Ninety-seven years of editorial freedom
VOLUME XCVII - NO. 94 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN - WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 1987 COPYRIGHT 1987 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
By PAUL HENRY CHO
Students and professors in the
} Soviet Union are deprived of their
freedom not through blatant
oppression, but through a carefully
controlled academic system,
according to Dr. Alexander Gold -
farb, a former Soviet scientist and
Addressing a small group at the
Rackham Amphitheatre yesterday,
Goldfarb discussed educational
freedoms in the Soviet Union and
,4escribed the limitations imposed
Academic freedom is related to
religious, political, and economic
freedoms, he said. According to
Goldfarb eight semesters of
Marxism are required in order to
graduate from Soviet universities.
Science students must state their
acceptance atheist doctrines in order
to pass a required scientific atheism
See SCIENTIST, PAGE 3
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) -
Moslem kidnappers were reported
trying to strike a deal with Israel
yesterday that would free 400 Arab
prisoners in exchange for three
Americans and an Indian held in
Beirut and a captured Israeli airman.
The Christian-run Voice of
Lebanon and the Moslem-run Voice
of the Nation radio stations quoted
"reports from Washington and other
capitals" as saying the captors
might be working through the Red
Cross for an exchange.
In Geneva, the International
Committee of the Red Cross denied
involvement in any negotiations.
Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir
of Israel said his government would
be willing to consider a direct
request for negotiations, but added
that no such request has been made.
Israeli officials say Washington
has not asked Israel to meet
demands by the kidnap group, the
Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of
Palestine, to release 400 prisoners
in exchange for the lives of the four
educators it holds.
White House spokesman Marlin
Fitzwater told reporters in
Washington, "Our terrorism policy
remains the same, and I reiterate
once again that we will not ransom
hostages nor will we encourage
other countries to do so."
A group called the Rev-
olutionary Justice Organization
renewed a threat yesterday to harm
hostages if the United States takes
military action. "The retaliation
will be very cruel," it said in a
statement delivered to the Beirut
office of a Western news agency.
Students type away at the Macintoshes,
basement of the Union.
yesterday at the recently-reopened UNYN Computer Center in the
Rucknagel: leaves an impact
By REBECCA BLUMENSTEIN
"Don Rucknagel is viewed as the
conscience of our department,
perhaps of the whole medical
school," said Tom Gelehrter, head
of University Hospital's genetics
department. "We all don't have to
agree with him, but no one would
question the moral strength behind
But many see contradictions in
the internal medicine professor's
character. From the teach-ina of the
Vietnam era to various peace
movements to heading the Univ -
ersity Council and the drafting of a
proposed code of student conduct,
Rucknagel has extended his
influence to some controversial and
seemingly conflicting pursuits.
"I don't understand how someone
who believes so strongly in
involvement could want to limit
political expression by imposing
academic sanctions through a code,"
said Ken Weine, a Michigan
Student Assembly and former
University Council member.
As Rucknagel leaves the
University this week to head
Cincinnati's Sickle-Cell Anemia
Center, though, he will be missed
by even those who disagree with
The extent of his involvement in
both the University and Ann Arbor
community has been uncommon.
During his 27-year career with the
University, Rucknagel has served
on and chaired more committees
than even he can recall.
"OVER the years he has been
involved in just about everything,"
said Mary Kellogg, his secretary for
over 22 years.
"His dedication and com -
multi-religious disarmament group.
Although active outside of the
medical center, Gelehter stressed the
impact of Rucknagel's achieve -
ments within the medical
"Whether it was research,
teaching, or actually caring for
patients, Rucknagel was excep -
tional," Gelehter said. Rucknagel's
concern about sicklecell anemia
his specialty - and his attentive
care was reputed to draw patients
from all over Michigan, Gelehter
Rucknagel himself is more
modest about his accomplishments.
"Although at times I have
questioned why I was doing what I
was, I think that I can honestly say
that I have learned a lot," he said.
Rucknagel attributes much of his
concern and involvement to the
Vietnam war era. "Until then I
didn't realize how much of an
impact an individual can make," he
Along with 'about six other
professors, Rucknagel was instru -
mental in organizing the teach-ins
of 1965. Faculty at the University
were the first in the country to
protest U.S. involvement in the
Vietnam War. "We were all driven
with a sense of mission, a sense of
dualism that permeated the
campus," Rucknagel said.
H I S T O R Y Prof. Rhodes
Murphey, who also participated in
the teach-ins, explained that they
were intended as a creative way of
protest. "We felt that striking and
boycotting classes was a bit wrong,
but we had to do something to
protest the lack of information we
Rucknagel has also made a
profound impact in quite a different,
and potentially conflicting, area of
interest - the formation of a
proposed code of non-academic
student conduct. Serving as the co-
chair of the University Council for
the past two years, Rucknagel has
repeatedly made it clear that he is
committed to the formation of an
enforceable set of guidelines that
would govern student behavior
outside of the classroom.
"I would not support putting any
violations of guidelines on a stu -
dent's transcript, but I think that
See INVOLVED, Page 2
mittment distinguish him from
anyone that I have ever known -
definitely any physician," said
Arthur Vander, a member of
Physicians for Social Respon -
sibility and a physiology professor.
Rucknagel started the group in
1981 and has headed its nuclear
disarmament efforts since then.
Rucknagel also plays an active role
in the Interfaith Peace Council, a
Internal Medicine Prof. Donald Rucknagel will be concluding his 27-year
career with the University this week to head Cincinnati's Sickle-Cell
for 4th Ward spot
By CARRIE LORANGER Fourth Ward city council and
Ann Arbor City Councilmember mayoral elections, but by narrow
Larry Hahn (R-Fourth Ward) will margins. Layman said the close
not be up for re-election this races make every vote crucial this
spring. Instead, one Democrat will April.
Middle East conflict simulated
be on the ballot against the
Republican winner of next
Monday's primary election.
In the Republican primary Jerry
Schleicher will run against James
Cameron. Cameron, who has lived
in Ann Arbor for six years, was
selected by the Fourth Ward
Republican committee as the ward's
M CITY O
official Republican candidate. Sch -
leicher, a 23-year city resident said
that despite the committee
selection, he still has a good chance
because he knows a lot of people in
Democratic candidate Richard
T nv- nr l<n lv..A :n An Arlv.. r
"I think I have a good shot,"
said Layman. "I have lived in this
town longer than Jim Cameron."
P O OR enforcement of the
city's housing code prompted the
city council to set up a committee
to look at revising housing
Both Schleicher and Cameron
have different ideas on the housing
code. Cameron says it should be
consistently enforced. "The city
should set up a realistic and work -
able code system," said Cameron.
But he thinks housing inspectors
should use discretion, and insisted
that landlords can't always afford to
meet city standards.
Schleicher said the city housing
bureau needs to improve its in -
spections, and hire more qualified
Layman said that, from his
exneriencem uth MCA h- A i c -
By PETER EPHROSS
Imagine settling in for a night of homework. You
go to the computing center, and suddenly you're no
longer a University student, but PLO leader Yassir
Arafat, attempting to retain the support of radical pro-
Syrian factions while projecting the image of a peace-
maker to the rest of the world. -
Or maybe you're former Soviet leader Leonid
Brezhnev, alive and trying to protect Soviet interests
at an international peace conference on the Middle
East in 1995.
For students in Prof. Raymond Tanter's Political
Science 353 class - The Arab-Israeli Conflict - it's
reality. For 11 weeks this semester, 185 students will
take the roles of various world leaders and act out
"The intention is to create real political scenarios,
and to understand the frustration inherent in the
Middle East political situation," said LSA senior
Phillipe Weiss, who runs the scenarios with
education Prof. Edgar Taylor.
There are three different scenarios in the class.
Game A, which is the standard simulation, involves
delegations from Israel, the Arab nations, the PLO,
the United States, and the Soviet Union, trying to
solve the conflict in the present.
In Game B, students take the roles of the 1971
leaders thrust into the context of 1987. They only
know what 1971 leaders knew, as if nothing occurred
between now and then.
In Game C, students take the roles of international
leaders, both present and past, who are called to a
conference in 1995 because the conflict has worsened.
See STUDENTS, Page 2
Stories scrambled; Ford
affordable and available, but the
vacancy rate has, been decreasing
while rent has been increasing all
over the city. These trends affect the
student areas of the Fourth Ward in
which 58.8 percent of the residents
rent their homes.
Both Cameron and Schleicher
want the University to ease the
housing crunch by providing more
housing for students. Cameron said
he would like to see more single
By ANDY MILLS
The VIPs, the men talking into +
their trenchcoats, and the TV
cameras may be gone, but debates
still rage over the egging of former
President Gerald Ford.
"There was no indication of egg
(on him)," said Larry Buendorf, the
secret service agient in charge of
Director Leo Heatley as saying Ford
did indeed have egg on his coat.
This week, Heatley said again that
Ford was egged.
He also said that Don Wilson,
director of the Ford Museum and
Library "took a direct hit (from an
egg)." Wilson was unavailable for
comment, but his secretary said he
The University should empha -
size teaching by reducing class
OPINION, PAGE 4
Naturalistic photos more than
meet the eye at the University
ARTS, PAGE 7
Former Meicanontball niaver