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November 09, 1988 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1988-11-09
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26 U. THE NATIONAL COLLEGE NEWSPAPER

Student Body OCTOBER 1988

OCTOBER 1988 News Features

U. THE NATIONAL COLLEGE NEWSPAPER

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Freshman 15:
Weight comes fast
By Julie Evers
The Daily Mississippian
U. of Mississippi
For many freshmen, going away
to college means more than new
friends and hard work. It -means .
gaining weight - the Freshman
15, as it's known.
It all starts in the cafeteria. Most
first-year students aren't used to
having such huge quantities of food
(including endless desserts) avail-
able at every meal. Most of them
haven't had to decide - meal after
meal - what should go on their
plate and what shouldn't.
Despite the temptations of the
cafeteria, the problem wouldn't be
half as bad if students ate in the
cafeteria at set meal times. But col-
lege life means that you eat just
about everywhere around the clock.
So the food is there, and the in-
clination to eat may well be, too.
But, with a little forethought, you
can eat a healthy, balanced meal
and not gain weight.
"Watching what you eat is a ma-
jor factor because you are making
all the decisions, and foods that are
high in sugar and fat aren't good
nutrition choices," said Charlotte
Oakley, a U. of Mississippi reg-
istered dietitian.
But above all, don't worry. The
good news for those who do gain
weight is that the Freshman 15
really is a freshman phenomenon
that doesn't have to be permanent.

Getting all the facts about fat
gives a bad college diet a lift

By Sihl Chung
Ka Leo O Hawaii
U. of Hawaii
Did you know that the fats in our
bodies, which we try so hard to get rid of
through exercising and surgery, have a
function? That the fat cells fight and
never die? That exercising is better
than dieting? That 70 percent of your
calories are burned while you rest?
These questions and more are
answered by Dr. John A. McCurdy Jr. in
his book, titled, Sculpturing Your Body:
Diet, Exercise and Liposuction.
. Before doing anything to your body,
like exercising, dieting, vibrating your
fat or having an operation, McCurdy
advises that you first "understand the
medical and biological facts of fat."
Fat serves as a storehouse during
famine and pestilence, writes McCurdy,
a Honolulu cosmetic surgeon. "Once
produced, fat cells merely shrink and
anxiously await a return to a state of
caloric surplus so they can manufacture
excess calories as fat."
McCurdy said that a caloric restric-
tion cues the body to "fight for its fat." In
fact, 90 percent of adults who lose their
weight by dieting gain it back within
two years.
According to McCurdy, several stu-
dies showed that people who exercised
regularly lost weight even if they ate as
usual. He also said that exercise tends
to have a calming effect which controls
appetite, and that some experts recom-
mend daily exercises before the main
meal of the day.
After dieting, most of the weight re-
tained is fat and not muscle, McCurdy

said. Three studies showed that fat is
not lost in specifically exercised areas,
but equally throughout the body.
In contrast to getting rid of fat
through dieting, there is an operation
called liposuction surgery. Liposuction
is the removal of fat cells from specific
areas of the body.
After surgery, new fat cells don't re-
place the extracted cells, if the person,
keeps a stable weight, McCurdy said.
McCurdy urges everyone who is
thinking about having the surgery to
know their bodies first before doing any-
thing "drastic" to it.
McCurdy added that a person's fat is
distributed differently depending on
body type as well.
He said that a person's build can be
classified into three basic types, deter-
mined by a combination of variations in
skeletal frame and muscular develop-
ment.
endomorphs are people with wide
trunks and short arms and legs which
make them look fat.
Ectomorphic people seem to be trim
and thin. They have long, thin arms and
legs and a narrow trunk.
Those with an athletic physique char-
acterized by "broad shoulders with well-
proportioned muscular extremities" are
called mesomorphs.
No matter what you do about fat in
your body, nothing can be done about
how our body shape is determined be-
cause the "distribution of fat that deter-
mines our body shape is under strong
genetic influence, and exercising cer-
tain areas appears to have little or no
influence on the thickness of fat in that
particular area," McCurdy said.

That quick snack
leaves no choice
By Miriam Smith
The State News
Michigan State U.
Sharon Hoerr, a Michigan State
U. science and health professor,
conducted a two-year study on the
types of snacks offered in unre-
frigeratedi campus vending
machines and came up with some
not-so-surprising results.
Hoerr determined that out of 133
candy and chip items featured in
these machines, only six supplied
adequate nutrition.
I think people should have a
choice when they go to a vending
machine," Hoerr said. "Our conclu-
sion is that we need to develop more
nutrient-dense popular snacks so
that people do have a choice."
Pretzels, crackers, peanut butter
items and plain chocolate bars are
your best nutritional bet. Choco-
late-nut candy bars, candy-covered
peanuts, granola bars and choco-
late sandwich cookies are the
worst, Hoerr said.
Although nutrition is important,
vending machine companies will
not implement any drastic
changes, said Wayne Yontz, a divi-
sion manager for ARA vending ser-
vices.
"My personal thought is that stu-
dents are going to buy what they
like," he said. "We're putting in the
best quality items for the most
popular choices.
"Everyone cares about nutrition,
but we have to also go by what
sells."

Don't lose control over stress I ea vcriinui 4~7<_^^"^ '

By Lisa Cowan
Daily Evergreen
Washington State U.
Stress is a big problem associated
with college, but students can beat it if
they take control of that new college
atmosphere.
"Everything is new and different
when going away to school," said Bar-
bara Hammond of Washington State
).'s counseling services. The people, the
climate and even the food are all diffe-
rent from home.
"You've moved from an environment
that is predictable, and therefore con-
trollable, to one that is unpredictable
and, at first, seems completely uncon-
trollable," she said. "Time will help, but
the more you can be active ... the more
familiar it becomes."
All university students experience

stress, not just new students. This is
caused by high performance demands,
Hammond said.
"There are so many ways you're ex-
pected to achieve - in each class, in
your department, for your B.S. or B.A.
degree and eventually for a job or
acceptance into graduate school," she
said. "Each one requires hard work.
"A lot of people think of college as
being insulated from the 'real world.'
That's nonsense, this is the real world."
To help relieve stress, it is important
for students to be realistic about their
capabilities, Hammond said.
"Don't fall behind," she said. "Some of
the most stressed people come in (to
counseling services) at the end of the
semester and say, 'I'm so far behind,
what do I do?'
"Falling behind puts you out of con-
trol."

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