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October 15, 1986 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1986-10-15

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I

The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 15, 1986 -Page 5
Gov't policy must change to
help industry, expert says

DETROIT (AP)-The nation's
businesses are making progress
toward regaining their competitive
edge in world markets but can't
succeed without changes in public
policy, the chairman of the U.S.
Chamber of Commerce said
yesterday.
AFTER YEARS of
prosperous complacency,
"American industry is charging
back with great vigor," said Edward
Donley, chairman of the business
organization and of Air Products
and, Chemicals Inc., based in
Allentown, Pa.
The government, however, must
do more to encourage creation of
jobs, Donley said at a news
conference before addressing the
Economic Club of Detroit.
"Since America, through its
whole history, has not been an
exporting nation, we've never had
to concern ourselves with whether
public policy produced a level
playing field" in domestic
industries' competition with foreign
countries, he said.
THE CHAMBER is lobbying
hard for passage by Congress next
year of a law that would require the
nation's trading partners to match
the United States in allowing
passage of foreign goods, Donley
said.
The government also should
adopt policies that foster capital
investment, research and
development and entrepreneurship,
activities that allow U.S.
companies to compete more
effectively with foreign countries,

he said.
"The American wages...are
substantially higher than wages in
the rest of the world," he said.
"The only way to be competitive
with countries where wage rates are
lower is to have more efficient use
of technology."
HE CITED the federal tax-
reform bill awaiting President
Reagan's signature as an example of
the nation's lack of sophistication
in public policies to encourage
growth.
The chamber supports the bill
because it will on balance leave
more money in private hands but

finds in the proposed law
provisions that discourage capital
investment, research and
development and entrepreneurship,
he said.
"It is a clear example that we
Americans-individual citizens
have not come forward in our
economic education to the degree of
realizing that the tax bill affects job
formation," Donley said.
"It doesn't make sense to us for
Americans to shoot themselves in
the foot, even if it is only one
foot."

Associated Press

Great pumpkin
Robert Gancarz, left, and his brother Edward, of Jacobstown, N.J., proudly display their 671-pound pumpkin.
The pumpkin set a new world record at the World Pumpkin Weigh-Off, Monday in Collins, N.Y. The Gancarz's
earned a $4,000 prize for the pumpkin, which measured 12 feet and 11 inches around.

f

Overcrowding hurl
(Continued from Pagel1) student demand, he suggested, is
"I feel that I can convince people that "economics has a way of
f certain ways of thinking if I'm thinking about social problems-an
tore familiar with them," he important way."
xplained. "I don't communicate Most large schools have
1y ideas as well when I'm in front economics class sizes in the 20-30
f 70 people. It's a matter of range, said Porter. "But Michigan is
amiliarity and trust. You never one of the worst in faculty-student
now if they believe you." ratio. We have handled it less well,"

(4

'We can't expand and contract the faculty of a
department as fast as student demand rises and falls.'
Jack Meiland.
LSA dean for long range
planning and curriculum

He said the content of his course
and his teaching style differ in front
of large groups: he asks fewer
questions for debate and might
spend less time preparing for
lectures because he knows there
won't be a discussion.
TEACHING such a large
course can involve less work, the
professor said, because courses with
more than 50 students employ
graders and courses with more than
70 students use teaching assistants.
Economics courses have become
overcrowded, in part, because the
field itself has become so popular
in recent years. "Undergraduates
think that economics is necessary
for law or business," Porter said. "I
don't know if that's true or not, but
for a lawyer, sociology or history
might be more valuable. "
"We also get business school
rejects," he said. "That's wrong,
too."
ANOTHER reason for the

he said.
The problem dates back to the
late 1970s and early 1980s, when
state support for the University was
cut back. Due to the budget cuts,
LSA in 1980 designed a plan to
reduce overall faculty size by
approximately 50. "Almost every
department lost positions," said
Jack Meiland, LSA dean for
curriculum and long range
planning.
WHILE FACULTY size was
falling, student interest in
economics was rising. Throughout
thel960s, approximately 100
students majored in economics each
year, said Porter, who was on the
faculty then. Last year, the
department had 415 concentrators
while the faculty remained the same
size as in the 1960s.
"And the enrollment. keeps
going up," he said.
Porter predicted that the problem
will not go away for at least a few

teaching
years. Recruiting new economics
faculty is difficult, he said, because
the University has to compete with
other universities, the government,
and private business for a limited
number of candidates.
IN ADDITION, "Ann Arbor
is not everybody's idea of the
greatest place to live, and Michigan
is not everybody's idea of a great
economics department," Porter said.
The recruiting process, as Porter
describes it, "is very labor
intensive. It's a big job." While the
department has recruited, it has also
faced the retirement of its senior
faculty. This problem should ease,
Porter said, because "we've just had
a rash of retirements, and now there
is nobody over 60."
Porter is hopeful about
increasing the size of his
department when the Executive
Committee takes up the issue in
the next few weeks. Although he
thinks it is unlikely that he will be
granted all nine positions he is
requesting, he hopes to add at least
three professors this year.
"IN THE LAST few years the
College has been much more
sympathetic (to the overcrowding
problem)," he said.
But overcrowding is just one of
the factors that the Executive
Committee considers when it
decides to authorize new faculty
positions, according to Meiland. It
also considers how many positions
a department can effectively fill in a
year.
Committee members may fear
that if too many positions are
authorized and the department
spreads itself thin, "candidates who

in econ.
aren't necessarily the best can slip
through." Other factors are
departments' research needs and the
long-term prospects for student
demand.
The last consideration is an
important one. Student demand for
courses fluctuates, but when a new
professor is signed on, "it is a
potential 40-year appointment,"
according to Jack Walker, LSA dean
for academic appointments.
"Economics is hot now, but it
wasn't a few years ago," he said.
Meiland concurred. "We can't
expand and contract the faculty of a
department as fast as student
demand rises and falls," he said.

I U

City tells
frats to

BAIN
& COMPANY,
INC.
Management Consultants
cordially invites
The University of Michigan
Class of 1987
toa
presentation
on
Associate Consultant
Career Opportunities
.n
Corporate Strategy Consulting
--r 2 1 #% j%

quell noise
(Continued from Page 1)
to every Tom, Dick and Harry in
Ann Arbor, if we see a 15-year-old
getting hammered and we don't do
anything about it, then we deserve
the repercussions."
"I KNOW the police have to
do a job and it's a hard job when
* you're dealing with drunk college
students," Page said. "It's against
the law to drink when you're under
21. It's hard when you want to
drink with your frat buddies."
Councilmember Jeff Epton (D-
Third Ward) said the situation in the
North Burns Park area has become
increasingly difficult for people
with families-"to the point where
.these people feel victimized by
Y actions that some people consider

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