minorities in nursing
The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, January 27, 1988- Page 3
talks on racism
By ROBIN MITCHELL
At a symposium yesterday which
focused on minorities in nursing,
Dr. Cornelia Porter described when a
student once said to her, "When I
look at you, I don't see Black; I see
white 'cause you're so smart."
The presentation, called "Breaking
the Color Barrier: Issues of Racism
in Nursing," was held to teach facts
about racism and challenge old ideas,
while focusing on why minority
students do not stay in the nursing
programs after being recruited.
Statistics show that in 1985, 5.5
percent of Black nursing students
were enrolled in the diploma pro-
gram and only 3.4 percent graduated,
The event was sponsored by the
Nursing Students Association and
was organized by senior University
nursing students Richard Ross and
Joyce Wilson, to commemorate Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr. and celebrate
Black History month.
Topics such as minorities holding
leadership positions, myths about
minorities, social development and
racism in society as a whole were
Dr. Rhetaugh Dumas, dean and
professor of University's School of
Nursing, began by explaining she
was "born" to be a nurse because of
the "color barrier" - she said she
felt destined to make improvements
in nursing for other minorities.
Now that she has achieved her
goal, she lives by the motto, "Lift
as you climb" and gives five to 14
speeches a month to help inspire
After she graduated with a Bache-
lor of Science from Dillard Univer-
sity in New Orleans, Dumas said she
faced racial barriers when she tried to
find nursing jobs.
She then continued her education
at Yale University and received a
master of science degree with a
clinical speciality in psychiatric
nursing and a doctor of philosophy
in social psychology from Union:
Following Dr. Dumas, panelists
Cornelia Porter, Ph.D, R.N., Joyce
Jenkins, M.S., R.N., and Alta
Gaines, M.S., R.N answered ques-
By JAMES ERVIN
Non-minorities may not recognize
racism because they are not affected
by it - because of this, many non-
minorities feel that victims of iso-
lated racist incidents become overly
sensitive, Dr. Charles Moody, vice
provost for Minority Affairs, told an
Moody, speaking as part of the
Office of Minority Affairs continuing
open forum series, told about 60
members of the University staff that
they are responsible for standing up
and fighting racism: "They have to
collectively be advocates for social
justice ... none can be free until
we're all free," he said.
"It's very difficult for people who
benefited from the system to see
racism and unfairness," he said.
NEXT, Moody stressed the need
for University students, faculty, and
staff to actively denounce colleagues
for what may seem to be mere hints
of discriminatory remarks or actions.
Moody's position was created last
spring in response to one of UCAR's
g demands to improve minority life on
Following Dr. Moody, about 10
h other staff members spoke briefly
about their work at the Office of Mi-
nority Affairs. Dr. Annette Bar-
douille-Crema, assistant to the office
for vice president and provost, spoke
on intended mission of the office.
THE PURPOSE is four-fold,
she said. The goals are to bring mi-
norities into the University, to de-
velop an effective system designed to
help minorities reach their potentials
once admitted, to integrate minorities
into these systems and ensure the
achievement of their goals, and to
assure career advancement once they
leave the University.
After the presentations, staff
members questioned Moody on is-
sues concerning them. In response to
a staff member's question of how the
University can hope to achieve its
goal of 12 percent in-state minority
enrollment when Detroit public
schools are experiencing drop-out
rates above 50 percent, Moody said
there are other school systems in
Michigan with high minority en-
He added that the University can
solve the problem by attacking it at
the root: he suggested working with
Detroit public school system to im-
prove the quality of education for K-
12 students there.
University School of Nursing Dean Dr. Rhetaugh Dumas speaks on
"Breaking the Color Barrier" in the nursing profession yesterday in the
Learning Resource Center of the Taubman Medical Library.
Report calls for overhaul in stock market
WASHINGTON (AP) - A con-
gressional agency's report on last Oc-
tober's stock market crash concluded
yesterday that computerized trading
equipment and the way transactions
are regulated should be overhauled to
avoid another such plunge.
The General Accounting Office's
study said that the nation's various
financial markets increasingly have
come to affect one another, meaning
trading officials must find ways to
prevent plummeting prices in one
exchange from spilling into others.
But the GAO, an investigating
agency for Congress, said govern-
ment regulators also must keep up
with the times as trading volumes
grow and links become stronger
among securities and future markets,
at home and overseas.
"THE HISTORY of the last 60
years makes clear the pivotal role in
our economy which is played by the
financial markets," Charles Bowsher,
head of the GAO, told the House
telecommunications and finance
"The federal government cannot
escape responsibility for assuring
that such a vital mechanism performs
effectively in the public inter-
est," Bowsher added.
The preliminary study, on which
research will continue, is the second
major federal analysis of Wall
Street's unprecedented October col-
lapse. In the first 19 days of that
month, the Dow Jones industrial
average lost about one-third of its
total value, or about $1 trillion. On
Oct. 19, Black Monday, the Dow
dropped 508 points, a 23 percent
A REPORT Jan. 8 by a
commission appointed by President
Reagan and headed by investment
banker Nicholas Brady recommended
the Federal Reserve or some other
federal agency be. given broader
powers to oversee the markets,
trading rules be tightened and limits
be placed on price swings.
The GAO agreed the government
should do a better job of overseein
the markets. But it stopped short o
urging that the Fed get that job
stating only "we believe that the Fe(
must be involved in some way wit
The Fed did a good job o
managing the money supply during
October, Bowsher said, helping
lessen the impact falling stock price.
had elsewhere in the economy.
But he said .with Congres
considering loosening laws regul
ating commercial banks' invest
ments, such a move would make th
Fed's job "significantly more com
plex and difficult."
Dean expects program. in
library science to grow
UCAR criticizes Steiner's
intiatives, holds teach-in
(Continued from Page 1)
lotment for recruiting minority fac-
ulty candidates; and the appointment
of a Black director for LSA's Com-
prehensive Studies Program.
The protesters said the first two
initiatives were "long overdue" and
that Melvin Williams' hiring -
approved last fall - wasn't a true
concession by Steiner. Nadasen said
the group wants "to see some new
initiatives coming out of this of-
"I'm not making concessions to
anybody; I'm just trying to follow
the policy of this university,"
LSA junior Kimberly Smith said
the meeting became necessary when
Steiner refused to meet with the
group earlier this week. "We called
him (Monday) and today, he told us
we'd have to wait three weeks... that
he'd consider it and think about it,"
Steiner later disputed Smith's
comment, saying he would meet
with UCAR after they submitted a
list of the topics they wished to dis-
Evelyn Chipps, Steiner's secre-
tary, said, "I spoke to the students
both times they called. They called
twice (Tuesday), first to see if I
would set up a meeting. I told them
his schedule was full this week.
When they called back, I told them
they would have to make a list of
Chipps said she spoke to Nadasen
both times and denied saying there
would be a three week wait. She
added the group had made no effort to
set up a meeting on Monday.
Steiner explained why he left his
office without talking to the stu-
dents, saying "I'm trying to avoidl
confrontation, they're trying to pur-
sue it. I'm just trying to conduct the
business of the University."
Smith said Steiner owed the the
students a meeting, saying, "We pay1
Earlier yesterday, the University
Association of Black Professionals
and Administrators released a six-
page statement criticizing Steiner for
his recently publicized remarks about
Blacks and the University's affirma-
tive action policy.
The statement particularly ad-
dressed Steiner's comments at a
Sept. 17 meeting of department
heads when he said the University
should not become a school to
which minorities "naturally flock."
-Daily reporter Jim Poniewozik
contributed to this report.
(Continedfrom Page 1)
Warner said poor financial out-
looks for library careers deter stu-
dents from pursuing graduate studies
in library science. He said library
careers are relatively low-paying, and
the University's high tuition also
discourages students' interest in the
He said most universities' library
science programs are small in com-
parison with other departments.
Among its competitors, Warner said
the University is "certainly in the
top ten" in terms of size.
Careers which library science
graduates are pursuing are also
changing, Warner said. Typical ca-
reers include work in academic li-
braries, public libraries and as in-
formation officers in the business
and legal realms.
Warner stressed the role of tech-
nology, specifically the computer, in
the ever-changing field of library
science. "A working knowledge of
the computer is absolutely neces-
He added that many factors have
helped earn the SILS a favorable
reputation, including the long stand-
ing tradition, the active alumni
group of 7,000 members, publica-
tions by faculty members and the
high level of involvement in differ-
ent areas of library science.
Warner said although the ranking
is impressive, improvements in the
SILS are still possible. New quarters
'While they aren't going
to come in great flocks, the
applicant pool might be
raised as much as 10 to 20
-Robert Warner, dean
of the University's library
to house its programs, that Warner
called "long overdue," are finally be-
coming a reality this year. Cur-
rently, the SILS is based in West
Quad's Winchell Hall.
Warner also said he hopes to bet-
ter train faculty in dealing with and
instructing modern technology.
YOUR SCISSORS.. .
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0iTIE Michrigan ?tuig Coupon Page
Daily Photo by JESSICA GREENE
LSA senior sits in LSA Dean Peter Steiner's office during a UCAR "teach-
in" yesterday. Steiner vacated the office when members of the group oc-
cupied it to hold a discussion on racism and reiterate their call for the
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