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April 15, 1987 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1987-04-15

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The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, April 15, 1987-- Page 5

Regents to add chapter in long research debate
(Continued from Page 1) dw-.1 b. n .i.. ... n . -------,

tho

concluded that academic freedom
was more important than end-use
restrictions on research.
LAST year,. the DoD funded
$10.5 million of the University's
total $182 million total research
budget. The Pentagon's University
Research Initiative, a research
funding program for colleges
throughout the nation, will add $20
million over the next five years
through three new non-classified
University projects.
Meanwhile, the classified guide -
lines were put to the test in 1984,
when the RPC rejected Electrical
Engineering and Computer Science
Prof. Theodore Birdsall's proposal
to extend a classified research
project he had been conducting for
more than 30 years. Birdsall's
project, sponsored by the Office of
} Naval Research, required classified
access to Navy ships to conduct his
research. The RPC determined that
the project could be applied to
killing or maiming human beings,

and therefore violated the end-use
clause. The RPC's decision was
overruled by then-Vice President for
Research Albert Sussman.
Birdsall's next extension was
accepted by the RPC and Vice
President for Research Linda
Wilson last week. Members of the
RPC who voted against the project
said it had direct applications to
anti-submarine warfare, violating
the end-use clause. Birdsall said
such an application would not be
possible for at least 40 years,
though the end-use clause does not
specify a time limit.
In 1985, Political Science Prof.
Raymond Tanter's classified pro -
posal, "Alternative Approaches to
Arms Control," was rejected by the
RPC. Sussman agreed with the
decision, and the project never
began. The regents, following up
complaints that the rejection
limited academic freedom, suggested
a review of the current guidelines.,
In 1985, President Harold
Shapiro nominated Sociology Prof.

Philip Converse to chair a 12-
member ad hoc committee to
review the current guidelines.
Nine of the committee members
drafted the majority report, which
recommends dropping the end-use
clause in favor of a new policy.
This policy would require re -
searchers to publish all results
within one year of completion of
the project's funding period, except
in special cases. The special cases
are not detailed in the report, but
they would, most likely, apply to
research during wartime.
The other three members pro -
posed the minority report, which
imposes almost no policy. It
stresses academic freedom and
leaves individual decisions on
controversial research up to the
regents.
The lack of support for an end-
use clause marks a drastic change
from the sentiments of the 1960s.
Current RPC chair George
Carignan, who has been at the
University since 1959, said

opinions were more influencedb~y
the Vietnam War in the 1960s.
"Our sensitivities are not as
heightened as they were then," he
said. "Now, people are inclined to
more traditional principles, and
academic freedom is at the top of
that."
L A S T term, the Senate
Advisory Committee on University
Affairs, the Michigan Student
Assembly, and the RPC made their
own recommendations to the
regents for new guidelines. SACUA
and the RPC recommended the
majority report with minor
revisions, and SACUA later added a
resolution opposing research that
could result in the killing or
maiming of human beings. MSA
recommended extending the end-use
clause to all forms of sponsored
research.
While most of the regents have
kept their opinions out of the
public eye, the events of the last
few years suggest a trend toward a
less restrictive research policy. It is
likely that the new guidelines will
have a larger emphasis on academic

freedom, ana the ena-use clause may
be eliminated. If that happens, the
policy will have come full circle.
Tomorrow's story will focus on

the current aeoate over the
guidelines, and what the choices
facing the regents.

I

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Attention Everyone
Want to be a part of the most happening
place this summer? Join the staff of the
spring/summer Daily. We need reporters,
and we know you can do it. Come to the
mass meeting Friday, April 17 at 4:00 pm.
We are located at the Student Publications
Building, 420 Maynard St. See you there.

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Let Them Know
How You Feel! !
DAILY PERSONALS 764-0557

MSA to rally against code'

(Continued from Page 1)
like this happen, they will be
investigated also. The problem is,
where do we draw the line?"
Weine said the hearing
procedures and possible sanctions
are an inappropriate response to
recent racist incidents on campus.
"The administration shouldn't be
reacting by using a process to clean
up its image," he said. "Rather, it
should be proactive and have
increased recruitment and retention
services."
Phillips feared students may
think the procedures are an effective
method of combating racism on
campus. "I think the President has
used discrimination as a way of
sliming this code," he said.
LSA junior Lannis Hall, chair of
MSA's Minority Affairs Coin -
mittee and a member of the United
Coalition Against Racism, said
UCAR has not yet formally
responded to the procedures. "We
definitely do not support a code,"
Hall said. "Much of our protesting
could not happen if a code exists."
ACCORDING to Weine,
establishing the commission
bypasses regental bylaw 7.02,
which gives the student body and
the faculty the power to approve or
disapprove a code. The
administration has threatened to
bypass the bylaw in the past
because of MSA's reluctance to
endorse any proposed code.
Weine was asked to join the

commission, but refused after
learning of its purpose. "For MSA,
an invitation to participate in this
commission is just a motion to
soften the administration's blow,"
Weine said. "In reality, having
student input wasn't the intended
agenda."

Phillips said the assembly has
printed fliers to inform students
about the implications of this
"code," and he has organized a rally
on the Diag for Friday. Phillips and
Weine will speak at the rally and
hope to be joined by a city
councilmember.

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