Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, December 8, 1988
Paths to democracy debated
BY KRISTIN HOFFMAN
Final statements will be issued
today to close the All-Democracies
Conference, an international gather-
ing of politicians and private citizens
being held at the University.
The 43 nations participating in
the conference differ in the methods
they support to promote international
democracies. The group pians to es-
tablish an International Institute for
Democracy that could encompass ac-
tivities of governments and citizen
Some participants wanted the
group to move toward an interna-
Israeli citizen Netanel Lorch, a researcher at the Truman Institute,
Democracies Conference yesterday, proposing that the conference
supporting democratic changes in Chile, Argentina, and Pakistan.
addresses the All-
issue a statement
tional Citizens Action Network,
while others felt the emphasis should
fall on high-level intergovernmental
meetings to promote democracy.
One speaker, Parliamentary Pri-
vate Secretary from Mauritius Ger-
main Comarond, wondered if military
forces, such as UNITA, the Contras,
and the ANC, that are fighting what
he termed "leftist totalitarian" and
other regimes, would be allowed to
participate in the association.
Several representatives responded
with differing reasons as to why
these types of groups should not be
allowed to join.
John Wheeldon, an associate edi-
tor of The Australia, said that since
these groups would not be govern-
mental, they cannot make the types
of decisions that established govern-
ments can. This, he felt, precluded
them from participation.
The path to democracy should be
a non-violent one, and liberation
groups would not be appropriate
members of the association, other
The association should focus on
strengthening democracy as a pro-
cess, a value, and an ideal, said
Christian Monsod of the Philippines.
Monsod said established democra-
cies and newly achieved ones would
possibly have differing needs.
The most contentious issue
seemed to be a conflict between the
association being a pressure group to
safeguard abuses that would be ad-
verse to democracy, and an associa-
tion of governments to further
As some established democracies
interfere with weaker ones, members
expressed doubt that governments on
either side of this issue would be en-
thusiastic about joining the associa-
On Your Finals!!
-- - -
LS&A Lecture Notes For the Entire Semester
Call for Available Classes
Continued from Page 1
which initially read "Stop Arab Ter-
rorism." Later that day, Tagar
changed the slogan to "Stop All
Terrorism" after complaints from
students that the original slogan was
Tagar President Keith Hope said
of the rescission, "It's a positive
step for MSA because groups are
now allowed to express their politi-
cal opinions without fear of censure
But Hilary Shadroui, a member of
the Ad-hoc Committee Against
Anti-Arab Racism who campaigned
715 N. University " 663-6816
Upstairs from Jacques and Mrs. Peabody's
Between Moe's and Comerica
for the resolution, said, "We (the
Arab Community) interpret this as
saying that racism against Arabs
will not be punished."
If the resolution had remained,
Tagar's recognition would have been
withdrawn unless the group com-
pleted certain actionsthat included
removing the bus from the Diag.
LSA Rep. Gretchen Walter said
she will sponsor a new resolution at
next week's meeting requiring Tagar
to make a formal apology and take
part in a discussion with the Pales-
tinian Solidarity Committee in order
for Tagar to retain its recognized
Walter voted against the original
resolution. "I really didn't think it
was right to de-recognize Tagar, to
ask them to do these things," she
The original resolution, which
had been tabled from the week be-
fore, was the last action of the old
assembly. The newly elected assem-
bly took office immediately after the
vote. The new assembly passed the
rescission at this week's assembly
Compiled from Associated Press and staff reports
Mandela moves to prison farm
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (AP) - African National Congress
leader Nelson Mandela was transferred yesterday evening from a clinic to
live at a house on a prison farm outside Cape Town.
Mandela was moved to "a suitable, comfortable and properly secured
home," at the Victor Verster Prison in Paarl, said Justice Minister Kobie
Aside from stays in hospitals, it marked the first time since 1962 that
the 70-year-old Mandela has lived outside of a cell.
Prison officials said Mandela's wife, Winnie, children and grandchildren
would have unlimited access to Mandela at his new quarters in a staff
house on prison property.
House rejects auto broker ban
LANSING - The House rejected a controversial proposal to ban auto
brokering in Michigan, and then approved a bill that would make odome-
ter tampering a felony yesterday.
Altering or disconnecting odometers or installing a device that would
display a false mileage reading on the vehicles would be a felony under
The bill became controversial when the Senate amended it to add a ban
on auto brokering, except for credit unions. Auto brokers in the state act
as an intermediary between car buyers and dealers, getting buyers a lower
price and helping dealers to shed inventory.
Auto dealers lobbied hard for the deal, saying brokers would lead to the
demise of the small dealer.
FAA fines 29 airlines $1.6
million for security lapses
WASHINGTON - The Federal Aviation Administration fined 29 air-
lines more than $1.6 million yesterday for security lapses at passenger
checkpoints, although officials said the violations have declined signifi-
cantly in the past year.
The penalties stemmed from failures by security guards at airport
checkpoints to detect 236 mock weapons carried or hidden in carry-on
baggage by undercover FAA officials.
The agency collected more than $1 million in fines earlier this year as
a result of violations of that occurred in late 1987 and early 1988 as part
of a stepped up effort by the government to improve checkpoint security
at major airports.
Four airlines were cited for at least two dozen violations and fines.
United had 33 violations; Northwest had 29 violations, American had 28
violations and USAir had 26 violations.
Caesarean births lowered
BOSTON - A hospital reduced its Caesarean births to half the
national rate by requiring doctors to get second opinions and follow a few
easy rules in a strategy that could save more than $1 billion if applied
elsewhere, its developers said.
Caesarean sections are the most common form of surgery in the United
States. Many medical experts agree physicians perform far too many of
them, but there is little consensus on how to cut back.
The program started at Chicago's Mount Sinai Hospital Medical
Center lowered the Caesarean rate from 17.5 percent to 11.5 percent over
two years. Nationwide last year, 24.4 percent of the 3.8 million births
were Caesarean deliveries.
The doctors estimated that if their program were adopted by other
hospitals, the United States could avoid 450,000 Caesareans nationally.
Man finds that a worthless
dollar bill may have value
ST. LOUIS - Barry Faintich paid $50 for a dollar bill, and he may
have snagged a bargain.
The 1985 dollar bill that caught his eye during a transaction at his coin
shop in nearby Clayton is a rarity because it bears no Treasury
Department seal, no district seal and no serial number.
Faintich's bill is nearly in mint condition. He said he had heard of
bills of this sort being sold in the past for $150 to $200.
"It's a neat error," Faintich said. "Nice funny money."
'Extras' Christmas bonus:
SYDNEY, Australia - Santa Claus today traded his red suit for the
legal variety, going to court to demand that he be paid as much as the
elves in his department store.
Terry Meller, a part-time actor, said his elves earn about $21 an hour
while he only gets $8.80 an hour.
The Daily Telegraph of Sydney thought Meller's gripe was worthy of
editorial comment, saying the prospect of Santa going on strike was
unthinkable and asking "who would deliver the presents" if Meller didn't.
The story was the main, front-page article with the headline, "Dough
- Or 'No Ho Ho Ho' Says Santa."
Wbe 1Micbi gan j
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday through Friday during the fall and winter
terms by students at the University of Michigan. Subscription rates: for fall and winter (2 semesters)
$25.00 in-town and $35 out-of-town, for fall only $15.00 in-town and $20.00 out-of-town.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and the Student News Service.
PHONE NUMBERS: News (313) 764-0552, Opinion 747-2814, Arts 763-0379, Sports 747-3336, Cir-
culation 764-0558, Classified advertising 764-0557, Display advertising 764-0554, Billing 764--0550
CCP EO~ @ ETsh
HI6HEST PRICES ARE PAlOFA
BOOKS RE-USED AT MICHIGAN
THE LAND BEFORE TIME riI I
12;30, 2:05, 3:40, 5:15, 7:00, 8:35, 10:10, 11:40
2:5 1 50325 500 700 825 1000 1135
12:40, 4:40, 7:20, 9:30, 11:40
Editor in Chief
Opinion Page Eltors
Associate Op. Page Editors
Elizabeth Esch, Amy Harmon
Karen Handelman, John Munson
Associate Sports Editors
Associate Weekend Editor
Julie Himan, Adam Schefter,
Adam Schrager, Pete Steinert,
Lsa Magno, Jim Poniewozk
BUYING BACK BOOK
MONDAY -THURSDAY 930
A CRY IN THE DARK
12:35, 2:50,5:00, 7:30, 9:50, 12:10
IRON EAGLE 11
1:05, 3:00, 5:10, 7:40
/ ERNEST SAVES CHRISTMAS
nn~iX) r-90 7.1 r, Q9n' 119n r
News Staff: Victoria Bauer, Scott Chapin, Laura Cohn, Miguel Cruz, Marion Davis, Paul De Rooij, Noah Finkel, Kely Gafford, Alex
Gordon, Stacy Gray, Tara Gruzen, Krstin Hoffman, Donna ladipaclo, Steve Knopper, Mark Kolar, Ed Krachmer, Scott Lahde, Rose
Lghtbourn, Krisne LaLonde, Michael Lustig, Alyssa Lustigman, Fran Obeid, Lsa Pollak, Micah Schmidt, David Schwartz, Jonathan
Scott, Anna Senkevitch, Noelie Shadwick, Monica Smith, Nathan Smith, Vera Songwe, Jessica Stick, Lisa Winer.
Opinion Staff: Muzzamil Ahned, Bill Gladstone, Rolie Hudson, Marc Klein, Karen Miler, Rebecca Novick, Marcia Ochoa, Elzabeth
Paige, I. Matt Aler, Sandra Steingraber, Sue Van Hattu.
Sports Staff Adam Benson, Steve Bonder, Steve Cohen, Richard Eisen, David Feldman, Lisa Gibert, Mike Gil, Steve Gnns, Andy
Gottesman, Karen Gromala, David Hyman, Mark Kat, Bethany Kipec, Lory Knapp, Joi Lichinan, Eric Lemont, Taylor Uncodn,
Josh M itnick, Jay Moses, Miachael Salinsky, John Samnick, Jeff Sheran.
Arts Staff: Greg Baise, Mary Beth Barber, Beth Colqitt, Sheala Durant, Brent Edwards, Greg Farland, Michael Paul Fisher, Mike
Fischer, Robert Flaggert, Uam Flaherty, Andrea Gacki, Lynn Gentleman, Darin Greyerbiehl, Margie Heinlen, Brian Jarviven, 0. Mara
Lowenstei, Kim Mc Gimis, Mike Rubin, Ari Schneider, Lauren Shapiro, Tony Siber, Chuck Skarsaune, Mark Swartz, Usha Tummala,
Pam Warshay, Nabeel Zubedi.