American Medical Asso-
ciation are working closely to complete a petition to
the FDA that would require the testing of Premier,
Ingram said. "Anything foreign that goes into the
lungs should be thoroughly tested," he said.
NMichelle Stricker, The University Dai-
ly, Texas Tech U.
Life in the fast lane . .. The fast pace of
college iemakes students cram as many activities
into their day as possihie, sftes at the esponse of
sleep. Because they lack adequate rest, many stu-
dents develop sleep disorders that impede everyday
functions, said Pr. Paul Perils, director oftrho Sleep
Study Clinic in Lansing, Mich. "College students
come ruithe worst-slept segment of nor popula-
tion,' he said. "Their lifestyle conies with lute sights
for social andor academic reasons ... People maxi-
orion their day hy cutting iris the night ...," ho said.
"The thing to remember isthat once you pull as
all-nighter, you can't build that lost sleep back up."
Peg West, The State News, Michigan
State U.
A common stranger ... Ignorance may be
bliss, but it can also be damaging. Chlamydia -
more common that herpes, AIDS, gonorrhea and
syphillis combined - has been called the social
disease of the '80s. Yet most people don't know the
disease exists. The Center for Disease Control in
Atlanta estimates chlamydia infects between four
million and 10 million Americans a year, but precise
figures are impossible because most people who
have it don't realize it. Because symptoms are mild
and deceiving, many cases go undiagnosed or mis-
diagnosed until the infection does irreparable dam-
age. The Journal of the American Medical Associa-
tion says in women it leads to approximately
400,000 cases of pelvic inflammatory disease per
year, which can cause infertility or tubal pregnan-
cies. In men, chlamydia infects the testes and can
lead to sterility. Chlamydia passes through semen or
cervical mucus. A host cell consumes the organism,
a cross between bacteria and a virus, where it multi-
plies until the host explodes. The new organisms

move on to other cells, multiplying and destroying.
ESheryl McMaster, The Shorthorn, U.
of Texas, Arlington
Safety comes first . . . Although the
"abortion-inducing" drug RIU-486 received approval
for pharmaceutical marketing in France and China,
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration probably will
not approve the drug's use in the United States, said
Kimberly Burtle, associate director of clinical prog-
rams at Planned Parenthood in Los Angeles. But U.
of Southern California professor Daniel Mishell, a
professor of obstetrics and gynecology who recently
completed his first three-year study of the drug,
claims that the drug is clinically safe and should be
made available in this country. Mishell said the
medication "works by blocking the action of prog-
esterone, a hormone that acts to maintain the uterine
lining after implantation of a fertilized egg." Mishell
said the drug is "80 to 85 percent effective when
taken within two weeks after a patient misses her
period." Upjohn, a leading pharmaceutical manufac-
turer, stopped research in 1985 on drugs to induce
abortions or prevent pregnancy after the company
was boycotted for two years by the National Right to
Life League. EKay Devgan, Daily Trojan,
U. of Southern California
A vitamin a day . . . A two-year study being
conducted by the U. of Utah's opthalmology depart-
ment may prove that vitamins and minerals can
decrease the chance of incurring eye disease. "Our
goal in to see it we can slow down the progress . .. of
cataracts and macular degeneration," said Susan
Trainor, R.N., clinical research coordinator o the
study. Dr. Randall Olson, chairran of the depart-
ment of opthalmology altU. of htah and the principle
investigator of the study, said there is a strung
teases to believe certain dosesh1rvitamins and
minerals, including zinc, Betakeratine, vitamin C and
vitamiE,.can decrease macslat degeneration, the
leading cause o1 blindness is people h5 or older.
"Although this is just a theory, we believe macular
degeneration and cataracts are, to a large extent, a
function of light damage, which, inadvertently
causes lens damage," Olson said. He added an
oxidant is needed to prevent damage and can be
found in certain vitamins and minerals tested.
EMichelle F. Clawson, The Daily Uni-
verse, Brigham Young U., UT
A sobering thought ... A new drug is
being developed by a team of university researchers
that may help "sober up" victims of alcohol intoxica-
tion. The drug, known as 4513, has the potential to
stop adverse effects experienced by the body when
intoxicated, as well as alleviate symptoms of drunk-
enness, researchers say. "All we know is that when
we give alcohol and 4513to animals, they don't act
drunk," said Peter Syapin, an associate professor of
neurology in the U. of Southern California School of
Medicine. Syapin stressed that the drug is far from
being a "cure-all." "Of course we want to eventually
develop one for people, but 4513 appears to cause
liver toxicity in primates." * Carole Cleveland,
Daily Trojan, U. of Southern California




Athletes, like everybody else, do use
alcohol and drugs. Think of Len Bias
Continued From Page 18 and Philadelphia Flyers goalie Pelle
Lindbergh, who slammed his car into a
Now Northwestern U. (NU) can point brick wall after a night of drinking a
to this seminar. couple years ago.
He took the tired liturgy of "Just Say The NU teams, like Green, have stor-
No" and twisted it into a fresh catech- ies to tell. But maybe after listening,
ism: "Know what you're doing." their stories won't be similar tragedies.

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