BY STEVE KNOPPER
When former Interim President
Robben Fleming was University
President in the late 1960s, he en-
comtered a protester with a giant
ertube wrapped around a six-foot-
wooden slingshot. It shot bricks.
"You're not so much worried
a ,put windows as you are of him
ng a poor shot," Fleming said. "If
hit somebody, he could kill them.
had characters like that around."
Today, Fleming said, student
test "doesn't have the same po-
tal for violence."
When police confront today's
testers, Fleming said, "People, in
eral, accept the arrest. In that
s se, protest is quite different...
re isn't that same tension. Peo-
are more self-controlled."
Fleming would know. He served
University President in three dif-
f ent decades, heading the Univer-
s through periods of turbulent -
and sometimes violent - student
uiest from 1968 to 1979, then re-
turning last January as interim
president while the University's
Board of Regents conducted a search
toreplace former President Harold
Shapiro, who left to head Princeton
But Fleming did more than
merely hold down the fort.
After just one week as interim
president, Fleming proposed a policy
t .eter campus discrimination and
$rassment with academic punish-
i ents. And nine years after his first
t rm ended, Fleming found himself
4ice again in the midst of a mael-
s rom of student protest.
Student activists immediately
-obilized to oppose the policy,
$5ich they called a code of non-aca-
demic conduct. The policy, they
said, would limit student rights and
attempt to control behavior outside
In fact, during a protest of the
policy in April, students sat in at the
Fleming Administration Building
overnight. The protesters, including
?ichigan Student Assembly Presi-
t Mike Phillips and Vice Presi-
dent Susan Overdorf, called for
Students protested vehemently at
several regents' meetings, and la-
belled Fleming's policy a "power
grab." Former MSA President Ken
Weine said, "Fleming thinks because
he's retiring, he's on a mission to
p up this project. It's a disgrace.
e University isn't retiring."
But Fleming and his supporters
have maintained that the University
nteeds such a policy to combat al-
leged incidents of racism on campus,
such as fliers and death threats which
hove harassed minority students.
Fleming was adamant that his
proposal was the right step to take.
I.,gent Philip Power (D-Ann Arbor)
s said, "Bob Fleming is the sort
Sperson who does what he says
'That attitude, said student mem-
rs of the United Coalition Against
icism, made Fleming less respon-
§ e to students. Rackham graduate
d UCAR leader Barbara Ransby
d Fleming was "less responsive
ian somebody who was going to
erit the presidency and be respon-
When UCAR members said LSA
Dean Peter Steiner made "racist"
comments in January, Ransby said,
Fleming "cavalierly dismissed the
S See Fleming, Page 10
The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 9, 1988 - Page 7
to ease race
Strike up the band ELLEN LEVY/Daily
The Michigan Marching Band, 225 members strong, gets one of its last rehearsals in before
it heads to South Bend, Indiana for the Michigan-Notre Dame game Saturday. See story, Page
1. The Marching Band, under the direction of Eric Becher, is concluding Band Week - a
grueling stretch of day-long practices and tryouts as it embarks upon the 1988 football
Financial aid office helps
students .make ends meet
BY ANNA SENKEVITCH
Former University Psychology
Prof. Harvey Reed is spearheading a
new administrative effort to heal
tense racial relations among faculty,
staff and students in his newly-cre-
ated role of Diversity Agenda Coor-
"My job is sort of an in-house
consultant for diversity," said Reed,
who was hired this summer.
Reed, who taught here in the
'70s, was hired to make the Univer-
sity environment more friendly to
minorities, he said. Headquartered in
the Office of Minority Affairs, he
contacts and frequently receives re-
quests from groups of University
employees who need help addressing
issues facing minorities.
"He is working with Admissions
(staff members)," said Vice Provost
for Minority Affairs Charles Moody,
"to make them and the environment
more sensitive and aware of the
kinds of things they need to do to
recruit more minorities."
DESPITE HIS short tenure,
Reed has already played a prominent
role in campus race relations.
Reed was called upon after the
University removed a theater group
presentation - accused of promot-
ing discrimination - from the di-
versity program at summer orienta-
tion. Following a July 27 student-
led demonstration against "Talk To
Us," the University asked Reed to
design a replacement.
Protesting members of the United
Coalition Against Racism argued
that the skits - which acted out
various manifestations of prejudice
- trivialized issues of racism, sex-
ism and homophobia, and even pro-
moted white, assimilationist atti-
In Reed's alternate format, an ad-
ministrator spoke to new students on
the University's commitment to di-
versity, and a panel of student ac-
tivists discussed fighting
discrimination on campus.
"Essentially," Reed said, "my job
was to run this two-hour workshop
every day (of those two weeks). We
feel as though we've learned a fair
amount about what would work and
what wouldn't work... in future
In the four months since he took
the position, Reed has constructed
workshops for several other Univer-
sity groups, including a two-day
racial awareness program with the
Office of Admissions.
While he frequently brings in
outside consultants to conduct his
seminars, Reed often does run his
own show, as he did at a recent half-
day workshop he gave for the Hous-
ing Department's Special Programs.
BUT REED stresses that he is
only a facilitator. In the workshop
he held with Admissions staff, he
prompted staff members to assume
the problem-solving role.
"I work hard to resist laying my-
trip, my notions, on the clients,"
Reed said. "The clients are the ones
who have to define the problems,
figure out solutions and implement
Reed said some schools and col-
leges have beat him to improving
minority recruitment and retention.
But though he is encouraged by de-
partments that are self-starters, Reed
said he sees a long road of consult-
ing work ahead of him.
"What we are talking about,"
Reed said, "is a basic change- in the
culture of this institution, to make it
more hospitable. It's going to re-
quire that everybody jump on the
From 1986 to spring 1988, Reed
lectured at Eastern Michigan'
BY DONNA IADIPAOLO
LSA senior Juliana Cho has been
awarded financial aid since her
sophomore year. Cho receives a
University loan, a financial
scholarship through the state, a
Perkins loan (low interest loan
through the University), and work-
"I didn't know anything about
financial aid as a incoming
freshman," Cho said. "That's why I
didn't apply to receive aid although I
About 9,000 undergraduate
students - about 30 percent -
received some type of financial aid
last year, according to the
University's Office of Financial Aid.
Of these, 900 were awarded for
merit, and the rest for need. But new
rules and complicated application
procedures make persistence and
patience equally important
STUDENTS WHO receive
financial aid are expected to carry a
full-time credit hour load for each
term they receive money. Full time
is defined as 12 credit hours per term
for undergraduates in fall, and six
credit hours for spring and summer
Last fall, Cho dropped a course
four weeks into the term and became
a part-time student. Her experience
typifies students' frustration with the
"Prior to dropping the course I
checked with a financial aid officer to
make sure part of my aid wouldn't
be dropped, since I was still paying
the full-time tuition," Cho said. "He
assured me that my aid would not be
reduced. So I dropped the class. But
when I went to pick up my... loan it
was not available."
SHE WAS told that she was
unable to receive the loan because
she was not registered as a full-time
student. It took the Office of
Financial Aid over a month to
straighten out the misunderstanding.
But Cho was eventually awarded the
full amount of her loan.
"Many students may find the
application process confusing and
frustrating, but the OFA is here to
help," said Skip Bailey, senior
financial aid officer at the OFA.
"We encourage students to come
to the office for assistance. We
recognize the process is lengthy and
we want to help."
The Office of Financial Aid also
monitors enrollment status during
each term; if students drop courses
and fall below full-time status, they
may be required to repay all or a
portion of their aid.
"Knowing your responsibilities
as a financial aid recipient and
fulfilling them are important parts in
receiving and maintaining your
financial aid status," Cho said.
THE TAX Reformation Act of
1986 provides yet another financial
aid obstacle: a provision that
classifies grants, scholarships and
fellowships beyond the cost of
tuition and course-related expenses as
In addition under Title IV of the
Higher Education Reauthorization
Act, implemented by Congress in
September 1986, students under 24
seeking financial aid cannot claim
"independent" status - unless they
can prove they are married, veterans,
or have been separated from their
parents and earned $4,000 a year for
See Aid, Page 10
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