" Can societal conditions be considered a result of natural
selection? o Jazz pianist extraordinaire Michele Rosewoman
Ninety-nine years of editorialfreedom
I C, No. 37
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, October 28, 1988
Copyright 1988, The Michigan Daily
BY KELLY GAFFORD
The University's minority enrollment went up from
13.5 percent to 15.4 percent this year, but overall figures
remained well below the makeup of the general
population. A University report, issued by the Office of
Minority and Academic Affairs this week, showed the
greatest increases among first-year students.
Blacks, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, and
Hispanics make up 21.1 percent of this year's first-year
students, a 16.9 percent increase over last year's class.
But they still number fewer than 1,000 students in a
class of more than 4500.
"I don't think it's something that we can sit back and
think we've arrived," said Vice-Provost for Minority
Affairs Charles Moody. "We must continue to work with
the same intensity and help change the climate on
campus, so students can achieve."
The greatest single increase was in Black first-year
students: 352 Black first-year students have enrolled this
year, up from 294 Blacks in last year's class.
"I think it's good that there's a large increase, but it's
still shamefully small, particularly with Black students,"
said Tracey Matthews, coordinator for the Baker-Mandela
The number of Hispanic first-year students has also
grown since last year; there are now 177 new Hispanic
first-year students, up from 118 last year. The enrollment
of Native American first-year students nearly doubled this
year, from 16 to 31. And enrollment for Asian-American
first-year students is now 413, up from 371.
The increase, Moody said, represents a lot of hard
work across the board. "There has been a lot of hard work
by a lot of people: students, faculty, administration, and
alumni," he said.
But Williams said the University still has a long way
to go before reaching 12 percent Black enrollment, the
goal set by former President Harold Shapiro in March of
"Duderstadt, in his public statements, has been
deliberately shying away from that goal," she said.
The goal of 12 percent, an approximation of the
percentage of Blacks in the state, was set as part of
Shapiro's six-point action plan, which Duderstadt has
vowed to carry out in the form of the recently drafted
See Increase, Page 2
MOSCOW(AP) - The govern-
ment presented its first budget
designed to help the long-suffering
Soviet consumer, and declared yes-
terday that state-run farms and
companies will be shut down if they
do not make profits. The farms,
however, will have two years to turn
a profit before facing "elimination."
In keeping with President Mik-
hail Gorbachev's program of radical
economic reform, inefficient central
planning will also be curtailed.
Officials painted a gloomy pic-
ture of Soviet life in a burst of
honesty unique to the annual two-day
budget sessions of the Supreme
The national legislature's 1,500
Of deputies usually hear hours of dull
speeches on the success of the current
Five-Year Plan, but this time they
were told of cramped housing, food
rotting en route to stores, jammed
trains during vacation periods, and
new equipment unused on factory
Yuri Maslyukov, head of the
state planning committee, promised
dramatic improvements as the gov-
ernment shifts from its traditional
emphasis on heavy industry to imp-
roving the standard of living.
One cost of that departure is a
deficit of $58 billion in the 1989
budget of $804 billion.
Finance Minister Boris Gostev
blamed the deficit on past mistakes.
He described it as "a problem
that has not emerged just now, but is
a result of the unbalanced economy,
of the policy of extensive subsidizing
and huge losses, of all that was
brought about by extensive methods
of economic management, parasitic
attitudes, and a passive financial
Gostev said drastic changes are
necessary. Among those on his list
was the possibility of bankruptcy, a
device of capitalism that will be new
to Soviet society.
"A number of enterprises are on
the brink of being eliminated," be-
cause they are incapable of operating
without massive losses, he said.
BY LISA WINER
Survivors of sexual assault, at an
event last night devoted alone to
celebrating their survival, moved a
group of 500 people to tears.
The large group gathered in
solidarity at the Second Annual
Speak Out, sponsored by the Sexual
Assault Prevention and Awareness
Center, to honor the strength of
survivors "who have moved along in
their lives," said SAPAC Counselor
"One way sexual assault
survivors are repressed is they are
silenced. Silence and invisibility go
hand in hand with powerlessness,"
she said. "We can empower by
breaking the silence."
Survivors spoke seen and unseen
by the audience, having the option
to either speak in front of the
audience or from another room.
Although some had prepared
speeches, many others, not on a
speakers list, arose from the audience
unprepared. SAPAC awarded each
survivor with a carnation and a hug
Speakers read poems and spoke
for others as well as telling their
own stories. One women read a
paper addressed to Pecola - the
child in Toni Morrison's novel, The
Bluest Eye, who is raped by her
"I don't care how angry your
...Survivor speaks out.
father is. He didn't have the right to
violate you," she said. "I am a
woman, but I am a helpless child,
just like you Pecola."
One women said she had been
raped 10 years ago at a fraternity
house on State Street during her
first-year student orientation. The
man who raped her said to her
afterwards, "'You're not a real
blonde, are you,' as if (the sex)
wasn't as good," she said.
She has since become a feminist
and political activist. "I think (the
See Speak, Page 2
Rick Maicki, an engineering junior and member of the
child from the Hikone Complex, a low income housing
Halloween party at the Pi Beta Phi sorority yesterday.
fraternity, helps a
a decoration at a
400 sign petition against
I . [ I..
k: ; -
BY FRAN OBEID
About 400 law students and sev-
eral law professors signed a petition
yesterday condemning a flier that
personally attacked two law students
by using explicit anti-homosexual
language and photographs.
One of the students depicted on
the flier said in a phone interview,"I
believe that the flier was meant to be
a personal attack on the other student
and I. The method of attack was to
characterize us as participating in
homosexual acts: the means to an
end and not an end in itself."
"The fact that such a label was the
means of criticism, however, is ex-
tremely problematic. Everyone in the
Michigan community, heterosexuals
and homosexuals alike should be
concerned about the fact that such
discrimination is alive at Michigan.
It should not be tolerated in this or
any form. As far as my personal
feelings go, I would like to put the
whole incident behind me," said the
student who asked not to be identi-
The two students, three law
school associate deans, and about ten
law students met yesterday, to dis-
cuss what course of action to take.
"There is no concrete immediate
plan for action," said Associate Law
School Dean Ed Cooper. "We're still
gathering information about who did
it and why."
Until they know who made the
flier, the students cannot file a com-
plaint under the University's Dis-
criminatory Acts Policy.
Law School Dean Lee Bollinger,
in a phone interview late last night,
said he had been out-of-town until
late afternoon and had not seen the
flier. "I had it described to me briefly
over the phone, and what can I say,
it's an appalling flier."
So far, the only concrete response
has been the petition circulated by
offended law students.
The petition states: "We the un-
dersigned, wish to express our out-
rage at the circulation of this flier.
We want the authors of this flier to
See Fliers, Page 2
It's time again to
fall behind in time
Ann Arbor police released these composite drawings, from
two victims' interpretations, of a man suspected in three
campus-area rapes in the last two months. The man is
described as a 6-foot to 6-foot-2 Black male between the ages
of 20 and 25, weighing about 160 pounds.
BY SCOTT LAHDE
We sprang forward.
On Sunday, we fall back.
It's that time of year again, when
we get back that precious hour of
sleep, so painfully yanked from us
last cnr na h r-lr cman en 7
Along with setting clocks back, the
campaign reminds everyone to
change batteries in smoke detectors
The International Association of
Fire Chiefs reports that three out of
foar hompe have nne mnkd etetrin-
Victims of the hurricane that
devasted much of Nicaragua
deserve U.S. aid.
See Opinion, Page 4
Leonard Bernstein: You should be
this cool when you're 70.
See Arts. Pane 8
Sept. rape may be
linked to Oct. ones
BY NATHAN SMITH
Ann Arbor police believe that a
She said the man pulled out a silver
handgun and sexually assaulted her.