BY ROSE LIGHTBOURN
A new technique for growing
human and animal cells, discovered
by a University research team, could
open the door to improved research
on cancer and AIDS, and possibly
the development of artificial organs
like the liver or pancreas, researchers
The group, headed by Chemical
Engineering Prof. Henry Wang,
grew human and animal cells inside
a "tailor-made" membrane that re-
sembles a bubble and simulates the
cell's natural environment - a pro-
cess termed "microencapsulation."
The technique will make it
possible to grow solid, artificial tis-
sue cancer models upon which re-
searchers could experiment with
radiation and chemotherapy treat-
+ "In this case, you can literally
form artificial tumors based on this
encapsulated technology," Wang
said. The new encapsulation proce-
dures can also isolate, immobilize,
and concentrate the T-lymphocytes
necessary to remove viruses like
AIDS from the blood stream.
And just as skin grafts are culti-
vated in vitro today, it may be pos-
sible in the future to form muscle
and bone grafts in a similar manner
thanks to the research.
"This project is actually a result
of moonlighting in the research lab
,by some of the students," said
Wang. "Two years of hard work."
Cultivating cells by microencap-
sulation has been successfully used
befofe, but previous procedures pro-
duced large unmanageable capsules
that only partially mimicked the
cell's normal environment, or killed
:cells in the multi-step encapsulation
Under a National Science
Foundation grant, Wang and post-
doctoral student Akiyoshi Sakoda,
with the help of graduate students
Somesh Nigam, I-Fu Tsao, and
Sarah Jachim, perfected the tech-
The greatest accomplishment of
this procedure is its ability to mod-
ify the membrane's thickness, pore
size, and makeup to meet the spe-
cific needs of the cells inside, the re-
The capsules are reusable and
easily magnetized for swift and un-
contaminated removal from the
solutions they are stored in.
The Michigan Daily - Monday, September 26, 1988 - Page 3
Hatians march for priest ^sca' rs
Parishoners from the St. Jean Bosco Catholic Church in Port Au Prince, Haiti kneel in the
street yesterday to bekon the return of their priest, Father Jean Bertrand Aristid. Aristid was
the target of an attack two weeks ago in the church which resulted in eleven worshippers dead
and later sparked a coup.
Experts say society hides
sexual child abuse cases
BY MARION D AVIS AND
About 200 people gathered in the
Michigan Union Ballroom last night
to watch the debate between presi-
dential contenders Vice President
George Bush and Massachusetts
Gov. Michael Dukakis, including
State Rep. Perry Bullard (D-Ann
"I feel that he's going to come off
a lot better than Bush," said sopho-
more Laura Lindstrand, one of the
crowd who paid $5 each to watch the
debates, which were broadcast from
Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
The fundraiser was sponsored by the
Students for Dukakis campus chap-
"He (Dukakis) is an experienced
debater... and can be tough on the
issues," Linstrand said.
Students for Dukakis coordinator
and LSA senior Keith Brand said,
before the debates got underway, that
he was expecting to see real issues
covered and not personal attacks on
Afterward, Brand said he thought
Bush indulged in personal attacks,
such as the patriotism issue. But he
was not critical of Dukakis.
Answering questions posed by a
panel of three reporters, the candi-
dates reinforced their positions on
issues such as drug control, housing,
and national defense.
Bullard said Dukakis showed
"logic, coherence, and compassion"
in his replies. "He has a clear plan
for unmet health care, housing and
other needs (of the American peo-
ple)," Bullard said. "(Dukakis) was
the clear winner."
Throughout the debate, the over-
whelmingly pro-Dukakis audience
cheered Dukakis and booed Bush.
The crowd cheered especially loud
when Dukakis attacked Bush's
selection of Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle
as his Vice Presidential candidate.
LSA junior Navid
Mahmoodzadegan, president of the
campus chapter of Students for
Bush-Quayle 1988, said he watched
the debate with fellow Republicans
at home. The debate, he said, was
really a "joint press conference," and
the winner would be the person who
looked and sounded more presiden-
tial. He added that he thought the
winner would eventually be chosen
by the media.
. "I think that they both did very
well, but Bush stressed that he is a
strong, knowledgeable leader and is
in touch with the majority of the
American people," Mahmoodzadegan
Although the College Republi-
cans did not organize a fundraiser to
view the debate, Mahmoodzadegan
noted that the College Republicans
would be starting a voter registration
drive in the near future.
The proceeds of the Students for
Dukakis fundraiser will be used to
support the Dukakis campaign in
BY SCOTT CHAPLIN
Though the reported number of sexually abused
males and females is high - FBI statistics say one in
three females and one in 10 males are sexually abused
- the actual numbers may be much higher because
many cases go unreported, one University professor
University Social Work Prof. Kathleen Faller cited a
recent study that found that 54 percent of females have
been sexually abused in some form by the age of 18.
While in most cases of sexual abuse, a male abuses
a female (Faller said men are the perpetrators in about
85 percent of the cases, and females are the victims 80
to 90 percent of the time) she focused her report on fe-
male sexual abusers.
In the study, Faller suggested that cases in which a
woman is the abuser often involve families with
"multiple sexually abusive relationships traceable for
several generations" and extended families.
IN THESE situations, the women are "persuaded,
coerced or otherwise drawn into sexual abuse by men,"
the report said. In addition, the study says, sexually
abusive women often suffer from mental disturbances
including brain damage, retardation, and psychosis.
Faller suggested that male sexual abusers may find
it easier to overcome strict social taboos against abus-
ing children because men, in general, are socialized to
be more sexually aggressive and to expect more sexual
gratification than women.
Sexual child abuse often stems from an adult's de-
sire for power, dominance, affection, and sex as well as
feelings of anger, especially in men who have had a bad
history with adult women, she said. Faller emphasized
that she disagrees with people who deny the signifi-
cance of the sexual aspect of the abuse.
SHE SAID prerequisites for this type of abuse are
real sexual feelings towards the victims as well as a
willingness to act on them. Other factors that can lead
to sexual child abuse are marital problems, stress at
work, alcohol, and drugs.
According to Sue McGee, the Director of the Do-
mestic Violence Project in Ann Arbor, the effects of
sexual abuse on children can vary widely. While many
may have troubles in school, run away, abuse drugs,
and become violent or withdrawn, others may become
Sexually abused children "have had their sense of
trust betrayed... but often see themselves to be
blamed," McGee said. The long-run effects can include
low self-esteem, nightmares, difficulty in trusting oth-
ers, difficulties in finding their own sexuality, as well
as depression and even suicide, she said.
Tish Neidhardt, coordinator of the Child Sexual
Abuse Treatment Program of Ann Arbor's Assault
Crisis Center claims that more adults who were sexu-
ally abused as children are coming forth primarily be-
cause of the increased availability of counseling and
third year at 'U'
The picture run in the Perspectives column "Resident-student rapport"
(Daily, 9/22/88) was a file photo and was not directly related to the column.
State's regents spent
$1 million on travel
BY MARION DAVIS
Safewalk, a volunteer student es-
cort service, will embark on its third
year of walking students to parties,
libraries, and residence halls after
dark tonight in the UGLi.
Since it began in the winter of
1985, the program has seen a 150
percent increase in the number of
volunteers and a steady increase in
the number of patrons using it. This
year, 145 people are volunteering for
Mark Chekal, a business school
senior, attributes the increase to
publicity Safewalk received from
first-year student orientation pro-
grams on safety, residence hall ad-
visers, posters, and the walkers
"We're not telling people that the
campus is not safe and not to walk
alone," said Chekal, a Safewalk co-
coordinator. "We want to let people
know that we are here, if they need
VALERIE Bullerdick, an LSA
junior, said she used it her first
semester here. "It really gave me a
sense of security, and I didn't have to
keep looking over my shoulder," she
said. Bullerdick later became a vol-
To become a volunteer, a student
must submit an application, go
through a security check to ensure
they have no criminal record, and
complete a Safety in Numbers Tran-
ing Program, which focuses on as-
sault awareness and prevention
ALTHOUGH THE two-
member teams do not carry weapons,
they do carry walkie-talkies to report
unusual sightings to the Univer-
sity's Public Safety and to notify
other teams about patrons that may
be in their area.
Stressing that Safewalk is not
only for women but also for men,
co-coordinator Ellen Ross said, "Our
objective is to make the campus
available to all who want to partici-
pate and not feel afraid at the
Safewalkers will walk patrons
anywhere on campus within a 20-
minute radius of the Diag.
What's happening in Ann Arbor today
Miriam Shapiro - "Review-
ing Feminist Art," a public lecture
series which looks at women's
visual culture from early times to
the present. 7:30 p.m. Angell Hall
Prof. Claus Wilcke - from
the University of Munich speaks
on "Geneaology and Geography in
the Sumerian King List," 4:00
p.m. 3050 Frieze Bldg.
Dr. John G. Curro - of the
Sandia National Laboratories
speaks on "Theory of Polymer
Blends," 4:00 p.m. 1005 Dow
WCBN/WJJX - Mass meeting
for campus radio stations. 7:00
p.m. in Angell Hall Aud. C.
Graduate Women's Caucus
- Brief organizational meeting at
Guild House, 802 Monroe at 5:00
p.m. Political, social, academic.
Asia n American
Association - General
meeting, 7:00 p.m. at Trotter
House, 1443 Washtenaw. Call 763-
7037 for info.
Michigan Alliance for Dis-
armament - General meeting
in the Pond Room in the Michigan
Union from 7:30 p.m. to 9:30
UAC - University Activities
Center mass meeting for Soph
Show to recruit cast memebers and
stage crew. 7:00 p.m. in the
Pendleton Room of the Michigan
today to be in the tournament
Thursday, Sept. 29.
Outing Club - California
camping trip to be discussed, 6:00
p.m. Rm. 2413 Mason Hall. Call
Jim Ivanko for info: 665-1339.
DETROIT (AP) - Some regents
and governers for Michigan's 13
pubic universities flew first class
with their spouses on overseas trips
and took chartered flights to board
meetings- a $1.1 million tab
charged to the public during the past
32 months, a published report said
The expenditures are legal, but the
spending comes at a time when in-
creases in university spending and
tuition rates have been widely criti-
The Detroit N'ews obtained ex-
pense figures for 130 board members
and board secretaries at the 13
schools for the previous two fiscal
years and the first eight months of
the current fiscal year through
No University regent was cited in
the top ten.
At the top of the spending list
was Roy Wilbanks, secretary of the
board of regents at Eastern Michigan
Club - 7:00 p.m.
SAFEWALK - Night-time
safety walking service will begin
services Monday from 8:00 p.m.
to 1:30 a.m. operating out of Rm.
102 of the Undergraduate Library.
Call 936-1000 for info.
Handbells Ringers Club -
4:00 p.m. at 900 Burton Tower.
Newcombers who read music are
welcome. Call 764-2539 for info.
Rhythm Corps - at the
Nectarine Ballroom, 510 E. Liberty
at 10:00 p.m. Tickets: $10.50.
U of M Taekwondo Club -
Fall classes havetbegun. Group
meets from 6:30 to 8:15 p.m. at
2275 CCRB. Call Tim Frye at 662-
Experiential Education Fair
- Displays and exhibits from
various campus internship
programs/field opportuniteis at
3:00 p.m. Representatives from
programs will answer questions.
Panel discussion of faculty, staff,
and students at 4:00 p.m.
Record release - Capitol
Records will be presenting an
advance listening party for the new
Cocteau Twins release Blue Bell
ANN A RBOR
" Student discounts
" 7000 square feet
" Over 20,000 pounds of
Olympic free weights
" Streamline and Icarian equipment
wa I ~rmiuu