Nity e y ta
Ninety-seven years of editorial freedom
Vol. XCVII - No..29 Copyright 1986, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, October 14, 1986
Agreement is closer,
WASHINGTON (AP) - In a
speech broadcast nationally from
the Oval Office, Reagan reviewed
the collapse of his summit talks on
Sunday with Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev in Reykjavik, Iceland.
"I cannot promise, nor can any
president promise, that the talks in
Iceland or any future discussions
with Mr. Gorbachev will lead
inevitably to great breakthroughs or
momentous treaty signings,"
And he insisted that "we prefer
no agreement than to bring home a
bad agreement to the United
REAGAN acknowledged that
Gorbachev gave no indication
"when or whether" he would come
to the United States for the summit
the leaders went to Iceland to pre-
"Our invitation stands," the
president said. "We continue to
believe additional meetings would
be useful. But that's a decision the
Soviets must make."
After refusing to compromise
with Gorbachev on the testing of
his hypothetical strategic defense
system known formally as the
Strategic Defense Initiative, Reagan
said, "We are dealing now from a
position of strength, and for that
reason we have it within our grasp
to move speedily with the Soviets
toward even more breakthroughs."
Reagan's national security
adviser, Vice Adm. John Poin-
dexter, told reporters yesterday that
U.S. arms negotiators in Geneva
will try to salvage elements of the
accord that won tentative approval
at the summit.
IN HIS SPEECH, Reagan
said, "Our ideas are out there on the
He was referring to the two
superpowers' unfinished agreements
to phase out medium and long-
range nuclear missiles by 1996.
"They won't go away," he said.
"We are ready to pick up where we
left off.. .So there is reason-good
Meanwhile, an official traveling
with Secretary of State George
Shultz en route with the secretary
home from Brussels, Belgium said
that Shultz will attend an
international human rights con-
ference in Vienna in early Novem-
ber, and may at that time meet with
Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard
R E A G A N painted a much
more optimistic picture than
Shultz, who announced the collapse
of the summit talks 28 hours
See PRESIDENT, Page 3
By ANDY MILLS
with wire reports
University Political Science Prof. Raymond Tanter does not
believe that the U.S. and the Soviets were as close to an arms control
agreement as U.S. administrators seem to think.
Tanter, who supports Strategic Defense Initiative research, believes
that both good and bad came out of the summit in Reykjavik, Iceland.
The good news, according to Tanter, is that the Soviets made an offer
as a result of SDI. The bad news is that President Ronald Reagan
appears to be the "bad guy" because he rejected the offer.
Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, on the verge of an
agreement to destroy all their offensive nuclear weapons over the next
10 years, ended their summit in disappointment Sunday over a dispute
concerning the testing of American "Star Wars" technology.
See REAGAN, Page 3
Daily Photo by SCOTT LITUCHYI
A man who identified himself only as "Treetop" plays what he calls a "kind of flute" under the arch at West
Engineer= y esterday.
Baker: Pursell cut benefits
By PETER MOONEY
In a congressional campaign that is rapidly
heating up, Democratic challenger Dean Baker
criticized incumbent Rep. Carl Pursell (R-
Plymouth) for advocating "phasing out" Social
Security and for supporting a bill which
eliminated minimum benefits.
According to the Adrian Daily Telegram,
Pursell last April advocated replacing Social
Security with private pensions and Individual
Retirement Accounts in a speech to Lenawee
Baker also denounced Pursell's vote in 1981
on a measure which eliminated the minimum
monthly benefit, resulting in $2.6 billion cut
in benefits over three years. Baker said that
Pursell "has tried to mislead senior citizens into
believing that he has voted for their interests."
B E F O R E minimum benefits were
eliminated in 1981, people who were at the
bottom of the pay scale received a minimum
monthly stipend of $125, but now they can
receive less than that. People who have higher
lifetime earnings receive proportionally higher
Pursell's press secretary Gary Cates defended
the votes. He said that in the speech in Adrian,
Pursell was referring to the necessity of finding
alternatives to Social Security il the future.
Cates said that the baby boom generation
'will break the system when it reaches
retirement age and with "fewer people paying in
and more people taking out, something should
done." But he maintains that Pursell has "never
advocated cutting anyone out" who is currently
Cates said that Pursell's vote to eliminate
minimum benefits was part of a $35 billion
budget bill. Pursell feels that "it is imperative
to reduce the budget deficit," he said, adding that
Pursell had opposed the amendment to the bill
which eliminated minimum benefit.
Baker said that "those things are always in
packages." He noted that the bill only passed by
6 votes and with a few changed votes "it would
not have passed."
Baker called Pursell's prediction of the
breakdown of the Social Security system
"ridiculous speculation." He said that "where
we're going to be in 2010 is virtually
impossible to tell."
... criticizes Pursell
By LYNNE CHAPMAN
with wire reports
The number of women promoted
into the highest executive posts in
business is decreasing, according to
a survey conducted by University
University business school pro-
fessors Herbert Hildebrandt, Edwin
Miller, and Floyd Bond, and Phys-
ical Education and Fitness Research
Center Prof. Dee Edington con-
ducted the 16th annual-survey of the
top officers in U.S. corporations.
The survey revealed that the
percentage of women promoted into
'vice presidential level positions has
decreased in relation to the number
of women promoted to other levels
Hildebrandt felt that this finding
may foretell of future reductions in
women being promoted into
presidential and chairmen's pos-
itions. He said that if fewer women
become vice presidents, fewer will
be able to climb the corporate ladder
to higher positions.
The typical top officers are in
See STUDY, Page 6
SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador
(AP) - Homeless Salvadorans set
up makeshift shelters in fields, the
Maternity Hospital delivered babies
in the parking lot, and survivors
yesterday went about burying the
nation's 890 known earthquake
President Jose Napoleon Duarte
put the number of injured in last
Friday's catastrophe at 10,000 and
the homeless at 150,000.
Rescue workers intensified
searches for victims trapped under
tons of twisted rubble, as
aftershocks continued yesterday.
THE DEVASTATION was
confined mostly to this capital city
of 800,000 people, and Duarte told
El Salvador in a broadcast Sunday
night, "We are practically going to
have to reconstruct all of the city."
He asked for more international
aid, requesting medicines and sup -
plies for battered hospitals where
teams worked outside to treat
Search teams struggled to
retrieve victims from toppled
buildings. Specially trained dogs
led by Swiss, French, and American
teams burrowed into crawl spaces
looking for signs of life.
U.S. Embassy spokesman Jake
Gillespie said two Americans, who
also held Salvadoran citizenship and
lived in San Salvador, were killed.
They were identified as Jose
Mauricio Juarez, in his 40s, and
Yolanda Suzanne Stets, 12.
CROWDS downtown stood
behind roped off areas yesterday
guarded by the army and watched
rescuers use cranes, torches, and
bare hands. The stench of dead
bodies rose in the stifling heat.
Some stores and restuarants
reopened yesterday, but in most
cases owners only wanted to assess
Duarte said the city suffered $2
billion in damage and that every
government building in this Central
American capital was hit, including
the presidential palace.
were moved to the military com -
At Bermeja Cemetery on the
southern outskirts of San Salvador,
a line of 26 open graves awaited
earthquake victims early yesterday.
Within hours, the newly dug
holes began to fill as families came
to bury their dead, singly and in
ON THE OTHER side of the
cemetery, near the administration
buildings, workers were digging a
pit 50 feet long, 30 feet wide, 20
"This is for people who don't
have any money," said cemetery
worker Alexander Cedeno,
motioning to the pit. "Over there,"
he said, pointing across the gently
sloping hill where the graves stood
open, "is for the people who can
Cemetery superintendent Hum -
berto Lopez said 174 people had
been buried at Bermeja since Friday.
The quake seemed to strike at
random, cracking or destroying
some structures, bypassing others.
T echnology has made a breakthrough in the
fli'7'7 huu-.inevQ fnr thnce' whn areiolr of nie'ino,
here (Domino's) and I've been here three years."
Sources say the lid supports have popped up at
North Beach Pizza and Cybelle's Pizza in San
guidance before agreeing to return to the show this
fall. He says he originally left "Dallas" because he
feared burnout. In leaving, he said, he also turned
to his religion, seeking advice from a spiritual
mentor who works as a greengrocer. "He told me
that a good farmer looks at a crop and knows when
to pick it. It might not appear to be the right time
ASSASSINATIONS: Opinion questions motiva-
tion for disinformation. See Page 4.
DEADLY CINEMA: Arts reviews the new movie
"Deadly Friend". See Page 5.