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January 30, 1989 - Image 27

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1989-01-30

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FEBRUARY 1989 Dollars And Sense


Jniversity research sends NASA projects into space

After many years of delay,
telescope finally finished,
set for 1990 space flight
By Jeff Lin
The Daily
. of Washington
A telescope partially designed by U. of
Washington (UW) researchers will help
give astronomers around the world an
unprecedented view of the heavens.
The telescope's 94-inch mirror will
enable scientists to see seven times
farther into space than ever before.
The Hubble Space Telescope will be
part of a future space shuttle flight.
Wing-like solar panels turn the sun's
rays into electrical power to run the
In the works for 20 years, the Hubble
Space Telescope was originally sche-
duled for deployment in 1983. Various
setbacks pushed the date back to 1990.
"People are often surprised to learn
that the only permanent orbiting tele-
scope the United States has ever had
(prior to the Hubble Space Telescope) is
* very small telescope measuring 18 in-
ches across," said UW Astronomy Pro-
fessor Bruce Margon, who spent appro-
ximately 10 years helping design part of
the Hubble Space Telescope.
Sponsored by NASA, the telescope
contains five different instruments to
sense and analyze different light sig-
nals. Each instrument is supplied by a
group of university scientists selected
Continued From Page 14
Two years ago they defended this uni-
versity in a lawsuit initiated by Judith
Haimes, a self-fessed psychic, who
claimed that after she was put through
a CAT scan at Temple Hospital she lost
her ESP abilities.
0 There's only one thing funnier than
that; the fact the jury hearing the case
ruled in her favor and awarded
$1,000,000 in damages (the case is sche-
duled for retrial this month because 22
counts of error were found in the jury's
decision. Surprise, surprise).
According to Temple's Department of
Risk Management, the case has cost us
an estimated $90,000 in court costs, and
that's not counting the retrial.
Whether they win or lose,
their clients still have the
obligation to pay their fees
and court costs.
The point I'm trying to make here, if
there really is one to make, is that some-
where along the line many lawyers have
Worgotten what the words justice and
mrecency stand for, and are only in-
terested in making a buck off their
Whether they win or lose, their
clients still have the obligation to pay
their fees and court costs.
If you're in law school or just thinking
about going, remember this: The place
where cases like these should be tried is
n The People's Court, not in a court of
Oh, and if you don't agree with me,
don't sue me, just write a letter.
That's poetic justice.

Student's creation brings
technology to 'kitchen,'
via computerized design
By Jose Luciano
The Exponent
Purdue U., IN
Space age technology has come to the
Purdue U. junior David Rodriguez
has developed a program for NASA that
will help astronauts find food items and
to keep inventory in a manned space
"For a 90-day supply, for eight people
on the station, there are up to 14,000
items. So there is a lot to keep track of,"
Rodriguez said.
Rodriguez worked on his system,
which runs on an IBM personal compu-
ter, during his summer co-op at the
Johnson Space Center in Houston.
The computer denotes voice patterns.
It will recognize the closest match to one
of 27 words in its memory.
The system gives a choice of checking
inventory or selecting breakfast, lunch,
dinner or a snack. The system will tell
the astronauts where the items are lo-
cated and will deduct them from the
inventory automatically.
"They (NASA) are going to have an
astronaut test it out," Rodriguez said.
"Right now it is in a mock-up facility, a
life-size version of a space station."

A photo of a model of NASA's space shuttle shows the deployed Hubble Space
Telescope. U. of Washington researchers designed part of the telescope.

through a special process by NASA.
Margon's group is in charge of providing
the faint-object spectograph.
The spectograph, operated by a com-
puter, is capable of making many
observations in a short period of time.
"Our role is to design the instrument,
figure out what it ought to do and how
one could build it so it could fit into the
spacecraft," he said.
Margon said putting a telescope into
space, above the Earth's atmosphere,
will allow for further study of ultra-
violet light by scientists.
The spectograph was manufactured
by Martin Marietta Aerospace Corp.

The telescope was built by Lockheed
Corp. and developed by NASA's Mar-
shall Space Flight Center.
In return for his efforts, Margon and
others involved will receive exclusive
use of the telescope for one year. He said
he plans to study quasars (quasi-stellar
objects that churn out tremendous
amounts of energy) and globular star
clusters (groups of stars which are
among the oldest objects in the galaxy).
During its first year in use, UW will
be one of the few places on Earth with
access to the telescope. Margon said UW
graduate students will also be able to
use the data.

1976 Fair Use clause still affects copy centers, students

By Pete Skophammer
The Minnesota Daily
U. of Minnesota, Twin Cities
Most students who receive material
from copy centers probably do not worry
much about the Fair Use clause of the
copyright law, but copy centers do.
Most material brought to copy cen-
ters is covered under the clause, but
other items (like lab and computer
manuals) which could be copied for pi-
rated programs, are not covered, said
Todd Ordal, a Kinko's Copies manager..
Copy centers are allowed to sell
copied material if they adhere to the
Fair Use clause of the Copyright Act of
1976. "Fair Use" is determined by the
following points:
How the copyrighted material will
Continued From Page 14
and do something to distinguish them-
selves from the thousands of collegians
searching for jobs.
Ah, you say, I am a liberal arts major
and only engineers get recruited.
Wrong. Although it is true engineers
are heavily recruited, Fontes-Fulton
said that doesn't mean there aren't jobs
for other majors.
She said when you see companies re-
cruiting students, keep in mind firms
also have personnel, public relations
and marketing divisions.
"Maybe the person from Chevron
you'll meet is an engineer, but he or she
could give you the number of someone
else," Tibitts said. "Students need to be
aggressive, especially liberal arts, sci-
ence and agricultural students."

Legal precedence ... while legal provi-
sions exist for photocopying materials for educa-
tional purposes, legal precedent guiding such prac-
tices may be supported by only one court case, a
1983 decision. "Th SapremeCourthas provided ns
goidsnce as to sthateFair Use section oe elaw
means," said Kurt Koenig, Kinko's Copies national
copyright attorney. The Fair Use exemption allows
individuals to copy works without permission but the
law bec es less spec ic when educatienal situ-
ions b eme inolved Ron Heck, Unriersd-
ty Chronicle, St. Cloud State U., MN
be used;
The nature of the copyrighted
The amount copied;
The effect the copied material will
have on the market value of the copyr-
ighted work.

Sometimes a publisher demands part
of the royalties for material in which
special permission must be given. Kink-
o's either absorbs the royalty charge or
passes it on to customers, Ordal said.
The law, however, is vague enough
that copy centers will have to take pre-
"We've instructed our employees not
to discuss the issue," said Ordal, who
called the matter "delicate."
The responsibility does not lie solely
with copy centers. Individuals are also
required to abide with the law.
Beckwith Copy Centers protects itself
from lawsuits by having customers sign
a contract that, in effect, removes the
copy center from liability, said Beck-
with Inc. President Bruce Pederson.

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