The Michigan Daily-Monday, January 18, 1988- Page 5
LAUSANNE, Switzerland (AP)
- A record 161 countries were en-
tered yesterday for the Summer
Olympic Games, the International
Olympic Committee said.
Sunday, Syria became the 161st.
country to enter the Games, which
begin Sept. 17 at Seoul, the capital
of South Korea.
The deadline was 6 p.m. EST
yesterday, but no other countries
were expected to give an official re-
ply before that.
"There will be no further com-
muniques officially from the IOC
today. The final situation will be
given by President Juan Antonio
Samaranch at his press conference,
(today)," at Lausanne, IOC spokes-
person Michelle Verdier said.
The previous record attendance
was 140 countries at the 1984 Los
The Seoul Games will be the first
Summer Olympics in 12 years to pit
Soviet and U.S. athletes against each
'U' doctors explain
new artifical heart
By AARON ROBINSON
Doctors at the University Medical
Center (UMMC) - one of the 15
medical centers in the country
recently authorized to implant the.
Symbion J-7 artificial heart -
detailed Friday how Michigan's first
test of the artificial heart will work.
The U.S. Food and Drug
Administration (FDA), which
regulates the development and use of
the Symbion J-7, approved the
UMMC's participation in clinical
trial of the artificial heart on January
The J-7 artificial heart, invented
by Dr. Robert Jarvik, is an air-
powered device that temporarily
replaces the patient's original
malfunctioning heart until a donor
heart can be found. More than 80
people have used the J-7 nationwide
since its invention, the longest
period being for over 240 days.
"THE CARDIAC Research
Program (at UMMC) has reached a
level where this sort of expansion is
possible," said Dr. Lazar Greenfield,
chair of surgery at UMMC.
Dr. Mark Orringer, professor of
surgery and head of thoracic surgery
at UMMC, and Dr. Michael Deeb,
assistant professor of surgery and
director of the Cardiac
Program, will lead the 20 member
team involved in the program.
"It's going to be a labor-intensive
and time-consuming undertaking,"
The quality of the UMMC heart
transplant program and the level of
staff training at the center were
factors taken into consideration for
approval, said UMMC Public
Information Officer Toni Shears.
TO FULFILL FDA
requirements to receive the program,
the entire team attended a
comprehensive training program last
May and June at the University of
Utah in Salt Lake City. The training
- including seminars, animal
experimentation, and written
examinations - was conducted by
Symbion Inc., which manufactures
the J-7 in Salt Lake City.
Two groups of patients will be
considered for the artificial heart
implant. "One group will be listed
patients waiting for a donor heart
who deteriorate to the point they
can't wait any longer," said Deeb.
The other group, Deeb explained,
are patients who experience a sudden
cardiac emergency. "They are
otherwise healthy and would be
candidates for transplant ... if a
donor heart were available."
-DOCTORS at UMMC
anticipate that it will be 2 or 3
months before the team performs its
first artificial implant.
Deeb said that 85 to 90 percent of
the patients who receive a donor
heart live at least one year. "But,
one-third (of patients needing a donor
heart) will die before receivitig an
Last year, according to hospital
records, 14 people died at UMMC
because no donor heart could be
Daily Photo by JOHN MUNSON
Dr. Michael Deeb, director of the University's Cardiac Transplantation-
Artificial Heart Program, explains the procedure for artificial heart im-
plant. Deeb is co-leader of the 20-member team responsible for artificial
heart surgery at the University.
Designs program using
colors for decision-making
By STEVEN TUCH
A University doctoral student may
have found a way to make com-
plicated decisions easier.
Matthew Barritt, a doctoral student
in the School of Education, won the
InterUniversity Consortium for Ed-
ucational Computing (ICEC)/ Apple
Fellowship last month.
His program, which assigns
colors and sizes to each variable of a
complex decision, is intended to help
its users make sound choices.
The program color codes each
Barritt. "It utilizes their ability to
ICEC and Apple chose 28
universities to design and develop a
system or application software using
Apple technology, ICEC/Apple
research areas like user-interface and
graphics, and adopting project results
for teaching and research.
The idea for the program was first
developed by Barritt's advisor, Prof.
Frederick Goodman in 1980-1981.
"It was an idea that was waiting
for the technology for it," said
'It helps people to visualize a complicated situation. It
doesn't make decisions for people. It displays a dif-
ferent direction you can go with a decision.'
-Matthew Barritt, education doctoral student.
Daily Photo by ANDI SCHREIBER
Gov. James Blanchard, left, has a private meeting with presidential candidate Sen. Albert Gore (D-Tenn) in a Bloomfield Hills home
Saturday afternoon. Gore is presently making visits in all major U.S. cities, seeking endorsements from prominent Democrats. In atten-
dance were Lt. Gov. Martha Griffiths, former governor G. Mennen Williams and approximately 80 Michigan Democrats.
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option; red for negative, yellow for
neutral, and green for positive. In
addition, the importance of each
option is measured by the height and
width of the bar the option is
"It helps people to visualize a
complicated situation," said Barritt.
"It doesn't make decisions for people.
It displays a different direction you
can go with a decision."
"In situations with a lot of
variables, it allows people to get a
grasp in an intuitive way," added
Barritt. "We can make a much more
robust tool out of it with the
Macintosh than the Apple HIe."
For his work, Barritt will receive
$2500, and an all-expense paid trip to
Apple Computer in Cupertino, Calif.
in August, to present his completed
program to ICEC and Apple
With the extra money, Barritt says
he'll "live and eat and keep on
working" just like 411 other college
(Continued from Page 2)
than it's been conveyed or stated by
She then suggested to Fleming
"bringing on someone to the LSA
staff who could help (Steiner) get a
better handle on the complexities of
this problem." Fleming would not
comment on this suggestion Friday.
Vice President for Academic Af-
fairs and Provost James Duderstadt
said LSA faculty have expressed
"overwhelming" loyalty to Steiner.
Duderstadt said he has received over
200 Michigan Terminal System
(MTS) messages supporting Steiner,
and only two criticizing him.
Two faculty coalitions, the
Michigan Student Assembly, the
Rackham Student Government, sev-
eral Black student associations, the
University NAACP, and Vice
Provost for Minority Affairs Charles
Moody are among those who have
publicly called the statements racist.
UCAR members expresse
frustration with people who have ac-
cused theni of "overreacting." Saic
Nadasen, "It's unfortunate that peoph
don't understand the seriousness o
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have a dream
(co~etiwas m Pale i)
will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to
business as usual. There will be neither rest not
tranquility in American until the Negro is granted.
his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of the revolt
will continue to shake the foundations of our
nation until their bright day of justice emerges.
the time to make real
of democracy; now is
rise from the dark
valley of segregation
path of racial justice...
as we talk, we we must make the pledge that we
shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back.
There are those who are asking the devotees
of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can
never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the
victim of the unspeakable horrors of police
brutality; we can never be satisfied as long as our
bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot
gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the
hotels of the cities; we cannot be satisfied as long
as the Negro's basic mobility is from a smaller
ghetto to a larger one; we can never be satisfied
as long as our children are stripped of their
selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs
stating "For Whites Only"; We cannot be satisfied
as long as the Negro in Mississippi cannot vote
and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing
for which to vote. No! No, We are not satisfied,
and we will not be satisfied until "justice rolls down
like waters and righteousness like a mighty
our northern cities, knowing that somehow this
situation can and will be changed. Let us not
wallow in the valley of despair.
I say to you today, my friends. so even though
we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still
have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the
American dream. I have a dream that one day this
nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of
its creed, "We hold these truths to be self-
evident, that all men are created equal." I have a
dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia,
sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave
owners will be able to sit down together at the
table of brotherhood. I have a dream that my four
little children will one day live in a nation where
they will not be judged by the color of their skin,
but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day down in Alabama -
with its vicious racists, with its aovernor havina
to the South with. With this faith we shall be able
to transform the jangling discords of our nation
into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With
this faith we will be able to work together, to pray
together, to struggle together, to go to jail to
stand up for freedgm together, knowing that we
will be free one day. And this will be the day. This,
will be the day when all of God's children will be,
able to sing with new meaning, "My country 'tis of.
thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land
where my fathers died, land of the pilgrims' pride'
from every mountain side., let freedom ring." And if,
America is to be a great nation, this must become:
So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops
of New Hampshire; let freedom ting from the
mighty mountains of New York; let freedom ring
from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado; let
freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of
California. But not onlv that. Let freedom rinagfrom
But there is something that I must say to my
people, who stand on the warm threshold which
leads into the palace of justice. In the process of
gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of
a,* wronaful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our