The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 29, 1986-- Page 3
Chief Little Elk tries to keep heritage alive
By MELISSA GESSNER
Chief Little Elk, an 88-year-old chief of the
Saginaw Chippewa band in Mount Pleasant, Mich.,
;urged students to preserve Indian culture in a
presentation at South Quad last night.
Little Elk and his stepson, Little Bear, spoke to
about 40 students in the Ambatana Lounge. "I've been
going to different schools for almost 50 years," said
LITTLE ELK said that he and Little Bear are
working to keep their heritage alive for future
generations through their presentations and through
traditional Native American art forms, such as basket
"Since I was small, about nine years old, I was
weaving baskets. We use sweetgrass, birch, and
porcupine quills. It is a way of learning about yourself.
It's self-learning," Little Elk said.
But both native Americans are uncertain about the
future of their culture.
"SOME of our people don't understand our
language. They went to government schools and
stayed there," said Little Elk. "The only thi'ng they
taught them was English, when they get back from
school-that's all they speak."
"Many people ask me how I learned to speak the
Indian language. I learned the Indian language when I
began to talk. English was hard for me to learn," he
said. "I didn't know what the teacher wanted, so I
answered her in Indian language. Neither of us knew
what the other said. In Grand Rapids we (the tribes)
talk and understand each other."
Little Bear agreed that Indian culture may be
threatened. "That's something that's going out of style.
Just the old people keep the culture by making baskets.
When they die out, I'm afraid our memory will die
SOME younger Native Americans disagree.
"There's a hard-core group of traditionalists that follow
the elders and keep our heritage alive," said Jeff
Crawford, president of the campus Native American
Law Association. "It's a small group due to the
pressures, pressure to go out, chuck the culture, and
make a buck."
Chief Little Elk stressed the importance of retaining
the ancient beliefs of his ancestors. "I belong to the
archeological society. Our people believe in burial
grounds, especially mounds. If people start digging, I
tell them to leave them (the dead) alone, because those
people are going to get up sometime and go where they
are supposed to go if they are disturbed," he said.
"We worship the Great Spirit, or God, and the
Mother Earth. She is the mother, the one feeding us,
giving us berries . We must thank God for the good
health of the body."
"I enjoy this work, showing them (young Native
Americans) how we worshiped the Great Spirit and
how we thanked the Great Spirit for providing animals,
deer, rabbits, and birds," said Little Elk. "The Great
Spirit is the most important to the Indian people."
Candidates rehash issues at forum
By LAURA BISCHOFF
Special to the Daily
incumbents Perry Bullard and Lana
Pollack went the rounds with their
Republican challengers Victor
Holtz and Dale Apley last night in
a debate at Eastern Michigan
University sponsored by the League
of Women Voters.
With the election five days
away, the candidates reiterated their
positions on higher education,
drugs, and abortion.
BULLARD (D-Ann Arbor) is
:defending his seat in the state
'House of Representatives against
Holtz, a mechanical engineer.
Pollack (D-Ann Arbor) is running
for her second term in the state
Senate against Apley, a former
administrative for state Sen. Nick
Both Bullard and Holtz came out
in favor of more state funding for
higher education, but Holtz said the
state need not raise taxes to do so.
Bullard, however, said, "We must
issues-such as tuition vouchers
for private schools, which they
both oppose. Apley added that he
favors student achievement tests as
a requirement for graduation from
'No, I'm not interested in taking a urine test. If I held
up a bottle of my urine, you Would not know
anything more about my sobriety than you do now,'
held up a bottle of my urine, you
would not know anything more
about my sobriety than you do
now," she said.
Bullard, who participated in the
"Hash Bash" on the Diag in the
early '70s, would not give a direct
answer about whether he currently
uses illegal drugs. Holtz maintained
that he has never tried marijuana
and does not support the
legalization of it.
The state senator candidates toed
their party line on the issue of
abortion. Apley opposed state
funding of abortions while Pollack
said a woman has the right to
abortion regardless of her economic
Pollack added that the state
should try to avoid the problem by
educating teenagers about sex and
be ready to raise taxes so we don't
destroy our universities."
"We've got to cut the costs of
education so it doesn't get out of
reach of the lower income
families," he said.
POLLACK and Apley focused
more on secondary education
Questions from the audience and
a panel of local audience directly
addressed drug use and drug testing
on the part of the candidates.
Pollack opposed random drug
testing in general. "No, I'm not
interested in taking a urine test. If I
'U' officials analyze
S. Africa pullouts.
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All Bogie wants is a few days
in Florida to see the widow of
an old war buddy, but when
Edward G. Robinson and his
mob take over the hotel, he must
stick his neck out once again.
A classic flip-flop on The
Crossover Dreams (Leon
Ishaso, 1985), MTF, 7:45 p.m.,
Can a salsa musician from the
Bronx make it big in the
mainstream even if his name
isn't Rueben Blades?
Lori Jo Nerad - Women
Exploited by Abortion, noon,
J. Cebrian -"Exporting the Le
Monde Model of Journalistic
Control to Spain,"
Studies, 12:10 p.m., 2073 Frieze
Stephen Gould- "Advances in
Evolutionary Theory: The
Current Status of Darwinism,"
LSA, 8 p.m., Rackham.
W. Stegner - "Striking the
Rock: The Manipulation of
Western Water," Law School
William W. Cook Lectures, 4
p.m., 120 Hutchins Hall.
M. Brooks - "Exploring
Ecumenical Campus Ctr., 8
p~m., 921 Church.
S. Davis - "Fluid Mechanics
of Solidification," Mech
Engin. & Appl Mech., 4 p.m.,
1017 Dow Bldg.
W. Crutchfield - "Vocal
Health and How it is
Maintained," School of Music,
4:30 p.m., McIntosh Theatre.
A. Relman - "Medicine as a
Business: Where is Our
Profession Headed?," Med.
Sci., noon, S. Lecture Hall,
Med. Sci II.
J. Fine - "Serbia's Policy
Towards Vampires in the
Second Quarter of the
Nineteenth Century," Russian
& East EuropeanCStudies,
noon, Lane Hall Commons
W. Ewens - "Using Statistics
to Get Sociology Out of
Genetics," Dept. of Statistics, 4
p.m., 451 Mason Hall.
C. Nicolet - "Historiography:
From Polybius' Cyclical
Theory of Political
Hillel, 8 p.m., 1429 Hill St.
E. Goldfarb - "Exploring the
Worlds of Banking and
Finance," Taubman Prog. in
American Institutions, noon,
Pond Room, Michigan Union.
C. Tsalta - "Binding Proteins
as Reagents in Enzyme-
LInked Competitive Binding
Assays of Biological
Molecules," Dept. of
Chemistry, 4 p.m., 1300 Chem.
P. Smith - "Using Macros
With TEXTEDIT," Computing
Center, 3 p.m., 1013 NUBS.
J. Shy & D. Huntington -
"Art, History, War, and
Empire," 7:30 p.m., Clements
Baha'i Club - 5 p.m.,
U of M College Republicans -
7:30 p.m., Room D, Michigan
Dissertion Support Group -
8:30 p.m., 3100 Union.
Michigan Gay Union - 9
p.m., Guild House, 802
Stds of Objectivism - 8 p.m.,
Room C, Michigan League.
Sci Fie Club/Stilyagi Air Corps
- 8:30 p.m., League Conf.
Tae Kwon Do Club - 7-9 p.m.,
Martial Arts Rm., CCRB.
School of Ed.: Meeting for
prospective Grad students- 6
p.m., 1322 School of Education,
Candidates Night - Third
Ward Democratic Comm., 7:30
p.m., Forest Hill Community
Rm., 2351 Shadowood Drive.
Pre-Business (MBA) Day- CP
& P, 11 a.m. - 3 p.m., 2nd floor,
Working Women: Making the
Most of It - workshop, 7-9:30
p.m., 350 S. Thayer.
Class - 3-5 p.m., Student
L. Krasner & M. Morley-
Video Interviews - School of
Art, 5:30 p.m., 2216-19 School of
(Continued from Page1)
At one point, the University
held $50 million in companies that
do business in South Africa. In
1983, the Board of Regents divested
$45 million as a symbolic protest
against Pretoria's system of
apartheid, and last September, they
voted to divest an additional $4.5
million, bringing the University's
total divestiture to 99 percent of its
original holdings. Herbert said
recent figures indicated that the
University's South African-related
holdings are now worth
HERBERT said IBM and GM
would not be considered eligible for
the University investment portfolio
until the Investor Responsibility
Research Center in Washington
issues a report confirming that the
two companies are no longer doing
business in South Africa. Alison
Cooper, a research analyst at the
IRRC-which maintains a directory
of companies with operations in
South Africa-said this statement
will not be issued until IBM and
GM withdraw all assets and
employees from South Africa.
"We.will not take them off our
list until they tell us they are gone,
which will be a few months," she
George Schreck, a spokesman
(Continued from Page 1)
building as well as channeling more
research funds to the University.
But Debbie Buchholtz, chairman
of the local College Republicans,
voiced her discontent about student
funds being used for Bullard and
Pollack. The assembly spent $423
on the forum.
"I feel like I'm endorsing
Pollack and Bullard," she said.
ALTHOUGH the forum was
billed as "non-political," Buchholtz
said because the Democratic party
gave money to the forum, it cannot
be considered "non-political."
Pollack and Bullard each contibuted
$100 to help defray MSA's costs.
Buchholtz also criticized the
forum for being scheduled two
weeks before the election. "There's
no reason you couldn't have done it
after the election," she said.
MSA cannot endorse a candidate
for GM, confirmed that the
company still plans to pull out
completely from South Africa.
"We are selling the operation to
a group of local investors. We will
no longer have any financial equity
or any control over the new
company," he said. He said the
workers in the new company will
not be GM employees.
Schreck said both economic
concerns and social pressure forced
GM out of South Africa. "We have
been trying there for years...but the
pace of (social) change has not been
substantive enough," he said. "We
cannot remain and continue to
contribute to constructive change."
Cooper said the reasons for
divestment are primarily economic.
"The main reason these companies
are leaving is because they're losing
money," she said, adding that GM
had been the second largest
American company in South
Africa, behind only Mobil Oil.
Two hundred forty-two U.S.
companies are still doing business
in South Africa, Cooper said.
The $4.5 million in holdings.
which the University divested last
year has been reinvested in other
stocks and bonds, but Herbert said
it is too early to tell how these
economic changes have affected the
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"Advances in Evolutionary Theory:
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WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 29
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