Ninety-nine years of editorial freedom
Vol. IC, No.50 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, November 16, 1988 Copyright 1988, The Michigan Dily
U.S. rejects PLO
ALGIERS, Algeria (AP) - PLO chief Yasser Arafat
said Tuesday it was up to the United States to make the
next move toward Middle East peace now that the
Palestinians have formed an independent state that
implicitly recognizes Israel.
But the Reagan administration rejected the PLO
proclamation, asserting that the Arab-Israeli conflict
must be settled by negotiations and not by unilateral
Washington said that the Middle East conflict had to
be resolved by negotiations, not a unilateral act on either
The United States has demanded the PLO recognize
Israel and renounce terrorism before there could be any
"The ball is now in the American court," Arafat said a
few hours after the Palestine National Council, the
PLO's parliament-in-exile, solemnly proclaimed Pales-
tinian independence in a ceremony early Tuesday.
The declaration accepted U.N. Security Council
Resolution 242, which implicitly recognizes Israel when
it refers to the right of all countries in the region to live
within secure and recognized borders.
The proclamation topped the list of issues taken up
during the council's four-day special session in Algeria,
which ended Tuesday. The 450-member council also
voted to form a provisional government at a future date
and pledged to restrict guerrilla operations to military
targets in Israeli-occupied territories.
The council's move, largely symbolic and clearly
aimed at capitalizing on the 11-month-old Palestinian
uprising in Israeli-occupied lands, sought to remove
obstacles to U.S. and Israeli dealings with the Palestine
Referring to the intefadeh, or uprising, Arafat told a
news conference: "It is true that this is the intefadeh
session of the (council), but it also could be the session
of peace with the U.S. administration and Israel."
The PLO chief said the council had given him a
mandate to pursue a political settlement. "But if we are
met with a rebuff," he said, "only God knows the out-
Israel immediately rejected Arafat's declaration, calling
it "double talk" and denying that it recognized Israel or
truly renounced terrorism.
"They mentioned rejection of terrorism outside Israel,
but they did not denounce terrorism inside Israel," said
Foreign Ministry spokesperson Alon Liel. "So we still
see the PLO as a terror organization, and the government
decision not to negotiate with the PLO stands."
The declaration, which Arafat read out at a seaside
conference center west of the Algerian capital, did not
specifically describe the new state's borders. But officials
said it was clear the "Palestinian territory" referred to was
the West Bank and Gaza, captured by Israel in the 1967
Middle East war.
"We are obviously talking about land occupied in
1967," said Nabil Shaath, head of the political commit-
tee that drafted the document.
Resolution 242 also calls on Israel to withdraw form
territories it captured form Jordan and Egypt in the 1967
Middle East war. In the past, the PLO has refused to
accept the resolution because it deals with the future of
Palestinians as merely a refugee problem.
BY JONATHAN SCOTT
Nearly 60 people joined in a cele-
bration yesterday commemorating the
Palestine Liberation Organization's
historic proclamation on Monday that
declared Israel's occupied territories an
independent Palestinian state.
While renouncing all forms of ter-
rorism and implicitly recognizing the
state of Israel, the proclamation, de-
clared the occupied territories of West
Bank and Gaza the first-ever indepen-
dent Palestinian state.
The event's participants gathered in
front of the Union and marched
through campus chanting "Long live
Palestine, free, free Palestine."
They carried signs that celebrated
the PLO's landmark decisions and
condemned Israeli state policy as
"oppressive" - the equivalent to
South African apartheid.
The ralliers then assembled in the
Union's Anderson room, where
speakers from the Latin America Sol-
idarity Committee, the Free South
Africa Coordinating Committee, and
the Palestine Solidarity Committee
all offered their solidarity to the
Palestinians "struggling against Is-
raeli dominance and oppression" in
the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Ralliers march through the diag yesterday in support of Monday's landmark Declaration for Independence of Palestine.
"We can get a lot of inspiration
from the children who are resisting
oppression every day in the streets,"
FSACC member Brett Stockdill said.
PSC member Hilary Shadroui said:
"It is critical that we condemn the
racist policies in Israel and bring the
realities of the occupation out to the
American public. It is the United
State's responsibility, in large part,
for this system."
The Palestine National Council -
the Palestinian people's parliament in
exile - voted to accept United Na-
tions Security Council Resolution
242 Monday, establishing the princi-
ple that Israel has a right to safe and
secure borders in the region.
Union of Students for Israel mem-
ber and medical student Steven Stryk
said, "If the PLO officially accepted
UN resolution 242, it is a first step
toward negotiating with Israel. The
only step blocking direct negotiations
with Israel is the renunciation, by the
PLO, of all forms of terrorism."
The General Union of Palestinian
Students, who organized the celebra-
tion, announced in a statement: "After
so many failed attempts, maybe our
enemies will now realize that peace in
the Middle East can not be achieved
without recognizing our inalienable
rights to self-determination and Na-
BY STEVE KNOPPER
The search for University Presi-
dent James Duderstadt's second-in-
command has had no formal student
input since Michigan Student As-
sembly President Michael Phillips
resigned from the search advisory
committee earlier this term.
But Phillips, an LSA senior, said
student representation on the provost
search committee doesn't matter be-
cause Duderstadt will make the final
"The decision is going to be Dud-
erstadt's anyway," stated Phillips,
who said he resigned for academic
reasons. "I don't think I had any real
impact. I don't think anyone else (on
the committee) has any real impact."
Phillips announced his decision at
the Oct. 18 MSA meeting. His letter
of resignation was dated Oct. 25, but
Assistant to the President Robin Ja-
J coby said she did not receive it until
Phillips said he submitted a list of
students as replacements on the
committee, but Jacoby said it is too
late to involve those students on the
The search committee and the fac-
ulty's Senate Advisory Committee
on University Affairs have already
finished interviewing candidates.
"There's nothing to do now," Jacoby
said. "It's in the President's hands."
The Provost and Vice President
for Academic Affairs oversees all 17
University schools and colleges and
educational programs. Currently,
Robert Holbrook is serving as in-
terim provost; he took over when
former Provost Duderstadt became
President this fall.
Jacoby said Duderstadt may reveal
his permanent replacement within the
next few weeks.
The Daily reported last month that
Duderstadt is considering Engineering
Dean Charles Vest, LSA Physics
Department chair Homer Neal, Busi-
ness School Dean Gilbert Whitaker,
Associate Vice President for Aca-
demic Affairs Mary Ann Swain, and
Rackham Dean John D'Arms as the
top five hopefuls for the position.
Both Neal - saying he does not
want to leave teaching - and
Whitaker emphatically denied their
Vest has denied his candidacy,
D'Arms would not comment on the
search, and Swain was unavailable
See Search, Page 2
MOSCOW (AP) - The Soviets broke the
U.S. monopoly on re-usable spacecraft
yesterday by launch-ing their own space
shuttle on a 31/2-hour unmanned orbital flight
that President Mikhail Gorbachev hailed as a
major coup for his country.
"The space plane has ushered in a new era
in the history of Soviet space exploration,"
state-run Radio Moscow declared after the 100-
ton Buran made two orbits streaked earthward
in a fireball and landed at a specifically built
runway in Soviet Central Asia on its maiden
The pilotless flight of the Buran -
"snowstorm" in Russian - was a major
success for the Soviet space program after a
series of problems that included the near loss
of cosmonauts on a joint Soviet-Afghan mis-
sion in September and loss of contact with a
probe sent to Mars.
The early morning launch of the Buran
fastened to the back of the 198-foot-tall
Energia booster rocket also ended a seven-year
U.S. monopoly on reusable spacecraft in-
augurated by the launch of the shuttle its U.S. cou
Columbia in April 1981. payload cap
In Washington, NASA congratulated the automatically
Soviets on the mission. The officia
The Buran, as well as other shuttles still shuttle's dim
being developed, will have a central role in the same size as
Soviet space program, the state-run media long, 18 1/2
nterpart because of a bigger
'acity and its ability to fly
l news agency also disclosed the
nensions: Buran, "roughly the
a passenger airliner," is 119 feet
feet in diameter and has a
the Soviets criticized the U.S.
iasteful and unreliable. But
ce specialists say the Soviets
g their own space plane in 1982.
Radio Moscow said the Buran's railway
car-sized cargo bay can house an entire Salvut
Tass said the Soviet shuttle was superior to
wingspan of 71
shuttle as w.
RC director search promotes
openness, student input
BY TARA GRUZEN
When James Duderstadt was named
University President last summer, the
search process that chose him was
criticized - and even brought to court
- for being too secretive.
The search for a new Residential
College director, however, has been
designed to promote an openness that
other University searches lack, with
students and faculty intricately in-
volved in the selection process.
Unlike the presidential search, for
example, the final candidates for RC
director are public knowledge. And all
RC students will be able to interview
the six finalists in open meetings
throughout the month.
"The dispute over the way Duder-
stadt was chosen shows that we need a
voice," said Michael Kelly, an RC
social science major and search com-
mittee member. "This is another ex-
'This is another example ofI
the RC reaching out to the
students. We really are part
of the committee, we are
not just token students.' '
- RC social science major'
Michael Kelly, a search
through the hundreds of applications
received in the first nation-wide search
for an RC director, the search com-
mittee announced the six final candi-
When Libby Douvan resigned as
RC director last spring, elections were
held to choose RC students for the the
c~arrh , rmittnci A 1.hn-..1h *1.
search committee their opinions after
History Prof. William Rosenburg,
chair of the search committee, said the
student and faculty input will ensure
that "the director has the support of
all the RC community."
However, Rosenberg said, "this is
not an election," and the search com-
mittee will not base their endorsement
solely on the assessments of RC
The first candidate to visit the RC
was Richard Taub, professor of social
sciences and public policy studies at
the University of Chicago. The meet-
ing, held Monday night, received a
"huge turnout," said RC faculty
member Warren Hecht.
Interim RC Director Herb Eagle is
also among the six finalists. Eagle, a
University graduate, was associate di-
rector of the RC during the 1987-88
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