Page 2-The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, April 12, 1988
Women train the
same, but aren't
allowed in combat
Continued from Page 1
they should not be judged by their
sex," said O'Rourke, a member of
the army for 13 years.
Indeed, many military personnel
agree that qualified women have the
potential to move up in rank with-
out combat experience. But few ap-
pear eager to give that experience to
women in the near or distant future.
ALTHOUGH Airforce Colonel
Raymond Hunter believes that
women will never be allowed to
fight because of society's
protectiveness of women, he feels
they can be influential role models
without any combat experience.
"I had a female boss, a two star
general. She was probably one of the
best bosses I ever had," said Hunter.
But "we are coming as close as you
can get to combat roles for women."
O'Rourke, however, said she be-
lieves women should have the right
"Women's combat exclusion is a
figment of the American imagina-
tion," she said, explaining that it is
only society's protective attitude to-
wards women that excludes them
"IF THE American population
is that adverse to seeing women
harmed, mutilated, or brought home
in body bags, why do we have all
the rape and violence against women
in society? If we're so concerned
about women, why does this hap-
Daily Photo by JESSICA GREENE
Battalion Commander Meredith Vermillion, left, and second-in-
command Bridget Seeger talk near the ROTC rifle range. Although
women are now allowed to join ROTC, they are still not allowed to per-
form combat duty.
"I think the women I have trained
are perfectly capable of handling
themselves in any situation, includ-
ing combat," O'Rourke said.
Many consider the difference in
physical strength between women
and men as a basis for the reluctance
to let women fight. Kelly Pastva, a
marine in ROTC and senior in
School of Engineering, believes
women should be excluded from
combat because of their physical
"I KNOW I could not handle the
physical demands of combat," said
Pastva, who completed the physi-
cally grueling program at officer
training camp at Quantico Naval
Base in Virginia last summer.
Pastva described the 10 week
training as "torturing your body" and
said only 24 of 64 marines com-
pleted the training.
"(The training) is not something
said. "Ten years ago, you never saw
a woman flying in the Navy. I think
someday you are going to see com-
bat jobs open to women. In order to
fill jobs, they are going to have to
rethink women in combat," Boucher
Ann Panzica, a cadet in Army
ROTC and sophomore in the School
of Engineering, said, "Sometimes it
bothers me that we can't be in com-
bat, but then I think I wouldn't want
to do it anyway."
BUT IF women were allowed
to fight, "Midshipman" Stacy Huff-
man of the ROTC Navy and first
year student in the School of Natural
Resources said men's protective
attitude toward women would inter-
"I would think if a man and
woman were fighting next to each
other, the man would be more con-
cerned about the safety of the woman
next to him than on what he was
doing," Huffman said.
Brigette Seeger, a cadet in Army
ROTC and LSA senior, said that
women receive the same training as
men by participating in lab pro-
grams that cover land navigation,
map familiarization, compass read-
ing, and combat-type setting
S E E G E R, the captain of the
ROTC rifle team, said it seems con-
tradictory that women are trained to
use guns such as the M16 and .22
caliber rifle, though they cannot use
them in combat.
"I'm not afraid to use a gun.
People who do not know how to use
them scare me," she said, referring to
novice ROTC members.
"Sometimes I feel disadvan-
taged," Seeger said about women
being excluded from combat. "But I
think competence is going to win
out in the end."
everyone can complete or even want
to complete," Pastva said describing
the running and upper body exercises
of the program used to strengthen
endurance. She said the
"midshipmen" slept only four hours
"To me, it makes no sense to
send a woman out on the field to
fight when less than one percent of
the women in the United States are
capable of it," Pastva said.
BUT EXECUTIVE Officer of
ROTC Navy Dave Boucher said he
predicts combat jobs will open up
for women in the 1990s due to the
shortage of men in the military to
fill the positions. He attributed the
shortage of men to a decline of the
birth rate in the United States, and
more women who are joining the
"The Navy is constantly
reevaluating its standards," Boucher
Compiled from Associated Press reports
Ex-mobster decries drug trade
WASHINGTON - A former member of the Sicilian Mafia told
senators yesterday that "money, drugs and greed" have corrupted the mob
Testifying behind a screen in the Senate's most extensive organized-
crime hearings in a quarter-century, Tommaso Buscetta said the Mafia has
changed so much in Italy due to the drug trade that he no longer feels
bound "by the code of 'omerta' (silence)."
FBI officials, who also testified before the Senate Permanent
Subcommittee on Investigations, said the drug involvement of U.S.
organized crime families is less extensive, although many individual
mobsters are linked to narcotics.
"Before, the Mafia would have nothing to do with drugs," Buscetta
testified. "Drugs brought too much attention from the authorities, too
much heat. Now, drugs were the main part of the Mafia's business, and
everyone in the Sicilian Mafia was rich because of it."
Meese considered offering post
to friend in Wedtech scandal
WASHINGTON - Attorney General Edwin Meese discussed giving
his longtime friend, E. Robert Wallach, a key Justice Department post a
week or so before being notified formally that Wallach was under
investigation in the Wedtech scandal, a lawyer for Meese said yesterday.
Meese and Wallach conducted job talks concerning the then-vacant post
of counselor to the attorney general in "limited discussions held in late
March or early April" 1987, Meese attorney James Rocap said.
"Meese recalls that he was clearly interested in having Bob Wallach at
that time come into the department, but that no formal offer was ever
advanced to him," Rocap said.
State ups budget $110 million
LANSING - State spending will increase $110 million this year to
meet rising welfare and Medicaid costs under a bill signed into law by
Gov. James Blanchard, his office announce yesterday.
Blanchard also signed 15 other measures Sunday, including new laws
on seizing criminals' profits and encouraging photo processors to notify
police about sexually explicit photos of children.
The budget measure increases the current year's $6.43 billion budget
by 1.7 percent above spending levels approved earlier and nearly three
percent above the $6.34 billion spent last year.
Money to pay for the rise in General Assistance and Aid to Families
with Dependent Children grants comes in part from increased taxes on
insurance companies and cigarette smokers and $49 million in budget cuts
Bishops address women's issues
WASHINGTON - U.S. Roman Catholic bishops yesterday released
the first draft of a pastoral letter on women that breaks-little new ground
on women's role in the church but does condemn sexism and urges priests
to be more sensitive to women's concerns.
The 164-page document recommended that women play more of a
leadership role in the church and suggests further study of the possibility
of installing women as permanent deacons.
It also said girls should be allowed to join altar boys in assisting
priests, saying that the exclusion of girls seems "to stand in direct
contradiction to our call for women's more direct involvement in the life
of the church."
However the bishops stopped short of recommending that women be
ordained as priests.
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Continued from Page 1
Redman said the practice violates
international human rights
agreements to which Israel is a
signatory. The Geneva Convention
bars the expulsion of civilians in
time of war, but Israeli officials say
the convention applies only to mass
Army helicopters took the eight
deportees to southern Lebanon,
carrying some personal belongings
in plastic bags. They were offered
medical examinations and two taxis
took them to Rashava, in the
foothills of Mount Hermon in the
Syrian-controlled Bekaa valley,
Israeli army radio and Lebanese
The army described them as
"leading activists in terror
organizations," and said some were
"organizers and instigators" of anti-
Continued from Page 1
awards for original score, art direc-
tion, cinematography, sound and
More than 1,000 movie fans
packed bleachers hours in advance to
cheer celebrities arriving at the
Shrine Auditorium for the cere-
monies, where much of the excite-
ment focused on whether Cher would
2161 W. STADIUM
triumph as best actress. The best ac-
tress winner had not been announced
at press time.
Continued from Page 1
identify someone, you can have vic-
tims come in and identify him,"
Pifer said, adding that the department
has caught one alleged offender since
The two women - who did re-
port the incident to Public Safety -
said they ran to see if they could
catch the man, but they could not
find him. While they were at the
circulation desk asking for a security
guard, they saw the man head out the
door, they said.
THE MAN was unable to leave
because he was walking out of the
entry doors, and the women said they
took the opportunity to yell for
someone to grab him. Although
people were entering and exiting, no
one stopped him, they said.
"I felt somehow they didn't be-
lieve me. It was like it wasn't im-
portant enough to drop their books
and grab this guy," one woman said.
"He just walked calmly out the
front door, basically," said the other
The Graduate library has one se-
curity guard on duty at all times, and
the Undergraduate library hires one
guard for evenings only, library
officials said. On Monday, no on-
duty guard was available for com-
ment at the Graduate library because
the company from which the library
contracts was short-staffed for the
"WE HAVE to pay the penalty
for their not being enough security
people to intimidate these kind of
men," one of the women said.
Jim Cruse, head of Circulation
Services at the Graduate Library, said
he feels one guard is sufficient,
pointing out that library staff is not
trained to deal with such cases.
The library, he said, can do little
to help prevent people from expos-
ing themselves "without turning this
into a police state. I don't think
anyone on campus would want that."
Pir r nd nrtht~rc nrnw-rtltijn,'ihp
Town's prominent politicians
convicted for corruption
WILLIAMSON, W. Va. (AP) - It was bad enough when they con-
victed Kermit's police chief for selling drugs and the fire chief for setting
fires, along with other members of their clan. Then the former county
sheriff admitted he sold his job to the highest bidder.
And last week, a special grand jury returned indictments charging 16 of
Mingo County's most prominent politicians - including state legisla-
tors, a prosecutor, and the mayor of the county seat - with bribery and
conspiracy to subvert free elections in Mingo County.
The grand jury, one of three convened as part of a special state and fed-
eral task force investigating corruption in the county, is not yet finished.
In all, some 60 people from Mingo County have been convicted on state
or federal charges in the past two years.
Vol. XCVIII - No. 130
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967) is published Monday
through Friday during the fall and winter terms by students at the
University of Michigan. Subscription rates for May through August
- $6 in Ann Arbor; $8 outside the city. The Michigan Daily is a
member of The Associated Press and the National Student News
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Editor in Chief..................REBECCA BLUMENSTEIN
Managing Editor............MARTHA SEVETSON
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