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March 13, 1987 - Image 13

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1987-03-13
This is a tabloid page

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Continued from Page 7
scholarship are limited for wom
said Mary Frank Fox, a rese
investigator at the Institute
Social Research.
"A sense of significant mi
bership is lacking for women.
because research is a social prc
that involves communication
exchange, lack of signifi
membership has negativec
sequences for opportunities
perform," Fox said.

Rathcke attributes her success in Rathc
the department to penetrating the improve
"old boys' network" within her first since she
two years. lot of re
She said when she was hired originally
ien, seven years ago, many men in her female fa
arch department and on the hiring Charl
Sfor committee adamantly opposed her chairman
appointment because of her gender. junior ft
em- According to Rathcke, if she had burdenin
And not been supported by a prestigious couragin
cess, male outside the University, she many coi
and would not have been hired. She said she serve
.cant that the hiring committee members make sur
con- treated women so badly that they "At N
s to had to be lectured on how to treat job was
the opposite sex. recruiting


w w
- - w - w


ke said the situation has
d in the biology department
was hired. "I've gained a
espect from people who
yy would not have respected
aculty members."
es Yocum, the biology
n, said he tries to protect
emale faculty from over-
ng themselves by en-
ng them not to join too
mmittees. But Rathcke said
es on search committees to
e women get a fair chance.
Michigan my getting the
dependent on women
g women and searches are

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going well," she said.
The University does not have a
formal mentoring program, but the
former co-chairman of the Academic
Women's Caucus, who preferred
not to be named, said the Uni-
versity environment operates dif-
ferentially and inhibits women's
"Men's knowledge on how to
get ahead is actively facilitated," she
said. "Men spend more time with
other men and are getting the
information. They seem to be better
able to understand how the system
Social barriers prevent men from
spending much time with women,
the former co-chairman said.
"Spouses get upset and people in
the department may talk."
A study published by the Project
on the Status and Education of
Women called "The Campus
Climate Revisited: Chilly for
Women Faculty, Administrators,
and Graduate Students," reports:
"Men are less likely to collaborate
with women. When they do, the
women tend to be second authors
nearly two-thirds of. the time.
Others may assume the 'real' work
was done by the male author or that
the relationship was sexual rather
than professional."
Many women with families are
still mainly responsible for child
rearingyand household chores and
faculty members who take
maternity leave say they feel they
have to work harder than the men to
prove committment.
The extra effort to prove
committment can be discouraging
and exhaustive. Reed said: "I learned
not to sleep a lot. You have to have
incredible stamina and learn to give
up everything but your job and
your kid."
"When I was young I thought
academia would be the most open-
minded. The image of the ivory
tower as being a haven for free
ideas. But it's not true," said
Rebecca Stebbins, a graduate stu-
dent in Russian and East European
"I never thought I would have to
work any harder than anyone else to
succeed. I thought I would be
accepted on my own merit."
Some female faculty and grad-
uate students say they are not
actively encouraged by their male
colleagues and advisors. One female
graduate student in history, who
spoke on the condition that she not
be named, said when she told her
advisor she wasn't sure she wanted
to be in graduate school, he tried to
help her think of alternatives. At
first she thought he was being
helpful, but when she overheard the
same advisor counseling a male
graduate student for the same pro-
blem he "gave him a 'pull-yourself-
up-by-your-bootstraps' talk."
The student said she felt more
discouraged after overhearing the
conversation and thinks the male
student was encouraged because of
his gender.
In the sciences, where there are

fewer female professors than male,
the situation may be self-per-
petuating (see graphs). The lack of
role models affects the faculty and
the students who eventually con-
stitute the faculty applicant pool.
The "Chilly Climate" report
said, "Many students, especially
those in engineering, math, eco-
nomics, and science, report dif-
ficulties with foreign male students
and faculty who come from cultures
where women's role is very
"Students complaining about
(discriminatory treatment) often
receive no support but are told
instead to be 'understanding' be-
cause that person comes from
another culture."
Vice President Duderstadt said
that although he does not have any
evidence that this is a problem at
the University, he has heard
testimony that "it is a major
nationwide problem."
He added that "in the physical
sciences women are not accepted as
A growing concern among
administrators is "the two body
problem." Most women in academe
who are married have spouses with
a career. Potential faculty members
consider their spouse's career
opportunities in the Ann Arbor area
before accepting offers.
Nordby said sometimes admini-
strators use University connections
to try to place a spouse, but the
efforts are not always successful.
If the spouse is in academe, but
is not a "superstar," or an opening
in their field does not exist, then
departments have no incentive to
hire the spouse, Nordby said.
Many single women reject
University offers or leave the
University because they say Ann
Arbor is a tough town for single
woman, according to Nordby. Much
of the socializing is done in couples
and it is frustrating for women who
feel isolated in their departments to
return to an empty home.
"Being a faculty member is a
lonely job," said Eccles. "It could
be exacerbated if you're the only
woman in a department. And this is
a couple-oriented community." 0
~A t

VOLUME 5, NO. 19


I Jb 1 -e iciga~rn 1Uati

.. ... ..... ... . ... ..... . . .. .....


4 isthe
CELEBM1 . resens
Your Host
with Gwes Artists -IERCA I



Roberta Alexander
Constance Barron
William Bolcom and
Joan Morris
The Chenille Sisters
James Dapogny and
the Easy Street Jazz
Judy Dow-Alexander
The Friars
John McCollum
Willis Patterson
Donald Sinta and
Ellen Weckler
Charles Sutherland
UM Men's Glee Club
UM Women s Glee
and other surprise
Jim Posante. Director
James Wilheirnsen.
Acco mpanist
Henry Aldridge.
Peninsula Productions. Inc.,

celebrating the establishment of the
Wednesday, MARCH 18 at 8:00 p.m.
$12 $10 $8
$5 Senior Citizen and Student Tickets
Phone orders call 668-8397
Monday-Friday 11:00-6:00 and Saturday 12:30-4:00
Michigan Theater Box Office:
Monday-Friday 12:30-6:00 and Saturday 12:30-4:00


Plus: Minutemen


'Angel Heart'

Interview: Donna Jo Na

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