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October 15, 1987 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1987-10-15

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Ninety-eight years of editorial freedom
Volume XCVIII - No. 26 Ann Arbor, Michigan -Thursday, October 15, 1987 Copyright 1987, The Michigan Daily
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Princeton profs check

By MARTHA SEVETSON
Some Princeton University faculty members fear
their university's anti-classified research stance will be
diluted when University President Harold Shapiro takes
the helm in January.
Top University research officials and anti-military
research activists, however, say Shapiro had little, if
anything, to do with forming University research pol-
icy since he took office in 1980.
According to former University Research Policies
Committee chair George Carignan, Shapiro had no in-
fluence upon the University's recent change in research
policy. "He had zero influence on the process," Carig-
nan said. "At no time did he make any representation
either directly or indirectly as to what he wanted."
The President's only role in the two-year classified
Bush rallies
support in
Dearborn speech
By PETER MOONEY
Speaking before supporters at the Dearborn Civic
Center yesterday, Vice President George Bush criticized
Michigan's controversial delegate selection process.
Michigan became the first state in the nation to
begin selecting Republican convention delegates in
1985. The final delegate selection will take place
January 30 at the Republican state convention.
Combined, supporters of Representative Jack Kemp
(R-New York) and Reverend Pat Robertson have a
majority of precinct delegates and are attempting to
divide Michigan's 77 convention delegates among
themselves.
"(Kemp and Robertson) may get all 77 delegates and
divide them up, that's entirely possible," said Kemp
supporter Nick Tsouroullis.
Bush argued that the current process does not
represent public sentiment. "I wish we would have had
a statewide primary because I'd blow the others away,"
added Bush. "I believe in the party. I believe in a strong
party. I believe in participation. I don't believe in
kamikazee warfare."
To an enthusiastic crowd of 200 supporters, Bush
emphasized his experience as a World War II aviator,
entrepreneur, and United Nations Ambassador as his
qualifications for President.
Bush announced his candidacy for President earlier
this week in Houston.
"I think I've been a good Vice President. I've stuck
with the president in good times and when times
weren't so good," said Bush.
See BUSH, Page 5

research debate was to appoint an ad hoc committee to
review the research policy after the University's Board
of Regents disputed the previous guidelines. The new
policy has few restrictions on research and eliminated
the "end-use clause," which forbid projects considered
harmful to human beings.
Shapiro said he is opposed to classified research in
theory, but stressed that the substance of a project
should determine whether a university accepts it.
"I am very skeptical of the University doing classi-
fied research, but I'd stop short of saying we shouldn't
do it," Shapiro said.
"I've always felt that the key issue is the substance
of what you're doing, how it helps your students, and
how it furthers your faculty's interests."
Some Princeton professors say the source of funding

shapiro s re
is a cruciai issue.
"My concern is that if (Shapiro) considers the source
of funding to be trivial, it sets a certain moral tone,"
said Princeton Civil Engineering Prof. Steve Slaby. "It
sets a value order - saying it's okay, go get (funding)
wherever you can.".
According to Slaby, Princeton's 1971 policy for-
bidding classified research has several loopholes allow-
ing projects with classified information, but the con-
sensus among faculty members has been to avoid such
projects.
Anti research activists say that the Princeton faculty
has little to fear. "I do not think (Shapiro) is as hot on
classified research as some of the regents," said RPC
member Tamara Wagner, a Rackham student. Wagner
said that Shapiro is unlikely to change Princeton's

5

earch past
current policy, but "if somebody else wanted to change
it, that may be a different story."
Another issue concerning some Princeton faculty
members and students is Shapiro's former participation
in a consulting committee for the CIA. According to
Shapiro, he only attended two meetings of a committee
established to examine the question of international
scholarly exchange.
"It didn't have to do with research at all," Shapiro
said.
But Slaby said the nature of the committee was not
the issue. "A University is supposed to be open," he
said. "The CIA and organizations like that are based on
a sense of secrecy and covertness. How do you connect
the two?"

PIRGIM upset
with election
restrictions

By ANDREW MILLS
PIRGIM members say the details
of a contract with the Michigan
Student Assembly made at Tuesday
night's assembly meeting would
limit PIRGIM's autonomy.
At the meeting, MSA authorized
President Ken Weine to sign on
behalf of the assembly. The
PIRGIM board will meet tonight to
decide if it will empower chair Judy
Hyslop to sign the contract.
Students on the board of directors
for the Public Interest Research
Group in Michigan are especially
displeased with a provision in the
contract which requires the group to
run its annual elections under the
assembly's Election Code. They
think the provision compromises
their autonomy.
The original draft, worked out by
MSA physical education represen-
tative Shawn Wistrom and members
of PIRGIM, only specified that the
group must conduct "fair and demo-
cratic campus-wide elections where
the MSA Election Court resolves
election disputes..."
But Weine proposed an amend-
ment that requires the group to run
its elections pursuant to the assem-
bly Election Code which outlines
the rules of how MSA candidates
must conduct elections.
"By running their election

through MSA, PIRGIM maximizes
the amount of students that will
participate and adds legitimacy to the
election," Weine said. He pointed
out that more students turn out for
an election involving MSA seats
than for one without MSA. He also
noted that the assembly's Election
Code has been legitimized by the
student body.
"Changing the way board mem-
bers are elected and taking that out of
our control is compromising our
autonomy," said PIRGIM board
member Wendy Seiden.
Seidcen and PIRGIM campus trea-
surer Matt Kanter noted that under
the original draft, PIRGIM had to
hold it's elections at the same time
as MSA, thus ensuring a high stu-
dent turnout. They added that the
assembly's Election Court would
have resolved any election disputes,
thus ensuring'fair elections.
They said MSA always had over-
sight under the original contract, but
the environmental group would have
remained autonomous. The amend-
ment, Seiden said "changes all that."
Seiden is worried that PIRGIM
will now be perceived as a commit-
tee of MSA by voters, and that the
party system outlined by the Elec-
tion Code could greatly affect the
group's work. They argued that fu-
ture board members' positions could
See PIRGIM, Page 3

Daily Photo by JOHN MUNSON
U.S. Vice President George Bush speaks before supporters at the Dearborn Civic Center.
Bush, who is campaigning for the 1988 presidential elections, says his experience makes
him the most qualified candidate.

Tenants, owners gear for battle

By STEVE KNOPPER
The city may endure one of the most heated
tenant-landlord debates in recent years if the Ann
Arbor Citizens for Fair Rents gathers enough
signatures to put a rent control ordinance on next
April's ballot.
The AACFR has gathered 200 signatures
toward the 5,000 needed to put the ordinance on
the city election ballot since the petitions were
distributed late last week, according to Jeff Ditz
of the Ann Arbor Tenants' Union. The group's
"Fair Rent Saturday" on Oct. 24 will be its
h largest attempt to gather signatures.

Most of the 200 signatures have come from
students who say, "God, you won't believe how
much my rent went up," before signing, said
Anna Rockhill, a Rackham graduate student. A
lot of students on campus are apathetic, she
added, but student response to rent stabilization
has been "overwhelming."
The proposed ordinance wculd limit annual
rent increases to 75 percent of the inflation rate,
while placing a 15 percent total increase limit
within any given year. It would also establish a
five-member Rent Stabilization Board, to be ap-
pointed by City Council, for reviewing all

proposed rent increases.
The ordinance was prompted by 10 to 20
percent rent increases in recent years -
sometimes more than five times the current
inflation rate. It was written based on similar
legislation in Berkeley, Ca., and Cambridge,
Mass.
In Berkeley, the plan has been "exceedingly
effective," said Berkeley City Housing Director
Ed Kirshner. "Rents have been stabilized, and
they're at a level where people can afford to stay
in the city. That's what rent control is supposed
See GROUPS, Page 5

'U' to host piece of
first supercomputer

Dorms host Native
American programs

By STEPHEN GREGORY
The University's Office of Hous-
ing Special Programs will sponsor a
series of activities in the next two
weeks to inform members of the
University community about Native
American culture.
The activities will include films,
lectures, and presentations, and ac-
cording to Minority Student Services
Native American Representative
Michael Dashner, the programs will
show attendants that American Indi-
ans "do have a culture, and we're
willing to share it."
The programs are open to the
public and will run as follows:
-Oct. 20, 89-year old Chippewa
Chief Little Elk will relate anecdotes
about his life as well as display art-
work from his Michigan-based tribe.
Little Elk's talk will begin at 7 p.m.
in West Onad's Wedge Room.

will appear at 3 p.m. at Oxford
Housing and at 7 p.m. in the Couz-
ens Hall living room.
-Oct. 29, University graduate
student Duane Niatum will read from
his poetry which depicts aspects of
Native American culture at 7:30
p.m. in Mosher Jordan's Nikki Gio-
vanni Lounge.
Andre Harris, a minority peer ad-
visor in South Quad and one of the
coordinators of Little Elk's visit,
said the chief hopes his visits tear
down stereotypes of Native Ameri-
cans. "What he basically does is en-
lighten people about the Indian way
of life," Harris said.
Paul Ting, a Couzens minority
peer advisor, said, "I think a lot of
people around here don't know a lot
about Native Americans."

By KEITH BRAND '
The University will soon display
the grandparent of the supercom-
puter. A portion of the world's first
electronic computer will be set up
on North Campus at the Advanced
Technology Laboratory next month.
The Electronic Numerical Inte-
grator and Computer (ENIAC), op-
erational from 1946 to 1955, is one
of the world's most important surv-
iving pieces of early electronic tech-
nology, according to History Prof.
Nicholas Steneck. The ENIAC was
assembled at the Army arsenal at
Moor School of Engineering in
Pennsylvania with government funds
to calculate the trajectory of ballistic
missiles.
The computer was dismantled in
1955 due to space restrictions and
advances in technology, and soon
after, Engineering and Philosophy
Prof. Arthur Burks - who helped
design and build the ENIAC -
became instrumental in bringing a
10 by 8 by 4 foot section to the
University.
Other parts of the computer went
to the Smithsonian, West Point, and
the Los Alamos National Labor-
atory.
The ENIAC, according to Asso-
ciate Engineering Dean Erdogan

nology.
The $25,000 for the display was
provided by the archive department
of Unisys.
Unisys staff vice president David
Curry, in a press release, said his
company is "pleased to assist the
University of Michigan in its efforts
to preserve and display one of the
most important historic machines
leading to the birth of the computer
industry."
The ENIAC display will demon-
strate the progress technology has
made, from room-size computing
machines to pocket calculators and
personal computers. Gulari says, "it
is a reminder of where we came
from, a major part of computers in
science."
INSIDE
The University should support an
African National Congress school
in Tanzania.
See OPINION, Page 4
Three O'Clock High is slightly
exaggerated but it works.
See ARTS, Page 7

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