The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 23, 1988 - Page 5
BY KATHRYN DEMOTT
While many believe that the peace
movement born in the sixties is
merely a concern of the past, there
are those who believe in its future.
Among the latter are Rev. Richard
and Sharron Singleton who spoke
last night at the Zion Lutheran
Church. Richard, dean of the
Cathedral of St. John in Providence,
Rhode Island, addressed issues of
peace in the context of U.S.-Soviet
"Our political system itself is an
oppositional system," he said.
Instead of approaching superpower
negotiations with creativity,
Americans automatically see Russia
as the enemy and put themselves in
opposition to them, he said.
"I question our committment to
peace. We must accept the fact that
peace will cost us a change in
lifestyle," he said.
According to Richard, the biggest
problem is making the American
middle class aware of their economic
privilege. "When you go to the
U.S.S.R. you undergo an identity
crisis. We are the luckiest two
percent of the world. What we see as
an acceptable way of life is
remarkable to Soviet citizens."
He has worked to organize three
visits to the Soviet Union and during
his latest visit, Richard participated
in the Millenial Celebration' of the.
Russian Orthodox Church.
Sharron Singleton, a founder of
the Ann Arbor chapter of Women's
Action for Nuclear Disarmament,
called for an end to protest and for a
commitment to the peace movement.
"We must see ourselves as the
peacemakers and not as people
begging our government to take
BY RICHARD NAJARIAN
The University's Medical Center
has received a three-year, $3 million
grant from the National Cancer
Institute (NCI) to study the treatment
of tumors in the liver.
Dr. William Ensminger, profes-
sor of internal medicine and pharma-
cology, is leading the research aimed
at prolonging the lives of liver cancer
The new treatment uses Yttrium-
90 glass microspheres -radioactive
glass beads which are injected into
the hepatic artery leading to the liver.
The beads are attracted to the tu-
mors in the liver, because of the
higher blood vessel content there.
When settled, the beads release radia-
tion that kills the cancer cells.
Ensminger developed the idea of
using Yttrium-90 ten years ago, but
it was not until 1985 that the Uni-
versity funded his research. In order
to pursue his goal of ultimately
finding a cure for the life-treating
disease, he needed additional funding
- funding which he received from
NCI in August.
But a stipulation came along with
the grant. The U.S. Food and Drug
Administration required Ensminger to
use animals in his research to test the
maximum level of radiation.
"These new, hopeful approaches
would not be available to liver cancer
patients without the results of the
animal studies," he said.
Other methods available to liver
cancer patients include the implanta-
tion of pumps that administer a drug,
floxuridine, with a response rate of
about 50 percent, and intravenous
chemotherapy which has a response
rate of 15 to 20 percent. Ensminger
hopes Yttrium-90 will have higher
"This must be viewed as a step,
only a step, in curing tumors of the
gastro-intestinal areas - pancreas,
liver, colon, and stomach," Ens-
minger said. "I believe that in four
to five years we will see the 'big
splash' in liver cancer treatment."
Frank Mahaney, an affiliate with
NCI, said Ensminger is one of the
biggest names in liver cancer re-
search. "Three million dollars for
three years is a lot of money. We
believe that he (Ensminger) is well
RO.BI.I" " A"/Dl"y
First year Music School student Joe Gramley plays a vibrophone yesterday in the Pendleton
Room of the Michigan Union.
Event features arts programs
BY STEVEN FELDMAN
Potters, woodworkers and jewelry makers practiced
their crafts to the strains of Bach piano preludes during
yesterday's "Arts All Day" event - a sampler of the
arts, crafts, theater, and music programs available
through the University's office of Arts and Programs.
The only thing that was lacking was an audience.
Attendance was quite sparse at the five hour event,
held in the Michigan Union Pendelton Room, with no
more than ten people in the room at one time.
"It's kind of a shame," said Marilyn Bishop, a
member of the board of directors of the Michigan Guild
of Artists and Artisans, who was making jewelry dur-
ing the event.
Bishop is a member of Artspace, an organization
that holds classes for both students and non-students in
drawing, jewelry, pottery and photography. Artspace
exhibits some its members' work during monthly art
shows in the Union's Art Lounge.
Helen Welford, co-director of the office of Arts and
Programs, said that groups such as Artspace, the Stu-
dent Woodshop, and the Student Theater Arts Com-
plex, which were showcased during "Arts All Day", are
not only for art majors, but open to all students.
David Scheffler, an LSA junior, will exhibit his
wall-sized artpieces and portraits during an upcoming
show in the Art Lounge. Some of his work is currently
on display in a SoHo art gallery in New York City.
"I want to go into plastic surgery," Scheffler said.
"This is really just a hobby, even though I earned
money from commissions all summer."
The office of Arts and Programs sponsors such the
annual Black-American Art Show, the Asian-American
Art Show, and the classical music "Concert of the
Month", featuring music school students.
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Study: college ball
players chew too
The William Monroe Trotter House Presents
THE 3RD ANNUAL TROTTER HOUSE
MINORITY STUDENT PICNIC
BY RACHELE ROSI
A recent study by the University's
School of Dentistry has found that
college baseball players, like their
professional - counterparts, chew
smokeless tobacco despite its harm-
Many medical experts believe that
long-term use of the substance could
lead to cancer of the mouth and
The study showed that "even at
college levels there seems to be a
fairly strong use of smokeless to-
bacco," said dental Prof. Robert
Bagramian, who was in charge of
conducting the survey. "We thought
college students would be more
knowledgeable about the harms of
Bagramian surveyed 75 college
baseball players from several mid-
western schools. Forty percent of the
players surveyed reported chewing
tobacco - some as often as five
times a day.
Only 15 of the players interviewed
said they had never tried chewing to-
bacco. On average, the study re-
vealed, the remaining 60 subjects
began the habit at age 17.
Bagramian said students incor-
rectly believe chewing tobacco is a
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The earliest signs of a health
problem include discoloration and
inflammation of the gums, as well as
irritation and soreness of the mouth.
"Some think it could cause cancer
over a long period of time," he said.
About 12 million Americans -
possibly three million under age 21
- use smokeless tobacco, half of
them weekly,dsome more often,
According to an article in the
May 12, 1988 issue of The Wall
Street Journal, "use of (smokeless
tobacco) products among boys has
risen sharply in recent years in the
wake of aggressive marketing efforts,
including the use of baseball stars
and the giving of free samples to
college and minor-league athletes."
Aside from the possibility of
causing cancer, Bagramian said that
chewing tobacco is also addictive.
University baseball coach Bud
Middaugh, who prohibits his players
from using smokeless tobacco, ad-
mitted that the habit is addictive.
"We take it into consideration
that it's difficult for them to stop,"
especially if they started chewing in
high school, he said.
Saturday, Sept. 24
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821 E. University
For more information call
The Trotter House 763-7037
The U of M Office of Student
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