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March 31, 1988 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1988-03-31

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The Michigan Daily-Thursday, March 31, 1988-Page 3

Libraries
fight to
preserve
books
Food named
as a culprit
By DAYNA LYNN
The University's Library Sys-
tem is trying to wage war on an
enemy battalion - the food,
drink, moisture, and even ink that
is eroding its books.
And it means business. Since
the Preservation Office of the
Harlan Hatcher Library was estab-
lished in 1981, it has been salva-
ging already-damaged books by
the thousands.
AS HEAD OF preservation
at the University, Carla Montori
leads the $789,000 a year effort.
She attributes much of the
present problem to the food and
drink that students smuggle into
the library. Because spills, grease,
and crumbs stain the books, in-
sects and rodents are attracted to
the library. Once in the library,
"they are almost impossible to
eradicate," Montori said.
The leather, paste, cellulose
fibers, and thread in the books
provide insects and rodents an
endless supply of food because
they can meet "all their nutrient
needs from eating books," Mon-
tori said.
"WE GET complaints about
bugs all the time," Sarah Gold-
stein, a preservation employee
said. Although she has never
actually seen or heard of a rodent
problem, she said the library rou-
tinely fumigates for bugs.
New signs in the lobby and
entrances to the stacks in the
Graduate Library strictly prohibit
students from bringing food and
drinks - the lobby signs read: "if
you must eat study elsewhere."
Writing in books, along with
improper handling, also causes
deterioration. Besides being dis-
tracting, the acids in ink may
damage the book. Montori
stressed that users should be care-
ful when handling a fragile or

~-
Ii (
it o
1400

Reagan fosters racism,

i

Bullard,
By ANDREW MILLS
The crowd was sparse, but the is-
sues were broad at a forum held last
night about the problems of racism
in all facets of society - throughout
the world, the nation, the state, and
the University.
State Rep. Perry Bullard (D-Ann
Arbor) and Natural Resources Prof.
Bunyan Bryant informally discussed
racism and what must be done to
eradicate its vestiges in communities
of all sizes at a forum sponsored by
the College Democrats at the Law
School.
Assuming a somewhat professo-
rial air, Bullard sketched out a his-
tory of racism in America from the
Civil War and the Reconstruction
through the civil rights movements
of the 60s to the South African di-
vestment issue.
IN THE CONTEXT of this
larger picture, Bullard called for in-
creased minority student enrollment
at the University as well as the hir-
ing of additional minority faculty.
"Today, the reality is we have 5.3
percent Black enrollment... in a state
population that is 13 percent Black,"

'U'

Bullard said. "We have a faculty that
is 3.9 percent Black.
"It shows... the need for a re-
newed commitment for affirmative
action" in hiring minority faculty
and recruiting minority students, he
said.
Bullard also took the University
to task for its opposition to divest-
ing its funds from corporations that
do business in South Africa.
"THIS UNIVERSITY'S
record on the divestment issue is a
shameful one," he said. Bullard was
the co-sponsor of a 1982 bill that
required state colleges and universi-
ties to divest. The University has
challenged that legislation in court.
Bryant related his own observa-
tions about racism in society and at
the University and what can be done
to combat it, stressing that it is a
"must" to get more minority stu-
dents and faculty members.
"The University of Michigan has
basically a Eurocentric perspective
on the world," Bryant said. He added
that students are isolated from
receiving other world views, and this
propagates bigotry and discrimina-

tory attitudes. Bryant advocates the
adoption of a mandatory University
class on racism to help, in part,
remedy the problem.
"Part of the learning comes from
a diverse population" at the Univer-
sity, he told the crowd of about 15.
Both Bryant and Bullard place
much of the blame for racism in so-
ciety on Ronald Reagan's eight-year
presidency.
"RONALD REAGAN has set
a tone within the country," Bryant
said, "and that tone has really legit-
imized a lot of racists and oppressive
acts, not only in society-at-large, but
right here at the University of
Michigan."
Bryant also addressed the problem
of high dropout rates among Black
Ann Arbor high school students,
high unemployment and underem-
ployment among the Black popula-
tion, and the disproportionate num-
ber of Black prisoners in state facili-
ties.
"Something is wrong," he said.
"If we don't change this country
around, were going to be in trouble."

prof. say

tightly bound book.
BUT CONDITION
library's environmentn
preserve books from no
cay. Air-conditioning i
because it allows the ten
and humidity to be contr
filters the air to keep o
spheric pollutants, Mont
"The colder and darke
vironment), the better,"
Heat bakes books, and
sucks the moisture outc
causing books to becon
and fall apart easily. The
let rays in light are als
books.
Whenever possible,
damaged books are repair
that are extremely brittle
damaged are usually mic
said Marie Grandinetti, h
University's Conservai
Book Repair Unit. Last
unit repaired 18,000 ci
books.
MICROFILMING
damaged books to be ml
without replacement. In

cess, a photo is taken of each page
on 35 millimeter film. Three
vS in the copies are made of the film: a
can help master negative is stored in a
)rmal de- "naturally perfect archive" (a deep.
s helpful cool limestone cavern in Penn-
nperature sylvania), the positive is shelved
olled and for library users, and another
)ut atmo- negative is stored in the repair
ori said. unit, Goldstein said.
r (the en- Approximately 3,000 books
she said. per year are preserved by this
"dryness method.
of them," The kinds of fibers and the way
ne brittle they're made into paper affect the
ultravio- longevity of paper in books,
o bad for Montori said. Before the Industrial
Revolution of the 1800s, books
slightly were made from cotton and linen
ed. Those rags.
e or acid- When wider literacy and man-
rofilmed, datory education created a huge
ead of the need for paper in the mid-19th
tion and century, manufacturers discovered
year the paper could be more cheaply made
rculating of wood.
But the materials used in wood-
allows pulp paper manufacturing process
aintained eventually set off a chemical reac-
this pro- tion that also eats the paper away.

Five anti-Nazi protesters plead
not guilty at arraigment
By ELIZABETH STUPPLER Since the 38 Detroit-based Nazis, armed with shields,
Five people pleaded not guilty to the charges of had forewarned the Ann Arbor police, 46 officers were
"assault, assault and battery, and disturbing of the prepared to defend the Nazis.

4

peace" yesterday at Ann Arbor's 15th district court. The
Ann Arbor Police filed the charges against the five
protesters after arresting them at a March 19 Nazi
demonstration.
Judge G.W. Alexander - who presided over the ar-
raignment hearing - scheduled a May 3 pre-trial. Set-
ting bond at each individual's "personal recognizance"
- dismissing them without a fee - he warned that if
the defendants failed to appear for the pre-trial, he
would issue a bench warrant.
Detective Douglas Barbour, responsible for the in-
vestigation of the case, would not comment about the
upcoming trial.
At the March 19 incident, 200 people protested an
annual Nazi rally at the Ann Arbor Federal Building.

When angry observers resorted to violence -
throwing bricks and debris - the police arrested Paul
Lefrak, Rashid Tahar, Michael Ketchum, Richard
Lewis, and Audrey Davis, then escorted the Nazi group
to safety.
Ann Arbor Police Sergeant John King said, "The
Nazis contact us every year. We try to get them not to
come, but they do anyway. We are there to protect ev-
erybody."
Eileen Scheef, the attorney representing Lefrak and
Tahar, demanded a jury trial and was confidant that
"ultimately her clients would be vindicated." Scheef
was not surprised that the police were the complainants
of the case.

Analysis of taped threat to
UCAR member yields few clues

By JIM PONIEWOZIK
A voice analysis of the telephone
death threat received earlier this
month by a United Coalition
Against Racism member indicates
the call was made by a white male,
but left authorities no closer to find-
ing a suspect in the case.
The analysis, conducted by
Michigan State Police, contradicts a
claim made earlier this month by a
man who called the Daily, saying
said he was a Black University stu-
dent and had made the threat.
The voice analysis was performed
on a tape of two messages the
UCAR member received on her an-

swering machine the night of March
1. In the first message, the voice of
an angry male threatened to rape and
kill her.
The second call contained a gar-
bled message in a "sarcastic" tone,
mentioning several subjects, includ-
ing New York Mayor Ed Koch and
the need for unity in the civil rights
movement, she said, adding that the
message "made no sense at all."
Lt. Lonnie Smrkovski of the
Michigan State Police forensics lab-
oratory said the analysis, performed
audibly and with a voice spectro-
graph - an instrument which elec-
tronically measures voice patterns -

THE LIST
What's happening in Ann Arbor today

indicated that the messages were left
by the same person.
A police spokesperson refused to
release further details about the voice
analysis yesterday.
The death threat is also being in-
vestigated by the FBI and campus
security. None of the authorities
have reported identifying any sus-
pects in the case.
Deis criticize
Jackson, note ,
differences
By The Associated Press{
Michael Dukakis cautiously
began speaking of differences
between himself and Jesse Jackson
on the Middle East and domestic
policy yesterday, signaling a delicate
new phase in their struggle for
supremacy in the Democratic
presidential race.
Fellow presidential hopeful Paul
Simon said he, too, has better
credentials for the White House than
Jackson, and spoke frankly about the
dilemma that has plagued Democrats
since Jackson moved to the front
ranks of the presidential contenders.
.Fanatic
7 . League
Play by mail game
that you can
Play with friends or
against others in Midwest.
Draft actual major league
players for your team.
Team performance is
based on your player's
stats throughout the sea-
son. If you follow baseball

Police Notes
Larcenies
Two loitering men suspected of
stealing wallets and ID cards in the
Central Campus Recreation Building
last night fled to a car that would not
start when they saw a building su-
pervisor, Sergeant Gary Hill of the
Public Safety Department reported.
Hill said three larceny reports
were received earlier yesterday
evening and were under investigation
when Hill found the suspects trying
to jump-start their car. Hill tried to
detain the suspects, but they aban-
doned the car and fled.
A duffel bag and wallet reported
missing were found in the abandoned
car, Hill said.
The suspects were not appre-
hended.
Chemical spill
About 100 people were evacuated
from the North Engineering Library
last night because of a chemical spill
at the Dow Chemical Plant on North
Campus, said Sarhang Aslan, who
works in the building.
- by Theresa Lai and Veronica
Woolridge

DATE: Tuesday, April 5. 1988
TIME: 10:00 a.m. - 9:00 p.m.
PLACE: Holiday Inn - East
3750 Washtenaw Ave.
(U.S. 23 at Exit 37-8)
Ann Arbor, Michigan

DATE: Wednesday, April 6, 1988
TIME: 10:00 a.m. - 9:00 p.m.
PLACE: Holiday Inn West
2747 South 11th St.
(U S. 131 at Exit 36-B)
Kalamazoo. Michigan

WEM
HIRING! M UE NTPARK
USE N. 5006, Sandusky, OH 44870

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{IC" UP A FRIEND AT THE UGLI

Speakers.
Michael Sandlofer - "The Rescue
of the Whales," 7:30 p.m., 1040
School of Natural Resources
Sandra Steingraber -
"Militarization and Deforestation,"
8 p.m., 1520 School of Natural
Resources.
Bary Rock - "Remote Detection
of of Forest Decline in
Northeastern United States and
Central Eutope," Noon, 1040 Dana
Building.
Richard Schenkner - "Masks and
Shadows of Knowing," 7:30 p.m.,
Rackham Amplitheatre
Laurie Sears - "Theater of the
Eternal Return: Shadows of a
Javanese Past," 7:30 p.m.,
Rackham Amplitheatre.
Joh Hughes - Reading from his
work, 5 p.m., Rackham East
Conference Room.

Furthermore
Indian Americans: The Problem
Free Minority? - 7-9 p.m.,
Michigan League, Conference
Room D.
North Campus Pool Tournament -
Sign up by today at the Bursley
Rec. Room for tournament April 6-
8.
April Fool's Tacky Gift Sale -
Buy and get rid of your tacky stuff,
Michigan Union, ground floor.
Free Peer Tutoring - by ECB 300
trained tutors, walk-in hours 3-5
p.m., 6-8 p.m., 219 U G L I
(Academic Resource Ctr.)
Vietnam Memorial Holiday Project
- first meeting, 10 p.m., The
Alley Door.
Reading - Short stories, poetry,
and fantasy, 8 - 12 p.m., Welker
Room, Michigan Union
nU - ..w-- nr,.na

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