The Michigan Daily - Monday, April 20, 1987s- Page 5
Argentinian rebels s urr~n1Kder
BUENOS AIRES (AP) - President Raul
Alfonsin in a dramatic gesture yesterday traveled
to a rebel camp near Buenos Aires and obtained
the surrender of some 150 rebel soldiers, ac -
cording to officials in the president's party.
Alfonsin, who had gone by helicopter to the
military camp 19 miles west of Buenos Aires,
then returned jubilantly to the capital.
"Compatriots! Happy Easter! The warned
men have ceased" their 72-hour mutiny, a
beaming Alfonsin told 400,000 cheering people
packed in Plaza de Mayo, the main square in
downtown Buenos Aires.
The mutineers, who had been holding about
2,000 loyal government troops at bay at the
Campo de Mayo military base, were demanding
an amnesty for officers accused of human rights
violations under previous military govern -
It could not be immediately determined if the
rebel troops had actually left the base, but Al -
fonsin said they would.
officials encourage graduate study
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several demographic factors. Huge
numbers of professors hired in the
"post-Sputnik" era, when colleges
went through enormous periods of
expansion, will be reaching
retirement age by the turn of the
century. Jack Walker, LSA ass-
ociate dean of faculty appointments,
said his college is expecting 200
professors, a quarter of the faculty,
to retire between 1995 and 2005,
based on the current mandatory
retirement age of 70-years-old. Only
67 will retire between 1985-95.
"We could have a hell of a
time," Walker said.
Vest agreed, saying, "We're all
very nervous about what's going to
happen over the next five years."
Currently 1,600 engineering teach-
ing jobs are unfilled nationwide.
TO COMPOUND the prob-
lem, the pool of qualified applicants
in many disciplines has been drying
"The competition for the best is
more intense," said English Prof.
John Knott. "It's just harder to
replace (faculty)," he said.
Physics department chair
Lawrence Jones said that although
the number of physics doctorates
has remained constant, the number
awarded to foreign students has
risen to 50 percent, half of whom
take their degrees home. Similar
situations exist in other sciences.
Some administrators think that
the academic life may be less
appealing to young people. Despite
the freedom of a teaching job, some
young people are turned off by the
time necessary to earn a doctorate
and the pay, which is not always
competitive with business or
industry. "Business jobs themselves
pay a lot more than teaching jobs,"
said Gilbert Whitaker, dean of the
School of Business Administration.
Whitaker says 5 to 6 percent of the
faculty positions in his school are
vacant. "We've always had
problems competing with
business," he said.
BIOLOGY, physics, and eng-
ineering are also fighting business
for the best Ph.D.s. Biology
department chair Charles Yokum
says his department has to compete
with medicine and biotechnology
for graduate students.
"We are attracting new, young,
talented faculty, but we're having to
fight harder to get them," said
Yokum. In his view, colleges will
have to raise salaries eventually to
keep up. "To a certain extent, we've
already had to raise salaries;" he
Rothman said he sees the same
thing happening in statistics. "At
one time it was almost unheard of
for Ph.D.s to go into industry, but
Vest says his college is
scrambling for new talent. "In our
own college, that wave (of
retirements) has already started."
THE COLLEGE of Engin-
eering has had to replace 35 percent
of its faculty in the last five years,
and will have to replace most of the
rest by the year 2000.
The future may be worse.
According to a study by Howard
Bowen and Jack Schuster of
Claremont College in California,
one-third of all professors will have
to be replaced in the next ten years,
and 70,000 to 110,000 may have to
be hired nationwide by 2010.
Doctorates awarded in academic
disciplines have gone down in the
last decade: Literature dropped from
1,951 in 1975 to 1,176 in 1983,
language from 857 to to 488, and
mathematics fell from 975 to 698.
"The trend to graduate study in
arts and sciences has gone down,"
said Rackham Assistant Dean
Homer Rose. Rose said graduate
enrollment, which declined in the
1970s, is just beginning to rise
again. Rackham enrollment has
risen 12 percent during the past two
years, he said.
"We're starting to see more
really bright people going towards
college teaching," Walker said. He
hopes the bust of the 1990s will
draw students in to graduate
programs. "It's a labor market, and
it does react a little bit," he said. "I
would imagine some of the people
who thought about going into
medicine will think about going
into biological research."
Doily Photo by ANDI SCHREIBER
A picture of a woman in a bikini hangs outside of Theta Delta Chi frater-
-nity at 700 State street yesterday. One fraternity member said, "I don't
know what it's for." Others would not comment.
(Continued from Page 1)
Who was a founder of the group.
"We had an impact. I really believe
The group raised almost $1000
for the Green Glacier Community
Center, a center for Ann Arbor's
disadvantaged youths and united
members of the Black Greek
Association and Interfraternity
Council/Panhel Greek system.
"The reason PASS was formed
was because we are appalled at the
segregation that exists in all parts
of the campus and the Greek system
is a blatant example of this," said
Lisa Russ, an LSA sophomore and
member of Kappa Alpha Theta who
has been with PASS since its
creation in early January.
It started out with Greeks from
both systems meeting once a week
and discussing methods of com-
batting racism and bringing the two
systems closer together. Only later
did the group adopt the name
"Pepper and Salt Shakers," under
which they were registered with the
Michigan Student Assembly in
'We decided that a
philanthropy would be the
best way to get people
together, make friends,
and unite the community
- Lisa Russ, LSA
"We decided that a philanthropy
would be the best way to get people
together, make friends, and unite
the community against racism,"
To fund the activity, P.A.S.S.
received sponsorship and help from
outside sources. Instead of seeking
money from large corporations, the
organization turned to businesses of
the Ann Arbor community.
"We wanted it to be an effort
that would pull the University and
community behind us. We wanted
the places we go everyday to know
about it, care about it and be a part
of it," said Russ.
Local businesses supplied fun-
ding while most of the car washing
material was supplied by Barnes
Ace Hardware. Ulrich's donated
supplies for making posters, and
Kinko's printed flyers for the event
f weed of charge.
"It would have a combined