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September 10, 1987 - Image 13

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1987-09-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

The New Student Edition .
News Section Continued (Pages 13 through 24)
t toun Batflu The Michigan Daily Thursday, September 10, 1987 Page 13

Relaxed researe
worry students

By TAYLOR LINCOLN
The University's new research
policy has relaxed restrictions on
research and angered both students
and faculty who think the policy
will cause the number of classified
research projects sponsored by the
defense department to increase at the
University.
The University's Board o f
Regents adopted the policy at its
April meeting.
The policy abolishes the 20 year-
old "end-use" clause that prohibited
classified research the results of
which could kill or maim human
beings. In place of the kill-maim
provision, the University adopted a
clause that says "The University will
accept a classified research grant...if
it's purpose is clearly in the public
interest."
ACCORDING to Neil Geri of
the University's Division of
Research and Development
Administration, there are currently
two classified research projects being
conducted at the University worth
under $500,000 - roughly one-half
of one percent of the University's
$182 million research budget.
The defense department provides
the University with 4.4 percent of
its research grants,
Another discrepancy between the
two policies deals with restrictions
upon publishing research projects
results. Formerly, research results
had to be published within one year
of the of the project's completion.
The new policy states, "The Uni-
Shapiro
says he's
no lame
duck
(Continued from Page 8)
to get the best out of Michigan, you
have to take responsibility for your
education, and ask for things you
need. The resources are almost
unlimited, but you have to take
responsibility for them. It's too big
to expect the University as a whole
to find you and help set you. It will
do that for some students, but you
can't count on it. I have always
thought that at a place like
Michigan, there is a premium on
responsibility and the willingness to
go out and ask for what you want.
The great thing about a university
like this it that if you ask enough
people for something, you will find
someone who is going to say yes.
You also find some who don't know
the rules - you can get anything
you want around here. The students
who have had the greatest
experiences here are often ones who
have taken this responsibility upon
themselves, playing an active role in
their own education.
D: Who do you want to win this
year's pennant?
S: Detroit, and I actually think
they will.

versity normally does not accept
grants, contracts, or agreements
which unreasonably restrict its
faculty, staff, or students from
publishing or otherwise
disseminating the results of the re-
search."
Many people believe, however,
that the word "normally," implies
that the University will sometimes
accept contracts with unreasonable
restrictions on publication.
PREVIOUSLY, proposed
classified projects had to be approved
by the Classified Research Review
Panel and the Research Policies
Committee. The new guidelines,
however, call for the principal
research investigators, the
department chairs, the deans of the
schools and colleges, and the vice
president for research to review and
authorize research grants. There is no
longer a centralized committee to
review classified research.
Gerl does not think the lack of a
review committee or the lessened
restrictions on research will have an
effect on the amount or type of
research conducted at the University.
"It's simply a change in the
review process. The only way
anything will change is if we have a
major turnover in our faculty, which
is highly unlikely. What we've been
going through is an unnecessarily
lengthy review process by the
Classified Research Review Panel,"
Gerl said.
Physics Prof. Daniel Axelrod
strongly disagrees. "The new policy
will almost certainly be an open-

h rules
,faculty
door policy to accepting as many
defense contracts as possible. The
federal government is making it far
easier to get defense contracts, and
because of pressure on the
University, we will be at the mercy
of the federal government. There's
essentially no guidelines in the new
policy."
A X E L R O D also took issue
with Gerl's belief that the
departments will regulate immoral
research. "The departments are under
no advice to reject policies that kill
or main people. The only safeguard
against harmful research is public
interest and public interest is very
difficult to gauge. The regents took a
.policy that was fairly vague and
made it extremely vague."
In 1985, reacting to controversy
surrounding the rejection of a
proposed classified research project,
University President Harold Shapiro
appointed a 12 member ad hoc
committee to review the research
guidelines.
The committee drafted two
proposals, with nine committee
members signing the majority
proposal and three members, the
minority proposal. Both policies
proposed dropping the end-use
clause, but the majority report
required researchers to publish their
results a year after funding for the
project had ceased. The minority
report proposed almost no
restrictions.
Assistant Law Prof. Rebecca
See NEW, Page 22

Daily Photo by SCOTT ITUCHY
Ann Arbor Quaker Paul Tinkerhess, singing at the Vigil for a Weapons Free University is interrupted by
Belinda Pett, a member of the Voice of Freedom-a group that favored the abolition of the "end-use" clause.

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