The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, January 12, 1988- Page 3
s uspec t
BERLIN (AP) - Police yester-
day arrested a 27-year-old West Ger-
man woman they suspect planted a
bomb in a West Berlin discotheque
that killed two Americans in the
armed forces and prompted a retalia-
tory U.S. raid on Libya.
Christina Endrigkeit, 27, was be-
lieved to have carried out the April
5, 1986, bombing of the La Belle
discotheque for two Palestinian ter-
rorists authorities have linked to
Syria. The blast also killed a Turk-
ish woman and wounded 229 people.
The United States cited a Libyan
link to the bombing as justification
for air raids 10 days later that West-
ern diplomats said killed at least 100
people in Tripoli and Benghazi.
Information about Mrs. Edrigkeit
She and a man who was not
identified were arrested in the north-
ern port city of Lubeck at 2:40 a.m.,
said Volker Kaehne, a spokesperson
for the West Berlin Justice Depart-
pment. West German television said
the two had been living in a house
Kaehne said authorities had re-
ceived a tip from people he refused
tp identify, following a trail of doc-
uments from West Berlin to Lue-
beck. He would not elaborate.
On Sunday, Kaehne announced
that police were seeking Mrs. En-
drigkeit and were offering a reward of
150,000 West German marks 'about
$93,000) for information leading to
her capture. He said a warrant had
been issued for her arrest on Dec. 30.
Security sources said she was be-
lieved to be with her 3-year-old son.
Kaehne said Mrs. Endrigkeit was
being brought to West Berlin and
questioned about the bombing Tues-
U.S. officials said after the La
Belle bombing that they had inter-
cepted radio messages from the
Libyan Embassy in East Berlin that
implicated Libya in the attack. The
transcripts, however, have not been
released to the public or to the West
The security sources, who spoke
on condition of anonymity, said they
had always suspected an Arab con-
nection in the La Belle bombing,
with .Lybia and Syria suspect, and
that such possible links were still
By KENNETH DINTZER
Selling arms to Iran and
transferring funds to the Nicaraguan
Contras was "inconsistent with
democratic society and the rule of
law," said a member of the
congressional committee that in-
vestigated the Iran-Contra affair.
During a speech last night at
Rackham Auditorium, Rep. Louis
Stokes (D-Ohio) reviewed the
committee's findings and explained
the conclusions he drew as a com-
"The most shocking part was the
deliberate lying to the U.S. people
and their representatives... a total
erosion of what the Constitution
stands for," he said, referring to
President Reagan's decision not to
notify Congress of the arms-for-
hostages-deal even 10 months after
its implementation. Stokes said he
was confident that if congressional
leaders had been asked, "someone
would have told the president to
rethink this thing."
Stokes said that while Reagan.
may not have known of the diver-
sion of funds to the Nicaraguan
rebels, the president "created an en-
vironment where persons working
under him could assume they could
do whatever they wanted to help the
Stokes, who chairs the House
Intelligence Committee, said that
Reagan told the National Security
Council to find some way to aid the
rebels when such help was made
illegal by the Boland Amendment.
"People around -the President
thought he could do no wrong, that
he didn't have to follow the
Constitution... the American people
permitted this to occur by not of-
fering an outcry. As long as public
officials can get away with things,
they will." Still, he said, if the
investigation had proved that Reagan
knew of the diversion of funds, he
would have been impeached.
During a question and answer
session, Stokes said he thought
Congress made the right decision by
publicly investigating the affair,
though he admitted "we made a
tactical mistake" by having two
attorneys, Arthur Lyman and John
Nields, interrogate Lt. Col. Oliver
"Here were these two men
badgering this young, patriotic boy.
He was wrapping himself in the
flag, beating the committee to death.
We were sitting up there like potted
plants. But I think, by the end, we
caught up," Stokes said.
He defended the ethics of
America's covert activities, but
stressed that they must be conducted
legally. This involves:
-funding by appropriate channels
and notification of the appropriate
members of congress;
-Congressional oversight .over
-and the objective gathering and
analysis of information .
Stokes said that while the
committee had no prosecutorial
powers, he expected Special
Prosecutor Lawrence Walsh's in-
vestigation to result in a jail
sentence for North and Admiral John
Poindexter for the "crimes of
destroying a country."
Daily Photo by JOHN MUNSON
U.S. Representative Louis Stokes (D-Ohio) discusses with 200 students
his conclusions on the Iran-Contra affair. Stokes was one of 15 represen-
tatives on the Investigating panel.
City politicians criticize Fleming's draft proposal
By PETER MOONEY
Several city councilmembers and candidates yesterday said
they opposed University Interim President Robben Fleming's
draft proposal to deter racial and sexual harassment.
Some councilmembers reserved comment until they had
read the document, released Sunday by the Michigan Student
Assembly. Mayor Gerald Jernigan said he was unfamilar with
draft and would have to study it before commenting.
But Councilmember Dave DeVarti (D-Fourth Ward)
opposed the proposal, saying its vague language allows for
student rights violations. DeVarti said he was considering
introducing a resolution at next week's council meeting
criticizing the proposal.
"It doesn't define anything about due process. It leaves
enforcement up to each individual school and college," DeVarti
"I think there are a lot of problems with this," he said. "If
the president wants to rush this into policy, he's making a big
As an alternative to the proposal, DeVarti supported the
University establishing mandatory courses on racism.
Councilmember Jeff Epton (D-Third Ward) had not read
Fleming's draft, but said he opposed in principle University
restrictions on students' non-academic behavior.
"I think the University is on dangerous ground when it
advocates a code of non-academic conduct for acts which are
not illegal," Epton said.
Isaac Campbell, a Republican candidate for council in the
Third Ward, had not read the proposal and had no comment.
His opponent in the Republican primary, LSA junior Dan
Rosenberg, said, "it is absurd for Fleming to set up a separate
justice system to determine what behavior is acceptable and
Councilmember Ann Marie Coleman (D-First Ward) said,
"I not sure this is the most effective way to deal with racism."
She said she would probably support a resolution condemning
"My concern is that to work from a punitive point of view
may not be the best way to deal with the situation," Coleman
"I think it is an important task of an administrator to create
an atmosphere in which racist acts can be dealt with,"
Coleman said, adding that the most effective way to do this is
She said the proposal was unfairly directed against students:
"There are many examples of racist behavior among faculty,
staff, and administrators."
Another opponent of the proposal, Councilmember Seth
Hirshorn (D-Second Ward), suggested that anti-racism
measures should focus on public officials and administrators.
(Continued from Page1)
proposes "to establish a system fo
handling complaints of
discriminatory behavior on the par
of students" through regental bylaw
2.01, which grants the University
president power to promote th
"maintenance of health, diligence
and order among the students."
Harris McClamroch, chair o
What's happening in Ann Arbor today
Ambassador Zvi Brosh -
"Eastern Europe After the Summit:
An Israeli Perspective," noon-1:00
p.m., Call 7640-0351 for location.
Prof. Ernst Katz - "The
ancient Saga of Gilgamesh," 8:00-
10:00 p.m., 1923 Geddes Ave.
Dr. William Y. Velez - o f
the University of Arizona will
speak on "Survey of Results of
Radical Extensions," at 4:10 p.m.,
3201 Angell Hall as part of the
King, Jr./Chavez/Parks Mathema-
ies - "The Russian Revolution
of 1917 - The Working Class
Takes Power," 7:00-8:00 p.m.,
David J. Dunlop - of the
University of Toronto, will speak
on "Precambrian Paleomagnetism
and Tectonics," 4:00 p.m., 4001
The Ukrainian Spectrum -
"The Fate of the Churches in 20th
Century Ukraine," 4:00 p.m., MLB
Rm. 2011, and "The Tradition of
Urkainian Visual Poetry," 7:00
p.m. by Jaroslaw Balan.
Center for Eating Disorders
- Support group meets second
and fourth Monday of each month,
7:00-8:30 p.m., 2002 Hogback
Road, Ste. 13. For info call 971-
Students for Paul Simon
for president - 7:00 p.m.,
Anderson Rm., Michigan Union.
Tampopo - Michigan Theatre,
7:00 p.m. only, $3.50, $2.75
students, senior citizens.
Swept Away - Michigan
Theatre, 9:20 p.m. only, $3.50,
$2.75 students, senior citizens.
Friars "Study Break Concert,"
8:00 p.m., Rackham Aud., Contact
Hamilton Chany, 747-8522.
Museum of Art - "Shoowa
Textiles," 10:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m.
Star Trax - Pizzaria Uno's,
9:30 p.m. Sing along to taped
music. Admission is free.
Nathan Bell & Susan Shore
- Country-folk music at the Ark,
Career Planning & Place-
ment - Inverview Lecture, 3:30-
5:00 p.m., 101 Dow, North
Campus; "Get Involved! The Secret
of Your Success," 7:00-8:30 p.m.,
West Quad Ostafin Rm.
to Fleming' s
SACUA, said, "There are some areas
r where we felt like the President
f missed the mark" in the document.
t "We will try to communicate some
w of our concerns with him."
:y McClamroch cited the draft's
e section on disciplinary action,
, saying, "That part needs to be looked
at very carefully."
)l Fleming officially released the
document yesterday that outlined
sanctions, such as academic
probation or suspension, against
students who verbally or physically
harass others. The document,
labelled "confidential" before
yesterday, was made public by MSA
The proposed rules impose
different penalties for three levels of
harassment by students, including:
-written or spoken harassment,
punishable by "probation" if a
student refuses to apologize;
-physical contact, punishable by a
one-semester suspension after a
-and assault, punishable by a one-
Panels set up by the respective
schools and colleges would judge
whether students are guilty.
According to the document,
Fleming is proposing the new rules
in response to discriminatory acts on
campus, such as the racist jokes that
were aired last year on WJJX by two
Students, however, have
maintained that education, such as a
mandatory class on racism and
sexism, would be a more
constructive way to stop
discrimination and harassment than
rules for student conduct.
The current University rules for
non-academic conduct are much less
restrictive than those proposed in
Fleming's document. Those rules,
accepted in 1972, were called
"useless" by former President Harold
Shapiro in 1984.
Shapiro, who repeatedly voiced
his support for a code, reconvened
the University Council the same
year to try to develop new non-
Last year the council released two
preliminary drafts dealing with
violent crimes and political dissent.
No formal action was ever taken on
the documents, and they were widely
criticized before they were
completed. The council reconvened
By then, Shapiro and the regents.
discouraged with the council's slow
pace, threatened to impose their own
code. But such threats proved empty,
and the council continued meeting
weekly until former council co-chair
Shaw Livermore criticized the
council's operations and suggested
that they disband.
Since last fall, the council has
only met three times, and Shapiro,
before leaving the University to head
Princeton University, said he would
not push for a code last term.
Daily staff writer Michael Lustig
contributed to this story
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" Single Elimination & Regional Tournaments held in Ann Arbor
" Championship Game of Regionals to be played in the
Pontiac Silverdome before Piston's Game
* Single Elimination Tournament Deadline: Jan. 18. 1988