"BY NOELLE SHADWICK
The brain has natural chemicals
'' which help reduce pain under stress,
said Huda Akil, one of two honored
:lecturers at the University Senior
;Research Scientist Lectureship at the
'Rackham Amphitheatre last night.
Recognized for their work with
brain peptides, Huda Akil and Stan-
ley Watson, both of the Mental
Health Research Institute, are the
second recipients of the Research
Scientist Award given to primary
researchers at the University.
chemicals, Watson said.
The first hint of this complexity
came to the researchers in 1975 with
the discovery of two indigenous
pain-killers, or opioids. The opioids
were discovered indirectly during an-
other experiment involving electro-
stimulation on rats. Akil and Wat-
son wondered what the opioids did
without the electric stimulation and
when the brain would need such a
They began researching the rela-
tionship between stress and opioid
production and discovered that stress
caused an insensitivity to pain.
Further research led to the
discovery that different chemicals re-
sponded to the stress depending on
the subject's previous exposure to
pain, stress or opiates.
Vice President for Research
Linda Wilson recognized 29 other
research scientists for research pro-
motions achieved last year at last
The Michigan Daily - Thursday, November 3, 1988 - Page 3
lack of 'U'
:: Fifteen years ago the model of the
brain was simple, Akil said. Neuro-
transmitters, which carry informa-
tion between cells, were thought to
; send only two signals: on and off.
But the cells actually have several
regulatory mechanisms. "They are
similar to computer chips," Watson
A nucleus within a cell can carry
on many tasks by utilizing different
BY SUE ELLEN CHRISTIAN
Like many of his classmates,
University medical student Robert
Isacksen has a built-in reason not to
go to his eight o'clock pharmacology
class: the room is so poorly venti-
lated that he regularly falls asleep.
"I've talked to a lot of other peo-
ple who say part of the reason they
don't go to class is because it's too
hot and stuffy," he said. "Also,
there's practically no lighting from
the outside and the windows."
Isacksen's complaint is part of a
$43 million problem. Due to an
eight-year lag in funding, many of
the University's buildings are out-
dated and in disrepair, according to
University officials. A continuing
review of the problem has shown
that Medical Science 1, the School of
Business Administration and the
Student Activities Building are the
three campus buildings most in need
"There's not been any money over
the past years to replace the guts of
the buildings. We just keep patching
it up," said James Kaufman, assistant
director of Plant Operations. "If it's
not broken, we don't fix it."
Although the University spent
almost $9 million on maintenance
last year, the amount was only
enough "to keep things running" -
not enough replace old and inefficient
building features, Kaufman said.
William Croam, newly appointed
Director of Business Operations,
agrees that more funding should go
to maintenance, but he said money
cannot be found in the University's
"This is one of the priorities for
me in this new position, but there's
no magical new source to resolve it,"
Yet the problem of old and failing
buildings is not unique to the Uni-
versity. A new national survey eval-
uating the nation's universities and
colleges shows $70 billion is needed
to repair and modernize campus
facilities throughout the country.
Kaufman said Plant Operations
received none of the $42.7 million
they requested this year for repairs
that were "preventative" but not irn-
"Students pay a lot of money to
come here and they deserve good
labs and classrooms," said Croam.
Mexican army feminism
Elizabeth Salas, University of Washington assistant pro-
fessor of Chicano Studies, speaks on women's historical
roles in the Mexican army yesterday at the Union. Women
have historically been involved in "all kinds of heroic sto-
ries" in the Mexican army, she said.
What's happening in Ann Arbor today
"Single Crystal Polarized
Specular Reflectance Spec-
troscopy on Intense Electronic
Transitions" - Prof. Ronald Mus-
selman, Franklin & Marshall College,
1200 Chem. Bldg., 4 pm.
"Stopping the Toxic Time-
bomb - How to be a Toxic
Avenger" - Bill Ryan, National
Campaign Director, PIRG Toxic Ac-
tion, 4109 Michigan Union, 7 pm.
"Career Opportunities in Rus-
sian and East European Stud-
es - Melanie Peelman-Fuscaldo,
Rm. 200 Lane Hall, 4 pm. Coffee
'and doughnuts will be served.
"Instantons and Geometric In-
variant Theory" - Prof. Karen K.
Uhlenbeck, University of Texas, 3201
aAngell Hall, 4 pm.
"Adaptive Signal Processing -
Some Stochastic - Gradient
Based Algorithms and Their
Analysis" - Prof. Neil J. Bershard,
1013 Dow, 4 pm.
"Alter Ego: Intertextuality,
;Irony, and the Politics of
'Reading" - L. Ross Chambers,
French and Comparitive Literature,
Romance Languages, W. Conference
Rm., Rackham, 8 pm.
"Mechanical Modeling & Ex-
'perimental Observations of
Toughened Rigid-Rigid Poly-
mer Alloys"-gHung-Jue Sue,
Macromolecular Science and
Engineering Program, 2166 Dow,
Technology and Peace/War -
Dan Axelrod (Physics), Bob Howe
(Engineering), Charles Glazer (Poli.
Sci.), 1005 Dow, 3:30-5 pm.
"Homosexuality: Nature or
Nurture?" - Michael Ruse, Ph.D.,
University of Guelph, E. lecture Rm.,
3rd floor, Rackham Bldg., 4 pm.
"Harappa: A Tourist's View of
the Indus Valley Civilization"~
- Dr. Carla Sinopoli, Brown bag
Lecture, Rm. 2009 Museums Bldg.,
"The Wager Between Satan and
God" - Prof. David Noel Freedman,
Director of Program on Studies in Re-
ligion at U of M, Lecture Rm. 2
MLB, 8 pm. Conversations on the
Book of Job. Friday seminar with the
scholar will follow at Canterbury
House, 218 N. Division, 10 am-12
"Magna Utopias: Private Fan-
tasies in Public Places" - P.
Berry, Brown Bag Lecture, Lane Hall
Commons, 12 noon.
"Fellowships & Financial Aid
for Grad Students" - D. Stanczak
& M. Jarrett, Brown Bag Lecture,
Lane Hall Commons, 12 noon.
"Voronol Binding Site Models:
Calculation of Binding Modes
& Influence of Drug Binding
Data Accuracy" - L. Boulu, Rm.
3554 C.C. Little Bldg., 4 pm.
Shotokan Karate Club of
Michigan -KCCRB Martial Arts
rm., 7-8:30 pm.
Women & Spirituality - Pre-
sents Jesse Richards, "Women and
Spirituality Expressed Through the
Arts", Guild House, 7:30 pm.
Student Struggle for Soviet
Jewry- Rm. B101, MLB, 6:30
U of M Archery Club -
Coliseum, 7-10 pm. For more info
call 764-4084 or send message to
U of M Women's Lacrosse
Club - Practice, Elbel Field, 9-11.
U of M Fencing Practice - Hill
Coliseum, 7 pm.
f NABR - The National Black
United Coalition Against
Racism - Michigan Union, 6 pm.
Jewish Feminist Group Cele-
brates Rosh Hodesh - 517 E.
Ann St., #2, 7:30 pm. A traditional
women's holiday welcoming the
month of Kislev.
Volunteers Wanted for the
Catherine McAuley Health
Center - St. Joseph Mercy Hospi-
tal Education Center, Classroom 4.
10:30-11:30 am. An information
meeting for prospective adult and teen
Internship Forum - Undergradu-
ate Poli Sci Association is sponsoring
this forum at the Michigan Union,
Kuenzal Rm., 4-6 pm. Representi-
sives to answer questions.
Resumes for Those Who Think
They Have No Experience -
Career Planning and PlacementcCenter,
Preparing for the Second Inter-
view - Career Planning and Place-
ment Center, 4:10-5 pm.
Arizona State University
Health Services Adm. - Career
Planning and Placement Center, Rm.
1, 3-5 pm.
Harvard Business School -
Michigan Union, Welker Rm., 10-11
am andl am-12 noon.
Meet the Candidates Forum -
Candidates for Michigan State House
of Represntitives District 53 (Ann Ar-
bor), 2439 Mason Hall, 9:30 pm.
The Relating Game - Dealing
With Families - First of two
workshops, Counseling Services,
3100 Michigan Union, 7-9 pm.
Guide Peer Facilitators.
University Lutheran Chapel -
Bible/topic study, 7 pm; Lutheran
Doctrine study, 8 pm. 1511 Washte-
The Academic Writing Series-
Writing Personal Statements -
25 Angell Hall, 4-5:30 pm. Presented
by English Composition Board Lec-
"Essence of the Spirit" Recep-
tion - Michigan Union, first floor,
4-6 pm. Cynthia Yao founder of
Hands on Museum, Myung Raymond
lee-Demo Korean-Chinese Brushwork,
Guest Faculty Recital - School
of Music Recital Hall, 8 pm. Donald
Oehler, clarinet, University of N.
Carolina; music of Stanford, Brahms,
Genzmer, Tower, Stekke.
Jazz Combos in Concert -
Rackham Lecture Hall, 8 pm. Edward
Sarath, Director of Jazz Studies; three
selected programs performing tradi-
tional and original jazz.
Pianist Ted Wyman to Play -
Michigan Union, Pendelton
Rm.,12:15 pm. Play a diverse pro-
gram from Bach on the Steinway pi-
ano to selections from his bass fiddle.
Coloratura Singers - Robert
MacGregor and Glenda Pittman,
Michigan Union, Pendelton Rm., 8
"Basement Arts" - Frieze Bldg.,
Arena Stage, 5 pm. Reader's Theater,
based on the poems of T.S. Eliot.
An Evening with Lucas Hov-
ing - Master Class - Dance
Bldg. Studio A, 1310 N. University
Ct., 8 pm. For observation only,
Star Trax - Performs at Zims, lo-
cated in the Briarwood Mall, 8:30 pm-
12:30 am. Record your vocals over
over 400 songs, free.
Grad. School Day attra
BY JEFF ARCHER
More than 600 students were able
to meet and speak with representa-
tives from over 80 graduate schools
yesterday at the first combined MBA
and Graduate School Day.
Although every field from Natu-
ral Resources to Chiropody was rep-
resented, the professional programs
in marketing and business adminis-
tration dominated the day.
Students tended to swarm around
the MBA and other professional
school programs, while other fields,
such as natural resources and teach-
ing graduate programs, appeared less
visible. Reflecting a national trend
of increasing popularity of MBA
programs, Robert LaBuda, of Wayne
State's business school said the
population of his school has doubled
since the early '80s.
The interest in professional fields
was evident in other areas as well.
Bob Blakley, a representative from
Texas A & M's College of Science,
said that nearly all the students who
approached him were interested in
engineering rather than science,
math, or statistics. Elizabeth Bishop
of the Medill School of Journalism
at Northwestern was kept quite busy
by aspiring journalists. "I've seen
students from nearly every under-
graduate department of the Univer-
sity," she said.
Students were most concerned
about admissions requirements -
especially work experience. Joyce
Mantahy of Notre Dame's business
school, considers work experience a
very important factor in making ad-
missions decisions. She recom-
mended that students work in sales
or as an accountant before they apply
to a graduate business program.
There were, however, a few criti-
cisms of combining the two days,
most of which came from the less
popular fields such as teaching.
Jan Owen of Columbia's
Teacher's College said that, when
compared to last year's separate
graduate school day, this one wa's
"not productive." "The two occas:
sions should be separate," Owen
said. "They have two entirely differ-
ent sets of clients, and the days
should reflect that."
Ane Richter, associate director of
Career Planning and Placement, the
office which sponsored the event,
agreed. "The more unique prgrams
may have been less visible." She
felt, though, that it was important to
put all the programs together to let
the students explore a variety of op-
Continued from Page 1
"We cannot control the morals of
guests at our parties without violat-
ing their rights as individuals," said
fraternity president Ron Bauer. "The
incident is very unfortunate but the
.man is in no way connected with
But LSA junior Susan Rhee -
who was victim to the remarks -
believes Bauer is missing the point.
"We're not asking the fraternity
to be accountable for the statement
itself," she said, "but we want them
to be accountable for their inac-
Liu agreed. "That kind of inaction
invalidates the student's anger," she
said. "It shows that Kappa Sigma is
not taking the issue seriously."
Bauer maintained that there is no
safeguard a fraternity house can have
against these kinds of incidents.
"No one can be held accountable
for another person's morals as much
as they'd like to think they can" he
Michigan Student Assembly's
minority affairs committee chair
Delro Harris also believes the frater-
nity needs to be reprimanded.
.. .... .. ................... . ....... ........
F D E E- SCHOLARSHIP INFORMATION FOR
. muLLSTUDENTS W/HO NEED
IMO'NEY FOR COLLEGEi
Every Student is Eligible for Some Type of l
Financial Aid Regardless of Grades or Parental Income.
" We have a data bank of over 200,000 listings of scholarships,
fellowships, grants, and loans, representing over $10 billion in private
" Many scholarships are given to students based on their academic
interests, career plans, family heritage and place of residence. I
' There's money available for students who have been newspaper car-
riers, grocery clerks, cheerleaders, non.smokers ... etc.
' 'Results GUARANTEED.
I CL For A Free Brochure St
' AYIE(800) 346-6401I
Continued from Page 2
anti-viral medication which he takes
every two hours.
He rises from his chair and walks
across the room. AIDS information
is everywhere - stacks of pamphlets
clutter the table; AIDS posters hang
on the walls. One slogan reads "Safe
Sex," another shows the picture of a
mother holding her child who was
born with AIDS.
After swallowing the AZT tablets,
he sits down again, crosses his legs,
and resumes talking in his easy-go-
"I've always been a fighter, and
I've always bounced back, and I'm
planning to be around when they find
a cure for this. There are some days
that I don't always feel that way; but
most of the time I do. I've never
given up on anything in my life."
To contact FRIENDS: 747-9068,
P.O. Box 7593, Ann Arbor, MI
(an interdenominational campus fellowship)
Students Dedicated to
Knowing and Communicating
Thursdays: 7:00 pm
219 Angell Hall
John Neff - 971-9150(0), 747-8831(H)
Earning $20 has
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Earn $20 on your first donation. You can earn up to $120 a
month. Couples can earn up to $240. Repeat donors who have
not dontated in the last 30 days receive an additional $5 bonus
for return visit.
Stop by and see a Jostens representative,
Wednesday, Nov. 2-thru Friday, Nov. 4,
11 a.m. to 4 p.m.,