Ninety-nine years of editorial freedom
Vol. IC, No. 40 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, November 2, 1988 Copyright 1988, The Michigan Daily
BY MICHAEL LUSTIG
Congressional candidates Carl Pursell and
Lana Pollack clashed over education and envi-
ronment in their second public debate last night.
Republican incumbent Pursell accused Pol-
lack, a Democrat, of missing 21 votes on educa-
tion legislation during her six years in the
Michigan Senate and of not introducing any sub-
"Six years in Lansing, and legislation is zero
from this senator from Ann Arbor," Pursell told
over 100 people gathered in the Ann Arbor City
POLLACK shot back at Pursell's record on
the environment. "You have a bad record (on en-
vironment)," she said. "Run on something else."
Pollack's campaign said she has a 92 percent
attendance rating in the state senate since her
election in 1982, while Pursell has an 82 percent
record in Congress over the same period.
The debate, sponsored by the League of
Women Voters and WEMU radio station, was the
second time Pollack and Pursell have appeared
together. Libertarian candidate David Raaflaub
SEVERAL earlier joint appearances were
planned, but featured only Pollack as Pursell was
still in Washington.
Pollack said she has helped balance six
Michigan budgets while Pursell has allowed the
federal budget deficit to rise from $73 billion in
1980 to the current level of $180 billion.
Pursell called Pollack a "tax-and-spend liberal"
who is proposing programs without any plan for
On the environment, Pollack said she has in-
troduced legislation calling for better enforcement
of pollution laws, increasing penalties on pol-
luters, and increasing incentives for recycling.
P U R S E L L cited his sponsorship of the
Michigan Resource Recovery Act in 1974 when
he was a state senator. That provided incentives
for recycling, and Pursell won the Michigan En-
vironmental Protection Agency's legislator-of-
the-year award for it.
Pursell said the federal government appropri-
ated S21 billion for education - "the highest
level of support" - to which Pollack responded
ar in d(
that relative to the needs, federal education levels
have dropped. She said that programs such as
Head Start, which are directed at less-privileged
children, should receive more funding.
Pursell also blamed Pollack for letting state
appropriations fall to lower than 3 percent annual
Pollack said Michigan's major universities are
all seeing budget increases under 3 percent, so
Pursell is just "splitting hairs." She added that
she single-handedly restored $3.3 million to the
Research Excellence Fund in 1986, which went
directly to the University.
Pollack said she favored the A Better Child
Care (ABC) program, which would provide $2.5
billion for child care over a tax-credit plan that
vice president George Bush favors. She said
Bush's tax credit would give $1,000 to people
regardless of income, allowing mothers to hire
babysitters and go shopping at Bloomingdale's.
Pursell, who co-sponsors the tax-credit plan,
said the plan offers incentives for mothers to stay
home, and helps preserve the integrity of the
..the Republican incumbent
on state funds
Republican Regent Baker
W" 4 C4 C l I N 1 Jr " 4- 1 fa 5., ,
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Y STEVE KNOPPER
A forum for University Regent
candidates turned partisan yesterday
when East Lansing Republican can-
didate Clifford Taylor criticized the
State Legislature for spending too
much money on "social welfare pro-
grams," and not enough on educa-
"If you wonder why state funding
has gone down, it's just plain poli-
tics," Taylor said. "It's that simple."
Taylor criticized candidate Thomas
Lewand, a Birmingham Democrat,
who said earlier that his experience as
Chief of Staff for Democratic Gov.
James Blanchard would help the
University's relations with the state.
"IT'S DISINGENUOUS to
come in here, as Mr. Lewand did, and
tell you the Governor is on your
side," Taylor said. "Because, folks,
But Taylor would not specify
which programs he wanted to see cut
in favor of higher education funding.
Responding to questions from the
audience of 50, he said the state gov-
ernment must solve those problems
Any Israeli citizen over
age 18 is eligible to
vote; 2.9 million
registered voters (including 350,000
The Knesset has 120
members. Any Israeli
citizen over the age of
21 is eligible for election.
Israelis vote for parties,
candidates. The number
of Knesset seats each
party wins depends on its proportion
of the vote.
Taylor was the only Republican
candidate at the forum. Incumbent
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor)
said he did not attend because he was
campaigning throughout the state
during the forum.
Baker has sparked protest from
student activists in recent years for
his conservative stances on gay male
and lesbian discrimination and stu-
dent protest guidelines.
"I UNDERSTAND some of
Regent Baker's concerns that he
wouldn't be received well," said LSA
junior and Michigan Student Assem-
bly member Zach Kittrie, one of the
forum's organizers. "I wish Deane
Baker would have come. (The candi-
dates) made a sincere effort to create a
better dialogue with students."
Five candidates - Taylor,
Lewand, incumbent Regent Nellie
Varner (D-Detroit), and Libertarians
Lewis Hudler and John Salvette -
called racial diversity and rising stu-
dent tuition the key University is-
Varner, a Southfield real estate
investment broker and former Uni-
See Forum, Page 5
...the Democratic challenger
BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
Former President Gerald Ford gave
support to Republican presidential
candidate George Bush received sup-
port from former President Gerald
Ford yesterday in Lansing, where he
said that Democratic candidate
Michael Dukakis wouldn't have sup-
ported the steps American presidents
took during World War II and the
Cuban missile crisis.
"I am shocked that Governor
Dukakis compares himself to thb
great traditions of strength illustrated
in the past in defense of America
under Presidents Truman, Kennedy,
and Roosevelt," he said.
Bush campaigned like a president-
to-be yesterday, saying he hoped for a
meeting with Soviet Leader Mikhail
Gorbachev soon after-moving into
the Oval Office.
The polls one week before
Election Day showed Bush a solid
leader, and the contrast in campaign
styles between the front-runner and
the underdog could not have been
The vice president struck an
above-the-fray pose in a speech at the
University of Notre Dame, saying he
wanted to meet Gorbachev for a
"serious and direct examination" of
Dukakis spoke yesterday in
Youngstown Ohio, a steel-producing
region hardhit by recession, saying
his aim was plainly to win the votes
of union members.
He referred to the "merger mania"
on Wall Street and said, "I'm not
interested in the share operators: I'm
interested in the lathe operators and
the machine operators."
He said Bush likes to talk about
labels, a reference to the way t1- vice
president attempts to make hinm seem
a liberal out of touch with the
Dukakis' aides said their private
polls pointed to a race that was
narrowing. Privately, some Dem-
ocrats expressed doubts, while ABC
said its survey of California showed
Bush a leader by seven points in the
nation's biggest state.
Song and dance
Performers give a preview of this weekend's Musket production of "Jesus Christ Superstar"
yesterday afternoon on the steps of the Graduate Library. See Story, page 5.
Likud likely winners
JERUSALEM (AP) - An exit
poll last night indicated the right-
wing Likud block has the best
chance of gaining control after an
election fought on the issues of
rebellion in the occupied lands and
peace with the Arabs.
For the deeply divided nation of
4.4 million, whose 40-year history is
a calendar of war and violence, yes-
terday's election was a crossroads in
the future of the West Bank and
Gaza Strip, which Israel captured
from Jordan and Egypt 21 years ago.
Throngs of Israelis voted in an
atmosphere of violence created by
the 11-month-old Palestinian rebel-
lion coupled with a sudden outburst
of attacks on Jewish civilians.
Election week has not been with-
out violence as a firebomb attack on
a bus last Sunday in the West Bank
killed a Jewish woman and her three
sons. Yesterday, Palestinians in Arab
east Jerusalem hurled flaming bottles
of gasoline into a car carrying Likud
campaign workers, setting a
woman's hair ablaze.
Politicians from both left and
right said the attacks on civilians in
recent days would help Likud, which
wants to keep the occupied lands,
and hurt Labor, which is willing to
return some territory.
About 80 percent of the 2.9 mil-
lion eligible voters turned out, re-
flecting the galvanizing effect of the
rebellion, which has cost the lives of
10 Israelis and more than 300 Pales-
tinians since it began Dec. 8, 1987.
A huge force of 13,000 police and
other security personnel protected
the 4,800 voting stations. The army
scaled off the occupied territories,
where the 1.5 million Palestinian
residents conducted a general strike.
Israel television said its poll was
based on interviews with about
20,000 voters at 26 polling stations.
It said results indicated Likud, led
by Prime Minister Yithak Shamir,
and the center-left Labor Party of
Foreign Minister Shimon Peres
would win 40 seats each, but Likud
would have the edge in forming a
coalition with small religious and
In seats, the TV poll predicted the
right would have 62 of the 120 in the
Knesset, or parliament, and the left
would get 58. The interviews were
conducted two hours before the polls
closed at 10 p.m. (3 p.m. EST).
No significant results were ex-
pected until today and a vote as close
as predicted could mean a wait of
days, at least, to learn whether either
major party could form a coalition.
.'U' officials seek
help on TA tax issue
UHS to distribute new
form of birth control
BY LISA POLLAK
The University - still baffled by
Congressional legislation passed last
week - will ask an outside tax at-
torney to help determine if Univer-
sity graduate student teaching assis-
* tants owe taxes on their tuition
ition waivers that expired last winter.
Without those exemptions, TAs face
the possibility of seeing their $560
average take-home pay drop $150 to
CONGRESS' solution was not
as simple as hoped. The new bill
BY VICTORIA BAUER
The cervical cap, a contraceptive similar to the di-
aphragm, will be available for women at University
Health Services later this month, health service officials
The cap, a thimble-shaped cup made of rubber, fits
Sarris, the director of health promotion at University
"A lot of people have the idea that (the cap) is the
new wonder method - it may not have significant ad-
vantages over the diaphragm. I hope people will con-
sider that carefully before they rush into trying it," Sar-