Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 14, 1987
Court upholds pregnancy leaves IN BRIEF
il d-;IAA~ A i t dA P5, nc
WASHINGTON (AP) - States
may require employers to give
pregnant workers job protections
not available to other employees,
the Supreme Court ruled yesterday.
The court upheld a California
law requiring employers to grant
unpaid leaves of absence of up to
four months to women whose
pregnancies leave them unable to
work even if leaves are not granted
for any other disability.
Although the 6-3 decision was a
major victory for working women,
some feminist lawyers said the
decision did not go far enough in
promoting on-the-job equality.
IN OTHER DECISIONS,
-Ruled, 6-3, in cases from
Oklahoma and Kentucky that its
decision last year barring
prosecutors from disqualifying
potential jurors based on their race
applies retroactively to perhaps
hundreds of other convicted de -
-Unanimously said West
Virginia must pay the federal
government $10 million, including
$5.2 million in interest, for relief
efforts stemming from two 1972
-Struck down a New York law
by a 7-2 vote as it curtailed sharply
the power of states to impose
minimum prices for the sale of
law had been challenged by the
California Fecund Savings and
Loan Association and other
employers whose leave policies did
not meet the law's requirement.
The justices discounted argu -
ments by the employers that the
law forces them to discriminate
illegally against men and non-
The court concluded that the
state law does not conflict with a
1978 federal law, the Pregnancy
Disability Act, that bans dis -
crimination based on pregnancy.
"BY TAKING pregnancy into
account, California's pregnancy
disability leave statute allows
women, as well as men, to have
families without losing their jobs,"
Justice Thurgood Marshall wrote
for the court.
Eight other states have similar
laws. They are Connecticut,
Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts,
Montana, New Hampshire, Ohio
"Congress intended the (1978
law) to be a floor beneath which
pregnancy disability benefits may
not drop - not a ceiling above
which they may not rise," Marshall
HE WAS JOINED by
Justices William Brennan, Harry
Blackmun, John Paul Stevens and
Sandra Day O'Connor. Justice
Antonin Scallia, in a separate
opinion, agreed that the state and
federal laws are not in conflict.
Chief Justice William Rehnquist
and Justices Byron White and Lewis
Powell dissented. In opinion for
the three, White said the 1978 law's
language "leaves no room for
preferential treatment of pregnant
"Congress intended employers to
be free to provide any level of
disability benefits they wished -
or none at all - as long as
pregnancy was not a factor in
allocating such benefits," White
and education mix
WASHINGTON (AP) - Going
to college no longer dims a
woman's chances for marriage and
family, and additional schooling, in
fact, is likely to increase her
matrimonial prospects, a new study
Census Bureau researcher Jeanne
Moorman reported yesterday that
the "negative association" between
marriage and education seems to be
diminishing, and in coming years
"more highly educated women will
be more likely to marry."
In terms of combining marriage
with educations and careers, women
are learning to behave more like
men - no longer having to choose
among those options, Ms.
"There is no reason to expect
that women can't do both, just as
men have always done," she
Her findings differ sharply from
a study published by Yale
University researchers last year that
indicated that women's marriage
prospects dimmed as they pursued
educations and careers.
Although better-educated women
have had lower marriage rates than
those with less schooling in past
years, the negative association
between education and marriage
appears on the verge of ending or
reversing, Ms. Moorman reported
in her study, "The History and the
Future of the Relationship Between
Education and Marriage."
Ms. Moorman found that while
going to college may delay
marriage, it seems likely to
improve a women's prospects for
eventually being wed.
That, she said in a telephone
interview, is because higher
education is becoming more the
norm than the exception for
Women now in the 30-35 age
group may well be the last group
for which a negative relationship
between education and marriage will
exist, she said, and even for them
the effect is minimal.
k.omrrIpl4IJr e n from )ssucLae Aress reprts
Beirut gunmen abduct reporter
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Gunmen yesterday kidnapped a French reporter,
covering Terry Waite's mission to free American and other foreign
hostages held in Lebanon. They pistol-whipped and shot at another.
French newsman who escaped.
Police said eight men in two cars grabbed Roger Auque soon after he
photographed Anglican Church envoy Waite taking a morning stroll
along the seafront in Moslem west Beirut. Auque is a free-lance
reporter-photographer for French, Canadian and Belgian radio stations
and photo feature agencies.
Paul Marchand, a French reporter accompanying Auque, fought off
the men in west Beirut's Raouche residential district at 9:40 a.m. and
escaped, police said.
Iraq counters Iranian attack
BAGHDAD, Iraq - A missile hit Baghdad yesterday, and Iraqi
warplanes raided Iranian cities and missile batteries in reply. Iran
claimed to have broken out of a beachhead on the fifth day of its
offensive, but Iraq denied it.
Iranian reports monitored in Cyprus said the missile hit a trade
center, but an Iraqi military spokesman said it exploded in a heavily
populated district, killing or wounding many Iraqis. Journalists were
kept away, but witnesses said the missile narrwly missed the
Iraq said its air force raided Isfahan, Dezful and the holy city of Qom
in retaliation. All three Iranian cities have been bombed three days in a
Critic: Gun law opposes blacks
DETROIT - A critic of the 4-day-old ordinance mandating jail
terms for handgun violators charged yesterday blacks are being haassed
by its enforcement, while the county sheriff proposed packing three
prisoners into jail cells where violators will be housed.
In the wake of last year's 646 homicides, including the shooting
deaths of 33 children, the city council adopted an ordinance mandating
30-day jail terms and $100 fines for persons convicted of carrying a gun
without a permit. A second conviction requires a 60-day sentence and
subsequent ones bring 90-day jail terms.
The prosecutor's office said arrest circumstances and backgrounds of
those arrested will determine whether persons are charged under the
ordinance, with its lighter but mandatory sentences, or under the state.
concealed weapon statute, a five-year felony.
GM forms worker ed. centers
NASHVILLE, Tenn. - About 35,000 auto workers employed bye
General Motors Corp. in 10 states are eligible for retraining and.
ecucational assistance through a new network of centers announced'
The United Auto Workers union and the nation's largest automaker.
are sponsoring the $1.2 milllion program, mostly as a way to upgrade
workers' skills to help them keep pace with modernization of GM
facilities, UAW and company officials said.
"We are training them how to be the best auto workers in the
world," said Donald Ephlin, the union's vice president who oversees
relations with General Motors. "It's an opportunity to give people who
work for GM ... access to a number of training programs."
Capitol tradition worth
more than a hill of beans
WASHINGTON - The times, they are a-changing on Capitol Hill,
but the bean soup lingers on.
The 100th Congress has convened. And in a move that caused those
who venerate the traditions of the place to tremble, the House resturant
passed into the hands of as private restaurant management company and,
ceased to be the entirely in-house operation it has been for longer than
the longest memory.
The question thereupon arose whether the change threatened the place
of bean soup of the House menu.
It had been there, after all, since the day early in the century when
Speaker Joseph Cannon asked for bean soup and burst into frustrated
rage when told it was not available.
Cannon ordered bean soup to be on the menu every day after that.
And his order has never been countermanded.
Now private management, nudged by the powers that be on Capitol
Hill who wrote bean soup into their contract, has bowed to history.
Bean soup remains on the menu. It will be there every day the
restaurant is open. Every day.
If you see news happen, call 76-DAILY.
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the fall and winter terms. Subscription rates: September
through April--$18 in Ann Arbor; $35 outside the city. One
term-$10 in town; $20 outside the city.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and sub -
scribes to Pacific News Service and the Los Angeles Times Syndicate.
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Greeks fight city
(Continued from Page 1)
French, her voice rising, attacked
the neighbors for their "hyperbole"
in blaming the Greeks for parking
and noise problems. She then
blasted perceptions that the Greeks
plan to "take over the
"The distortions and lies that
have been flung at them to make it
appear as some looming
Armageddon are outrageous and
disgusting," she said.
The eNorth Burns Park
Association was represented by
Douglas Van Houweling,
University vice provost for
information technology. Van
Houweling . said he spoke "as a
private citizen - not as a
representative of the University of
"The issue tonight is not
housing of students nor conduct of
students, but the survival of a
neighborhood," he said. Van
Houweling reiterated concerns that
excessive group housing threatens
But he agreed that more student
housing is needed. "The residents of
this neighborhood value this
neighborhood and we want to live
with the students. We don't want to
banish them out to North
IF YOU COULD BUILD YOUR
WHAT WOULD IT BE LIKE?
Phi Sigma Kappa
is offering you this opportunity!
MEMBERSHIP EDUCATION PROGRAM
A CONCERN FOR ACADEMICS
NEW SOCIAL ACTIVITIES
PHI SIGMA KAPP
ho was the first president of
The University of Michigan?
The Student Alumni Council is sponsoring a trivia contest. Mail
your answer in to the Student Alumni Center, 200 Fletcher Street,
in care of SAC.
Questions will be in The Daily every Wednesday in January with
winners announced January 31 in the Union Ballroom.
The English Composition Board's
ACADEMIC WRITING SERIES
"WRITING A PERSONAL
STATEMENT FOR GRADUATE
2 SCHOOL, PROFESSIONAL SCHOOL
AND JOB APPLICATIONS"
Gaining admission to graduate or professional
schools or applying for jobs frequently requires a
personal statement. This writing presents your qual-
ifications, purposes, and goals. But how do you
shape this information into the strongest, most ef-
fective written portrait of yourself as an applicant?
The first Academic Writing Series workshop of
Winter 1987 explores the art of writing a personal
st atem ent . FC ltleturer Phvllic T o ner wril &en cc
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a unc, vy
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